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Practical psychological work as a type of activity of psychologists

The main goal of practical psychological work is direct psychological assistance to people who need it. Practical psychologists help in solving problems arising in the fields of education, medicine, industrial activity, social and personal life of people.

The key figures in practical psychological work are the customer, client and psychologist.

The customer, who can act both individuals and legal entities, turns to the psychologist with an order for work, the essence of which is to solve the psychological problem of the client, to provide him with psychological assistance, and pay for this work. A client is a person or a group of people who receive psychological assistance in solving a problem. A psychological problem usually appears as a difficulty or barrier that the client wants to overcome with the help of a psychologist. The customer and the client can coincide in one person if the client seeks psychological help and pays for it himself.

The relationship between the psychologist and the client (customer) is established on the basis of three possible positions of a practical psychologist: expert, teacher or consultant. The psychologist as an expert is a carrier of special knowledge and experience. They turn to him with an order to give a psychological examination, that is, an assessment from a professional psychological point of view, of any decision, project, event. The services of a psychologist as an expert are needed after the client completes some work.

The psychologist as a teacher is engaged in the transfer of special knowledge that people need to effectively organize their activities. A practical psychologist in the position of a teacher is not a teacher who presents theories and facts in a systematic way. He conducts psychological trainings, business games and other active teaching methods. The teacher fulfills his mission before the work begins.

The psychologist as a consultant is included in the client's activities. It provides the client with knowledge and experience in the volumes and forms that are currently needed. His task is to provide psychological assistance to the client in the performance of work.

The main tasks of practical psychologists include:

1) the identification of the psychological characteristics of a particular person, group;

2) the identification of psychological causes that cause difficulties in their daily life;

3) the provision of psychological assistance in overcoming these difficulties, in solving various psychological problems by the client;

4) assistance to state, public, entrepreneurial organizations in the effective use of the psychological factor in solving practical problems;

5) social and psychological support of work and life of clients;

6) the promotion of psychological knowledge and increase the psychological culture of people;

7) optimization of the system of psychological work and improving their own professional competence.

The main activities in practical psychology are psychological assessment, psychological counseling, psychological education, correctional and developmental work.

Psychological assessment as a separate specialization of practical psychologists in our country has not yet developed. The corresponding professional specialization could be referred to as: psychologist-diagnostician or psychologist-expert. In international practice, this field of activity now occupies a rather important place. The main task of a psychologist is to assess the development of any psychological qualities in a particular person, to make a diagnosis of his mental development, i.e. conduct psycho-diagnostics, i.e. quantitative (measurement) and qualitative assessment of mental functions and psychological characteristics of a person.

Psychological counseling is used in various spheres of people's life and professional activity: in education, in solving problems of health and personal life, in industrial production, business, etc.

The main means of counseling is a conversation built in a certain way. During the consultation, the practical psychologist provides psychological assistance, helping the client to look from different angles at the difficulties he has encountered and at the ways of acting in the situation he has encountered. The psychologist helps a person to overcome psychological barriers, encourages the development of certain qualities in himself.

The purpose of psychological counseling is to help people achieve a sense of well-being, to relieve stress, resolve life crises, increase their ability to find a way out of difficult situations and make decisions themselves.


In recent decades, the helpline has become quite common as a form of anonymous psychological assistance and counseling. A telephone hotline consultation ensures prompt communication, anonymity and the associated special trust. Telephone counseling gives the client the opportunity to contact from anywhere, at a convenient time for him.

The most important task of psychological education is the expansion of psychological knowledge and the increase in psychological culture. Such knowledge is especially necessary for specialists who, in their professional activities, constantly come into contact with people: managers, teachers, doctors, cultural workers, service and trade workers, advertising workers, and businessmen. For many people, psychological knowledge is only useful as a basis for self-development and self-regulation of their personality, for improving interpersonal relationships, for example, for schoolchildren, parents, and pensioners.

In the process of psychological education, a psychologist in a popular scientific form acquaints clients with the basics of psychology, the results of the latest psychological research, forms their need for psychological knowledge and a desire to use them in life and practice. In this case, the most important requirements for psychological education should be: clarity, accessibility of the presentation of information, its practical orientation. Professional jargon and excessive use of special terms should be avoided.

Correction work is carried out in the event that as a result of psychodiagnostics or counseling revealed deviations from the norm in the behavior or mental development of a person. Correctional work is the impact of a psychologist on certain mental functions, qualities or behaviors of a person, aimed at overcoming this deviation. Correctional classes are held individually or in a group for a long time. The purpose of such classes can be, for example, overcoming attention deficit, helping to overcome difficulties in mental development, correcting inappropriate emotional reactions to certain events, strengthening self-control, developing emotional self-control, correcting personal qualities, behaviors, and norms of social interaction of a person. Various types of intellectual training, methods of teaching self-regulation, socio-psychological training, role-playing games, group discussions are used as methods of psychocorrection.

The same methods of practical psychological work can be used in developmental classes. Unlike corrective, developmental work is aimed at further development of human qualities, abilities, and skills.

A practical psychologist in real professional activity can perform all of the above types of work, and specialize in any particular form. At the same time, it is important to know that each of these types of practical psychological activity has significant specifics, and a particular psychologist, depending on personal qualities and professional training, can successfully cope with one of them. In addition, it is important for a practical psychologist to single out the most pressing problems in accordance with the tasks set by the customer, and to focus efforts on their solution.

The successful practical work of a psychologist is facilitated by the organization of his workplace. The psychologist must have his own separate office, which is necessary for storing documentation, teaching materials, conducting individual interviews or psychological diagnostics. However, this does not mean that he will spend most of his working time in it. Practical psychologist often contacts with people at their workplaces, actively participates in the organization.

Practical psychologists work in social, educational, industrial, medical organizations and institutions, in the services of psychological, pedagogical, medical, social assistance to the population.
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Practical psychological work as a type of activity of psychologists

  1. Practical Psychology as a Field of Professional Psychologists
    Practical psychology as a field of professional activity
  2. Psychodiagnostics as one of the areas of activity of a practical psychologist
    Psychodiagnostics is a science and practice related to the development of various methods for recognizing individual psychological characteristics of a person and the formulation of a psychological diagnosis using these methods. The word "diagnosis" has Greek roots: "dia" - difference, "gnosis" - knowledge. A practical psychologist usually does not create new psychodiagnostic techniques, he
  3. Psychological training as a method of practical psychology
    Nowadays, training groups are understood as all specially created small fupps, whose participants, with the assistance of a leading psychologist, are involved in a peculiar experience of intensive communication, focused on helping everyone in solving various psychological problems and in self-improvement (in particular, in the development of self-awareness). Group psychological training
  4. Psychological counseling as a professional activity of a psychologist
    Psychological counseling is one of the common types of professional work of a psychologist. People turn to a consultant for psychological help, advice for overcoming difficulties in various situations of everyday life. The purpose of the counseling psychologist is to help people safely resolve life crises, increase their ability to solve problems, and accept
  5. Training in psychological knowledge as a type of activity of psychologists
    Another common activity of psychologists is to teach people psychological knowledge. Since the beginning of the 20th century, university and institute departments have been centers of psychological thought and scientific psychology. Professors led psychological research, and the teaching activity was aimed at presenting their concepts and psychological views. goal
  6. Criteria for the effectiveness of psychological work and professional activities of a psychologist in a military unit
    The problem of improving the system of criteria for assessing the professional activity of a psychologist in a military unit is due to the insufficient use in everyday practice of adequate means to ensure an objective identification of the degree to which the psychologist’s professional competence and the results of his work correspond to the profession standards. Existing regulatory documents defining the main
  7. Criteria for the effectiveness of psychological work and professional activities of a psychologist in a military unit
    The problem of improving the system of criteria for assessing the professional activity of a psychologist is due to the insufficient use of adequate means in everyday practice, which provide an objective identification of the degree to which his professional competence and work results comply with the profession standards. Existing regulatory documents defining the main parameters of psychological
  8. Forms of practical psychological work Comparative analysis of group and individual forms of psychological work
    Sooner or later, every psychologist raises the question of how it is more productive to provide psychological assistance to a person: through individual work or by including him in a training group. Of course, professional preferences will influence the choice. However, to solve this issue, we’ll try to clarify the advantages and disadvantages that have group and individual forms
  9. “Psychological analysis of the professional activity of the educational psychologist as an objective basis for readiness formation”
    In chapter II, based on the basic principle of the primary model of activity in professional development, a psychological analysis of the practical psychology of education as a sphere of professional labor is carried out. The logic and content of this chapter was determined by the system-activity approach to the study of professional activity based on the leading ideas of the analysis of the psychological structure of activity (E.M.
  10. Assessment of the activity of a practical psychologist
    Assessment of the activities of a practical psychologist includes the following aspects: 1. The effectiveness of psychological work. 2. The level of competence in the performance of duties and participation in the activities of the team. 3. Conditions for conducting psychological work. 4. Socio-legal, organizational support of the professional activity of a psychologist. Let's consider in more detail
  11. The main activities of practical psychologists
    The main activities in practical psychology are psychological assessment, psychological counseling, psychological education, corrective and developmental work. Psychological assessment as a separate specialization of practical psychologists in our country has not yet developed. The relevant professional specialization could be referred to as:
  12. The work of a practical psychologist in sports
    Modern sports activity requires the participation of professional psychologists in solving many problems; therefore, specialization of students in the field of sports psychology has been introduced. The professional psychologist has high professional requirements in the field of practical psychology. His job is to provide psychological support for athlete training and sports activities. This work
  13. Tasks and milestones of practical psychologists
    Customers in the activities of practical psychologists are the head of the organization or an individual who has turned to a psychologist for a psychological consultation. The relationship between the psychologist and the client (customer) is established on the basis of three possible positions of the practical psychologist: expert, teacher or consultant (Zhukov, 1999, p. 28-34). Psychologist as an expert - carrier of special
  14. The main activities of a practical psychologist
    Social order and tasks that a practical psychologist faces when working with a client A social order for a practical psychologist's work is formed in society, or rather, in some part of it, which has recognized the need for professional assistance to overcome difficulties. The first to realize the importance and necessity of a special type of psychologist's activity - practical - are representatives
  15. The specifics of the subject area of ​​practical psychologists
    The main features of practical psychology show the main difference between psychotechnical theory and traditional psychological knowledge. It consists in the fact that the subject of practical psychology is the “method that cuts and creates the space of psychotechnical work with an object”. It is the method that acts as the central link in the system of interaction of the psychologist-practitioner with the client. And in
  16. Psychology as an applied and practical direction
    At present, practical psychology can be considered not only as a sphere of application of psychological knowledge, not only as a psychological practice and a way to test speculative psychological models, but also as a new, actively developing branch of psychological science that has its own subject? study and development. As such, in our opinion, the principles, methods and
  17. Problems of self-help in the activities of practical psychologists
    Since psychology itself is one of the areas of professional activity, a natural question arises: who will help psychologists themselves to optimize their work? The easiest way would be to say that this should be done by the methodology of psychology, since the essence of the methodology is precisely reflection (comprehension of one’s own activity). Note that in every science (and in every
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