Licensed books on medicine
| Next >> |
Nowadays, a person can ask for help from a variety of specialists whose profession name includes the root "psycho" (Greek "psyche" - soul). What do all these connoisseurs of human souls do?
A psychiatrist is the only specialist with a “psycho” root who has the right to make a diagnosis and prescribe medications. In the arsenal of treatment strategies of a psychiatrist are pharmacotherapy (i.e. medications) and psychotherapy. Most often, these two methods are combined.
Only a doctor can be a psychotherapist. People of other specialties who practice psychotherapy are subject to the Criminal Code for illegal treatment. By definition, psychotherapy is a method of non-drug treatment. Like surgery, for example. Only there is a scalpel, and here is the word. And the word discord, therefore, a person without a medical education, engaged in medical activities, violates the law.
Today, according to the register of specialties, there are four specializations of psychologists.
The pathopsychologist assists the psychiatrist in diagnosing mental disorders. If the psychiatrist makes a diagnosis based on the clinical manifestations of the disease, then the pathopsychologist uses formal examination methods, that is, various tests and scales. Its task is to identify disorders of memory, thinking, intelligence, emotional and volitional sphere and inform the psychiatrist about this.
The neuropsychologist is a diagnostic assistant for the neurosurgeon and neurologist. Its task is to indicate with the help of special tests exactly in which area of the brain there is damage and what kind it is. In neuropsychological tests, disorders of the motor, ideotor (sequence of thinking) spheres, spheres of perception and reproduction of information are studied.
The specialist knows what function which part of the brain is responsible for. Accordingly, if the patient cannot perform a series of tests, the neuropsychologist notes in which area the brain is affected. This information is necessary for the neurosurgeon to perform the operation.
The neuropsychologist can also work in a team with a neurologist and psychiatrist. Thanks to the repeated repetition of samples difficult for the child, the neuropsychologist can achieve stimulation of the affected areas of the brain. This will become part of the correction program that this troika of specialists is developing.
Based on statistical data, a social psychologist studies the attitude of society to certain social phenomena and gives general recommendations. Roughly speaking, he finds out whether the women of Russia like the fact that the president put on a red tie yesterday. Based on the results of the survey, a social psychologist draws a conclusion like: "Mr. President, don’t put on a red tie anymore, because a large part of your electorate doesn’t like it." A social psychologist is not related to a particular individual, nor to medicine.
A few years ago, a specialty clinical psychologist appeared. This model is taken from Western experience. There are psychologists working in services for helping seriously ill patients: cancer, HIV-infected, etc. A clinical psychologist must understand what a person is sick with, monitor the change in his mental functions and involve a psychiatrist and a neurologist so that they correct the condition of the seriously ill patient and provide him with an acceptable level of existence.
| Next >> |
| = Skip to textbook content = |
- Abstract. Methods of drug administration, 2010
Subcutaneous administration Intramuscular administration Intravenous administration Intraosseous administration Intraperitoneal administration Intrathoracic and intrapulmonary administration of drugs Autohemotherapy Bloodletting Intratracheal administration Scarring and drug administration
- Administration Methods
AEROSOL INHALATION Endobronchial administration usually results in a high local concentration of the drug without systemic side effects. Examples are bronchodilator P-agonists, inhaled corticosteroids, and pentamidine. However, some inhaled solutions reaching the lung parenchyma are quickly absorbed by the large surface of the capillary bed (e.g.
- Intratracheal administration
In clinical practice for lung diseases, medicinal substances are administered intratracheally using a probe. Before administration, the probe is disinfected and lubricated with petroleum jelly. For large animals, the probe is inserted through the nasal cavity to the pharynx and in between the swallowing movements it is further advanced. With the correct insertion of the probe into the trachea, the animal develops a cough that soon disappears. To
The International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the main tool for statistical development of information on public health and the activities of health facilities. It provides methodological unity and comparability of the results of a study of the incidence of the population, causes of death, and reasons for contacting medical institutions, both within the country and between countries.
- INTRODUCTION OF FEEDING
The timely introduction of correctly selected foods for complementary foods contributes to improving health, improving nutritional status and physical development of infants and young children during the period of accelerated growth, and therefore should be the focus of the health care system. Throughout the period of complementary feeding, breast milk should remain the main type of milk,
Today, one of the most sought-after professions is the profession of a psychologist. Currently, more than 150 universities in the country are training relevant specialists. The existing experience of their preparation in higher education convincingly proves that the image of the future graduate profession should be the same object of formation as professional knowledge, skills, and ways of thinking. In connection with
- Intradermal vaccine
The intradermal administration of the vaccine for therapeutic purposes is used by cadets in the treatment of patients with toxoplasmosis or brucellosis. In the treatment room of the treatment department, the cadet should independently administer toxoplasmin toxoplasmosis patients intradermally under the supervision of a teacher (intern). Previously, he makes dilutions of the vaccine 10, 100, 1000, 10 000 times and produces a titration test for
Iron deficiency is one of the most common malnutrition in the world and, according to experts, affects more than three billion people. In terms of severity, it ranges from depletion of iron reserves, which does not cause any decrease in physiological activity, to iron deficiency anemia and can affect the mental development and development of motor skills. Special
- INTRODUCTION AND REMOVAL OF IUDS.
Since the methods of administration for different types of IUDs are different from each other, you should get acquainted each time and follow the instructions for the technique of introducing IUDs. The following IUD instructions apply to all types of intrauterine devices. 1. Explain to the patient what the procedure for administering the IUD is. 2. Conduct a thorough gynecological (bimanual) examination for
- Routes of administration of drugs
The choice of the route of administration of drugs depends on the severity of the patient’s condition, the necessary duration of their continuous administration, the nature of the disease, the age of the patient and the manual capabilities of medical personnel. According to the speed of reaching a peak concentration of drugs in the bloodstream, the following routes of drug administration are distinguished: ¦ intraarterial; ¦ intravenous; ¦ intratracheal; ¦ sublingual (in