the main
about the project
Medicine news
To authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Ahead Next >>

The concept of personality in psychology. The essence of the personality and the factors of its formation

In psychological science, the category of "personality" refers to the number of basic concepts. However, the concept of personality is not purely psychological and is studied by all social sciences, including philosophy, sociology, and pedagogy. From the standpoint of psychological science, a person is a specific person, taken in the system of his stable socially determined psychological characteristics, which manifest themselves in public relations and relations, determine his moral actions and are essential for him and those around him.

It should be noted that in psychological science there is no unequivocal answer to the question of the relationship between the personality of the biological and the social, since there is no consensus about how much the biological principle influences the development of the personality as a whole. Therefore, when solving practical problems of psychological support of military personnel activities, both personal and individual psychological characteristics should be taken into account.

Another, not less debatable question is the question of the structure of the personality. When considering the personality structure, it usually includes abilities, temperament, character, motivation, and social attitudes.

Abilities are individually stable properties of a person, determining his success in various types of activity. Temperament includes the qualities on which a person's reaction to other people and social circumstances depend. Character contains qualities that determine the actions of a person in relation to other people. Motivation is a set of motives for activity, and social attitudes are people's convictions and attitudes. In addition, a number of authors include such concepts as will and emotions in the personality structure. [3, p. 97; 7, p. 105]

The formation of personality is carried out in the processes of socialization of individuals and directional education: their mastering of social norms and functions (social roles) by mastering various types and forms of activity.
The wealth of which determines the wealth of the individual. The alienation of certain types and forms of activity inherent in a holistic, generic person (due to the social division of labor, enshrined in an antagonistic class society by its social structure) determines the formation of a one-sidedly developed personality that perceives its own activities as not free, imposed from outside, alien. On the contrary, the appropriation of the entire integrity of the historically established types and forms of activity by each individual in a society devoid of class-antagonistic contradictions is an indispensable prerequisite for the all-round and harmonious development of the personality. In addition to the public, the individual acquires the features arising from the specifics of the conditions of vital activity of special social communities whose members are individuals, i.e. class, socio-professional, national-ethnic, socio-territorial and age and sex. Mastering the features inherent in these diverse communities, as well as the social roles performed by individuals in group and collective activities, on the one hand, is expressed in socio-typical manifestations of behavior and consciousness, and on the other hand, gives the individual a unique individuality, since these socially determined qualities are structured into stable integrity based on the psychophysical properties of the subject. As a subject of social relations, a personality is characterized by active creative activity, which, however, becomes possible and productive due to the mastery of the culture inherited from previous generations.
<< Ahead Next >>
= Go to tutorial content =

The concept of personality in psychology. The essence of the personality and the factors of its formation

  1. Orientation of the personality of a naval sailor: the essence, content, conditions of formation and development
    In the psychological structure of the personality, four properties are usually distinguished: orientation, character, temperament, and abilities. Orientation is manifested in the unity of knowledge, relationships and the dominant socially significant motives of human behavior. It is the defining property of the individual. This property is judged on what a person aspires to, what he wants, what stimulates his activity,
  2. The concept of personality in military psychology
    A person is a specific person who is a representative of a certain society (social group), is engaged in a specific type of activity, is aware of his attitude to the environment and has his own individual psychological characteristics. Personality is determined by: what and how she knows, what and how she appreciates, with whom and how she communicates, what is the measure of her responsibility for her actions,
  3. The concept of the psychology of the personality of the serviceman
    Personality, as a psychological phenomenon, is formed on the basis of consciousness, the carrier of which is a specific person. Therefore, for a more complete understanding of the nature and nature of the personality of a serviceman, we must trace its appearance and development in ontogenesis. No one doubts that a person is born into a person. This is a genetic predestination.
  4. Family of military personnel as a factor of social and pedagogical personality formation
    For a more detailed analysis of the problems of the modern family, it is necessary to clarify: - What is a family; - what are the functions of the family; - what is family education; - what parameters characterize the family; - features of the modern family, etc. The family is a cell (small social group) of society, the most important form of organization of personal life, based on marital union and kinship,
  5. The concept of "identity." Personality and her professional characteristics
    To discuss issues related to the personal characteristics of the subjects of a particular professional activity, you must first define the boundaries of the concept of "personality". Otherwise, the conversation runs the risk of being pointless or blurred. The author of the Big Explanatory Psychological Dictionary, Arthur Reber, a famous American psychologist, in an article devoted to
  6. Course work. Personality and team. The interaction of the individual and the team in the conditions of military service, 2011
    The theoretical aspect of personality and team. The concept of personality in psychology. The essence of the personality and the factors of its formation. The concept and essence of the military team. Stages and features of the formation of the military team. Analysis of the interaction between the individual and the team in the conditions of military service. Features of the psychology of relationships among military personnel. Diagnosis of conflicts in the military
  7. Individuality, personality, essence
    When the general that a particular person and all other people have is emphasized, it is customary to use the term "individual." We are talking about a child or an adult "individual" and thus we attribute it to the human race. However, in addition to the similarity between individual members of the human race, there are inter-individual differences. When the term “individuality” is used, it is meant as
  8. Formation of a teenager's personality
    For many years, DI Feldstein has been involved in the problem of shaping the personality of a teenager. Studies conducted under his leadership show that the transition from childhood to adulthood proceeds, as a rule, sharply and sometimes dramatically, with contradictory social development tendencies that are most intertwined in it. On the one hand, for this difficult period, negative
  9. Formation of the social orientation of the personality of a teenager
    The life of a teenager in a well-organized school team ensures the formation of his collectivist personality. The orientation of the individual is the result of the person having a certain structure of his motivational sphere. In the process of life, the child gradually develops such motives, which acquire the leading meaning for him and thereby subdue all
  10. PERSONALITY FORMATION IN YOUNGER SCHOOL AGE
    1. Formation of attitudes towards learning and the development of cognitive interests in primary school age. The transition to schooling and a new way of life related to the situation of the student, in the event that the child internally adopted the appropriate position, opens the way for the further formation of his personality. During the period of primary school education, children develop psychological
  11. PERSONALITY AND ITS FORMATION
    PERSONALITY AND ITS
  12. Prerequisites of personality formation
    A child in early childhood is absorbed not only by close people and the outside world, but also by his own persona. He tirelessly examines himself. An already one year old child has some ideas about himself, about certain parts of the body. He touches them, considers, can correctly indicate where his eyes, ears, nose. However, his ideas about himself are not yet generalized, there is no scheme of his own body, he does not even recognize himself.
  13. PRECONDITIONS FORMATION OF PERSONALITY
    In the course of the child's mental development, not only is the assimilation of various actions and the formation of mental processes and qualities necessary for their implementation. The child gradually masters the forms of behavior peculiar to man in society and, most importantly, those internal features that distinguish man as a member of society and determine his actions. An adult is guided by
  14. The development of self-esteem and its role in shaping the personality of a teenager
    We have already talked about the decisive role for the development of a child's assessment by others, especially adults. Only the presence of a positive assessment creates in children the experience of emotional well-being, which is a prerequisite for the normal formation of personality. At the same time, as the study by E. A. Serebryakova [157] showed, based on this assessment, as well as on the basis of
  15. MENTAL PROCESSES AS A BASIS OF PERSONALITY FORMATION
    Cognitive activity is a necessary component of a person’s life, a condition for its formation and development as a person performing a specific type of professional and other activity that plays a certain role in society and the team. At its core are mental processes - sensation, perception, representation, imagination, attention, memory, thinking and speech. In accordance with the solved
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2016
info@medicine-guidebook.com