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Factors of the effectiveness of group activity as a socio-psychological process

Taking into account the results of socio-psychological research in domestic and foreign science (D. Kretsch, R. Kratchifld, E. Belchi, HH Obozov, R. S. Hemov, A. V. Petrovsky, A. I. Dontsov and others), may several groups of factors of the effectiveness of joint activity can be distinguished, many of which are the main components of the structure of the psychology of a military collective: I. Primary factors: (Act as independent variables for a natural or formative military psychological experiment, they are most easily controlled, they vary directly It can lead to improved performance without additional special socio-psychological innovations).



1.1. The number of members in the group;

1.2. The duration of the group;

1.3. Composition (socio-demographic, individual-personality composition) of the group;

1.4. Features of the group organization that determines the subordination of military personnel, the hierarchy of role statuses;

1.5. Providing the group with material and technical resources;

1.6. The state of communication channels, features of information and communication processes and communication structure;

1.7. Environment, physical, climatic, ergonomic environment;

1.8. Functional place, the position of the group in the organization, determining its relationship with other groups;

1.9. The level of available information and resource isolation (autonomy) of the group in the activities of the entire organization;

1.10. Type of group task (its divisibility, indivisibility, saturation with sensorimotor, perceptual, mental operations), the degree of its difficulty (novelty, uncertainty, extremeness, monotony);

1.11. Regulatory (organizational-staffing, statutory, personnel, instructive, etc.) requirements for the structure of interaction (joint actions and communication).

II.
Secondary factors:

(They act as intermediate variables, are controlled by socio-psychological diagnostic tools and are changed, formed using special innovations in the structure of activity, communication and impact on the individual).

2.1. Leadership style (typical ways of management and communication of the official leader);

2.2. Individual-group level of military-professional preparedness and military-operational experience;

2.3. Style of unofficial (positive and negative) leadership;

2.4. Individual and group dominant motivation (service, combat, training);

2.5. The structure of socio-psychological roles (intragroup, interpersonal, individual);

2.6. Interpersonal relations (the nature of relationships, communication, or a moral-psychological climate determined by dominant emotional states, normative-value representations, and the actual appeal of military personnel to each other, i.e. group moods, opinions, traditions, forms of group sanctions and the behavior of individual military personnel);

2.7. Harmony and compatibility of group members; III. Dependent Variables:

3.1. Performance (productivity, quality, resource costs, reliability).

3.2. Satisfaction of group members with activities and relationships, as well as their position in the group (by themselves).

3.3. Professional and socio-psychological development (growth) of individual military personnel and the team as a whole.



In the process of the study, it is necessary to establish the empirical dependencies between the indicators of dependent variables related to the efficiency of group processes and, on the other hand, the indicators of primary and secondary factors.
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Factors of the effectiveness of group activity as a socio-psychological process

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