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The main goal of practical psychology is psychological help to people. Practical psychology is partly art, partly based on applied psychology as a system of practically oriented scientific knowledge. The work of practical psychologists is aimed at finding ways and developing methods of psychological assistance to people in solving their life or professional problems. The methods of practical psychology are not aimed at studying, namely at psychological help. This is its fundamental difference from scientific psychology (fundamental or applied). The main methods of practical psychology most often include psycho-diagnostics, psychotherapy and psychocorrection, psychological counseling, developing psychological work.
The features of knowledge in practical psychology can be considered concreteness and practicality. Practical psychologists work with specific cases on which they rely on in the formation and presentation of their professional experience and relevant psychological knowledge and skills. The results of their work are always of some practical value. However, practical experience does not always provide sufficient evidence for certain psychological ideas. This is the weakness of the methods of proof used in practical psychology as opposed to scientific.
Psychological knowledge obtained as a result of practical work experience is generalized and systematized, which becomes the basis for the formation of the corresponding concept of practical psychological work.
Such a generalized concept describes the features and problems of people of a certain type and methods of psychological assistance to them.
Another feature of practical psychology is integrity in the description of a person. Therefore, the psychologist-practitioner uses a combination of various methods that have developed in different schools and areas of practical psychology.
In practical psychology, the influence of the personality of a psychologist on the process and results of work is significant. Therefore, it is often found that the method used by a practical psychologist does not bring results when other colleagues use it. In practical psychology, the personality of the psychologist is an integral part of the method.
Practical psychologists show a great desire to popularize psychological knowledge, are able to clearly and easily present material based on examples from their professional experience. Therefore, many popular books on psychology are written by psychotherapists. The abundance of recommendations, specific examples, individual cases from professional practice attracts the attention of readers.
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- The problem of practical intelligence in animal psychology and child psychology
At the very beginning of the development of child psychology as a special branch of psychological research, K. Stumpf tried to describe the nature of the new scientific field, comparing it with botany. K. Linnaeus, he said, as you know, called botany a pleasant science. This is not very suitable for modern botany ... If any science deserves to be called pleasant, then this is precisely the psychology of childhood, the science of
- Practical Psychology as a Field of Professional Psychologists
Practical psychology as a field of professional activity
- Practical psychology
The fourth source of psychological knowledge is practical psychology. Her tasks include finding ways and developing methods of psychological assistance to people. Practical psychology does not study the general laws of psychic phenomena, but individuality, specific circumstances of a person’s life and ways of interacting with him. In this case, practical experience and
- Practical Psychology and Its Features
Practical psychology is a psychology focused on the needs of a wide range of educated people, at least people of a sufficient level of cultures. Understanding the nature of a real object during the work of a practical psychologist should be based not only on a specific objective representation, which is in psychological science (or its field), but also on the reality in which this object is included,
- PRACTICAL PSYCHOLOGY
As is clear from what has been said, in psychology — as in most other sciences — there are areas focused primarily on gaining knowledge, research (although practical recommendations can also be made there), and 1 areas that specifically “serve” practice — labor, educational , medical, etc. or aimed at helping people experiencing difficulties in their personal lives. On the base
- General concept of practical psychology
Practical psychology is a branch of psychology, the subject of which is psychological assistance, i.e. practical activities of psychologists aimed at a specific person with his problems, requests, needs, etc. The emergence of the profession of a practical psychologist in the early twentieth century is associated primarily with the emergence of a social order for the implementation of psychological forms of scientific
- Theoretical and Practical Psychology
In recent decades, practical psychology has begun to actively develop in our country. What is the difference between psychology as a science and psychology as a practical activity? It seems possible to answer this question if we turn to the functions of psychology. Function (from lat. Functio - departure, activity) - Duty, range of activities, work, appointment. Psychology
- Nikitchenko TG. Personality of a Practical Psychologist, 2011
The personality of a practical psychologist as a subject of professional activity: - the concept of "personality". Personality and its professional characteristics. - personality traits of a practical psychologist as a consequence of the specifics of his profession. “A psychologist is not a person, but a profession.” “A psychologist is first and foremost a person.” - Psychological burnout syndrome: its causes, stages and methods
- The main activities of a practical psychologist
Social order and tasks that a practical psychologist faces when working with a client A social order for a practical psychologist's work is formed in society, or rather, in some part of it, which has recognized the need for professional assistance to overcome difficulties. The first to realize the importance and necessity of a special type of psychologist's activity - practical - are representatives
- The main areas of activity of practical psychologists
Currently, the most developed service in Russia is the practical psychology of education. However, a practicing psychologist can work in other areas of the human
- Who needs practical psychology and why?
The intensification of practical psychological work in our country began in the 80s. In just ten years, the number of practical psychologists has significantly increased, psychological services and psychological consultations have begun to appear everywhere, psychological training has gained great popularity. However, this process proceeded most often spontaneously (Radzikhovsky, 1987). Social order for
- Different reasons for the classification of methods of practical psychology
Practical psychology methods are methods of practical impact on individual people (individual methods of practical psychology) and on groups of people (group methods of practical psychology). Individual methods of practical psychology are designed for the confidential work of a psychologist with only one person, and group methods are designed to work immediately with a group of people. how
- History of Practical Pedagogical Psychology
At the end of the 19th century, pedagogical psychology arose and began to intensively develop. Psychology was moving closer to school pedagogy under the pressure of the needs of society. The American psychologist Stanley Hall began publishing the Pedagogical Seminar magazine in 1891, the first journal devoted to the problems of pedagogical and child psychology. In France, the problems of school psychological services in
- Psychology as an applied and practical direction
At present, practical psychology can be considered not only as a sphere of application of psychological knowledge, not only as a psychological practice and a way to test speculative psychological models, but also as a new, actively developing branch of psychological science that has its own subject? study and development. As such, in our opinion, the principles, methods and
- Practical psychologist in kindergarten
The introduction of a practical psychologist in educational institutions began in 1988, when the rate of "psychologist" was introduced in educational institutions. The main goal of both a child psychologist working in kindergarten and the psychological education service as a whole is to ensure the psychological health of children. Psychological health involves mental health, at the heart of
- Workplace of a practical psychologist
The successful practical work of a psychologist is facilitated by the organization of his workplace. In solving this issue, he himself should be quite active. The psychologist must have a separate office. However, this does not mean that he will spend most of his working time in it. It is necessary often enough to contact people at their workplaces, to be a full member of the team and
- The main activities of practical psychologists
The main activities in practical psychology are psychological assessment, psychological counseling, psychological education, corrective and developmental work. Psychological assessment as a separate specialization of practical psychologists in our country has not yet developed. The relevant professional specialization could be referred to as:
- Professional ethics of a practical psychologist
Practical ethics is an integral part of any professional d-ti, involving the impact on the psyche of another person. It is legalized in various forms: legal laws, job descriptions, codes of ethics for professions, etc. The code of ethics is a set of moral rules of conduct, on the basis of which people are built and relationships in one or another sphere of their communication. is he
- The most important requirements for the personality of a practical psychologist
There are points of view according to which the success of a practical psychologist is determined, first of all, by the system of applied psychotechnics. In other words, the prevailing role is assigned to psychological and psychotherapeutic (as well as psycho-corrective and psycho-diagnostic) tools, while the personality characteristics of the psychologist are considered to be something secondary. A similar position is inherent
- The tasks of practical psychologists in education
What tasks do psychologists in the field of education solve? One of the most common tasks of pedagogical psychologists since the beginning of the 20th century is the diagnosis of the mental development of children, the assessment of their qualities and abilities. At the same time, testing is widely used. The main area of application of the forces of the school psychologist is traditionally considered the measurement of mental functions using standardized