home
about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

Professional qualities of a psychologist

The most important quality of psychologist’s activity is professional competence, or professionalism, which includes professional knowledge, skills, abilities. Among the characteristics of professional competence also include: a range of professional opportunities, perfect mastery of the tools, techniques and technologies of professional activity. The professional competence of the psychologist is manifested in the creative nature of his activity, in the active search for innovative approaches and innovative technologies, personal initiative and professional sociability.

The psychologist must be a versatile specialist. Therefore, his professional erudition includes not only knowledge in the field of psychology, but also a certain body of knowledge in the field of philosophy, history, cultural studies, pedagogy, economics, sociology, political science, law, philology, physical education, mathematics and computer science, in the field of modern concepts natural sciences.

Professional skills determine the success of a psychologist’s practical activity, his ability to apply psychological knowledge to fulfill his duties: specific actions, techniques, psychological “techniques”.

Professional skills are solidified, easily and confidently performed professional actions that allow the psychologist to effectively perform work. The more experience, the more professional skills a specialist acquires.

Consider the basic requirements for the preparedness of a psychologist in professional disciplines.

In the field of psychology, a specialist should:

1) understand the goals, methodology and methods of professional activity of a psychologist;

2) own tools, methods of organizing and conducting psychological research;

3) understand the specifics of the subject of psychology, its connection with other disciplines; know the main branches of psychology and the possibilities of applying psychological knowledge in various fields of life;

4) know the history of development and modern problems of psychological science;

5) know the laws of evolution of the psyche of animals, the similarities and qualitative differences in the psyche of animals and humans; phylogenesis and ontogenesis of the human psyche;

6) understand the brain mechanisms of mental processes and conditions;

7) to know the nature of human activity, the functions of the psyche in human life;

8) know the laws of the formation and functioning of its motivational sphere;

9) know the psychological laws of cognitive processes (sensations, perceptions, memory, imagination, thinking, speech);



10) know the mechanisms of attention, emotional phenomena, the processes of volitional regulation;

11) have a concept of personality and individuality, personality structure and the driving forces of its development;

12) know the psychological laws of communication and interaction of people in groups, intergroup relations;

13) know the laws of mental development of a person at each age level;

14) know the basic laws of educational psychology;

15) know the criteria of the norm and pathology of mental processes, conditions, human activities, ways and means of compensation and restoration of the norm;

16) have an idea of ​​the psychological problems of labor activity of a person;

17) know the main areas and types of psychologist;

18) know the basics of psychodiagnostics and psychological counseling;

19) know the basics of psychotherapy, correctional and developmental work of a psychologist;

20) master the methods of psychological education and teaching psychology.

In addition, within the framework of the corresponding specialization, the psychologist must possess a number of in-depth knowledge and practical skills.
The main areas of specialization include: 1) general psychology, 2) personality psychology, 3) social psychology, 4) political psychology, 5) management psychology, 6) labor psychology and organizational psychology, 7) clinical psychology, 8) psychophysiology, 9) special psychology, 10) developmental psychology and developmental psychology, 11) educational psychology, 12) psychological counseling, 13) social work psychology, 14) legal psychology, 15) sports psychology.

These requirements are at least necessary for the professional work of a psychologist. A graduate of a higher education institution specializing in psychology must satisfy these requirements (for more details see the chapter "Training of Professional Psychologists"). In addition, for successful work, the psychologist must constantly improve his professional competence, participate in continuing education courses, and specialized seminars on certain problems of psychology. Self-analysis of work experience and self-improvement of professional skills help the psychologist to achieve higher results in their activities.

In the field of scientific psychology and pedagogical activity, professional qualifications are reflected in the system of academic degrees (candidate and doctor of psychological sciences) and academic degrees (associate professor and professor).

Successful work in the field of scientific psychology requires appropriate abilities. K.A. Ramul considers the following qualities necessary and important for each scientist: spontaneous curiosity, the ability to deal with the same problem for a long time, a relatively high degree of scientific giftedness, which involves the development of memory, creative thinking, imagination and observation. However, in his opinion, “for a scientist-psychologist it does not seem necessary or very important to have any special feature, in addition to those abilities that are necessary or very important for every scientist in general ...” (Ramul, 1965, p. 133) .

The professional growth of a practical psychologist is evaluated in the qualification categories that are assigned to him by expert commissions. In the field of practical psychology, the system for assessing the level of professional qualifications includes 1, 2, and 3 qualification categories, which are assigned depending on work experience, the quality of possession of professional skills. The abilities professionally necessary for a practical psychologist have not been studied much. We have already talked about some of them above, while others will be discussed in the following sections.

The normative legal status of a psychologist is determined by the relevant ministries and departments authorized to resolve this issue.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to textbook content =

Professional qualities of a psychologist

  1. Professional and personal qualities of a psychologist. Professional Ethics Psychologist
    Professional and personal qualities of a psychologist. Professional ethics
  2. Ethical, professional and personal qualities of a psychologist
    The most important quality of a psychologist's activity is professional competence. It includes: professional knowledge, skills, abilities. Among the characteristics of professional competence also include: a range of professional opportunities, perfect mastery of the tools, techniques and technologies of professional activity. Professional competence of a psychologist
  3. Basic professionally important personality traits of a psychologist
    Sometimes you can hear how people say "Yes, you are a born psychologist." In fact, what kind of skills and personality traits must you have when entering this specialty, and what else can you learn? A recent survey of practicing psychologists on the site www.futurejob.ru showed that there are not so many necessary qualities, all the rest are professional skills that
  4. TRAINING EXERCISES AND PSYCHOTECHNICS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL IMPORTANT QUALITIES (PVC) OF A PSYCHOLOGIST: ABILITY TO PLAN THE FUTURE
    Professionally important qualities (PVC) are the qualities of a person that affect the efficiency of his work according to the main characteristics (productivity, reliability, etc.). PVCs are a prerequisite for professional activity. On the other hand, they themselves improve, are polished in the course of activity, being its neoplasm. This means that a person in the course of labor changes and
  5. The specifics of the professional activity of a medical worker, his professionally important qualities
    Medical activities are carried out in the following areas: diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases - and requires the skills to formulate a diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive task. This process, as a rule, is carried out in the conditions of variability of the initial data (symptoms and syndromes can appear and disappear, combine in different ways), lack of time (with
  6. The specifics of the professional activity of a medical worker, his professionally important qualities
    Medical activities are carried out in the following areas: diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases - and requires the skills to formulate a diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive task. This process, as a rule, is carried out in the conditions of variability of the initial data (symptoms and syndromes can appear and disappear, combine in different ways), lack of time (with
  7. Professional activity of a psychologist. Psychologists as a professional community
    Professional activity of a psychologist. Psychologists as a professional
  8. Forms of professional communication of psychologists and their professional communities
    The successful professional development of a psychologist is largely due to the presence and possibility of his being included in the system of professional-active relations and relations, which are a significant factor in the development of his personality. In the hierarchy of these relationships, at least four types of relationships can be distinguished: - relationships with customers and their environment; - relations with other psychologists; - relations
  9. Professional fears - indicators of the regulatory crisis of the professional formation of the personality of a school psychologist
    In domestic and foreign studies, the problem of crises in the professional formation of an individual is closely connected with the age periodization of human life. The boundaries of adulthood are differently determined by various researchers. CE Pinyaev and N.V. Andreev believes that such a variety in determining the boundaries of the period under consideration can be explained by the action of temporary, economic, social and
  10. MAKING A QUESTIONNAIRE PROFESSIONALLY IMPORTANT QUALITIES
    The identification of professionally important qualities (PAC), the disclosure of their psychological essence and the degree of expression in the profession are the basis for formulating the requirements of the profession for the individual. The individual psychological characteristics of a personality (sensory, perceptual, attentive, psychomotor, mnemonic, mental, speech, emotional, volitional), personality relations
  11. Characteristics of the professional and moral qualities of future veterinarians
    Malko V. Scientific adviser: Associate Professor Kuteynikova I.Kh. FSEI HPE “Ural State Academy of Veterinary Medicine”, Troitsk. Currently, the problem of spiritual and moral development occupies one of the main places in educational practice. It seems to be especially significant for modern society, since at present the loss of the meaning of life, the prevalence of material
  12. Personal qualities of a psychologist
    Professional and personal in the activities of a psychologist are very often closely related. It is difficult to be alone in the personal plan, and completely different in professional activities. Therefore, personal qualities form an important foundation for the professional success of a psychologist. As one student said, “I have always noticed among those people whom I consider to be truly professional psychologists
  13. Personal qualities of a psychologist
    Professional and personal in the activities of a psychologist are very often closely related. It is difficult to be alone in the personal plan, and completely different in professional activities. Therefore, personal qualities form an important foundation for the professional success of a psychologist. As one student said, “I have always noticed among those people whom I consider to be truly professional psychologists
  14. Personal qualities in the system of professional mastery of management personnel and the problem of their improvement
    In various studies conducted to identify the most important components of managers' professional skills that make the greatest contribution to ensuring the productivity of all professional activities, the authors come to the conclusion that, in addition to various kinds of procedural skills, a significant and sometimes decisive contribution to achieving high efficiency managerial
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019
info@medicine-guidebook.com