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The concept and essence of the military team
The writings of the classics of pedagogy contain provisions that the greatest opportunities for the development of the individual abilities of the individual are the collective.
A collective is a concept of Latin origin, meaning "collectedness", i.e. integrity, preserving the integrity of the individuality. The concept of the same group is identical to the meaning of the old Russian word "circle". At the heart of both is the connection that connects people. The spirit of the team well reflects the concept of "partnership", "military fraternity." As a result, in national military psychology, a military team is understood as an organizational association of servicemen based on the commonality of their ideological and moral positions, joint service and combat (official, watch, etc.) activities under the leadership of a single leader. Consequently, its distinguishing features are the fact that it is:
- a highly organized group of ideologically convinced and disciplined servicemen capable of independently (autonomously) performing service, combat, service, training, and other tasks;
- a specific social community designed to protect
fatherland, characterized by the unity of understanding of military duty, common collectivist psychology.
However, depending on the nature and direction of functioning, each of the collectives is endowed with the corresponding features that characterize this group as a military one.
The military collective differs from other types of collectives by the goals, objectives, armed defenses of the Fatherland. A unit of a unit is truly military if all its members are deeply aware of its tasks and assignments.
The peculiarities of the military team are related to the fact that the solution of the tasks at the forefront is achieved by using weapons, military equipment and armed violence against the enemy, in accordance with this true military team is one whose all members have developed not only courage, perseverance, endurance, but also profound skills and skills masterfully use equipment and weapons. 
The current military team is also distinguished by the fact that with the listed signs, already well-known connections, creating a strong psychological potential, a number of other moral and psychological forces are also manifested in it. This refers to the spiritual, moral, business principle, the content of the inner world of each member of the team, which unites them, binds, "attracts" to each other. It consists of the following components:
- community of moral norms by which people are guided in their behavior (these norms are enshrined in military regulations);
- joint activities of national importance;
- the presence of all members of the team of military skill or the desire to acquire it, etc. [7, p.224]
The core idea of the collective of the military unit is the idea of interpersonal relations of servicemen. It is the mutual connections between people that are the decisive factor (condition) that determines the cohesion of the unit, the activity and the vitality of the association, of which they become members.
In turn, the spiritual ties between military personnel depend on how they perceive each other, how they relate to the common goal of military professional activity, etc. In this regard, in the national military psychology, there are two approaches to understanding the conditions of the formation of a collective.
According to the first approach, the team unit is represented as a social entity, something independent, not reducible to the totality of its constituent individuals. This approach is called "anthropomorphic", because in this case the unification of military personnel is considered as an integral social object, whose life and activity reproduces the activity of each of its members, due to which he himself exists.
From the position of the second approach, the team is perceived as a socio-psychological environment of life and activities of military personnel, an environment that they create for each other. Proponents of this approach prefer to speak not about groups and groups, but about the “personality in a group”. This concept expresses the personal and orienting point of view of the collective.
Both positions are not free from extremes of both theoretical and practical order. The first position, as the domestic experience of military construction of the Soviet period shows, can lead to an underestimation of the personality, absolutization of “unity”, which is dangerous by leveling human individuality and its personal values, by striving to ensure that all team members not only act in the same way, but also “ all as one. Meanwhile, it is known that it is in the team of the unit that the personal differentiation necessary for the full development and natural for the serviceman takes place. With the formation, development and functioning of the collective, certain socio-psychological roles are assigned to its members, coordinating the needs of the collective and the individual. [4, p. 37]
Each person brings his own views on current problems into joint activities, offers his own ways of solving them. He places his skills at the disposal of the collective and seeks help in connection with his own difficulties. All this is very individual. Therefore, unity, without which there is no team, no group,
is achieved not by leveling the members of the collective of the military unit, but on the basis of reconciling differences, finding psychological compatibility, maximally taking into account and encouraging interpersonal likes. AT
As a result, the structure of the military unit has two interrelated, complementary, but different in content psychological complex. One of them is focused on the general activity of the team, related to the solution of its service, combat and other tasks, the second - on its internal, social and psychological sphere. There is no doubt that both of them are necessary, since they have an objective nature and are interdependent. However, these are only the conditions that are necessary to unite people into social groups.
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The concept and essence of the military team
- The structure of the military team
In military units there is a wide variety of grassroots (primary) teams. The structure of their psychology has a lot in common. At the same time, they are all different from each other. This is explained by the fact that military teams solve various tasks, have their own military-professional features (for example, depending on the structure of the unit - the combat unit, crew, coast unit, etc.).
- Psychology of the military team
The psychology of a military collective is a complex set of intra-collective socio-psychological phenomena and processes, one of the sides of its spiritual life. It is the result of combining, summing up the psychology of individuals - members of this group. The following major components in the structure of the psychology of the military collective should be singled out: public (collective)
- Peculiarities of team building in the process of military activity
Study questions: 1. Characteristics of the essence of the psychological cohesion of a military collective (group). 2. The main activities of the military psychologist in rallying military teams (groups). Characteristics of the essence of the psychological cohesion of the military team (group). In the historical sense, the term cohesion received a fairly wide circulation and
- Psychological features of relationships in military teams
The peculiarities of mutual relations in a military collective are determined by the specific character of the military activity of the collective and the individual psychological characteristics of the servicemen who comprise it. These include, above all, the leading role of formal service relations in comparison with informal ones. In the work collective, a subordinate, in the event of a significant discrepancy between his official and unofficial
- ESSENCE AND STRUCTURE OF THE PSYCHOLOGY OF THE COLLECTIVE
The existence of a military collective, its everyday military professional functioning implies the existence of joint mental activity of its members. This is a collective mental work, the exchange of impressions and experiences, joint volitional tension to overcome difficulties, etc. This group mental activity, as well as its results, is called
- Principles of formation of military teams, units
The team unit is a social form of organization of people in military affairs. The stronger its internal spike, the more favorable the moral climate, the wider its possibilities that it creates for the successful service of soldiers and sailors. All military units of units in their structure are complex and diverse. The difference in their social status, education, national
- The study of the psychological characteristics of the military team
If the commander knows the specifics of the team he leads, then he will easily be able to find the most effective management methods, he will be able to implement the decisions with great success in any situation. To study the psychological characteristics of a military team, the unit commander, as a rule, uses the methods of observation, interrogation, analysis of the results of group
- Negative leadership in primary military units
The interaction of military personnel of different periods of service in the primary military teams is a natural process. developing taking into account individual and group differences of warriors. Interpersonal relations of servicemen are carried out in the military-professional, social and domestic sphere of military activities. The level of development of personal qualities, the degree of adaptation and
- Socio-psychological structure of the military team
The structure of the psychology of the team is very complex and diverse. Moreover, each structural element may have its own characteristics, for example, a collective opinion may be one or different, relations in a team may be principled or unprincipled, benevolent or tense; the mood of the team-- toning or reducing the activity of people, etc. Therefore, modern
- Generalized characteristics of the psychology of the military team
An important generalized characteristic of any military team is its focus (purposefulness), which is a system of collective goals and objectives for the near and future perspective. It is precisely in dedication that the generalized socially significant person of the unit, the nature of its actions, collective interests, requests, and aspirations are reflected. However, to enhance
- Tasks of the psychological study of the military team
The main research tasks, the solution of which provides the military psychologist with an understanding of the socio-psychological processes occurring in a particular military team, can be formulated in the form of questions. Getting reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological research. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. but)
- Tasks of the psychological study of the military team
The main research tasks, the solution of which provides the military psychologist with an understanding of the socio-psychological processes occurring in a particular military team can be formulated in the form of questions. Getting reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological research. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. I.
- Traditions - as an element of the psychology of the military team
Traditions, combat relics and military rituals are an important condition for the activity and development of a collective. All this, in unity and in the interrelation of individual links, forms a complex of social and psychological phenomena, or the psychology of a military collective. Socio-psychological phenomena, in contrast to mental phenomena, are usually called the processes of communication of people and those interrelated changes in their
- Life Management of Multinational Military Teams
It should be borne in mind that the attitude of each warrior to his role in the military team is significantly influenced by his entire pre-army life course, which he passed not only in the social, but also in the corresponding national environment. The national environment, as the keeper of culture, traditions and customs, plays a significant role. But only if it is in the course of the interaction with the officer
- The main psychological signs of the formation of the military team
To determine the level of formation of the team unit at a particular point in time, the corresponding criteria are used, which are based on specially identified signs. In Russian military psychology, they include: the generality of professional activity; mediation of interpersonal relationships goals, values and content of professional activity; unity and
- Course work. Socio-psychological relationships in military teams, 2011
Discipline: Psychology of groups and leadership. Basic socio-psychological concepts of the group. Leadership in the primary military groups. The main directions and objectives of the psychological study of the military team. Questionnaire survey as a method of studying the socio-psychological processes in military groups. Applications: Diagnostics of individual psychological features (Test "Non-existent
- Components of the socio-psychological structure of the military team
The socio-psychological description of a military team is the compilation of a detailed (oral or written) description of its main components on the basis of the study. The psychologist studies the following main components of the socio-psychological structure of the team: 1. Composition (quantitative and qualitative composition). 2. Dynamics of group activity:
- The role of public opinion in the military team
The ideological attitudes of the collective have a decisive influence on the formation of public opinion, attitudes and relationships in it, which together constitute the socio-psychological climate. Its capacity depends on them. The origins of healthy opinions, attitudes, relationships in military teams should be sought in the level of educational work carried out at school. Military Commander should
- The main forms of relationships in the military team
Relationships in the military team appear in two main forms. First, it is a formal (official) relationship. They are determined by the organizational structure of the unit, which fixes in it the functions of each serviceman, the scope of his duties, rights and responsibilities. Formal relations are seemingly external to the warriors, since they are set from the outside by
- The main directions and objectives of the psychological study of the military team
The main goal of the work of a psychologist in military teams (subunits, outposts, guards, combat crews, crews) is to optimize the joint activities of military personnel, interpersonal relationships in military teams based on a deep study of the moral and psychological state of individual military personnel and social and psychological phenomena arising in military teams .