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Opiate drugs

Opiate drugs have a “sedative” inhibitory effect. This group includes natural and synthetic substances containing morphine-like compounds. In most cases, administered intravenously. All natural opiate drugs are derived from poppy seeds. All raw opiate drugs from plant materials have a mild astringent effect on contact with the tongue. They contain alkaloids of the opiate series - morphine, codeine and others. When processed, they look like solutions.

In the case of handicraft production from plant materials - a brown solution, similar to a strongly brewed tea, with a distinct, sometimes pungent smell of vinegar. When it settles, it becomes lighter and more transparent, gives a precipitate in the form of small dark particles. This is the notorious “black solution” or “black”.

Transparent solution in ampoules. Or in bottles similar to penicillin ones. The bottles can be made of dark glass and labeled like “morphine hydrochloride”.

Poppy straws - finely ground (sometimes to dust) brownish-yellow dry parts of plants: leaves, stems and capsules.

Acetylated opium is a ready-to-use solution obtained as a result of a series of chemical reactions. It has a dark brown color and a characteristic smell of vinegar.

Raw opium (“hanka”) - the frozen dark brown juice of poppy plants, is used as raw material for a solution of acetylated opium. Reminds plasticine. Color - from white to brown. Sold in small pieces.

“Bandages” or “gauze” - a cotton cloth impregnated with raw opium, becomes brown if it was light before being impregnated. Thick and brittle to the touch.

“Heroin” and “methadone” are drugs manufactured in clandestine laboratories. The white, grayish or brownish powder in the form of the smallest crystals, to the touch reminds drinking soda. Usually bitter, if diluted with powdered sugar - with a sweet aftertaste.

Codeine - usually found in the form of official cough and headache pills.

Opiates are usually injected (administered intravenously). Plant materials are pretreated with chemicals - organic solvents and acetic anhydride, and powdered drugs are simply bred. Rarely, straws are brewed in the form of tea or swallowed “dry hunk”. Currently, it is possible to inhale heroin powder through the nose.

General properties of opiate drugs. They cause a state of euphoria, calm, peace. (The reaction to the first dose can be very different - from an acute desire to repeat the dose, to poisoning and extremely negative feelings). Involving in metabolic processes, leads to the rapid (sometimes after one or two methods) the emergence of a strong mental and physical dependence. Drugs of the opium group are most common in St. Petersburg, opium addiction is one of the most difficult and dangerous. Extremely destructive effect on the body. Very difficult to treat.

Signs of drug intoxication of the opium group. Unusual drowsiness at the wrong time. If you leave the drunk alone, he begins to fall asleep in any position and nod (as drug addicts say “chopped”), periodically waking up.
If you call him, he immediately joins the conversation, as if he did not sleep.

At the same time, he has slow speech, he stretches out his words, joins in a conversation about a topic that has been discussed and forgotten for a long time, he can tell the same thing several times. But it can be lively, witty, easy to communicate.

Very good-natured, complaisant, accommodating and helpful.

It seems extremely absent-minded and thoughtful.

He can forget about the cigarette that burns in his hand and drop it or burn his hand.

Seeks privacy, preferably in a separate room. In this case, turn on the TV or VCR there and fall asleep. Sometimes, on the contrary, it seeks to be in society, even if it is not asked; intrusive and annoying.

The pupil at this time is unusually narrow and does not expand at all in the dark, therefore, in twilight lighting, visual acuity noticeably decreases. The skin is pale, dry and warm.

Pain sensitivity is reduced, and he can get burned without feeling pain.

It is hard to put him to bed in bed with the lights off in the room until late at night.

The drug lasts 6 to 12 hours. If the use of opiates has already entered the system (it has become periodic with a certain interval between drug use), then after the cessation of the drug, withdrawal symptoms begin to develop - an essential component of opium addiction - a manifestation of physical dependence. Withdrawal syndrome (“withdrawal”) is explained by the participation of the drug in metabolic processes. By the presence of withdrawal symptoms, drug use can be recognized.

Withdrawal syndrome is expressed:

1. Anxiety, tension, irritability.

2. Mild withdrawal syndrome in the presence of weak physical dependence resembles acute respiratory infections, it suddenly begins and also suddenly passes.

3. A sharp and violent dilatation of the pupils, redness of the eyes, lacrimation, runny nose and sneezing.

4. Insomnia, stomach upsets, aches and severe pains throughout the body.

Signs of systematic use include:

1. Abrupt and frequent changes in mood and activity, regardless of the situation.

2. Violation of sleep and wakefulness.

3. Unnaturally narrow pupils.

4. Inexplicable frequent ailments.

5. The cyclic change of states characterizing intoxication and withdrawal.

Consequences of using opiate drugs:

1. The main cause of death and disability among drug addicts.

2. Damage to the cardiovascular system.

3. The defeat of a significant number of brain cells.

4. The huge risk of contracting AIDS, syphilis and hepatitis due to the use of shared syringes.

5. Liver damage due to poor quality drugs.

6. A strong decrease in immunity, as a result - susceptibility to infectious diseases.

7. Diseases of the veins.

8. Tooth decay due to impaired calcium metabolism.

9. Impotence.

10. Decrease in the level of intelligence.

11. There is a great danger of overdose with severe consequences up to death.
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Opiate drugs

  1. Endogenous opiate peptides
    Michael Rosenblatt Endogenous opiate peptides - enkephalins and endorphins - are present in the hypothalamus and brain, in the endocrine glands (pituitary gland, adrenal glands, ovaries and testes) and in the digestive tract (including the pancreas). These peptides make up a class of approximately 10-15 substances, each of which contains 5 to 15 molecules.
  2. What are drugs
    In accordance with the Federal Law “On Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances”, narcotic drugs are understood to be substances of synthetic or natural origin, preparations, plants included in the List of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors to be controlled in the Russian Federation, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation Federation
  3. Abstract. Prevention of the spread of drugs in military units, 2010
    What are drugs. Armed Forces and drug addiction. Narcotic substances, signs and consequences of their use. Derived hemp. Opiate drugs. Hypnotics and sedatives. Psychostimulants. Hallucinogens. Volatile substances of narcotic action.
  4. Drugs
    In recent years, drug addiction in Russia has acquired the scale of a national tragedy. It affects primarily the younger generation (has already penetrated schools). Some groups of adolescents and young people are particularly at risk of becoming addicted to drugs. If today extraordinary measures are not taken to stop the impending tragedy, especially among young people, then in two or three years,
  5. Age and drugs
    In different geographical regions of the world, there are age gradations when young people start using drugs. The greatest number of cases of drug use is in adolescence. Introduction to drugs in our country, which is also characteristic of other European countries, begins in adolescence. It all starts with tobacco, alcohol, volatile
  6. Youth and drugs
    Curiosity is one of the most remarkable features of a person’s character. It usually manifests itself at an early age and determines the development of cognitive inclinations. Young people, most often teenagers, try to use drugs primarily for the cognitive purpose in order to experience their effects on themselves. The vast majority of adolescents are familiar with drugs (alcohol, smoking,
  7. USUALLY USED DRUGS
    D. G Mendelssohn, N.K. Mello (JH Mendelson, N.K. Mello) Drug abuse seems to be a threat to US health. According to the most extensive image of literature on this issue (1984), which includes people who are not hospitalized in psychiatric hospitals in the United States (reviews of the National Institute of Mental Health - epidemiology issues),
  8. Energy drug concept
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  9. What the commander needs to know about drugs
    Currently, 5 main groups of narcotic substances can be distinguished, these are: 1. Opiates - drugs obtained from opium poppy or its synthetic substitutes. They cause a state of euphoria and are characterized by a very high degree of formation of physical and mental dependence. These include: opium, morphine, heroin, codeine, etc. 2. Depressants - substances that soothe or inhibit
  10. The main symptoms indicating drug use
    1. The mood swings. As a rule, drugs cause mood swings from a state of euphoria to a state of depression. A soldier can be passive and detached, and after a minute angry and hostile. 2. Character changes. Usually an energetic and sociable soldier turns into chronically depressed and unsociable, with the exception of the time spent in a state
  11. Drugs and narcotic analgesics
    Narcotic analgesics of the opium group (opium, morphine, pantopon, dionine, codeine) have a psychotropic (narcotic) and neurotoxic effect. Acute poisoning with these agents appears either immediately or after 20 minutes - 1 hour, depending on the route of administration (intravenously, subcutaneously, orally). The lethal dose of morphine for an adult is 0.2-0.5 g. When morphine poisoning occurs after a short
  12. What to do if you think you have a drug problem
    First, learn to recognize drugs and their symptoms. Secondly, trust your intuition. If you have a feeling that a subordinate is experimenting with drugs, this may be true. Check if there are any drugs in his personal belongings (most often the military men store drugs in household pantries, in personal “diplomats”, bags, suitcases,
  13. If I allow my teenage daughter to walk late that evening and she suddenly becomes pregnant or addicted to drugs, I will feel guilty. What should I do? Maybe I'm too overbearing father?
    Between us, tell me honestly: do you really believe that your daughter can get pregnant, or take drugs only late in the evening? You know very well that there is no logic in your words. 'Nevertheless, since you feel guilty, I advise you to speak frankly with your daughter about this. Share your feelings with her. Realize also that your feeling
  14. Infusion of drugs on physical and mental health, reproductive function of people
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  15. Regional analgesia with morphinomimetics
    The emergence of this method is associated with the discovery in humans of an antinociceptive opiate system. Opiate receptors have been found in many structures of the nervous system, including the spinal cord and axons of peripheral nerves. Interacting with opiate receptors, morphinomimetics inhibit the transmission of nociceptive impulses from primary afferents to second-order neurons. Pharmacokinetics and
  16. Pharmacological organoprotection
    Glucocorticoids prednisone, celestone, dexazone, dexamethasone, etc. The use of gshococorticoids for protection against the damaging factors of surgical stress and hypoxia is associated with the presence of membrane-stabilizing properties in the preparations of the group under discussion and their influence on the processes of edema and tissue swelling. The standard dose of prednisone - 2-3 mg / kg is administered prophylactically for any traumatic and
  17. Analgesic Poisoning
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