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Comparison of everyday and scientific psychology

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Comparison of everyday and scientific psychology

  1. Lectures. Everyday and scientific practical psychology. Part 1, 2011
    Types of psychological knowledge. Classification of Sciences. Criteria of psychology as a science. Place of psychology in the system of sciences. The science. The main functions of science. The main stages of the formation of psychology as a science. Features of psychological science. The difference of scientific knowledge from other types of knowledge. Branches of psychology. The ratio of scientific and everyday psychology. Comparison of scientific and everyday psychology.
  2. Features of psychology as a science. The ratio of everyday and scientific psychology.
    There are two different areas of psychological knowledge - scientific and everyday, everyday psychology. If scientific psychology arose relatively recently, then everyday psychological knowledge has always been included in various types of human practice. The fundamental condition for the existence of man is a certain conscious representation of the world around him and his place in it. Study of
  3. The ratio of scientific and everyday psychology
    Long before the emergence of scientific life psychology has developed, because each of us is a psychologist for himself. Throughout the history of evolution, man has learned: to observe other people, to explain the reasons for their behavior. According to the American psychologist George Kelly, a person explores, studies others and constructs them in his mind. So, all nations have similar observations on people
  4. Scientific and everyday psychological knowledge
    By science they understand the sphere of human activity, the main function of which is the development of knowledge about the world, their systematization. Based on the knowledge gained, an image of the world is built (the so-called scientific picture of the world) and ways of interacting with the world (science-based practice). In addition to the scientific method of mastering reality, it is customary to single out ordinary cognition, artistic
  5. Life Psychology
    Psychological knowledge as knowledge of the spiritual world of a person can have not only scientific sources. It is not by chance that the words “psychology” and “psychological” are very often found in everyday life and in art. There are at least two important types of psychological knowledge - everyday and practical psychology, which differ from the scientific methods of obtaining knowledge and its criteria
  6. Life Psychology
    In our everyday life, we often use the words "psychology", "psychologist", "psychological", not always thinking about their content. “This person is a good psychologist,” we are talking about someone who can establish contact with people. “This is his psychology,” we sometimes say, trying to explain the interests, inclinations and actions of a person, characterizing the characteristics of his personality. Sometimes you can
  7. Especially science and life psychology
    Scientific psychology is based on empirical scientific facts, that is, the facts obtained experimentally. Scientific and psychological facts are characterized by objectivity, i.e. independent of the subjective opinion of the scientist. Scientific psychological knowledge is rational and conscious. The use of empirical and logical methods of proving the truth of scientific and psychological knowledge gives them a special
  8. Developmental and Developmental Psychology - an interdisciplinary branch of scientific knowledge
    In recent decades, age psychology (developmental psychology) has changed both in content and interdisciplinary communication. On the one hand, it influences other scientific disciplines, and on the other, it itself is influenced by them, assimilating everything that expands its substantive content. Biology, genetics, developmental physiology. These disciplines are primarily important.
  9. Scientific psychology
    The third source of psychological knowledge is science. For centuries, scientific and psychological knowledge has developed in the framework of philosophy, medicine, pedagogy and other sciences. In the second half of the XIX century, psychology became an independent science and during the XX century it accumulated a huge amount of knowledge. Scientific psychology is aimed at finding patterns of mental phenomena, uses
  10. Scientific psychology
    For centuries, scientific and psychological knowledge accumulated in the framework of philosophy, biology, medicine, pedagogy, sociology and other sciences related to the study of man. In the second half of the XIX century, psychology became an independent science. Since then, she has developed a large number of her own methods of scientific knowledge, aimed at the study of facts, patterns and mechanisms
  11. The scientific activities of professional psychologists
    Scientific psychology is one of the most important fields of activity of professional psychologists. Psychologists working in the field of scientific psychology, conduct scientific research of mental phenomena, patterns of mental processes, states, properties. A feature of scientific studies of the psyche is objectivity and greater reliability of psychological knowledge. Research aimed at finding
  12. Branches of scientific psychology
    As we remember, psychology became an independent science only at the end of the 19th century and during the 20th century it accumulated such a huge amount of scientific knowledge about the world of psychic phenomena that psychologists themselves often are not quite clearly aware of how much they know. Psychology has become a very extensive science, and specialists in one branch of psychology can no longer be competent enough in another field.
  13. Scientific activity prof. psychologists
    Scientific psychology is one of the most important fields of activity of professional psychologists. Psychologists working in the field of scientific psychology, conduct scientific research of mental phenomena, patterns of mental processes, states, properties. A feature of scientific studies of the psyche is objectivity and greater reliability of psychological knowledge. Research aimed at finding new
  14. Branches of scientific psychology
    Modern psychology is a branched system of industries, among which there are fundamental and applied, general and special. Fundamental branches of psychology have a general meaning for understanding and explaining the psychology and behavior of people, regardless of what specific activity they are engaged in. The main such industry is general psychology, which explores
  15. Current trends in the development of scientific psychology
    A characteristic feature of the development of scientific psychology in the second half of the 20th century was the gradual erasure of the boundaries between different scientific schools and directions. New psychological theories and empirical studies increasingly integrate knowledge from various psychological concepts: behaviorism, gestalt psychology, psychoanalysis, genetic psychology, humanistic psychology, cognitive
  16. Scientific directions and schools of psychology
    A distinctive feature of psychological knowledge is the presence in it of a large number of scientific fields, schools and concepts. The mechanism of their design is different than the allocation of branches of psychology. Scientific trends differ in their subject matter, the problems studied, the conceptual structure, explanatory schemes. The psychological reality of a person appears in them from a certain point of view. Some
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