the main
about the project
Medicine news
To the authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Ahead Next >>

Awareness and understanding of the created situation by a person (cognitive element)

Proper understanding of existing problems, their causes and ways to eliminate, awareness of the imperfections of their present state of existence, analysis of signs of problems show that in each case our desires contradict the laws of existence, but since it is not in our power to change these laws, it remains to change our desires.

Human development is carried out only in the process of its conscious activity, since in other cases there is no process of conscious decision-making. By “activity” is here understood any process that leads to a change in the internal or external worlds of a person, i.e. process with a fixed result of its occurrence. Definition of life by I.R. Prigogine allows us to state that a person is constantly in a state of activity, since the essence of his life is never interrupted purposeful exchanges of substance, energy and information.

Awareness of the significant aspects of the life situation (information element). Making decisions is the basis of human development because it is always a problem. The essence of the problem of decision-making lies in the always existing lack of information necessary for decision-making, as well as in an excess of motives and disorder in their relations.

The lack of information is due to the presence in the “consciousness” system of a filter of conscious perception, which passes only an insignificant part of it into the “person” system to the level of reflection and conscious comprehension. As a rule, part of the information received through sensory systems is aimed at the perception of the external world. Information from the internal sensory systems (on the control of the musculoskeletal system, digestion, etc.) is rarely comprehended, for example, when it comes in the form of pain.
Information from extrasensory systems is also infrequently fixed at a conscious level and usually qualifies as an intuitive insight, when it is not the primary information itself that reaches the conscious level, but the result of some kind of processing performed on the unconscious levels.

The filter of perceived perception plays the role of a defense mechanism, feeding to the levels of perceived only that amount of information that is able to process and pass through itself the brain of a particular person, performing in the “person” system the functions of a connecting link between the mind and the body form of the person. Most clearly, these functions are simulated in a computer, where the graphics adapter plays the role of such an interface. The greater the speed and greater the RAM the graphics adapter has, the more information can be output from the operating system (computer consciousness) to an external device - a monitor.

The lack of information leads to the struggle of hypotheses in the consciousness of the individual, and an excess of motives that interact chaotically with each other leads to a corresponding struggle of motives in the process of making decisions by a person. This directly implies two main directions of development: a comprehensive improvement of all human systems aimed at expanding the filter of perceived perception, and moral, ethical improvement of the personality, which results in an orderly, hierarchically built system of motives, ideally excluding their struggle in the decision-making process.
<< Ahead Next >>
= Go to tutorial content =

Awareness and understanding of the created situation by a person (cognitive element)

  1. Understanding the individuality of a person as a value
    To understand the essence of a person’s personality, one must try to answer a few questions. - what does a man want? The answer to this question will reveal the orientation of the individual - her needs, motives, goals, interests, ideals, beliefs, worldview, attitudes - what can a person do? This is a question about abilities (general and special, about the level of these abilities, talent - what is it? Question about
  2. Acmeological understanding of a person as an individual
    Plan 1. Individual and individuality. 2. Typology of individuals. 3. Temperament. 4. Distribution of inherited traits. Keywords: individual, genotype, phenotype, individuality, psychological types, formal psychological properties, temperament. - the individual - man as a single natural being, a representative of the species Homo sapiens, a product of phylogenetic and
  3. Acmeological understanding of a person as an individual
    Plan 1. Individual and individuality. 2. Typology of individuals. 3. Temperament. 4. Distribution of inherited traits. Keywords: individual, genotype, phenotype, individuality, psychological types, formal psychological properties, temperament. - the individual - man as a single natural being, a representative of the species Homo sapiens, a product of phylogenetic and
  4. The unity of existential provisions about man and the world in the theories of the personality of S. L. Rubinstein and V. Frankl
    Unity in understanding the essence of human existence, human development in the world in the theories of the personality of S. L. Rubinstein and V. Frankl, obviously, occurs because of the ideological closeness and personal similarity of these two major psychologists of the twentieth century. - the experience of experiencing the most difficult life situations during the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945. and the “peace front” (in the words of V. Vysotsky): concentration camps -
  5. HOW THE JOKES ARE CREATED
    Praising the author, they misinterpret his last name, never scolding. Emil the Meek In this chapter ... · The standard motives · Elements of language masks · Cliché details In this chapter we will use terms that are already good for us
  6. The value of connective tissue elements, endothelial cells and blood cell elements in the mechanisms of inflammation
    The role of connective tissue elements in the development of the inflammatory process is extremely important. Sometimes inflammation is identified with the response of histion, the structural unit of connective tissue to the action of the altering factor. As you know, connective tissue consists of cells, fibers and the main substance. Specific fixed cells are fibroblasts and reticular cells,
  7. Mindfulness
    No matter how it seems to you that you understand everything well and are ready to start the program right now, experience has shown that not everyone is aware of exactly what they will have to do. Therefore, do this small introductory lesson: carefully read these words, but then surely repeat them out loud, and best of all, write by hand on paper: I REALIZE THAT MY FOOD PRINCIPLE AND LIFE WITHOUT LIFE
  8. Mindfulness
    No matter how much you think that you understand everything well and are ready to start the Program right now, experience has shown that not everyone is aware of exactly what they will have to do. Therefore, do this small introductory lesson: carefully read these words, but then surely repeat them out loud, and best of all, write by hand on paper: I REALIZE THAT MY POWER principle, THINKING AND IMAGE
  9. Practical language acquisition and speech awareness
    At preschool age, the circle of communication between children expands. Becoming more independent, children go beyond the narrow-family ties and begin to communicate with a wider circle of people, especially with their peers. Expanding the circle of communication requires the child to fully master the means of communication, the main of which is speech. High requirements for the development of speech and makes complicated
  10. Stage 1. Awareness of their own attitudes towards feminism
    At the beginning of the discussion, students are asked to name their associations with the word “feminism”. Associations are written on the board. The teacher discusses with the students what feelings this concept evokes, what is the attitude towards feminism in our society. Then students are invited to fill out a questionnaire (Appendix 1). The best option is when a teacher reads out questions and students
  11. Theory of cognitive dissonance
    We learned how installations go into behavior, but it happens that the behavior goes into installation. The most influential description of such a sequence of events was the theory of cognitive dissonance proposed by Leon Festinger. As with all theories of cognitive consonance, this theory implies that a person needs cognitive consistency; two cognitions not
  12. Morphological elements of skin rashes primary elements of skin rashes and their evolution (infiltrative)
    {foto6}
  13. Cognitive approach
    Today, most personality psychologists will not declare themselves as “pure” followers of any one of the three approaches described above, and the differences between these approaches are no longer as sharp as they were in the past. The reason is that most modern specialists in personality theory, along with representatives of other branches of psychology, have become more
  14. COGNITIVE APPROACH BY A. BECK
    One of the most prominent representatives of the direction of the cognitive approach in psychological training and psychotherapy - A. Beck. Here I present his ideas. Cognitive therapy originated in the depths of psychoanalysis - the first theoretical source - and was a reaction to the return to consciousness of a greater role than is recognized in psychoanalysis, and even behavioral therapy. As the representatives of these schools claim
  15. Cognitive components of emotions
    When we experience an event or action, we interpret the situation in terms of our personal goals and well-being (“I won the competition and I feel happy” or “I failed the exam and I feel depressed”). This interpretation is called cognitive assessment. Strength and differentiation of emotions Obviously, the strength of emotional experience depends on our assessment of the situation.
  16. COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY
    Some modern approaches to the study of post-traumatic disorders are based on the “evaluative theory of stress,” which focuses on the role of causal attribution and attributive styles. Depending on how the causes of stress are explained, overcoming it is either a focus on the problem (an attempt to change the situation) or a concentration on the emotional side.
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2016
info@medicine-guidebook.com