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Generalized characteristics of the psychology of a military collective

An important generalized characteristic of any military collective is its orientation (purposefulness), which is a system of collective goals and tasks of the near and future prospects. Purposefulness reflects the generalized socially significant face of the unit, the nature of its actions, collective interests, requests, and aspirations. However, to strengthen the educational role of the collective, it is not enough to determine only the direction of its activity. It is important to specify the goals of the team. Break them down, determine the contribution of each soldier to the common cause, implement these goals in the minds of subordinates, and arouse interest in their achievement.

The nature and content of the orientation of the military collective is largely determined by the following characteristic, which is group (collective) compatibility, which is the ability of military personnel to coordinate (make consistent) their actions in various types of joint activities. In other words, this is the effect of a combination of interaction between military personnel, which reflects the level of satisfaction of military personnel in joint military and professional activities.

The result of optimal collective compatibility and one of the conditions for the effective functioning of a military unit is team cohesion, which is a characteristic of the strength, unity and stability of interpersonal interactions between military personnel. Among its main indicators are the clarity, coherence and effectiveness of joint group activities.

In turn, collective cohesion is reflected in the quantitative indicators of the following characteristics, which are represented by collective coherence (harmony, coherence).
Its essence lies in the effect of a combination of interaction between military personnel, which reflects the level of the maximum possible success of joint activities at minimal cost amid significant subjective satisfaction with joint activities. In other words, this is the result of the successful interaction of military personnel in a specific activity (when practicing tasks and standards, performing watch or military service, etc.). The highest degree of collective (group) coherence is characterized by its coherence, which arises in the process of joint activity of personnel from the totality of collective efforts and causes the military personnel to feel pride in their team, manifestations of partnership, mutual assistance, coordination of efforts, and creative attitude to work.

The considered socio-psychological phenomena of military collectives and their generalized characteristics represent only the theoretical content of collective psychology. For commanders and commanders, it is important not only their knowledge, but also the ability to use the knowledge gained in their military professional activities. And for this it is necessary to learn the methodology of studying and managing the main socio-psychological phenomena of military collectives.
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Generalized characteristics of the psychology of a military collective

  1. Psychology of the military team
    The psychology of a military collective is a complex totality of intra-collective socio-psychological phenomena and processes, one of the aspects of its spiritual life. It is the result of the unification, summation of the psychology of individuals - members of this team. The following most important components in the structure of the psychology of a military collective should be distinguished: public (collective)
  2. Traditions - as an element of the psychology of the military collective
    An important condition for the activity and development of the collective are traditions, military relics and military rituals. All this, in unity and in the interconnection of individual links, forms a complex of socio-psychological phenomena, or the psychology of a military collective. Socio-psychological phenomena, in contrast to mental phenomena, are usually called the processes of communication of people and those interrelated changes in their
  3. The structure of the military team
    In military units there is a wide variety of grassroots (primary) teams. The structure of their psychology has a lot in common. At the same time, they all differ from each other. This is explained by the fact that military collectives solve various problems, have their own military professional features (for example, depending on the structural unit - the combat unit, crew, coastal unit, etc.).
  4. The main areas of psychological research of the military team
    In military teams (units, combat crews, crews, guards), a military psychologist solves the tasks of research, correction and the formation of their socio-psychological characteristics. The main goal of his work is to optimize joint military activities, interpersonal relationships, as well as the moral and psychological state of individual soldiers. To understand the features
  5. The concept and essence of the military team
    The writings of the classics of pedagogy contain provisions that the team presents the greatest opportunities for the development of individual personality abilities. Collective - a concept of Latin origin, meaning "composure", i.e. integrity that preserves the integrity of the individual. The concept of a group is identical to the meaning of the old Russian word "circle". At the heart of both
  6. The main directions and tasks of the psychological research of the military team
    The main goal of the psychologist's work in military teams (units, outposts, guards, combat crews, crews) is to optimize the joint activities of military personnel, interpersonal relationships in a military team based on in-depth study of the moral and psychological state of individual military personnel and socio-psychological phenomena that arise in military teams .
  7. Psychological features of the relationship in military groups
    The characteristics of the relationship in a military collective are determined by the specifics of the military activity of the collective and the individual psychological characteristics of the military personnel that comprise it. These, first of all, include the leading role of formal service relations in comparison with informal ones. In the labor collective, a subordinate, in case of a significant discrepancy between his official and unofficial
  8. The tasks of psychological research of a military team
    The main research tasks, the solution of which provides an understanding by the military psychologist of the socio-psychological processes occurring in a particular military team, can be formulated in the form of questions. Obtaining reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological study. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. a)
  9. The tasks of psychological research of a military team
    The main research tasks, the solution of which provides an understanding by the military psychologist of the socio-psychological processes taking place in a particular military team, can be formulated in the form of questions. Obtaining reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological study. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. I.
  10. Components of the socio-psychological structure of a military collective
    The socio-psychological description of the military collective is the compilation of a detailed (oral or written) description of its main components based on the study. The psychologist studies the following main components of the socio-psychological structure of the team: 1. Composition (quantitatively-qualitative composition). 2. The dynamics of group activities:
  11. The socio-psychological structure of the military collective
    The structure of the psychology of the team is very complex and diverse. Moreover, each structural element can have its own characteristics, for example, a collective opinion can be single or diverse, relations in a team can be principled or unprincipled, friendly or tense; collective moods - tonic or reducing the activity of people, etc. Therefore, modern
  12. Features of team building in the process of military activity
    Training issues: 1. Characterization of the essence of the psychological cohesion of the military collective (group). 2. The main areas of activity of a military psychologist in uniting military collectives (groups). Description of the essence of the psychological cohesion of the military collective (group). In the historical sense, the term cohesion has gained widespread use and
  13. The principles of formation of military collectives, units
    The unit team is a social form of organization of people in military affairs. The stronger his internal commissure, the more favorable the moral climate, the wider his opportunities that he creates for the successful service of soldiers and sailors. All military collectives of units in their structure are complex and diverse. Their difference in social status, education, national
  14. The main psychological signs of the formation of a military team
    To determine the level of formation of the team of a unit at a particular moment in time, the relevant criteria are used, which are based on specially identified signs. In domestic military psychology, they include: community of professional activity; mediation of interpersonal relations with the goals, values ​​and content of professional activity; unity and
  15. The study of the psychological characteristics of the military team
    If the commander knows the features of the headed team, then he will easily be able to find the most effective management methods, he will be able to successfully implement the decisions made in any environment. To study the psychological characteristics of a military team, the unit commander, as a rule, uses methods of observation, questioning, analysis of group results
  16. Negative leadership in primary military collectives
    The interaction of servicemen of various periods of service in primary military collectives is a natural process. developing taking into account individual and group differences of warriors. Interpersonal relations of military personnel is carried out in the military-professional, public and domestic sphere of military activity. The level of development of personal qualities, the degree of adaptation and
  17. Components of the socio-psychological structure of a military collective
    The socio-psychological description of a military collective is the compilation of a detailed (oral or written) description of the main components of its structure based on research. The psychologist studies the following main components of the socio-psychological structure of the team: 1. Composition (quantitatively-qualitative composition). 2. The dynamics of group life (group
  18. Life management of multinational military collectives
    It should be borne in mind that the attitude of each warrior to his role in the military team is significantly influenced by his entire pre-army life path, which he went through not only in the social, but also in the corresponding national environment. The national environment, as the guardian of culture, traditions and customs, plays a significant role. But only if it is in the course of the officer’s interaction with him
  19. The role of public opinion in the military team
    The ideological principles of the collective have a decisive influence on the formation of public opinion, moods and relationships in it, which together constitute a socio-psychological climate. His legal capacity depends on them. The sources of healthy opinions, moods, relationships in military groups should be sought in the level of educational work carried out at school. Warruk must
  20. Features of a multinational military team
    The multinational composition of military collectives is an important factor determining the state of official and combat training activities, the moral and psychological climate, the rule of law, and the relations between military personnel. Consider the essential characteristics of some phenomena that are most clearly manifested in the interpersonal relations of military personnel, at the initial stage of service of which a significant role
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