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The most important requirements for the personality of a practical psychologist

There are points of view according to which the success of a practical psychologist is determined, first of all, by the system of applied psychotechnics. In other words, the prevailing role is assigned to psychological and psychotherapeutic (as well as psychocorrectional and psychodiagnostic) tools, while the personality characteristics of the psychologist are considered something secondary. A similar position is inherent in theoretical concepts that consider psychological assistance as the impact of a psychologist on a client.

The humanistic position (which we adhere to) is that the developing and healing effect arises as a result of creating an atmosphere of empathy, sincerity, self-disclosure and special warm relations between the psychologist and clients. It is impossible to forcefully lead to happiness, it is impossible to carry out personal development from the outside in relation to the individual. Therefore, it is necessary that the psychologist possess such personal characteristics that would allow him to take care of creating the most favorable conditions for the development of self-awareness, the implementation of personal changes.

Summarizing the numerous studies of professionally important personality traits of psychotherapists and psychologists (A. Kosevska, 1990; S. Kratohvil, 1973; M. Liebman, 1966; K. Rogers, 1954; Slavson, 1962; Yalom, 1973 and others), the following can be distinguished: personality traits desirable for a practical psychologist:

• concentration on the client, desire and ability to help him;

• openness to opinions and opinions that are different from one's own, flexibility and tolerance;

• empathy, sensitivity, the ability to create an atmosphere of emotional comfort;

• authenticity of behavior, that is, the ability to present genuine emotions and feelings to the group;

• enthusiasm and optimism, faith in the ability of group members to change and develop;

• balance, tolerance to frustration and uncertainty, a high level of self-regulation;

• self-confidence, positive self-attitude, adequate self-esteem, awareness of one’s own conflict areas, needs, motives;

• rich imagination, intuition;

• high level of intelligence.

Rudestam writes about the relationship of personality traits, theoretical attitudes and management styles with a group psychotherapist (these words, in our opinion, can be attributed to any practical psychologist): he “must be partly an artist, partly a scientist, combining feelings and intuition with professional knowledge of methods and concepts. On the one hand, with the development of self-awareness, the growth of experience and knowledge about group and individual dynamics, the reliability of intuition increases. The conceptual framework, the method of comprehension by the leader of the elements of behavior he observes, can serve as the basis for him to test the feelings and reliability of intuition. On the other hand, the conceptual framework and methods used without taking into account intuition and feelings can lead to a rigid, inflexible style of leadership ”(1993, p. 50).
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The most important requirements for the personality of a practical psychologist

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