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The study of the psychological characteristics of the serviceman

The study of subordinates is achieved, as a rule, in two interconnected ways.

The first is a special study, collection and analysis of various data on the life, study, service and behavior of a warrior. The most accessible and common of these are document analysis and conversation.

The second is the observation of subordinates in the course of daily life.

Document Analysis

Working with documents is a process that allows you to develop a preliminary idea of ​​a soldier.

Personal documents (autobiographies, statements, questionnaires, characteristics, professional psychological selection cards), various references, reviews, diaries, letters, photographs, service records and official cards, individual interview sheets, medical books are analyzed.

Their study allows you to:

? firstly, to identify social prerequisites for the predominant formation and consolidation of a soldier of one or another individual psychological qualities that contribute to or inhibit normal adaptation to military service, subsequent professional formation;

? secondly, to highlight in the training and production activities of young men before being drafted into the army, specific manifestations (facts) testifying to the stability of certain interests, value orientations, traits of character, orientation;

? thirdly, to determine the general direction and composition of methodological techniques for further research on the personal characteristics of the military man.

Important information about cognitive abilities, level of psychological stability, military professional orientation and certain professionally important qualities of a soldier can be obtained from a professional psychological selection card for a draftee, which contains the results of a socio-psychological study, psychological and psycho-physiological examination during registration and recruitment ( sections II – IV of the map).



Private conversation

An individual conversation is one of the most important and most effective methods for studying the personal characteristics of military personnel. It should be remembered that the conversation should not be reduced to meaningless conversation. It is a focused form of study of military personnel and requires compliance with certain conditions.

Firstly, before the conversation begins, it is necessary to clearly define the main goal, to think through the sequence of posing the questions asked, to study all available information, including the results of the study of documents.

Secondly, care must be taken to ensure that the interview takes place in a calm and confidential environment, in the absence of unauthorized persons and is not interrupted. All questions should be simple and understandable, they need to be posed so that they contribute to the development of a single holistic story of the serviceman about himself, his life, the difficulties of military service.

Conversation should not result in a simple survey. Pre-identified issues cannot limit the content of the conversation - they are only the main guidelines for its general orientation. However, it is advisable to adhere to a certain plan, especially for a young officer.

With its skillful conduct, the commander can assess not only the needs, motives, inclinations, interests, character traits, cognitive processes, but also reveal deeply personal experiences of the warrior, which to one degree or another impede the performance of military service, his opinion on the situation in the military team, about colleagues, commanders.

All information received about the personality characteristics of the subject, their findings should be recorded only after the conversation.
It should be remembered that as a result of the conversation it is important not only to gather the necessary information about the military man, but also to have a positive psychological and pedagogical effect on him. At the end of the conversation, it is advisable to express wishes, give useful tips that facilitate adaptation to the conditions of military service.

Observation

The observation method is a purposeful and systematic study of actions, deeds, behavior in general, attitudes towards service and various phenomena of the surrounding reality in order to detect, register and analyze those facts that can characterize the orientation, nature, abilities and other personal qualities of military personnel.

When observing, the subject of study is the practical actions (actions) of an individual. In this case, the attitude to military service, the presence of moral, psychological and other qualities of a military man that are important for the successful completion of military service are revealed.

The subject of observation can be interpersonal contacts of team members, units, combat crews: their number, duration, character, activity, adaptation, initiative, dominance, and other indicators of intra-group interaction. In addition, observation helps to study the individual characteristics of the military; personality orientation, organizational, pedagogical, communicative, leadership, emotional, volitional and other qualities.

When determining the attitude to military service, attention should be paid to observing the norms and rules of behavior regulated by the charters of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, to fulfilling the daily routine, functional duties, discipline, diligence, and relations with commanders.

Information on the character traits, the capabilities of a soldier and the degree of his psychological stability are provided by actions in difficult and dangerous situations requiring endurance, self-control and psychological hardening. The speed, accuracy and quality of the implementation of various kinds of standards and tasks in combat and special training make it possible to assess the level of formation of individual psychological qualities.

Particular attention should be paid to cheeky behavior, mild irritability, temper, impatience and fussiness, theatricality, demonstrativeness, shyness, isolation, tearfulness, awkwardness, angularity and sharpness of movements, stiff posture, uncomfortable fit, unmotivated movements of arms and legs, frequent blinking, twitching eyelids and cheeks, biting the lips, redness of the skin of the face and neck, excessive sweating.

These signs indicate a varying degree of severity of the neuropsychic instability of the serviceman, which significantly impedes the normal passage of military service. When identifying them with a serviceman, it is necessary to consult with a psychologist at a military unit.

Lack of quick wit and understanding characterize questions not in essence, the expression of confusion and fear, frequent contacting comrades for clarifications, being late for construction, a delay in starting work, and primitive statements.

The described techniques for studying the personality of a soldier give a fairly complete picture of its features, which allows to individualize educational work, to ensure a rational distribution of replenishment among units and posts.

If necessary, an in-depth study of military personnel should be addressed to a psychologist of a military unit or a specialist of a center (point) of psychological assistance and rehabilitation.
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The study of the psychological characteristics of the serviceman

  1. Methodology for the study of individual psychological characteristics of military personnel
    Individual educational work is a system of targeted psychological and pedagogical influence of the commander on the consciousness, feelings and behavior of a military serviceman with maximum regard for age, social, psychological and other personality characteristics, conditions of service, life and rest. It helps: - identify the motives of behavior, the attitude of each soldier to his duties,
  2. The main forms and methods of studying the individual psychological characteristics of military personnel
    The main forms and methods of studying individual psychological characteristics
  3. The work of the unit commander for the study of individual psychological characteristics of personnel and the preservation of the mental health of military personnel
    Students of a higher military educational institution, like members of any other collective, differ from each other in a variety of individual traits: level of consciousness, general development, culture, education, interests, abilities, character, physical development, etc. Along with this, cadets of various courses of study also differ from one another in a number of features,
  4. The main stages of the psychological study of military personnel and their content
    The psychological study of military personnel is an important area of ​​professional activity of a psychologist. The need for such work is explained by the need for officials to obtain reliable and complete information on the psychological characteristics of military personnel and military collectives. Experience shows that only the purposeful and systematic interaction of commanders
  5. The main stages of the psychological study of military personnel and their content
    The psychological study of military personnel is an important area of ​​professional activity of a psychologist. The need for such work is explained by the need for officials to obtain reliable and complete information on the psychological characteristics of military personnel and military collectives. The results of psychological studies are largely determined as the specifics of the subsequent
  6. Psychological methods of studying the personality of a serviceman
    To study the individual psychological characteristics of the personality of military personnel in recent years, a system of psychological and pedagogical methods has been used, which can conditionally be combined into three groups: 1. The universal (dialectic) method. 2. General methods: observation, informative (diagnostic) conversation, questionnaires, analysis of documents and activity results, as well as questionnaires, study
  7. Means of psychological study of military personnel and military personnel
    To accomplish the task of psychological study of personnel, a psychologist must possess a variety of methods of psychodiagnostics, a reasonable combination and application of which ensures the obtaining of objective information about military personnel. The main methods used by the psychologist are: • analysis of documents (biographical method); • survey (conversation, questionnaire); • observation and
  8. Means of psychological study of military personnel and military personnel
    To accomplish the task of psychological study of personnel, a psychologist must possess a variety of methods of psychodiagnostics, a reasonable combination and application of which ensures the obtaining of objective information about military personnel. The main methods used by the psychologist are: analysis of documents (biographical method), survey (conversation, questionnaire), observation and testing.
  9. The study of the psychological characteristics of the military team
    If the commander knows the features of the headed team, then he will easily be able to find the most effective management methods, he will be able to successfully implement the decisions made in any environment. To study the psychological characteristics of a military team, the unit commander, as a rule, uses methods of observation, questioning, analysis of group results
  10. The study of the features of the objects of psychological warfare
    The objects of influence during the psychological war are always people: specific representatives of the civilian population and personnel of the armed forces. Therefore, the study and accounting of the psychological characteristics of those and others without fail precedes the conduct of psychological operations as such. Their effectiveness directly depends on this. Broadly related to the objects of psychological warfare
  11. Individual psychological characteristics of a woman serviceman
    A study of the practice of gender communication has shown that the characteristics of the self-realization of female military personnel are complex and contradictory. They highlight both positive and negative factors of determination. The characteristic positive psychological characteristics of women, which must be used to increase the effectiveness of their military professional activities, are: attention,
  12. Course work. Psychological characteristics of the personality of women’s military personnel, 2010
    The theoretical basis of the study was the work of Rusalov V. M, Egorova M. S., dedicated to the psychology of individual differences, as well as the work of Maklakov A. G., Perfilova O. V. and others, devoted to the problems of professional psychological selection of military personnel. The practical significance of the study is to identify socio-demographic and psychological characteristics
  13. Psychological characteristics of suicidal behavior of military personnel and its prevention
    Suicide is one of the main causes of death of military servicemen in peacetime. Over the past 30 years, "non-combat losses" for this reason account for 20-30% of the total number of losses. There is no downward trend. A serious problem is the attempted suicide, the number of which significantly exceeds the number of cases of completed suicides. They attract
  14. Recommendations to officials on the organization of educational work, taking into account the individual psychological characteristics of the military
    The need to develop recommendations for officials arises, as a rule, regarding military personnel with unsatisfactory psychological stability (1, 2 points on the “Forecast-2-02” questionnaire; according to the NPU scale of the personality questionnaire “NPN-A-02”; according to the NPU methodology scale “Adaptability-02 (MLO)”). Neuropsychic resistance with such indicators limits adaptive capabilities
  15. Psychological features of the participation of women soldiers in hostilities
    Experts note that among the obvious parameters that distinguish one person from another, there are two of the most significant, "which are most important for the self-end and social relationships - this is race and, in particular, gender" [126, p. 228]. Social psychologists have found that there are significant differences in the behavior of men and women. A number of studies have shown that
  16. Psychological features of military operations in various types of combat and in the conditions of the use of WMD
    The preparation of servicemen for a modern war can be built only on the basis of a deep knowledge of the laws governing the functioning of their psyche and behavior in a specific combat situation, that is, taking into account the specifics of goals, objectives, means and methods of activity in various types of combat. Domestic military science distinguishes two types of combat: offensive and defense. Taking into account the psychological characteristics of species
  17. An empirical study of the psychological characteristics of the personality of women military personnel
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  18. The study program of the psychological characteristics of the aggressiveness of military reconnaissance and sabotage groups
    Sample: consists of 3 groups: 12 people - an officer group (officers who have served in the RDG for 3 years or more) and 12 people - a mixed group (2 officers who have served 2 to 4 years and 10 soldiers of military service (1-1.5 g .) - experimental, and 12 people - employees of the private security company - the control group. All subjects are men. Age: group No. 1-25-35 years old, group No. 2-19-35 years old, group No. 3-25-35 years old. For
  19. Psychological features of making risky decisions by military personnel in a combat situation
    Risk performance is the actual achieved effectiveness of the decision. The risk is justified when not only the high efficiency of the task is expected, but also there is confidence in the correct assessment of the situation, in anticipation of its development. Decision risk is a form of combat risk. Risky actions, on the one hand, increase, and on the other, lower
  20. The results of the study of the psychological characteristics of the aggressiveness of military reconnaissance and sabotage groups
    Studies have been conducted on the above research methods. The results obtained are graphically presented below. The results of the standardized multifactor method for the study of the personality of SIML Legend: 1 group - the officer (consists of staff officers); 2 group - mixed (consists of 2 officers and 10 soldiers of military service); Group 3 - employees of the chop
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