about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

Analysis of the results of psychological analysis of the 1st and 2nd periods of activity led to the following understanding of the generalized structure of the state of psychological readiness

It consists, as it were, of two motivated-volitional components: k-1 and k-2 k-1: motives of responsibility and duty, a state of confidence; K-2: motives of hostilities, a state of decisiveness. Moreover, the structure of the “state of confidence” is the motive for success; self-confidence, calculation; self-control; experiencing the state significance of the success of their activities. The structure of the “state of decisiveness” - risk motives, a clear, sustainable decision on the need for active hostilities in extreme situations; desire to implement the solution in spite of any difficulties; an experience of satisfaction from the opportunity to test oneself in a confrontation. Maintaining the state of psychological readiness is a kind of "swing of the pendulum": (k-1) <-> (k-2). The main indicators of the state of readiness are:

the result of the activity (task completed or not); assessment of actions (5,4,3,2) of a soldier by an expert, a higher commander; mistakes of actions, their nature, and reasons evaluated with the help of a psychologist; satisfaction with one's own activities; self-assessment of the formation of the components of the structure of the state of mental readiness ("k-1", "k-2"). Of particular interest are errors that occur unintentionally. It is advisable to determine for each specialist his "polygon of errors." "Typical mistakes" - most often characterize the level of military skill; atypical - are a reflection of different levels of preparedness for activity in a psychogenic situation. It is advisable to identify each leading specialist of his "training ground." Then, the psychologist and specialist, together, identify the causes of errors. Then decide what needs to be done to improve professional skills, to form and maintain a state of readiness of a serviceman for emergency action on combat duty. ary errors may be:

- violation of the sequence of work;

- pass action. operations;

- failure in actions;

- wrong decisions;

- lack of control over the work of subordinates, etc.

The “polygon of errors” their typical causes are largely carried out by the nature of the activity of a specialist of a particular type of Armed Forces. The most typical psychological causes of errors can be: the need to reconfigure the level of functioning of the psyche; search and selection of a behavioral strategy that is inadequate to the current situation; anxiety, fear , uncertainty; inability to take risks, make non-standard decisions; change in the “price of action” when responsibility increases many times); intellectual complexity in the face of time pressure; difficult interference environment; desire to get rid of overstrain, especially at the end of an activity;

the experience of partial failure, etc. The psychologist of the part, taking into account the specifics of the activities of a particular specialist on combat duty, the proposed system of indicators determines the levels of mental readiness of a given specialist for combat operations. After that, in the process of carrying out combat duty, they carry out diagnostics of levels and develop recommendations both for a specific stage of maintaining duty, and for the period of preparation for it. Possible methodology for determining the level of readiness.

The main directions and methods of activity of the military psychologist in order to maintain a state of mental readiness for active, immediate combat operations while on combat duty.

1. Taking into account the theater of operations, the specifics of external conditions, combat and combat training activities on combat duty in the form of the Armed Forces, with the participation of leading experts and a psychologist, creates “Psychological passports of possible combat situations” for each specialist, which indicates: (Appendix No. 2). code, name of the situation; features of the conditions of the task; an oriented basis for professional activities to accomplish this task; psychological stress in the dynamics of the actions performed; "possible range of errors", their professional and psychological reasons; training recommendations; recommendations for the formation and maintenance of mental readiness in action in this situation.

2. On the basis of the “Psychological passport“ the possibility of a combat situation, ”but with the same parameter in the unit, conduct a“ Combat (training-combat) operations registration card for a specific leading specialist ”(Appendix No. 3). Experts should take assessments of the activities of this specialist.

3. “Psychological passports of possible combat situations” are used: to determine the strategy and only both professional and psychological training (general, special, situational); as a "reference point" in the analysis of the activities of a particular specialist.

4. "The card of combat (training) combat actions of a specific specialist" is not a reporting document; they are compiled, analyzed only by a specific specialist and psychologist "!!! The part of the information for which a specialist’s permission is given can be transferred to a third party by a psychologist.
The “card”, the results reversible in it, is a topic for the subject interaction of a military psychologist and a specific specialist in order to increase the effectiveness of his professional activity and personal development. This “subject interaction” of the psychologist of the unit and the leading specialist, the recommendations adopted jointly constitute the core of the psychological support of combat duty, the activities of the military psychologist.

5. The main areas of joint activity of a military psychologist and a specific leading specialist: comparing the results of the “Psychological passport of a specific situation” and the “Card” of a specific specialist in the same situation; comparing the results of the same specialist in different situations according to the results of “cards”; comparing the results of one and the same specialist, in the same (close) situations, but obtained at different times. The result of the work: development of individual recommendations.

6. In order to make recommendations of the military psychologist to the command and the administrative apparatus, the generalized results of “cards” and “Passports” are used.

The structural components of a state of readiness are formed in the process of combat training.

Professional preparedness and state of mental readiness are closely interconnected. The first is the "material basis", the second is primarily the "state of confidence."

In the process of training, it is necessary to create conditions in order to handle the transition from the psychological component “k-1” to “k-2” and vice versa. A kind of "swing of the pendulum."

For the purpose of the most complete formation of the components of the “state of confidence”, training technologies based on the general psychological concept of P.Ya. Galperin, set forth in the articles of this manual by B.I. Khoziev and G.V. Gnezdilov, should be used.

Ideamotor training is one of the most effective means of professional and psychological preparation. Their basis is the “mental reproduction” of their actions in different situations. Moreover, the mental image of movements is necessarily associated with muscular-articular feeling, i.e. physical movements. When presenting, mastering the actions, it is necessary to mentally imagine him in that position in which it will actually be carried out. The ideomotor action must be so strong and clear that the soldier must involuntarily make movements. Ideomotor training is most often used in the process of carrying out combat duty.

An effective means of forming the ability to control your behavior is to master the methods of self-regulation. Group psychological training is a type of active teaching methods, the main advantages of which are: the unity of mastering specific knowledge of professional activity in interaction situations. Participants discover, often unexpectedly, the depth and complexity of the human psyche, “open their inner world”, they become meaningfully acquainted with the mechanism for developing a managerial decision. They recognize the connections and relationships, the interdependence between members of combat crews, and improve understanding. The participants in the group psychological training (GPT) can include both members of the same combat crew, and the shift as a whole. The training material for the GPT is possible combat situations. you’re talking about the main course of events (conditions and the goal), and the participants must determine the algorithm for solving it by each specialist as part of the calculation. GPT can be carried out with servicemen of the same specialty. The main thing here is the ability to “speak” the cumulative experience of both professional actions and the formation and maintenance of state mental readiness for action in different situations of being on alert Individual psychological training (NTP) - is carried out in order to master the individual formation scheme and under holding a state of mental readiness, as each serviceman has the content of components, the actualization mechanism may be his own. As a rule, a military psychologist and a specific soldier take part in creating the scheme.

Thus, it is possible to carry out special psychological training (see the article of the manual. P.Ya. Korchemny) according to the following scheme: immediately before

joining combat duty - NTP with the aim of updating the state of mental readiness, then ideomotor training to update professional action programs, after which direct work on simulators. Psychological education is the most important activity of a military psychologist. It can be directed: to clarify the impact of the conditions of bearing combat duty on the human psyche; to explain the psychological characteristics of the situation from the expectation of a combat signal to active hostilities and, on this basis, to convince the need for the formation and maintenance of a state of mental readiness; on the disclosure of the influence of psychogenic factors (danger, surprise, lack of time, lack of information, etc.); to show the psychological nature of activity difficulties and mistakes.

The rallying of combat crews and shifts is the fundamental activity of a military psychologist. The technology of this activity is presented in the manual.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to textbook content =

Analysis of the results of psychological analysis of the 1st and 2nd periods of activity led to the following understanding of the generalized structure of the state of psychological readiness

  1. “Psychological analysis of the professional activity of the educational psychologist as an objective basis for readiness formation”
    In chapter II, based on the basic principle of the primary model of activity in professional development, a psychological analysis of the practical psychology of education as a sphere of professional labor is carried out. The logic and content of this chapter was determined by the system-activity approach to the study of professional activity based on the leading ideas of the analysis of the psychological structure of activity (E.M.
  3. Analytical activity of the commander in the analysis and assessment of the moral and psychological conditions of military personnel
    The starting point of the commander’s activities to strengthen the moral and psychological state, increase his maturity and stability in the unit, unit is his diagnosis. At the same time, it is important to evaluate and know two main characteristics of the moral and psychological state: the degree of its maturity and generality, unity among the military personnel of the unit being assessed, units. Depending on the
  4. Psychological analysis of factors and conditions affecting the performance of young military personnel with stuck characterological accentuation and the possibility of providing them with psychological assistance
    In the first chapter, an attempt was made to consider the theoretical foundations of character in modern psychology. One of the most important conclusions of the chapter was the statement about the relative constancy of character and its change under the influence of the environment, social environment, age-related changes. The typology of accentuations of K.Leongard's character makes it possible to distinguish among young soldiers groups with similar
    The problem of psychological study of various types of professional activity since the 20s. The twentieth century and to this day has occupied a central place in a number of scientific and applied areas of psychological science (psychotechnics, labor psychology, engineering psychology, as well as ergonomics). The development of the psychology of professions has passed a rather complicated path, which can conditionally be divided into three periods. IN
  6. Psychological analysis of the period of hostilities
    The main feature of this period is the need to strengthen the enemy’s fire strike, to seize his initiative, because units that are on alert at their core are units of “response” (motive). Thus, a serviceman, a combat crew, a change, must change, transform a combat situation, their benefit, impose their will
  7. Psychological analysis of the activities of employees of special units in the aspect of its requirements for the individual
    To predict the degree of success of a person to a certain type of activity, its special psychological analysis is necessary. Activity analysis is a method of distributing factual information about work to determine the composite factors and qualities required for its implementation. In this regard, a full analysis of the activities of employees of special units of internal organs is important.
  8. The method of analysis of the structure of management activities
    Analysis of the structure of managerial activity suggests that the results of the manager’s work fit into the parameters of those objects that focus on his activity. The leader’s activity leads to the transformation of managed objects, more precisely, to the change (or preservation at the required level) of their specific characteristics necessary for the implementation of management objectives and important
  9. “Conceptual foundations and results of assessing the psychological readiness of athletes of the highest qualification of martial arts”
    The third chapter of the dissertation presents the materials of theoretical analysis and the results of empirical studies devoted to the substantiation of the conceptual foundations and methods of expert assessment of the levels of expression and components of the long-term psychological readiness of athletes of high qualification in martial arts for competitive activity in extreme situations. Based on analysis
  10. Psychological readiness for political activity
    The readiness category as a whole reflects the correlation of the qualities of the subject of activity with its requirements. Given the multidimensionality of activity, readiness must be considered as a complex, multilateral and multi-level education. So, we can talk about both readiness for political activity in a broad sense and about readiness to work in a specific political role (deputy, leader
  11. Psychological readiness for political activity
    The readiness category as a whole reflects the correlation of the qualities of the subject of activity with its requirements. Given the multidimensionality of activity, readiness must be considered as a complex, multilateral and multi-level education. So, we can talk about both readiness for political activity in a broad sense and about readiness to work in a specific political role (deputy, leader
  12. Forms of practical psychological work Comparative analysis of group and individual forms of psychological work
    Sooner or later, every psychologist raises the question of how it is more productive to provide psychological assistance to a person: through individual work or by including him in a training group. Of course, professional preferences will influence the choice. However, to solve this issue, we’ll try to clarify the advantages and disadvantages that have group and individual forms
  13. The essence and content of the psychological analysis of erroneous actions (OD)
    The methodological basis of the psychological analysis of erroneous actions (OD) is the theoretical concept of the human factor. The human factor (BSF) is understood as the totality of professional physiological, anthropometric, psychological and social capabilities and limitations of a person, which are not taken into account in the design of weapons, military equipment, methods of their use, tactics
  14. Psychological analysis of "species-specific" psychology
    One of the founders of Russian military psychology, P. I. Izmestiev, emphasized: “In the army ... there may be groups whose activities are based on different ones from other bases dealing with different machines different from others, whose military being creates far from homogeneous consciousness ... Under group military psychology, I think of the psychology of different branches of the armed forces. ” And then he continues: “If
  15. The situation as a unit of analysis of military-psychological phenomena
    One of the most complex and important methodological problems of creating a good empirical basis for VPI is the problem of choosing the unit of analysis for VPJ. The success of the study of VPJ essentially depends on how systematically it will be possible to “isolate” the phenomenon as a whole or its structural or functional component from the life of the military personnel and military personnel. In military psychology when studying
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019