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Psychology as an applied and practical direction
At present, practical psychology can be considered not only as a sphere of application of psychological knowledge, not only as a psychological practice and a way to test speculative psychological models, but also as a new, actively developing branch of psychological science that has its own subject? study and development. In our opinion, such principles are the principles, methods and forms of psychological assistance, psychological support, psychological assistance and psychological support for human development.
We can talk about five main areas of activity of a practical psychologist: psychoprophylaxis, psychodiagnostics, psychological correction, psychological counseling, psychotherapy in the framework of the psychological model.
The methodology of various approaches in these areas of activity is determined by the psychologist's affiliation with one of the main areas of modern psychology: psychoanalytic, behaviorist or existential-humanistic.
The meta-methods of psychologist’s activities include: 1) information, 2) counseling, 3) intervention and 4) training. The following training paradigms are distinguished: “training”, “tutoring”, “mentoring”, “assistance in the development of subjectivity”.
In various professional fields, a psychologist can work as: a teacher-psychologist or a psychologist-professional consultant at school; psychologist in kindergarten; psychologist in children's homes, orphanages or special boarding schools; psychologist educator at PPMS centers; methodologist psychologist in district educational centers; a psychology teacher at colleges and universities; ergonomist; military psychologist ("psychologist of the regiment"); consultant psychologist and expert psychologist in civil aviation; psychologist – HR manager of the bank; train depot psychologist; psychologist - HR consultant (HR consultant); psychodiagnostics in personnel management; training manager; consultant psychologist (management psychology); organizational psychologist (management consultant; organizational consultant; political psychologist; clinical psychologist, special psychologist or neuropsychologist in a regular clinic, in a clinic for nervous diseases, in a psychiatric clinic, in specialized medical and psychological centers, in rehabilitation centers, in drug treatment centers, in special schools for children with various types of health problems and other structures.
The following personality traits are desirable for a practical psychologist: concentration on the client, desire and ability to help him; openness to different views and opinions, flexibility and tolerance; empathy, sensitivity, the ability to create an atmosphere of emotional comfort; authenticity of behavior, i.e. the ability to present genuine emotions and feelings to the group; enthusiasm and optimism, faith in the ability of group members to change and develop; balance, tolerance to frustration and uncertainty, a high level of self-regulation; self-confidence, positive self-attitude, adequate self-esteem, awareness of one’s own conflict areas, needs, motives; rich imagination, intuition; high level of intelligence.
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Psychology as an applied and practical direction
- General idea of psychocorrection as a direction of practical psychology
Psychological correction is defined as a directed psychological effect on certain psychological structures in order to ensure the full development and functioning of the person (Isurina G.L., 1990). Love dictate differences in the means and methods of psychocorrection. In the psychoanalytic approach, psychocorrectional work is aimed at alleviating the symptoms of internal
- Psychodiagnostics as one of the areas of activity of a practical psychologist
Psychodiagnostics is a science and practice related to the development of various methods for recognizing individual psychological characteristics of a person and the formulation of a psychological diagnosis using these methods. The word "diagnosis" has Greek roots: "dia" - difference, "gnosis" - knowledge. A practical psychologist usually does not create new psychodiagnostic techniques, he
- The main activities of a practical psychologist
Social order and tasks that a practical psychologist faces when working with a client A social order for a practical psychologist's work is formed in society, or rather, in some part of it, which has recognized the need for professional assistance to overcome difficulties. The first to realize the importance and necessity of a special type of psychologist's activity - practical - are representatives
- Practical Psychology as a Field of Professional Psychologists
Practical psychology as a field of professional activity
- About other areas of applied acmeology
In applied acmeology, the development of other areas has also begun. There are many difficulties along this path, which were discussed above, but we can already confidently talk about some areas as having declared themselves. Among them, first of all, medical acmeology should be called. It is at the junction of acmeology and those areas of medicine that are associated with improving professional
- Applied scientific directions of acmeology
Like any other new science, two trends are clearly visible in the development of acmeology - towards the integration of acmeological knowledge and its differentiation. The manifestation of these tendencies is logical: the same thing happened about a quarter of a century ago with psychological science, when some of its theoretical provisions were revised on the basis of a systematic approach. Integrative
- Practical psychologist as a creator
When some practitioners say that you can create a wonderful scenario of some kind of psycho-correctional or developmental activity that can be broadcast and work - that is, be effective - regardless of the personality of the host and the specifics of the group or individual client, this causes, to say the least perplexed. In general, in our life and even more so in
- Practical psychological work as a type of activity of psychologists
The main goal of practical psychological work is direct psychological assistance to people who need it. Practical psychologists help in solving problems arising in the fields of education, medicine, industrial activity, social and personal life of people. The key figures in practical psychological work are the customer, client and psychologist. Customer,
- Psychological training as a method of practical psychology
Nowadays, training groups are understood as all specially created small fupps, whose participants, with the assistance of a leading psychologist, are involved in a peculiar experience of intensive communication, focused on helping everyone in solving various psychological problems and in self-improvement (in particular, in the development of self-awareness). Group psychological training
- Features of the personality of a practical psychologist as a consequence of the specifics of his profession
In the modern psychology of professional activity, an existential paradigm prevails: in contrast to the narrow-technical orientation that has prevailed since the mid-20th century and aimed at professional orientation, testing existing PVCs, selection and selection of personnel, it is generally accepted today that professional development is not a certain stage in development
- Introducing SQVID, or Practical Exercise in Applied Imagination
SQVID is a simple mechanical rule consisting of the letters SQVID. Each of the letters denotes one of five questions that we can ask ourselves to activate the eyes of thinking and think about possibilities. I used the bottle opening example, but SQVID activates our brains whenever we want to imagine something. SQVID can be considered a kind of