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Types of psychological knowledge

The accumulation of psychological knowledge took place in various sciences and spheres of human activity, wherever knowledge of the mental world and human behavior was needed. According to some authors, the word "psychology" appeared in literature in the XVI century, according to others - in the XVIII. Historians have different opinions on how the word "psychology" arose. Literally translated from Greek, it means "the doctrine of the soul" or "science of the soul" - the corresponding Greek roots psyche (soul) and logos (science, teaching). And in everyday psychology, and in art, the word "soul" is more often used, the word "psychology" is used less often.
And, on the contrary, in science the concept of "soul" is now used relatively rarely; The concept of "psyche" is considered more scientific.

Psychological knowledge as knowledge of the spiritual world of a person may have different sources. It is not by chance that the words "psychology" and "psychological" can be found not only in scientific psychology, but also in everyday life, and in art.

At least five basic types of psychological knowledge can be distinguished:

1) everyday psychology,

2) art

3) scientific psychology

4) practical psychology,

5) parapsychology.
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Types of psychological knowledge

  1. Types of psychological knowledge (by VN Karandashev)
    Types of psychological knowledge Basic concepts: Life psychology - specific knowledge about people, acquired, accumulated and used by a person in everyday life during historical development in order to influence certain people. Ordinary psychology is a kind of everyday knowledge; generalized knowledge of people in a relatively closed group
  2. Types and forms of students knowledge control
    An integral part of the educational process at the military department is the control of students' learning of educational material and the assessment of their knowledge and skills. The main task of control is to ensure a high scientific level of students' knowledge, the strength of practical skills. Control is directly related to the process of learning. In this case, it serves as a feedback.
  3. The history of the use of psychological knowledge in medicine
    Medical psychology examines the psychological aspects of the doctor’s activities and patient behavior. She studies the mental manifestations of diseases, the role of the psyche in their occurrence, course, treatment, and also in promoting human health. The value of psychology for medicine was realized long ago. As early as the 18th century, the great reformer of psychiatric care in France, Pinel, in his
  4. The complex of professional psychological knowledge and skills
    The most important quality of a psychologist's activity is professional competence, or professionalism, which includes professional knowledge and skills. A psychologist must be a versatile specialist. Therefore, his professional erudition includes not only knowledge in the field of psychology, but also a certain body of knowledge in the field of philosophy, history, cultural studies,
    Like any system of scientific knowledge, psychology can give the maximum benefit to the fleet if it becomes the property of most officers and foremen and is adopted by them. The way from solved problems by theory to their mass application in practice is a difficult path that needs special guidance. Nowadays, when science becomes a productive force, when the rapid development of life
  6. The world of psychological knowledge
    The term "psychology" is formed from two ancient Greek words psyche (soul) and logos (knowledge, teaching) and literally means "science of the soul." Psychology studies the properties, mechanisms and patterns of development and existence of the soul, or psyche. The psyche is the spiritual world of a person who appears to each of us in the form of various experiences, thoughts, images, memories, desires, goals,
  7. The history of the origin and development of psychological knowledge of military psychology
    Interest in the soldier’s soul has been shown by many prominent commanders since ancient times. Alexander the Great spoke about the need to temper the spirit of the warrior. Russian commanders also paid great attention to the psychological readiness of soldiers for battle. Of particular importance was the progressive views of A.V. Suvorov (1730-1800). Suvorov substantiated and created in practice a system of psychological
  8. Types of psychological training
    Psychological training of military personnel is carried out in the process of training and service. All types of training - fire, tactical, physical, drill, special, the whole learning process should contain elements of moral and psychological training. The development of psychological stability is carried out both in a single training of soldiers and in exercises with the participation of higher command personnel and
  9. History of psychological knowledge within other sciences
    The origins of scientific psychology must be sought, first of all, in the depths of philosophy. The ancient philosophers expressed the concept of "soul" the reason for life, breath, knowledge. Scientific psychology at that time was not a special professional activity, nor was there professional psychologists. Scientific and psychological knowledge accumulated in philosophical, medical, legal works, as a result of the work of philosophers, doctors,
  10. The structure of military-psychological knowledge in the XVII - XVIII centuries
    The rapid development of military-psychological thought in Russia at the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th centuries was closely connected with the activities of Peter I (1672-1725), which had created a regular army. Peter I was guided by the conviction that the main force in a war is a man - a soldier, who "must constantly be trained in how to act in battle, and learn to act like that in fact." Peter I repeatedly
  11. Impacts in psychological warfare
    According to domestic and foreign experts, the psychological impact is divided into the following types: 1) information-psychological, 2) psychogenic, 3) psychoanalytic, 4) neuro-linguistic, 5) psychotronic, 6) psychotropic. 1. The informational and psychological impact (often called informational, ideological) is the impact
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