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The concept of personality in psychology. The essence of the personality and the factors of its formation
In psychological science, the category of "personality" refers to the number of basic concepts. However, the concept of personality is not purely psychological and is studied by all social sciences, including philosophy, sociology, and pedagogy. From the standpoint of psychological science, a person is a specific person, taken in the system of his stable socially determined psychological characteristics, which manifest themselves in public relations and relations, determine his moral actions and are essential for him and those around him.
It should be noted that in psychological science there is no unequivocal answer to the question of the relationship between the personality of the biological and the social, since there is no consensus about how much the biological principle influences the development of the personality as a whole. Therefore, when solving practical problems of psychological support of military personnel activities, both personal and individual psychological characteristics should be taken into account.
Another, not less debatable question is the question of the structure of the personality. When considering the personality structure, it usually includes abilities, temperament, character, motivation, and social attitudes.
Abilities are individually stable properties of a person, determining his success in various types of activity. Temperament includes the qualities on which a person's reaction to other people and social circumstances depend. Character contains qualities that determine the actions of a person in relation to other people. Motivation is a set of motives for activity, and social attitudes are people's convictions and attitudes. In addition, a number of authors include such concepts as will and emotions in the personality structure. [3, p. 97; 7, p. 105]
The formation of personality is carried out in the processes of socialization of individuals and directional education: their mastering of social norms and functions (social roles) by mastering various types and forms of activity.
The wealth of which determines the wealth of the individual. The alienation of certain types and forms of activity inherent in a holistic, generic person (due to the social division of labor, enshrined in an antagonistic class society by its social structure) determines the formation of a one-sidedly developed personality that perceives its own activities as not free, imposed from outside, alien. On the contrary, the appropriation of the entire integrity of the historically established types and forms of activity by each individual in a society devoid of class-antagonistic contradictions is an indispensable prerequisite for the all-round and harmonious development of the personality. In addition to the public, the individual acquires the features arising from the specifics of the conditions of vital activity of special social communities whose members are individuals, i.e. class, socio-professional, national-ethnic, socio-territorial and age and sex. Mastering the features inherent in these diverse communities, as well as the social roles performed by individuals in group and collective activities, on the one hand, is expressed in socio-typical manifestations of behavior and consciousness, and on the other hand, gives the individual a unique individuality, since these socially determined qualities are structured into stable integrity based on the psychophysical properties of the subject. As a subject of social relations, a personality is characterized by active creative activity, which, however, becomes possible and productive due to the mastery of the culture inherited from previous generations.
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The concept of personality in psychology. The essence of the personality and the factors of its formation
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