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Analysis of the relationship between the components of a life perspective and the value-semantic sphere of personality of participants in local military conflicts

For a psychological understanding of the previous results, we turn to the study of the value-semantic level of functioning of the person who fought using the methodology “The level of correlation of“ value ”and“ accessibility ”in various life spheres” (E.B. Fantalova) and the test “Meaningful life orientations” (D.A. Leontiev).

Using the methodology “The level of correlation of“ value ”and“ accessibility ”in various life spheres” (E.B. Fantalova), we were able to build a hierarchy of value representations of participants in local wars.

Thus, the priority value orientations in the life of the warriors are, first of all, “happy family life” (10.01 + 0.28), “love (spiritual and physical closeness with a loved one)” (7.87 + 0.39), “Physical and mental health” (7.12 + 0.21), rejected by values, in turn, participants in local wars call “having friends” (4.25 + 0.11), “creativity” (3.87 + 0, 18), "the beauty of nature and art" (3.37 + 0.29). As you can see in the first place the warriors put values ​​related to family, love, that is, that provides psychological support and provides vital support. Naturally, after returning from hostilities to a peaceful existence, before finding a job, close people (parents, wife, children, etc.) will help to get comfortable. “Health” turns out to be important, possibly due to wounds or the experience of the fragility of human life. Particularly noteworthy is the devaluation of friendships, which we have not found in studies on the problem of value orientations. This can be explained by the traumatic experience of losing friends and colleagues in the war. Such an experience often leads to experiencing the danger of emotional intimacy, which leads to a strategy of abandoning psychological rapprochement with people. Also, “creativity” and “beauty” are not valuable for participants in local wars, which is most likely connected with the unnecessary nature of these values ​​at present, with a lack of understanding of their significance in human life.

The group of men who did not fight is characterized by a preference for the following value orientations: “materially secure life” (10.79 + 0.25), “happy family life” (8.75 + 0.11), “true friends” (6.64 + 0 , 41), “health” (4.81 + 0.35). Invaluable for men who did not take part in hostilities are “knowledge”, “beauty” and “creativity”.

Thus, comparing the value systems of fought and non-fought men, one can see clear differences. So, the most important for participants in local wars are the values ​​that provide psychological support and support in life (“happy family life”, “love”, etc.), who in turn fought as valuable material wealth, family and friends. These data confirm the idea of ​​a deformation of the system of value orientations in connection with the participation of the individual in hostilities, what is valuable is that it can help the soldier adapt to the conditions of peaceful existence (“family”, “love”), and for men who did not take part in the war important are the values ​​aimed at increasing the level of material well-being, in the sphere of improving personal life (“family”, “friends”).

For a deeper understanding of the system of value orientations of warring and non-warring men, we turn to an analysis of the level of discrepancy between “value” and “accessibility”.

So, in the group of those who fought, the level of discrepancy between “values” and “accessibility” is below average (24.64 + 0.29), which indicates the preference for those values ​​that are available today (Appendix 8), for example, “happy family life” , "Love."

In the group of non-warriors, the level of discrepancy between “values” and “accessibility” is average (33.91 + 0.25), which demonstrates a preference for choosing some values ​​that are not available now, for example, “materially secure life”, but which may be available in the future and to which men who did not take part in hostilities may seek (appendix 8). This once again shows the focus of the warriors on planning the remote stages of the future, and the warriors plan only the near future.

The analysis of the significance of differences in the average values ​​of the mismatch index “value - accessibility” in the groups of warriors and non-warriors using the Student t-test showed that the participants in combat (24.64 + 0.29) actions have a higher level of correspondence between “value” and “accessibility” ( P = 0.99) (respectively, the mismatch index “value - availability” is lower) than that of non-warriors (33.91 + 0.25). These results can be explained by the specifics of future planning by the participants of local wars, in which the building of life prospects is carried out for the near future, that is, they live today. Accordingly, the system of value orientations includes only those values ​​that are most accessible. Thinking about the future, it becomes valuable what can help today and tomorrow, and what will be the day after tomorrow or in a year is unknown.

These data are confirmed by a correlation analysis of the mismatch index “value - accessibility” and parameters of a life perspective. Thus, the mismatch index “value - accessibility” correlates with the following indicators of the emotional component of the psychological future: “sad” (g = -0.872), “heavy” (g = -0.860), “monotonous” (g = -0.792), “gray "(R = ​​-0.621)," romantic "(r = -0.544)," unhappy "(r = -0.527)," imposed by others "(r = -0.494), as well as with the indicators of the cognitive component with confidence (r = 0.663) and with the depth of life prospects (g = 0.625). Thus, we get a clear connection between the level of discrepancy “value - accessibility” with the emotional component of the life perspective and its depth. Thus, emotionally negatively perceiving the distant future as sad, difficult, monotonous, unhappy, etc., participants in local wars build their system of value orientations based on the principle of their “accessibility” at the moment of their life, that is, the mismatch index “value -availability "below average.

In turn, the mismatch index in the group of non-warriors is associated primarily with the depth of life prospects (g = 0.640), as well as with some indicators of the emotional content of ideas about the personal future: “funny” (g = 0.672), “happy” (g = 0.427), “realistic” (g = -0.544). In this case, presenting their future emotionally positively, that is, perceiving it as a fun and happy time of life, the non-warriors build a system of value orientations, not particularly caring about the accessibility of values ​​right now, as they may be available in the future. Thus, there was also a connection between the mismatch index “value - accessibility” with the depth of life prospects and with the emotional component of the psychological future.

In connection with the foregoing, it can be assumed that the most important thing for participants in local conflicts today is family values, which, respectively, are the most accessible. In turn, for those who have not fought, the priority, along with family values, is the value associated with the material support of life, which, most likely, serves as a kind of goal that may be available only in the future.

Let us now turn to the study of the semantic sphere of personality with the help of the test “meaning-life orientations” (D. A. Leontyev), and also consider its relationship with the main parameters of a life perspective.

According to the “goals in life” parameter, in the group of warriors, 75% have low scores, 25% - high. These data show that combatants live mostly today. In the group of those who did not fight, the scored 34% have low scores, 66% - high, which indicates the presence of determination in the distant future (Fig. 2.4.1.). Maybe this is due to the experience of military operations of the participants in local conflicts that has not yet been experienced and its transfer to the present, which, in turn, have not been at war, having no traumatic experience of war in the past, carry out goal-setting in the usual way.

Fig. 2.4.1.

The results of the study of goal-setting in groups of non-fought and fought men



Diagnostics of the content of the life process helped determine that 24% of the combatants are dissatisfied with life in the present and turn to a personal past or future (low scores on the “life process” scale), and 76% of those who have fought carry out the lifestyle of a hedonist who lives today and accordingly have high scores on the scale "process of life." In the group of non-warriors, the data were distributed as follows: 58% have low scores, 42% have high scores. These results show that the non-warriors are looking for the meaning of their lives in the future, but not in the present (Fig. 2.4.2.).

Figure 2.4.2.

The indicator "process of life" in groups of subjects

.

The results for the parameter reflecting the assessment of the traveled segment of a person’s life path (“life productivity”) in the group of warriors were distributed as follows: 25% of the subjects with low scores, 75% - with high scores, and in the group of non-warriors 30% have low scores on a scale, 70% - high. These data indicate the perception of his past life as a period that was not lived empty, that is, in the past of men who fought and did not fight, there are certain results, both positive and negative (Fig. 2.4.3.).

Fig. 2.4.3.

The indicator "life productivity" in the group of warriors and non-warriors



In the course of studying the functioning of the control locus - “I”, the group of warriors demonstrated the ability to control their present and make a free choice of life path (98%) of the subjects have high scores, 2% - low).
In the group of those who did not fight according to the considered meaningfulness of life, 40% have high scores, 60% have low scores, which shows the presence of weak confidence in the controllability of their lives (Fig. 2.4.4.).

Figure 2.4.4.

The indicator "locus of control - I" in the groups of subjects

.

The results of diagnostics of the locus of life control indicate the reluctance of combatants to look into the future (88% have low scores, 12% are high), in turn, non-warriors believe in the freedom of choice of their life path and in the implementation of their long-term plans (38% have low scores, 62% -high scores) (Fig. 2.4.5.).

Fig. 2.4.5.

The indicator "locus of life control" in groups of subjects

.

Thus, we can say that there are relative differences in the meaningfulness of their lives between participants in local conflicts and men who did not participate in hostilities. Nevertheless, there is a need to confirm these data using the Student t-test procedure, with the degree of significance of differences P> 0.90 (table 2.4.1.).

Comparison results of life orientation in groups of men who fought and who did not fight (M + m; p).

Significant differences in the mean values ​​in the groups of warriors and non-warriors exist on the scale "process of life" (P = 0.98) and on the scale of "locus of control - I" (P = 0.99). This indicates that the participants in local wars live today and it is events associated with this time of life that are intensively experienced and filled with meaning, while non-combatants are aimed at the future and are looking for the meaning of life in the distant future. Also, the warriors consider themselves strong personalities with sufficient freedom of choice to build their lives based on today's needs, without being guided by what will happen tomorrow. Very interesting are the data obtained by the indicator "locus of control - I". Warring men seek to control their lives on their own. If we recall the results of the emotional filling of subjective ideas about the life prospects of the participants in local wars, we can see a clear similarity: evaluating their own future as “unhappy,” they consider it imposed by others. As a result, the desire to control the present period of the life path becomes clear, so that it becomes a happy length of time for the warriors.

Using a correlation analysis, we examine the relationship between the parameters “life process”, “locus of control - I” of life-meaning orientations, by which significant differences were determined, with indicators of the cognitive and emotional components of the psychological future of participants in local wars and men who did not take part in hostilities.

In the group of people who fought in the basis of orientation toward the current period of time (the “life process” parameter), there is a specificity of the emotional filling of future representations “unhappy” (g = 0.544), “heavy” (g = 0.450), “monotonous” (g = 0.436) as well as the disposition to plan only the near term (g = 0.580).

In the group of non-warriors, the focus on the distant future (the “process of life” parameter) is associated with the emotional component of the psychological future, namely: “romantic” (g = 0.430), “coming from me” (g = 0.325).

Thus, the differences in the meaning of life-orientation between the warriors and the non-warriors are explained by the close relationship of the current orientation of the participants in local wars and the future orientation of the non-warriors with the emotional component of the psychological future.

The degree of control over the personality of life (the parameter “locus of control - I”) in the group of combatants is associated with the following values ​​of the emotional component of ideas about the future: “heavy” (g = 0.580), “long lasting” (g = 0.499), “monotonous” (g = 0.450), “inert” (g = 0.416), as well as with a focus on the near future (g = 0.751).

In the group of non-warriors, the parameter of meaningfulness of life “the locus of control of I” is associated with the following emotional filling of the psychological future: “coming from me” (g = 0.420), as well as with the indicator of the depth of life prospects “distant future” (g = 0.510).

Based on the data presented, it can be seen that the degree of personal control of one’s own life (the “locus of control - I” parameter) in a group of men who did not fight is also closely related to the indicators of the emotional component of the psychological future of the person and the depth of life prospects.

Interesting, in our opinion, are the results obtained by determining the index of life satisfaction. So, the average values ​​in the groups of warriors and non-warriors are approximately equal (27.29 + 0.53 and 28.25 + 0.67, respectively) and no significant differences are observed. Nevertheless, the average indicator of life satisfaction is slightly higher in the group of non-warriors, so it is necessary to find out what these results are associated with. For this, the method of correlation analysis was used.

In the group of warriors, the life satisfaction index is associated with certain values ​​of the emotional content of the psychological future, namely: “standard” (g = 0.813), “interesting” (g = 0.423), “unstable” (g = 0.412), and it is also associated with SJO test scales, however, we will not consider them in more detail, since this is not part of the objectives of our study.

In the group of non-warriors, the index of life satisfaction does not have any significant correlation with the components of a life perspective.

Thus, the general psychological state of a person building his plans for the distant future is not connected with the parameters of a life perspective, while satisfaction with his life of a person living today depends on the specifics of his emotional attitude to his future, in particular as a standard, interesting one. unstable period of his life.

So, in the course of an empirical study, the specificity of subjective ideas about the life prospects of participants in local conflicts was revealed, which consists in the influence of the psycho-traumatic experience of war on the content of subjective ideas about the future, in particular on the content of the emotional and cognitive components of the person’s life prospects. So, the basis of subjective ideas about the personal future of the combatants are three main factors, namely: “unhappy future”, “bad and fleeting period”, “worrying future”, which accordingly affects the reluctance of the warriors to plan and build life prospects. The content of the cognitive component of the psychological future expresses a low saturation of events, low rationality and strategicity of life prospects, as well as life planning only for the near future.

The study also managed to show that the emotional attitude to the upcoming events is closely related and determines the cognitive content of the psychological future of the participants in local wars, as well as this relationship of the cognitive and emotional components reveals the content of the behavioral component of life prospects, which manifests itself in the choice of the hedonistic lifestyle directed by the participants of local wars. to satisfy immediate desires, needs.

В свою очередь, было прослежено соотношение эмоционально-когнитивной составляющей жизненных перспектив воевавших мужчин с ценностно-смысловой сферой личности. Так, исследованы различные связи параметров жизненной перспективы и систем ценностных и смысложизненных ориентации участников военных действий. Данное обстоятельство вносит ясность в понимание происходящих изменений в субъективных представлениях о жизненных перспективах воевавших, которые, скорее всего, основаны на коренной ломке всей ценностно-смысловой сферы личности, участвовавшей в боевых действиях.

Таким образом, данное исследование психологических особенностей субъективных представлений о жизненных перспективах участников локальных войн выявило отличительные черты эмоционального, когнитивного компонентов психологического будущего, что позволило определить специфику поведенческой составляющей жизненных перспектив, выраженной жизненным стилем воевавших мужчин, который они используют в настоящем, а также продемонстрировало связь изменений ценностно-смысловой сферы участников военных действий с основными составляющими их представлений о персональном будущем.

Нельзя не отметить тот факт, что результаты диссертационного исследования, являясь очередным шагом на пути оказания психологической поддержки и помощи участникам боевых действий на территории Чеченской республики, послужили теоретико-методологической базой для разработки коррекционной программы «Оптимизация процесса планирования жизненных перспектив личности», направленной на трансформацию субъективных представлений о будущем мужчин, принимавших участие в военных локальных конфликтах (приложение 9).
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Анализ связи компонентов жизненной перспективы с ценностно-смысловой сферой личности участников локальных военных конфликтов

  1. Диссертация на соискание ученой степени кандидата психологических наук. Психологические особенности субъективных представлений о жизненных перспективах участников локальных войн, 2004
    Введение. Теоретико-методологические основания исследования субъективных представлений о жизненных перспективах участников локальных войн. Феноменология и содержание понятия жизненной перспективы как составляющей жизненного пути и психологического времени личности. Психологические особенности личности участников локальных конфликтов в условиях их возвращения из психотравмирующей ситуации войны
  2. Theoretical and methodological foundations of the study of subjective ideas about the life prospects of participants in local wars
    Theoretical and methodological foundations of the study of subjective ideas about the life prospects of local participants
  3. Результаты исследования психологических особенностей субъективных представлений участников локальных войн о жизненных перспективах
    Результаты исследования психологических особенностей субъективных представлений участников локальных войн о жизненных
  4. Психологические особенности личности участников локальных конфликтов в условиях их возвращения из психотравмирующей ситуации как объект и предмет психологических исследований
    Изучению влияния на человека экстремальных психотравмирующих стрессовых ситуаций в последнее время посвящены работы как психиатров, так и психологов (Ю.А. Алексоандровский, Л.Н. Собчик, Л.И. Спивак и др.). Это связано с увеличением числа конфликтов с военными действиями, стихийных бедствий и катастроф. Особое практическое значение приобретает изучение ситуаций возвращения человека из
  5. Феноменология и содержание понятия жизненной перспективы как составляющей психологического времени и жизненного пути личности
    Проблема «жизненной перспективы» стала предметом изучения в связи с теоретической и практической разработкой научной проблематики психологического времени и жизненного пути личности. Исследование этой проблемы дает возможность взглянуть на то, как отдельный человек воспринимает и представляет свое будущее, как это будущее связано с прошлым и настоящим, какое место занимает будущее в субъективной
  6. Psychological features of military operations of personnel of units of ground forces in local military conflicts
    Training issues: 1. The influence of socio-psychological, psychological, psychoergonomic factors on the fighting of personnel. 2. Features and Psychological features of the combat operations of the personnel of units of the ground forces in local military conflicts. 1. The influence of socio-psychological, psychological, psychoergonomic factors on the fighting of a personal
  7. Проблема ценностно-смыслового отношения учителя к педагогической профессии
    Значимость труда учителя для социума ни у кого не вызывает сомнений. В мире, пожалуй, существуют две профессии, которые называют самыми главными для человечества: учитель и врач. Формирование личности и ее сохранение - гарантия полноценной жизни общества. А насколько учитель осознает важность своего труда? Велико ли значение этой профессии в жизни самого учителя? На какое место сам учитель ставит
  8. An approach to the diagnosis of value-semantic aspects of worldview from the perspective of the philosophical and ethical concept of man S. L. Rubinstein
    Worldview is a central component of personality and performs a regulatory function in the interaction of man with the world. However, researchers point to the lack of certainty and operationalization of the concept of worldview (see, for example: Zalessky, 1994), which greatly complicates empirical studies of the phenomenon. However, it should be recognized that in the domestic
  9. General attitude to change one's position (value component)
    В личностной проблематике социальной психологии особое место занимает проблема ценностных ориентаций. Ценностные ориентации выражают, с одной стороны, социальный статус человека, с другой стороны, обусловленность поведения запросами, потребностями, свойствами личности. Иерархия ценностей выражает иерархию потребностей человека, проявляет различные стороны, аспекты, уровни его сущности.
  10. Специфика жизненных перспектив участников боевых действий
    Для анализа особенностей эмоциональной составляющей жизненных перспектив участников локальных конфликтов обратимся к результатам, полученным с помощью модифицированной методики «Метафоры времени». Итак, воевавшие мужчины относятся к своему будущему, прежде всего, как к интересному (97,63+0,35), стремительному (91,23+0,46), плохому (80,20+0,28), однообразному (77,48+0,49), тяжелому
  11. Особенности взаимосвязи составляющих субъективных представлений о жизненных перспективах воевавших как основание прогнозирования их поведения
    Обратимся к методу корреляционного анализа с целью определения степени связи эмоционального и когнитивного компонентов жизненной перспективы в группе участников локальных войн. В группе воевавших когнитивная и эмоциональная составляющие субъективных представлений о жизненных перспективах тесно связаны. Так, когнитивная компонента представлений о будущем, выражающаяся в насыщенности,
  12. Guidelines. Особенности коррекции посттравматического стрессового расстройства (итср) у участников военных действий,
    Методические рекомендации разработаны в рамках выполнения социального заказа Министерства здравоохранения Республики Беларусь «Разработать критерии оценки влияния нервно-психических и психосоматических расстройств у участников военных действий на уровень их психической адаптации. Предложить научно обоснованные подходы к профилактике, коррекции этих расстройств у участников военных действий и
  13. Особенности структурного строения смысловой системы личности
    Одним из актуальных вопросов проблемы смысла жизни человека является вопрос о структурном строении смысловой системы личности. Односторонняя содержательная трактовка смысловых образований личности не дает ответа на вопрос об их уровневом характере, соотношении осознаваемого и неосознаваемого, текущего и перспективного, содержательного и динамического, устойчивого и изменчивого, ситуативного и
  14. Принципы организации анестезиологической и реаниматологической помощи в локальных вооруженных конфликтах и войнах
    В отличие от войн с массовыми санитарными потерями, где при оказании медицинской помощи преобладает принцип «количества над качеством», в локальных вооруженных конфликтах и войнах государство имеет возможность мобилизовать силы и средства и обеспечить лечение тяжело раненых на более высоком уровне. Однако опыт, приобретенный в последнее десятилетие, свидетельствует о том, что и в этих условиях,
  15. Совершенствование смысловой сферы личности профессионала, его "я-концепции"
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