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Types of psychological knowledge (by VN Karandashev)

Types of psychological knowledge





Basic concepts:



Life psychology - specific knowledge of people, acquired, accumulated and used by man in everyday life in the course of historical development to influence certain people.

Everyday psychology is a kind of everyday knowledge; generalized knowledge about people, obtained in a relatively closed group of people, tested for the truth by the life of this group, included in its value system as a regulator of intragroup and intergroup relations.

A work of art is a source of psychological knowledge, which reflects in figurative form the typical features of the inner world (psychology) of a person.

Parapsychology is a type of esoteric knowledge relating to the world of psychic phenomena, available only to a special circle of initiates (the elect).

Scientific (academic) psychology is a generalized, regular knowledge about people, obtained by a group of people - scientists, who tested this knowledge for authenticity using special methods.

Practical (applied) psychology - the direction of scientific psychology, the subject of which is the individuality, the uniqueness of a person in the specific circumstances of his life, and the goal is to provide psychological assistance to a specific person based on generalized scientific knowledge.
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Types of psychological knowledge (by VN Karandashev)

  1. Types of psychological knowledge
    The accumulation of psychological knowledge took place in various sciences and spheres of human activity, wherever knowledge about the spiritual world and human behavior was needed. According to some authors, the word "psychology" appeared in literature in the XVI century, according to others - in the XVIII. The opinions of historians about how the word "psychology" arose diverge. Literally translated from Greek, it means
  2. Types and forms of students knowledge control
    An integral part of the educational process at the military department is the control of students' learning of educational material and the assessment of their knowledge and skills. The main task of control is to ensure a high scientific level of students' knowledge, the strength of practical skills. Control is directly related to the process of learning. In this case, it performs the role of feedback.
  3. The history of the use of psychological knowledge in medicine
    Medical psychology examines the psychological aspects of the doctor’s activities and patient behavior. It studies the mental manifestations of diseases, the role of the psyche in their occurrence, course, treatment, and also in promoting human health. The value of psychology for medicine was recognized long ago. As early as the 18th century, the great reformer of psychiatric care in France, Pinel, in his
  4. The complex of professional psychological knowledge and skills
    The most important quality of a psychologist's activity is professional competence, or professionalism, which includes professional knowledge and skills. The psychologist must be a versatile specialist. Therefore, his professional erudition includes not only knowledge in the field of psychology, but also a certain body of knowledge in the field of philosophy, history, cultural studies,
  5. PROPAGANDA OF PSYCHOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE AND DEVELOPMENT OF RESEARCH ON THE FLEET
    Like any system of scientific knowledge, psychology can give the maximum benefit to the fleet if it becomes the property of the majority of officers and foremen and is adopted by them. The way from solved problems by theory to their mass application in practice is a difficult one, requiring special guidance. Nowadays, when science becomes a productive force, when the rapid development of life
  6. The world of psychological knowledge
    The term "psychology" is formed from two ancient Greek words psyche (soul) and logos (knowledge, teaching) and literally means "science of the soul." Psychology studies the properties, mechanisms and patterns of development and existence of the soul, or psyche. The psyche is the spiritual world of a person who appears to each of us in the form of various experiences, thoughts, images, memories, desires, goals,
  7. The history of the origin and development of psychological knowledge of military psychology
    Interest in the soldier’s soul has been shown by many prominent commanders since ancient times. Alexander the Great spoke about the need to temper the spirit of the warrior. Russian commanders also paid great attention to the psychological readiness of soldiers for battle. Of particular importance was the progressive views of A.V. Suvorov (1730-1800). Suvorov substantiated and created in practice a system of psychological
  8. Types of psychological training
    Psychological training of military personnel is carried out in the process of training and service. All types of training - fire, tactical, physical, drill, special, the whole learning process should contain elements of moral and psychological training. The development of psychological stability is carried out both in a single training of soldiers, and in exercises with the participation of higher command personnel and
  9. History of psychological knowledge in other sciences
    The origins of scientific psychology must be sought, first of all, in the depths of philosophy. The ancient philosophers expressed the concept of "soul" the cause of life, breath, knowledge. Scientific psychology at that time was not a special professional activity, there were no professional psychologists. Scientific and psychological knowledge accumulated in philosophical, medical, legal works, as a result of the work of philosophers, doctors,
  10. The structure of military-psychological knowledge in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
    The rapid development of military-psychological thought in Russia at the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th centuries was closely connected with the activities of Peter I (1672-1725), which had created a regular army. Peter I was guided by the conviction that the main force in a war is a man - a soldier, who "must constantly be trained in how to act in battle, and teach him to act in reality". Peter I repeatedly
  11. Impacts in psychological warfare
    According to domestic and foreign experts, the psychological impact is divided into the following types: 1) information-psychological, 2) psychogenic, 3) psychoanalytic, 4) neuro-linguistic, 5) psychotronic, 6) psychotropic. 1. The informational and psychological impact (often called informational and ideological) is the impact
  12. Types of psychological defenses
    Intra-personal protection is the second equally important internal parameter and involves the diagnosis and understanding of the personality of the prevailing type of intrapersonal protection as a way to resolve competing or conflicting interactions of personality substructures. The main function of psychological defense mechanisms is to preserve the positive image of the “I” with any changes threatening it.
  13. Types of psychological defenses
    Intra-personal protection is the second equally important internal parameter and involves the diagnosis and understanding of the personality of the prevailing type of intrapersonal protection as a way to resolve competing or conflicting interactions of personality substructures. The main function of psychological defense mechanisms is to preserve the positive image of the “I” with any changes threatening it.
  14. Types of psychological counseling
    The main method of counseling - a conversation, built in a certain way. Psychological counseling is most often short-term and can include one consultation or (if necessary) more, but rarely exceeds 5-6 meetings with a client. Counseling psychologists work with individuals or groups. Individual and group counseling is distinguished accordingly.
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