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The psychotherapist - “The Psychotherapeutic Encyclopedia” edited by the chief psychotherapist of the Ministry of Health B. D. Karvasarsky, defines it as follows: “he is a trained specialist who can diagnose and treat diseases, mainly of psychogenic origin, purposefully using psychological influence as a therapeutic agent. Due to the specifics of psychotherapy in one way or another, he brings to the healing process the originality of his personality, his own system of values, preferred theoretical orientation and psychosis rapeptic technologies. Different directions of psychotherapy are characterized by different accents in assessing the importance of personal qualities of P. or psychotherapeutic methods for the effectiveness of treatment. This difference is found when comparing client-centered, behavioral, rational-emotional, psychodynamic psychotherapy ... "
Please note that nowhere in the definition of a psychotherapist given by such a legitimate publication as “The Psychotherapeutic Encyclopedia” is it mentioned that the psychotherapist is a doctor or, for example, a psychiatrist and that psychotherapy is a branch of medicine. On the contrary, the definition emphasizes the fact that the therapist applies precisely the psychological effect as a therapeutic agent. On the other hand, the prescription of drugs does not in any way relate to the methods of psychological influence, and therefore it is neither a psychotherapy, nor a tool for the work of a psychotherapist.
Psychotherapy (psychotherapeutic encyclopedia) - from the Greek. psyche is the soul and therapeia is the cure. At present, it is not an unambiguously understood area of scientific knowledge and practical approaches, but represents only their combination and partially interaction and differs in various psychological, medical, anthropological, socioeconomic, environmental and philosophical settings and an extremely wide range of applications. In general terms, Bastine (Bastine R., 1982) defines psychotherapy as a special type of interpersonal interaction, in which patients receive professional help with psychological means to solve their problems or mental difficulties ...
As we see, here, in the definition of psychotherapy, we are talking about help with problems and difficulties of a psychological (rather than medical, somatic or organic) nature, carried out by psychological (rather than medicinal or, say, surgical, requiring a medical education) means.
A psychotherapist, like a psychiatrist, deals with the treatment of mental disorders, however, if psychiatrists primarily deal with "severe" mental illnesses, while giving preference to medicinal methods of treatment, then the psychotherapist's field of activity is milder disorders, as well as borderline conditions - those cases when a person bad, but this condition cannot be called a disease.
The main tool of the psychotherapist is the word, conversation.
The therapist also knows special psychological techniques, such as hypnosis, psychological games, auto-training, and interpretation of dreams.
Psychotherapy developed rapidly in the first half of the last century. Several directions of psychotherapy were created, and the adherents of each direction were completely confident in the correctness of their path, and did not want to listen to the idea that alternative theories exist. At the present stage of development of psychotherapy, the boundaries between different directions are blurring ... Nevertheless, some psychotherapists prefer to identify themselves with one or another historical direction.
A psychotherapist, like any doctor, has the right to prescribe medications, conduct medical examinations, and diagnose diseases.
A special field of psychotherapist's activity is psychosomatic disorders - diseases in which the body suffers, but the soul is the cause of suffering. Psychosomatic disorders include hypertension, obesity, vegetovascular dystonia, gastric and duodenal ulcers, bronchial asthma, chronic fatigue syndrome, ulcerative colitis, some forms of osteochondrosis, psoriasis. These diseases are very common, and patients suffering from them, as a rule, turn to therapists, neurologists, dermatologists, cardiologists, gastroenterologists, undergo a long, expensive treatment, and, as a rule, to no avail.
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- Additional features of the profession, as well as the difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist and psychotherapist
The nature of the work is mainly indoors, sedentary. A medical contraindication to this profession is: the presence of infectious or mental illness. It is important to understand that a psychologist, unlike a psychotherapist and, especially, a psychiatrist, does not have a medical education and works only with mentally healthy people, carrying out prophylaxis and providing assistance in solving
- forms of individual and group work of a psychotherapist
A psychotherapist can use various methods of individual and group work to provide psychological assistance. At the same time, the corresponding goals and objectives are solved: • study of the patient’s personality, its emotional response, motivation, system of relationships, identification of causes that contribute to both the emergence and preservation of personality problems; • achieving patient awareness and
- Test. Functions of a psychologist, psychotherapist, psychiatrist, 2011
Discipline - Introduction to the profession Psychiatrist - personal qualities, responsibilities. Psychologist - duties, personal qualities, social functions, the functions of a school psychologist. The psychotherapist is psychotherapy. CV as
- Psychologist (psychotherapist, consultant at a narcological dispensary)
Recently, psychology is increasingly spreading to the medical field. At first, psychologists here faced with a misunderstanding and suspicious attitude of medical workers. Currently, the situation is changing dramatically. Demand for psychologists in such institutions is growing rapidly, and psychologists themselves began to enjoy the respect and recognition of doctors. In this
- What is the difference between a psychiatric social worker and other psychotherapists?
His preparation imposes certain limitations on his practice. Although he studied the theory of psychoanalysis, the practice of psychoanalysis requires special training and only a psychoanalyst can deal with it. Most psychoanalysts and all psychiatrists have a medical education, and only doctors with a medical background can prescribe medications and other types of medical equipment, such as electroshock treatment.
- GROUP PSYCHOTHERAPY
The psychotherapeutic method, the specificity of which is the targeted use of group dynamics, i.e. the entire set of relationships and interactions that arise between group members, including a group psychotherapist, for therapeutic purposes. Fundamentally, group psychotherapy is not an independent direction in psychotherapy, but represents only a specific
- GENERAL COMMENTS FOR CARRYING OUT AUTOGENIC TRAINING
AT is an individual-group technique, since group training is fixed by individual (“autogenous”) application. The training is conducted over 15-20 sessions under the supervision of a psychotherapist. Each lesson begins with elements of preliminary exercises. Then there is a discussion of independent studies, a conversation is held about the purpose of the exercise being studied at today's
- (MAIN STAGE) WHEN WORKING WITH PTSD
The style of conduct at the main stage of KPO is characterized by a friendly, restrained attitude of a psychotherapist, which gives impetus to individual motives. Moreover, his position is rather expectant, in no case pushing, leaving the patient freedom of action. At the same time, the therapist must be able to use radical interventions (therapeutic interventions) if necessary.
- Methods of psychotherapy
Psychotherapy is the treatment of mental disorders by psychological means (as opposed to medical or biological). Behind this term is a series of methods aimed at changing the behavior, thinking and emotions of individuals with emotional disorders, so that they develop more useful skills to overcome stress and communicate with others. Some psychotherapists
- Group psychotherapy in the psychological rehabilitation of military personnel
Group psychotherapy is considered as one of the main methods of providing psychological assistance to people who have suffered traumatic stress. It can reach a large number of people and gradually activate healthy defense mechanisms. Group psychotherapy helps to alleviate symptoms, allows you to change the position of individual members of the group and enhance their sense of belonging to
- CLIENT-CENTERED (ROGER) PSYCHOTHERAPY
Client-centered therapy pays attention to the complete study by the patient of the four stages of the subjective experience of the crisis: 1. The feeling of psychological discomfort is the beginning of awareness of the crisis. The efforts made to get out of the traumatic state lead to the intensification and aggravation of the crisis. 2. The feeling of isolation and loneliness intensifies and grows. 3. Transaction, trade, barter.
- Ideomotor training
Since any mental movement is accompanied by micromotion of the muscles, there is the possibility of improving the skills of actions without their real implementation. At its core, ideomotor training is the mental reproduction of an upcoming activity. For all its winning ™ (saving effort, material costs, time), this method requires the student to take a serious attitude, ability to
- Consultant Identity Requirement - Effective Consultant Model
The personality of the consultant (psychotherapist) stands out in almost all theoretical systems as the most important healing tool in the counseling process. It emphasizes one or the other of its features. The famous English psychoanalyst of Hungarian descent M. Balint in 1957 spoke of the complete oblivion that psychotherapy is not theoretical knowledge, but personal skills. He echoes no less