Licensed books on medicine
| Next >> |
The concepts of “personality orientation”, introduced into scientific use by C. L. Rubinstein, was developed, first of all, in distinguishing various types of orientation. In particular, in the psychological literature personal, collectivist, business (B. Bass, V. Smekal and M. Kucher, M.S. Neymark), humanistic, selfish, depressive, suicidal (D. I. Feldstein, I. D. Egorychev) orientation.
A special place is given to the study of the professional orientation of the personality (F.N. Gonobolin, E.A. Klimov, N.V. Kuzmina, N.V. Komusova).
A professional orientation is understood, first of all, as a set of motivational formations (interests, needs, inclinations, aspirations, etc.) associated with a person’s professional activity, affecting, in particular, the choice of a profession, the desire to work in it and satisfaction with professional activity. Professional orientation is an integral education and is characterized by the subject of professional orientation, which is the preferred profession (type of activity); types of motives for professional activity; strength (level) of direction, manifested in the degree of severity of the desire to master the profession and work on it; a sign expressed in the satisfaction of a person with his profession.
The significant role of research in the field of professional training of psychological specialists is determined by the demand for the services of psychologists in various areas of public life, an increase in the number of universities that train specialists in this field, and the transformation of the psychologist's profession into a massive one. The need for practice in highly qualified specialists poses the problem of finding effective ways to ensure high-quality training of psychologists for higher education. Mass training of psychological specialists without a formed professional orientation leads to the fact that the percentage of applicants to psychological faculties differs from the percentage of workers in the specialty.
The study of self-esteem involves the disclosure of the specifics of self-consciousness as a special process of the human psyche aimed at self-regulation by a person of his actions in the field of behavior of activities on the basis of self-knowledge and an emotional - value attitude to himself.
A special contribution to the study of this problem was made by B. G. Ananyev, A. N. Leontyev, C. L. Rubinstein, I. S. Kon, BC Merlin and others. According to these scientists, in the psychological life of a person, in its structure self-awareness along with consciousness is a necessary condition for the value and continuity of the formation of the inner world.
In numerous psychological studies on student age, most often the emphasis is on the development of self-awareness and adequate self-esteem, because it is this age that is the central period in the formation of the worldview system, some character traits and social intelligence. A characteristic feature of moral development in college is the strengthening of conscious motives for behavior. Those qualities that were fully lacking in the upper grades - determination, determination, perseverance, independence, initiative, self-mastery are noticeably strengthened.
Self-esteem is attributed to the central education of the individual, to its core both domestic and foreign psychologists.
Self-esteem largely determines the social adaptation of the individual, is a regulator of behavior and activity.
Self-esteem performs regulatory and protective functions, influencing the behavior, activity and development of the personality, its relationship with other people. Self-esteem also plays an important role in becoming a professional.
Object of study: professional orientation.
Subject of study: the psychological characteristic of self-esteem in students.
Objective: to identify the relationship of professional orientation with the self-esteem of student psychologists.
In accordance with the object, subject, purpose and hypothesis, the following tasks were solved during the study:
1. To carry out a theoretical analysis of the professional orientation and self-esteem in students.
2. To select diagnostic tools for the research problem.
3. Organize and conduct an experimental study to identify the relationship of professional orientation with self-esteem of students.
Research hypothesis: We assume that there is a certain nature of the relationship between professional orientation and self-esteem of students.
Methodological basis of the research: The concept of “personality orientation”, introduced into scientific use by C. L. Rubinstein, was developed, first of all, in distinguishing various types of orientation. In particular, the psychological literature presents and describes personal, collectivist, business (B. Bass, V. Smekal and M. Kucher, M. S. Neymark), humanistic, selfish, depressive, suicidal (D. I. Feldstein, I. D . Egorychev) orientation.
A special place is given to the study of the professional orientation of the personality (F.N. Gonobolin, E.A. Klimov, N.V. Kuzmina, N.V. Komusova). A special contribution to the study of self-esteem was made by B. G. Ananyev, A. N. Leontyev, S. L. Rubinstein, I. S. Kon, BC Merlin and others. According to these scientists, in the psychological life of a person, in his structure, self-consciousness along with consciousness is a necessary condition for the value and continuity of the formation of the inner world.
Research methods: Theoretical methods, including the study and analysis of philosophical, psychological and pedagogical literature on the research problem, generalization, comparison and systematization; empirical, including testing survey; interpretative and descriptive quantitative methods (correlation analysis).
1. "Test questionnaire to determine the level of professional orientation of the personality" - T. D. Dubovitskaya
2. Test questionnaire "Your self-esteem" B. I. Dodonov
The practical significance of the study: it is expressed in the fact that the obtained experimental data, identified by analyzing the relationship of professional orientation and self-esteem of students, can be used in the work of teachers of educational institutions, which helps to create conditions for educational and professional activities, as well as the development of professional orientation and the formation of students positive attitude towards yourself as a professional.
| Next >> |
| = Skip to textbook content = |
- Abstract. Methods of drug administration, 2010
Subcutaneous administration Intramuscular administration Intravenous administration Intraosseous administration Intraperitoneal administration Intrathoracic and intrapulmonary methods of drug administration Autohemotherapy Bloodletting Intracheal administration Scarring and drug administration
- Administration Methods
AEROSOL INHALATION Endobronchial administration usually results in a high local concentration of the drug without systemic side effects. Examples are bronchodilator P-agonists, inhaled corticosteroids, and pentamidine. However, some inhaled solutions reaching the lung parenchyma are quickly absorbed by the large surface of the capillary bed (e.g.
- Intratracheal administration
In clinical practice for lung diseases, medicinal substances are administered intratracheally using a probe. Before administration, the probe is disinfected and lubricated with petroleum jelly. For large animals, the probe is inserted through the nasal cavity to the pharynx and in between the swallowing movements it is further advanced. With the correct insertion of the probe into the trachea, the animal develops a cough that soon disappears. To
The International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the main tool for statistical development of information on public health and the activities of health facilities. It provides methodological unity and comparability of the results of a study of the incidence of the population, causes of death, and reasons for contacting medical institutions, both within the country and between countries.
- INTRODUCTION OF FEEDING
The timely introduction of correctly selected foods for complementary foods contributes to improving health, improving nutritional status and physical development of infants and young children during the period of accelerated growth, and therefore should be the focus of the health care system. Throughout the period of complementary feeding, breast milk should remain the main type of milk,
Today, one of the most sought-after professions is the profession of a psychologist. Currently, more than 150 universities in the country are training relevant specialists. The existing experience of their preparation in higher education convincingly proves that the image of the future graduate profession should be the same object of formation as professional knowledge, skills, and ways of thinking. In connection with
- Intradermal vaccine
The intradermal administration of the vaccine for therapeutic purposes is used by cadets in the treatment of patients with toxoplasmosis or brucellosis. In the treatment room of the treatment department, the cadet should independently administer toxoplasmin toxoplasmosis patients intradermally under the supervision of a teacher (intern). Previously, he makes dilutions of the vaccine 10, 100, 1000, 10 000 times and produces a titration test for
Iron deficiency is one of the most common malnutrition in the world and, according to experts, affects more than three billion people. In terms of severity, it ranges from depletion of iron reserves, which does not cause any decrease in physiological activity, to iron deficiency anemia and can affect the mental development and development of motor skills. Special
- INTRODUCTION AND REMOVAL OF IUDS.
Since the methods of administration for different types of IUDs are different from each other, you should get acquainted each time and follow the instructions for the technique of introducing IUDs. The following IUD instructions apply to all types of intrauterine devices. 1. Explain to the patient what the procedure for administering the IUD is. 2. Conduct a thorough gynecological (bimanual) examination for
- Routes of administration of drugs
The choice of the route of administration of drugs depends on the severity of the patient’s condition, the necessary duration of their continuous administration, the nature of the disease, the age of the patient and the manual capabilities of medical personnel. According to the speed of reaching a peak concentration of drugs in the bloodstream, the following routes of drug administration are distinguished: ¦ intra-arterial; ¦ intravenous; ¦ intratracheal; ¦ sublingual (in
- I. INTRODUCTION
Before the introduction of aseptic and antiseptic methods, postoperative mortality reached 80%: patients died from purulent, putrefactive and gangrenous processes. The nature of rotting and fermentation, discovered in 1863 by Louis Pasteur, became an incentive for the development of microbiology and practical surgery, and it has been argued that microorganisms are also the cause of many wound complications. In this essay will be
- Intraosseous injections
They are shown in the following cases: in the presence of injured large veins, intoxication, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract; small animals - with a small diameter of veins; with prolonged drip infusions; in shock, when the veins are in a collapsed state; pigs - if intravenous infusion is difficult. For intraosseous injections, strong needles are used. In the olives of these needles
I would advise you to skip this introduction - it is much more complicated than other sections and can create a misconception about the book. I decided to include it in order to show some readers why our traditional way of thinking is wonderful, but still inadequate. The rear wheels of the car can be excellent, but they themselves are inferior. Having developed one aspect of thinking, we are proud of it and
- Subcutaneous administration
In the treatment of animals, parenteral administration of liquid dosage forms into the body is widely used, that is, bypassing the digestive canal. For these purposes, injection needles, syringes, special devices, various devices are used, strictly observing the rules of asepsis and antiseptics. At the place chosen for the injection, the hair is cut off, the skin is cleaned with alcohol or twice moistened with alcohol
- Intraperitoneal administration
Solutions of medicinal mixtures for calves up to 3 days are injected into the area of the hungry fossa on both sides, from 3-5 days - only on the right side. The injection site is in the middle of the line connecting the ileal tubercle with the last rib, 6-8 cm below the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae, depending on the age and size of the calf. The injection site is cut and treated with tincture of iodine. For
In strengthening health, increasing efficiency and preventing colds, hardening is a good help. It is important to begin hardening of the body in childhood, when thermoregulation is in the process of formation, and mechanisms of immunobiological protection develop. For complete hardening, it is necessary to use a set of hardening procedures, observing the principles
The training course “Age Psychology” has been introduced into the curricula of all faculties of pedagogical universities in connection with the transition to multi-level student education, with the new requirements of the State standard of higher professional education in the framework of advanced training and retraining of practical workers in faculties of advanced training of educational workers. In the study guide
At present, the regulatory and methodological base for the protection of atmospheric air continues to develop on the basis of the research and methodological activities of the Research Institute of Atmosphere on the justification and development of methodological aspects of the protection of atmospheric air. This applies to a wide range of issues: inventory procedures for emissions of harmful substances into the air using both
The manual is intended to fill the shortage of educational literature necessary to enhance the professional psychological and pedagogical competence of teachers of higher military schools. The training of teachers for universities of the Federal Agency for Government Communications and Information is carried out today, as a rule, in the system of their professional education (training of scientific and pedagogical personnel,