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Opiate drugs have a “sedative” inhibitory effect. This group includes natural and synthetic substances containing morphine-like compounds. In most cases, administered intravenously. All natural opiate drugs are derived from poppy seeds. All raw opiate drugs from plant materials have a mild astringent effect on contact with the tongue. They contain alkaloids of the opiate series - morphine, codeine and others. When processed, they look like solutions.
In the case of handicraft production from plant materials - a brown solution, similar to a strongly brewed tea, with a distinct, sometimes pungent smell of vinegar. When it settles, it becomes lighter and more transparent, gives a precipitate in the form of small dark particles. This is the notorious “black solution” or “black”.
Transparent solution in ampoules. Or in bottles similar to penicillin ones. The bottles can be made of dark glass and labeled like “morphine hydrochloride”.
Poppy straws - finely ground (sometimes to dust) brownish-yellow dry parts of plants: leaves, stems and capsules.
Acetylated opium is a ready-to-use solution obtained as a result of a series of chemical reactions. It has a dark brown color and a characteristic smell of vinegar.
Raw opium (“hanka”) - the frozen dark brown juice of poppy plants, is used as raw material for a solution of acetylated opium. Reminds plasticine. Color - from white to brown. Sold in small pieces.
“Bandages” or “gauze” - a cotton cloth impregnated with raw opium, becomes brown if it was light before being impregnated. Thick and brittle to the touch.
“Heroin” and “methadone” are drugs manufactured in clandestine laboratories. The white, grayish or brownish powder in the form of the smallest crystals, to the touch reminds drinking soda. Usually bitter, if diluted with powdered sugar - with a sweet aftertaste.
Codeine - usually found in the form of official cough and headache pills.
Opiates are usually injected (administered intravenously). Plant materials are pretreated with chemicals - organic solvents and acetic anhydride, and powdered drugs are simply bred. Rarely, straws are brewed in the form of tea or swallowed “dry hunk”. Currently, it is possible to inhale heroin powder through the nose.
General properties of opiate drugs. They cause a state of euphoria, calm, peace. (The reaction to the first dose can be very different - from an acute desire to repeat the dose, to poisoning and extremely negative feelings). Involving in metabolic processes, leads to the rapid (sometimes after one or two methods) the emergence of a strong mental and physical dependence. Drugs of the opium group are most common in St. Petersburg, opium addiction is one of the most difficult and dangerous. Extremely destructive effect on the body. Very difficult to treat.
Signs of drug intoxication of the opium group. Unusual drowsiness at the wrong time. If you leave the drunk alone, he begins to fall asleep in any position and nod (as drug addicts say “chopped”), periodically waking up.
If you call him, he immediately joins the conversation, as if he did not sleep.
At the same time, he has slow speech, he stretches out his words, joins in a conversation about a topic that has been discussed and forgotten for a long time, he can tell the same thing several times. But it can be lively, witty, easy to communicate.
Very good-natured, complaisant, accommodating and helpful.
It seems extremely absent-minded and thoughtful.
He can forget about the cigarette that burns in his hand and drop it or burn his hand.
Seeks privacy, preferably in a separate room. In this case, turn on the TV or VCR there and fall asleep. Sometimes, on the contrary, it seeks to be in society, even if it is not asked; intrusive and annoying.
The pupil at this time is unusually narrow and does not expand at all in the dark, therefore, in twilight lighting, visual acuity noticeably decreases. The skin is pale, dry and warm.
Pain sensitivity is reduced, and he can get burned without feeling pain.
It is hard to put him to bed in bed with the lights off in the room until late at night.
The drug lasts 6 to 12 hours. If the use of opiates has already entered the system (it has become periodic with a certain interval between drug use), then after the cessation of the drug, withdrawal symptoms begin to develop - an essential component of opium addiction - a manifestation of physical dependence. Withdrawal syndrome (“withdrawal”) is explained by the participation of the drug in metabolic processes. By the presence of withdrawal symptoms, drug use can be recognized.
Withdrawal syndrome is expressed:
1. Anxiety, tension, irritability.
2. Mild withdrawal syndrome in the presence of weak physical dependence resembles acute respiratory infections, it suddenly begins and also suddenly passes.
3. A sharp and violent dilatation of the pupils, redness of the eyes, lacrimation, runny nose and sneezing.
4. Insomnia, stomach upsets, aches and severe pains throughout the body.
Signs of systematic use include:
1. Abrupt and frequent changes in mood and activity, regardless of the situation.
2. Violation of sleep and wakefulness.
3. Unnaturally narrow pupils.
4. Inexplicable frequent ailments.
5. The cyclic change of states characterizing intoxication and withdrawal.
Consequences of using opiate drugs:
1. The main cause of death and disability among drug addicts.
2. Damage to the cardiovascular system.
3. The defeat of a significant number of brain cells.
4. The huge risk of contracting AIDS, syphilis and hepatitis due to the use of shared syringes.
5. Liver damage due to poor quality drugs.
6. A strong decrease in immunity, as a result - susceptibility to infectious diseases.
7. Diseases of the veins.
8. Tooth decay due to impaired calcium metabolism.
10. Decrease in the level of intelligence.
11. There is a great danger of overdose with severe consequences up to death.
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