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Comparison of everyday and scientific psychology

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Comparison of everyday and scientific psychology

  1. Lectures. Everyday and scientific practical psychology. Part 1, 2011
    Types of psychological knowledge. Classification of Sciences. Criteria of psychology as a science. The place of psychology in the system of sciences. The science. The main functions of science. The main stages of the formation of psychology as a science. Features of psychological science. The difference between scientific knowledge and other types of knowledge. Branches of psychology. Correlation of scientific and everyday psychology. Comparison of scientific and everyday psychology.
  2. Features of psychology as a science. Correlation of everyday and scientific psychology.
    There are two different areas of psychological knowledge - scientific and everyday, everyday psychology. If scientific psychology arose relatively recently, then everyday psychological knowledge has always been included in various types of human practice. The fundamental condition for the existence of man is a certain conscious representation of the world around him and his place in it. The study
  3. Correlation of scientific and everyday psychology
    Long before the advent of scientific, everyday psychology developed, because each of us is a psychologist for ourselves. In the entire history of evolution, man has learned: to observe other people, to explain the reasons for their behavior. According to the American psychologist George Kelly, a person explores, studies others and constructs them in his mind. So, all nations have similar observations of people,
  4. Scientific and everyday psychological knowledge
    By science we understand the sphere of human activity, the main function of which is the development of knowledge about the world, their systematization. Based on the knowledge gained, the image of the world (the so-called scientific picture of the world) and the ways of interacting with the world (scientifically based practice) are built. In addition to the scientific way of mastering reality, it is customary to single out ordinary knowledge, artistic
  5. Everyday psychology
    Psychological knowledge as knowledge of the spiritual world of a person can have not only scientific sources. It is no accident that the words “psychology” and “psychological” are very often found in everyday life and in art. We can distinguish at least two important types of psychological knowledge - everyday and practical psychology, which differ from scientific methods of obtaining knowledge and its criteria
  6. Everyday psychology
    In our everyday life, we often use the words "psychology", "psychologist", "psychological", not always thinking about their content. “This person is a good psychologist,” we are talking about someone who knows how to make contact with people. “Such is his psychology,” we say sometimes, trying to explain the interests, inclinations, and actions of a person, characterizing the characteristics of his personality. Sometimes you can
  7. Peculiarities of scientific and everyday psychology
    Scientific psychology is based on empirical scientific facts, that is, facts obtained experimentally. Scientific and psychological facts are characterized by objectivity, i.e., they are independent of the subjective opinion of a scientist. Scientific psychological knowledge is rational and conscious. The use of empirical and logical methods of proving the truth of scientific and psychological knowledge gives them special
  8. Developmental psychology and developmental psychology - an interdisciplinary branch of scientific knowledge
    In recent decades, developmental psychology (developmental psychology) has changed both in content and in interdisciplinary relationships. On the one hand, it exerts influence on other scientific disciplines, and on the other, it itself is influenced by them, assimilating everything that expands its substantive content. Biology, genetics, developmental physiology. These disciplines are important above all.
  9. Scientific psychology
    The third source of psychological knowledge is science. For many centuries, scientific and psychological knowledge has developed in the framework of philosophy, medicine, pedagogy and other sciences. In the second half of the XIX century, psychology became an independent science and during the XX century accumulated a huge amount of knowledge. Scientific psychology is aimed at the search for patterns of mental phenomena, uses
  10. Scientific psychology
    For many centuries, scientific and psychological knowledge has accumulated in the framework of philosophy, biology, medicine, pedagogy, sociology and other sciences related to the study of man. In the second half of the 19th century, psychology became an independent science. Since then, she has developed a large number of her own methods of scientific knowledge aimed at studying facts, patterns, and mechanisms.
  11. Scientific activities of professional psychologists
    Scientific psychology is one of the most important areas of activity of professional psychologists. Psychologists working in the field of scientific psychology conduct scientific research on mental phenomena, patterns of mental processes, conditions, properties. A feature of scientific research of the psyche is the objectivity and greater reliability of psychological knowledge. Research is aimed at finding
  12. Branches of scientific psychology
    As we recall, psychology became an independent science only at the end of the 19th century and during the 20th century accumulated such a huge amount of scientific knowledge about the world of psychic phenomena that psychologists themselves often do not quite clearly realize how much they know. Psychology has become a very ramified science, and specialists in one branch of psychology can no longer be sufficiently competent in another field.
  13. Scientific profession psychologists
    Scientific psychology is one of the most important areas of activity of professional psychologists. Psychologists working in the field of scientific psychology conduct scientific research on mental phenomena, patterns of mental processes, conditions, properties. A feature of scientific research of the psyche is the objectivity and greater reliability of psychological knowledge. Research aims to find new
  14. Branches of scientific psychology
    Modern psychology is a ramified system of industries, among which there are fundamental and applied, general and special. The fundamental branches of psychology are of general importance for understanding and explaining the psychology and behavior of people, no matter what specific activity they are engaged in. The main such industry is general psychology, which explores
  15. Modern trends in the development of scientific psychology
    A characteristic feature of the development of scientific psychology in the second half of the 20th century was the gradual blurring of the boundaries between different scientific schools and directions. In new psychological theories and empirical studies, knowledge from various psychological concepts is increasingly integrating: behaviorism, gestalt psychology, psychoanalysis, genetic psychology, humanistic psychology, cognitive
  16. Scientific directions and schools of psychology
    A distinctive feature of psychological knowledge is the presence in it of a large number of scientific areas, schools and concepts. The mechanism of their design is different than the allocation of branches of psychology. Scientific trends differ in their subject, the problems studied, the conceptual structure, and explanatory schemes. The psychological reality of man appears in them from a certain angle of view. Some
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