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Psychodiagnostics as one of the areas of activity of a practical psychologist
Psychodiagnostics is a science and practice related to the development of various methods for recognizing individual psychological characteristics of a person and the formulation of a psychological diagnosis using these methods. The word "diagnosis" has Greek roots: "dia" - difference, "gnosis" - knowledge.
A practical psychologist usually does not create new psychodiagnostic techniques; he is a user of methods developed by researchers. A practical psychologist with the help of psychodiagnostics solves the following main tasks (Silent R. S, 1995):
1. The establishment of the presence of a person of a psychological property or behavior.
2. Determining the degree of development of this property, its expression in certain quantitative and qualitative indicators.
3. Description of the diagnosed psychological and behavioral characteristics of a person in those cases when it is necessary.
4. Comparison of the degree of development of the studied properties in different people.
The overwhelming majority of psychodiagnostic methods can be divided into two groups: expert (clinical) and standardized (test).
A test in psychodiagnostics is a series of standardized short tasks (tests) of the same type, to which a subject is subjected - a carrier of the alleged quality.
The work of psychodiagnostics makes him a number of important requirements. The simplest and most obvious is the ability to win people over and thorough knowledge of the psychodiagnostic techniques used and the conditions for their application.
In addition, every psychologist working in the field of psychodiagnostics needs to know and observe the most important professional and ethical principles:
1. The principle of personal responsibility for the work.
2. The principle of professional secrecy (non-proliferation of scientific psychodiagnostic techniques).
3. The principle of confidentiality (maintaining the secrecy of the psychological information received from outsiders).
4. The principle of scientific validity (applied methods must comply with the requirements
* reliability, validity, differentiation and accuracy of the results).
5. The principle of objectivity (interpretation of the results and conclusions should be made in strict accordance with the obtained indicators).
6. The principle of ensuring the sovereign rights of an individual, which includes:
a) voluntary participation in a psychological examination (except for special cases in judicial and medical practice);
b) a psychoprophylactic presentation of the results (caution and delicacy, adequacy and accessibility of the language, willingness to use an equivalent technique);
c) a warning about the likelihood of issuing such information about yourself that a person himself is not aware of;
d) the right to know the results of the examination (when testing children, parents also have this right).
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Psychodiagnostics as one of the areas of activity of a practical psychologist
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