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Types of psychological knowledge (according to V.N. Karandashev)

Types of psychological knowledge





Key concepts:



Everyday psychology - specific knowledge about people obtained, accumulated and used by a person in everyday life in the course of historical development to influence certain people.

Ordinary psychology - a kind of everyday knowledge; generalized knowledge about people, obtained in a relatively closed group of people, verified for truth by the life of this group, included in its value system as a regulator of intra-group and inter-group relations.

A work of art is a source of psychological knowledge, reflecting in a figurative form typical features of the inner world (psychology) of a person.

Parapsychology is a type of esoteric knowledge concerning the world of psychic phenomena, accessible only to a special circle of initiates (chosen ones).

Scientific (academic) psychology is a generalized, natural knowledge about people, obtained by a group of people - scientists who checked this knowledge for accuracy using special methods.

Practical (applied) psychology is the direction of scientific psychology, the subject of which is the individuality, originality of a person in the specific circumstances of his life, and the goal is to provide psychological assistance to a specific person on the basis of generalized scientific knowledge.
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Types of psychological knowledge (according to V.N. Karandashev)

  1. Types of psychological knowledge
    The accumulation of psychological knowledge took place in various sciences and spheres of human activity, wherever knowledge was needed about the spiritual world and people's behavior. According to some authors, the word "psychology" appeared in literature in the XVI century, according to others - in the XVIII. The opinions of historians about how the word "psychology" came about differ. In literal translation from Greek, it means
  2. Types and forms of student knowledge control
    An integral part of the educational process at the military department is the control of students' assimilation of teaching material and the assessment of their knowledge and skills. The main task of control is to ensure a high scientific level of students' knowledge, the strength of practical skills. Control is directly related to the process of assimilation of knowledge. In this case, it acts as a feedback.
  3. The history of the application of psychological knowledge in medicine
    Medical psychology considers the psychological aspects of the doctor’s activities and patient behavior. She studies the mental manifestations of diseases, the role of the psyche in their occurrence, course, treatment, and also in strengthening human health. The importance of psychology for medicine has been recognized for a long time. Back in the 18th century, the great reformer of psychiatric care in France, Pinell, in his
  4. A complex of professional and psychological knowledge, skills
    The most important quality of a psychologist’s activity is professional competence, or professionalism, which includes professional knowledge, skills. The psychologist must be a versatile specialist. Therefore, his professional erudition includes not only knowledge in the field of psychology, but also a certain body of knowledge in the field of philosophy, history, cultural studies,
  5. PROMOTION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE AND DEVELOPMENT OF RESEARCH ON THE Navy
    Like any system of scientific knowledge, psychology can give the maximum benefit to the fleet if it becomes the property of most officers and foremen and is adopted by them. The path from the problems solved by theory to their mass application in practice is a difficult path that needs special guidance. Nowadays, when science becomes a productive force, when the rapid development of life
  6. The world of psychological knowledge
    The term “psychology” is derived from the two ancient Greek words psyche (soul) and logos (knowledge, teaching) and literally translated means “science of the soul”. Psychology studies the properties, mechanisms and patterns of development and existence of the soul, or psyche. The psyche is the spiritual world of a person, which is to each of us in the form of various experiences, thoughts, images, memories, desires, goals,
  7. The history of the origin and development of psychological knowledge of military psychology
    Interest in the soldier’s soul has been shown by many prominent commanders since ancient times. The need to temper the spirit of a warrior was spoken by Alexander the Great. Great attention was paid to the psychological readiness of soldiers for battle by Russian commanders. Of particular importance were the progressive views of A.V. Suvorov (1730-1800). Suvorov substantiated and created in practice a psychological system
  8. Types of psychological preparation
    Psychological training of military personnel is carried out in the process of training and service. All types of training - fire, tactical, physical, combat, special, the entire training process should contain elements of moral and psychological training. The development of psychological stability is carried out both in case of solitary training of soldiers, and in exercises with the participation of senior command personnel and
  9. The history of psychological knowledge in other sciences
    The sources of scientific psychology must be sought, first of all, in the bowels of philosophy. Ancient philosophers expressed the concept of “life” as the reason for life, breathing, cognition. Scientific psychology at that time was not a special professional activity, nor were there professional psychologists. Scientific and psychological knowledge accumulated in philosophical, medical, legal works, as a result of the work of philosophers, doctors,
  10. The structure of military-psychological knowledge in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
    The rapid development of military-psychological thought in Russia in the late XVII - early XVIII centuries is closely connected with the activities of Peter I (1672-1725), who created a regular army. Peter I was guided by the conviction that the main force in the war is a man - a soldier, who "must constantly teach him how to act in battle and learn to act like he really is." Peter I repeatedly
  11. Types of exposure in psychological warfare
    According to domestic and foreign experts, the psychological effect is divided into the following types: 1) information-psychological, 2) psychogenic, 3) psychoanalytic, 4) neuro-linguistic, 5) psychotronic, 6) psychotropic. 1. Information-psychological impact (often referred to as informational, ideological) - this impact
  12. Types of psychological defenses
    Intrapersonal protection is the second equally important internal parameter and involves the diagnosis and understanding of the personality of the prevailing type of intrapersonal protection as a way to resolve competing or conflict interactions of personality substructures. The main function of psychological defense mechanisms is to maintain a positive image of the “I” in case of any changes in its threat
  13. Types of psychological defenses
    Intrapersonal protection is the second equally important internal parameter and involves the diagnosis and understanding of the personality of the prevailing type of intrapersonal protection as a way to resolve competing or conflict interactions of personality substructures. The main function of psychological defense mechanisms is to maintain a positive image of the “I” in case of any changes in its threat
  14. Types of psychological counseling
    The main method of counseling is a conversation built in a certain way. Psychological counseling is often short-term and may include one consultation or (if necessary) more, but rarely exceeds 5-6 meetings with the client. Counseling psychologists work with individuals or groups. Accordingly, individual and group counseling are distinguished.
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