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Subject, branches and types of psychology

Psychology studies the psyche in all its manifestations. Accordingly, the subject of psychology is the psyche. Modern psychology is divided into many sections. Such a division can be imagined in the form of a tree, which has a trunk and many branches. This is a tree of psychology. Its trunk is general psychology, which studies the psyche of a healthy adult. General psychology reveals the content of the basic concepts of psychology and describes its general laws. These concepts and patterns are the basis for all other sections of psychology.

At the junction with other sciences, general psychology formed the branches of psychology. At the junction with technical sciences - engineering psychology and labor psychology, with medicine - medical psychology, psychotherapy, pathopsychology, with pedagogy - pedagogical psychology, etc. The branches of this tree of psychology are the following branches of psychology:

social psychology, labor psychology, engineering psychology, differential psychology, family psychology, developmental psychology, legal psychology, space psychology, management psychology, etc.





Social psychology studies the laws of the psyche and behavior of people that arise from their participation in certain associations (primarily in groups), and also studies the psychological aspects of the emergence, functioning and development of such associations. She also studies interpersonal relationships in groups and different types of communication.

The psychology of labor. The subject of labor psychology is the mental phenomena that arise during work, and their dependence on working conditions. One of the sections of the psychology of labor is engineering psychology, which explores the human-machine system.

Differential psychology studies the psychological differences between people. Examines the psychological differences between women and men, between nations, races, and occupational groups. Classification of the main differences is the doctrine of types or typology. Differential psychology studies why people differ from each other, how much it depends on heredity. Psychodiagnostics is the doctrine of the means by which we can measure and determine these differences. Psychodiagnostics develops tests, questionnaires and other means of measuring mental phenomena.

The complex problems of the human psyche in the family circle are the object of study of family psychology, this is a new and developing section of psychology that studies the choice of spouse, relations between spouses, as well as the psychological side of relations between parents and children.

Age psychology studies changes in the human psyche from his birth to his death.
An essential part of developmental psychology is child psychology, which studies the psychological characteristics of children and adolescents.

Legal psychology studies the laws and mechanisms of people's mental activity in the sphere of relations regulated by law.

Pedagogical psychology studies the psychological problems of training and education.

Management psychology studies the problems associated with the interaction of people in various management systems: in state management, managing an organization, group, etc.

The psychology sections also include the psychology of art, sports psychology, military psychology, space psychology, etc.



All sections of psychology are divided into three types: theoretical, applied and practical psychology.

The task of theoretical psychology is the development of a theory, the definition of general laws.

Applied psychology is engaged in the application of these laws in the practice of various spheres of life.

Practical psychology is engaged in the direct provision of psychological assistance to a specific person, individually or in a group method, with the help of full-time or part-time counseling (helpline). A person who seeks psychological help is called a client. (In medical practice, this is the patient). A specialist in the provision of psychological assistance is a practical psychologist.

In practical psychology there are 4 directions: psychodiagnostics, psychological correction, psychological prevention and psychological counseling. Not every specialist working in theoretical or applied psychology, or pretending to be called a psychologist, or considering himself to be such, can and has the right to provide practical psychological assistance to the client. Practical psychologist undergoes at least 1200 hours of special training, in addition, various trainings for self-development

professional qualities required for advisory work. Such a specialist should have a diploma of higher education in the specialty “Psychologist”, or a diploma of a second higher education in the specialty “Practical Psychologist”.
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Subject, branches and types of psychology

  1. Developmental psychology and developmental psychology - an interdisciplinary branch of scientific knowledge
    In recent decades, developmental psychology (developmental psychology) has changed both in content and in interdisciplinary relationships. On the one hand, it exerts influence on other scientific disciplines, and on the other, it itself is influenced by them, assimilating everything that expands its substantive content. Biology, genetics, developmental physiology. These disciplines are important above all.
  2. Branches of psychology
    Modern psychology is a wide area of ​​knowledge, including a number of separate disciplines and scientific areas. The psyche is multidimensional. Its historical and social development led to the need to integrate many sciences that directly or indirectly addressed human life issues. According to S.L. Rubinshtein, the branches can be conditionally divided into main (basic)
  3. Branches of scientific psychology
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  4. The main branches of psychology
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  5. The main branches of psychology
    Modern psychology is a highly ramified science with many branches. The branches of psychology are relatively independent areas of scientific psychological research. In this case, due to the rapid development of psychological science every 4-5 years, new directions appear. The emergence of branches of psychology is due, firstly, to the widespread adoption of
  6. Branches of modern psychology
    Modern psychology is a whole complex of scientific disciplines, many of which claim to be considered independent sciences. Various authors count up to one hundred branches of psychology. These scientific disciplines are at different stages of development, associated with various areas of human practice. The core of modern psychology is general psychology, which studies
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    As we recall, psychology became an independent science only at the end of the 19th century and during the 20th century accumulated such a huge amount of scientific knowledge about the world of psychic phenomena that psychologists themselves often do not quite clearly realize how much they know. Psychology has become a very ramified science, and specialists in one branch of psychology can no longer be sufficiently competent in another field.
  8. The main branches of psychology
    In discussing the connection between psychology and other sciences, we outlined, although far from completely, the range of various psychological disciplines, that is, branches of psychology, thereby addressing the question of the structure of modern psychology. We will try to do this in a more systematic way, although this is not always easy: branches of psychology do not arise and develop by the will of a single methodologist prescribing science
  9. MAIN BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY
    In discussing the connection of psychology with other sciences, we outlined, although far from completely, the circle of various psychological disciplines, i.e., branches of psychology, thereby addressing the question of the structure of modern psychology. We will try to do this more systematization, although this is not always easy: branches of psychology do not arise and develop by the will of a single methodologist prescribing science
  10. Applied branches of labor psychology
    The psychology of labor includes a number of other industries that study individual types of labor activity. Management psychology deals with various psychological problems of managerial activity: the study of personal qualities, the style and methods of work of a leader, the study of factors that increase the effectiveness of leadership. Aviation Psychology Explores
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