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The concept of personality in psychology. The essence of personality and the factors of its formation

In psychological science, the category of "personality" refers to the number of basic concepts. However, the concept of personality is not purely psychological and is studied by all social sciences, including philosophy, sociology, pedagogy. From the standpoint of psychological science, a person is a specific person, taken in the system of his stable socially determined psychological characteristics, which are manifested in social connections and relationships, determine his moral actions and are essential for him and others.

It should be noted that in psychological science there is no unequivocal answer to the question of the correlation in the personality of biological and social, as there is no consensus on how much the biological principle affects the development of the personality as a whole. Therefore, when solving practical problems of psychological support for the activities of military personnel, one should take into account both personal and individual psychological characteristics.

Another, no less debatable question is the question of the structure of personality. When considering the structure of personality, it usually includes abilities, temperament, character, motivation and social attitudes.

Abilities are individually stable properties of a person that determine his success in various activities. Temperament includes qualities on which a person’s reactions to other people and social circumstances depend. Character contains qualities that determine a person’s actions in relation to other people. Motivation is a set of motivations for activity, and social attitudes are people's beliefs and attitudes. In addition, a number of authors include such concepts as will and emotions in the structure of personality [3, p. 97; 7, p.105]

The formation of personality is carried out in the processes of socialization of individuals and directed education: the development of social norms and functions (social roles) by them through the mastery of diverse types and forms of activity.
The wealth of which determines the wealth of the individual. The alienation of certain types and forms of activity inherent in a holistic generic person (due to the social division of labor, which is fixed in a class-antagonistic society by its social structure) determines the formation of a one-sidedly developed personality that perceives its own activity as unfree, imposed from the outside, alien. On the contrary, the appropriation of the entire integrity of historically developed types and forms of activity by each individual in a society devoid of class-antagonistic contradictions is an indispensable prerequisite for the comprehensive and harmonious development of the individual. In addition to public ones, a person acquires features arising from the specific conditions of life of special social communities, of which individuals are members, i.e. class, socio-professional, national-ethnic, socio-territorial and gender and age. The development of the traits inherent in these diverse communities, as well as the social roles performed by individuals in group and collective activities, on the one hand, is expressed in the social-typical manifestations of behavior and consciousness, and on the other hand, gives the individual a unique personality, since these socially determined qualities are structured into a stable integrity based on the psychophysical properties of the subject. As a subject of social relations, a person is characterized by active creative activity, which, however, becomes possible and productive due to the mastery of a culture inherited from previous generations.
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The concept of personality in psychology. The essence of personality and the factors of its formation

  1. Orientation of the personality of a military sailor: essence, content, conditions of formation and development
    In the psychological structure of the personality, four properties are usually distinguished: orientation, character, temperament and ability. The orientation is manifested in the unity of knowledge, relationships and dominant socially significant motives of human behavior. She is the defining property of personality. By this property they judge what a person is striving for, what he wants, what stimulates his activity,
  2. The concept of personality in military psychology
    A personality is a specific person who is a representative of a certain society (social group), engaged in a specific type of activity, aware of his attitude to the environment and having his own individual psychological characteristics. A person is determined by: what and how she knows, what and how she values, with whom and how she communicates, what is the measure of her responsibility for her actions,
  3. The concept of psychology of the personality of a serviceman
    A personality, as a psychological phenomenon, is formed on the basis of consciousness, the carrier of which is a specific person. Therefore, for a more complete understanding of the essence and nature of the personality of a serviceman, we must trace its appearance and development in ontogenesis. No one doubts that a person is born into a person already. This is where genetic predestination comes about.
  4. Family of military personnel as a factor in the socio-pedagogical formation of personality
    For a more detailed analysis of the problems of a modern family, it is necessary to understand: - what is a family; - what are the functions of the family; - what is family education; - what are the characteristics of the family; - features of the modern family and others. The family is the cell (a small social group) of society, the most important form of organizing personal life, based on marital union and family ties,
  5. The concept of "personality." Personality and its professional characteristics
    To discuss issues related to the personal characteristics of the subjects of a particular professional activity, you must first determine the boundaries of the concept of "personality". Otherwise, the conversation runs the risk of being pointless or blurred. The author of the Great Explanatory Psychological Dictionary, Arthur Reber, a famous American psychologist, in an article on
  6. Course work. Person and team. The interaction of the individual and the collective in the conditions of military service, 2011
    The theoretical aspect of the individual and the collective. The concept of personality in psychology. The essence of personality and the factors of its formation. The concept and essence of the military team. Stages and features of the formation of a military team. Analysis of the characteristics of the interaction of the individual and the collective in the conditions of military service. Features of the psychology of relations among military personnel. Diagnostics of conflicts in military
  7. Individuality, personality, essence
    When emphasizing the general that this particular person and all other people have, it is customary to use the term “individual”. We are talking about a child or an adult “individual” and thereby relate him to the human race. However, in addition to similarities between individual representatives of the human race, there are interindividual differences. When the term "personality" is used, they mean how
  8. Teenager personality formation
    For many years, D.I. Feldstein has been engaged in the problem of forming the personality of a teenager. Studies conducted under his leadership show that the transition from childhood to adulthood, as a rule, is acute and sometimes dramatic, with contradictory trends in social development most intertwined. On the one hand, for this difficult period negative
  9. The formation of the social orientation of the personality of a teenager
    The life of a teenager in a well-organized school team ensures the formation of a collectivistic orientation of his personality. The orientation of the personality is the result of a person having a certain structure of his motivational sphere. In the process of life, the child gradually develops these kinds of motives that acquire leading importance for him and thereby subordinate everything to himself.
    1. The formation of attitudes towards learning and the development of cognitive interests in primary school age. The transition to schooling and a new way of life associated with the position of the student, in the event that the child internally adopted the appropriate position, opens the way for the further formation of his personality. During the training in the primary grades of the school, children develop psychological
  12. Background formation of personality
    A child in early childhood is absorbed not only by close people and the outside world, but also by his own person. He tirelessly examines himself. Already a one-year-old child has some ideas about himself, about individual parts of the body. He touches them, examines them, can correctly indicate where his eyes, ears, and nose are. However, self-image is not yet generalized, there is no scheme of his own body, he does not even recognize himself
    In the course of the child’s mental development, there is not only the assimilation of various actions and the formation of mental processes and qualities necessary for their implementation. The child gradually masters the forms of behavior characteristic of man in society and, most importantly, those internal traits that distinguish a person as a member of society and determine his actions. The adult is guided by
  14. The development of self-esteem and its role in shaping the personality of a teenager
    We have already talked about the decisive role for the development of a child's assessments from others, especially adults. Only the presence of a positive assessment in children creates an experience of emotional well-being, which is a necessary condition for the normal formation of personality. At the same time, as a study by E. A. Serebryakova [157] showed, on the basis of this assessment, as well as on the basis of taking into account the results
    Cognitive activity is a necessary component of a person’s life, a condition for its formation and development as a person, performing a specific type of professional and other activity, playing a certain role in society, the team. It is based on mental processes - sensation, perception, representation, imagination, attention, memory, thinking and speech. In accordance with
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