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The concept and essence of the military team
The writings of the classics of pedagogy contain provisions that the team presents the greatest opportunities for the development of individual personality abilities.
Collective - a concept of Latin origin, meaning "composure", i.e. integrity that preserves the integrity of the individual. The concept of a group is identical to the meaning of the old Russian word "circle". At the heart of both is a connection that connects people. The spirit of the collective reflects well the concepts of "partnership", "military brotherhood." As a result of this, in Russian military psychology, a military team is understood as an organizational association of servicemen on the basis of the commonality of their ideological and moral positions, joint service and combat (service, duty, etc.) activities under the leadership of a single-man command. Therefore, its distinguishing features are the fact that it is:
- a highly organized group of ideologically convinced and disciplined military personnel capable of independently (autonomously) performing military-service, service, training, and other tasks;
- a specific social community designed to protect
fatherland, characterized by a unity of understanding of military duty, a community of collectivist psychology.
However, depending on the nature and orientation of functioning, each of the collectives is endowed with the corresponding features that characterize this collective as a military.
A military collective differs from other types of collectives in the goals it faces and the tasks of armed defense of the Fatherland. The team of the unit is truly military, if all its members are deeply aware of its tasks and purposes.
The characteristics of the military team are related to the fact that the solution of the tasks facing them is achieved by using weapons, military equipment and armed violence against the enemy, in accordance with this genuine military team is one whose all members have developed not only courage, perseverance, endurance, but deep skills and masterful use of equipment and weapons. 
The current military team is also distinguished by the fact that with the above signs, already known connections that create a strong psychological potential, it also manifests a number of other moral and psychological forces. This refers to the spiritual, moral, business principle, the content of the inner world of each member of the collective, which unites them, connects them, "attracts" each other. It consists of the following components:
- common moral standards that people follow in their behavior (these norms are enshrined in military regulations);
- joint activities of national importance;
- the presence of all members of the collective military skill or desire to acquire it, etc. [7, p.224]
The core in the concept of the military unit collective is the idea of interpersonal relations of military personnel. It is the mutual relations between people that are the decisive factor (condition) that determines the cohesion of the unit, the activity and vitality of the association of which they become members.
In turn, the spiritual ties between military personnel depend on how they perceive each other, how they relate to the common goal of military professional activity, etc. In this regard, in domestic military psychology, there are two approaches to understanding the conditions for the formation of a collective.
According to the first approach, the team of the unit is presented as a social entity, something independent, not reducible to the totality of the individuals that make it up. This approach is called "anthropomorphic," because in this case, the association of military personnel is considered as an integral social object, the life and activity of which reproduces the activity of each of its members, due to which it itself exists.
From the perspective of the second approach, the collective is perceived as the socio-psychological environment of the life and activity of the military personnel, the environment that they create for each other. Proponents of this approach prefer not to talk about groups and collectives, but about "individuals in a group." This concept expresses a personality-orientational point of view on the team.
Both positions are not free from extremes of both theoretical and practical order. The first position, as the domestic experience of the military construction of the Soviet period shows, can lead to underestimation of the personality, the absolutization of “unity”, which is dangerous by leveling the human individuality and its personal values, the desire to ensure that all members of the collective not only act the same, but also “ all as one. " Meanwhile, it is known that it is in the unit’s collective that personal differentiation necessary for full development and natural for the soldier occurs. In process of formation, development and functioning of the collective, certain social and psychological roles are assigned to its members, coordinating the needs of the collective and the individual in themselves [4, p. 37]
Each person brings their own views on current problems into joint activities, offers their own ways to solve them. He puts his abilities at the disposal of the collective and seeks help in connection with his own difficulties. All this is very individual. Therefore, unity, without which there is no collective, no group,
This is achieved not by aligning the members of the military unit’s collective, but by agreeing on differences, searching for psychological compatibility, maximizing accounting and encouraging interpersonal sympathies. AT
As a result, the collective structure of the military unit has two interconnected, complementary, but different in content psychological complexes. One of them is focused on the general activity of the team related to the solution of official, combat, and other tasks facing it, the second - on its internal, socio-psychological sphere. Undoubtedly, both of them are necessary, since they are objective in nature and interdependent. However, these are only the conditions that are necessary to unite people into social groups.
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The concept and essence of the military team
- The structure of the military team
In military units there is a wide variety of grassroots (primary) teams. The structure of their psychology has a lot in common. At the same time, they all differ from each other. This is explained by the fact that military collectives solve various problems, have their own military professional features (for example, depending on the structural unit - the combat unit, crew, coastal unit, etc.).
- Psychology of the military team
The psychology of a military collective is a complex set of intracollective socio-psychological phenomena and processes, one of the aspects of its spiritual life. It is the result of the unification, summation of the psychology of individuals - members of this team. The following most important components in the structure of the psychology of a military collective should be distinguished: public (collective)
- Features of team building in the process of military activity
Training issues: 1. Description of the essence of the psychological unity of the military collective (group). 2. The main areas of activity of a military psychologist in uniting military collectives (groups). Description of the essence of the psychological unity of the military collective (group). In the historical sense, the term cohesion has gained widespread use and
- Psychological features of the relationship in military groups
The characteristics of the relationship in a military collective are determined by the specifics of the military activity of the collective and the individual psychological characteristics of the military personnel that comprise it. These, first of all, include the leading role of formal service relations in comparison with informal ones. In the labor collective, a subordinate, in the event of a significant discrepancy between his official and unofficial
- ESSENCE AND STRUCTURE OF THE PSYCHOLOGY OF THE COLLECTIVE
The existence of a military collective, its daily military professional functioning, presupposes the presence of joint mental activity of the people included in it. This is a collective mental work, the exchange of impressions and experiences, joint volitional stress to overcome difficulties, etc. This group mental activity, as well as its results are commonly called
- Principles of formation of military collectives, units
The staff of the unit is a social form of organization of people in military affairs. The stronger his internal commissure, the more favorable the moral climate, the wider his opportunities that he creates for the successful service of soldiers and sailors. All military collectives of units in their structure are complex and diverse. Their difference in social status, education, national
- The study of the psychological characteristics of the military team
If the commander knows the features of the headed team, then he will easily be able to find the most effective management methods, he will be able to implement the decisions made with great success in any environment. To study the psychological characteristics of a military team, the unit commander, as a rule, uses methods of observation, questioning, analysis of group results
- Negative leadership in primary military collectives
The interaction of servicemen of various periods of service in primary military collectives is a natural process. developing taking into account individual and group differences of warriors. Interpersonal relations of military personnel is carried out in the military-professional, public and domestic sphere of military activity. The level of development of personal qualities, the degree of adaptation and
- The socio-psychological structure of the military collective
The structure of the psychology of the team is very complex and diverse. Moreover, each structural element can have its own characteristics, for example, a collective opinion can be single or diverse, relations in a team can be principled or unprincipled, friendly or tense; collective moods - tonic or reducing the activity of people, etc. Therefore, modern
- Generalized characteristics of the psychology of a military collective
An important generalized characteristic of any military collective is its orientation (purposefulness), which is a system of collective goals and tasks of the near and future prospects. It is purposefulness that reflects the generalized socially significant face of the unit, the nature of its actions, collective interests, requests, and aspirations. However to reinforce
- The tasks of psychological research of a military team
The main research tasks, the solution of which provides an understanding by the military psychologist of the socio-psychological processes occurring in a particular military team, can be formulated in the form of questions. Obtaining reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological study. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. but)
- The tasks of psychological research of a military team
The main research tasks, the solution of which provides an understanding by the military psychologist of the socio-psychological processes occurring in a particular military team, can be formulated in the form of questions. Obtaining reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological study. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. I.
- Traditions - as an element of the psychology of the military collective
An important condition for the activity and development of the collective are traditions, military relics and military rituals. All this, in unity and in the relationship of individual links, forms a complex of socio-psychological phenomena, or the psychology of a military collective. Socio-psychological phenomena, in contrast to mental phenomena, are usually called the processes of communication of people and those interrelated changes in their
- Life management of multinational military collectives
It should be borne in mind that the attitude of each warrior to his role in the military collective is substantially influenced by his entire pre-army life path, which he went through not only in the social, but also in the corresponding national environment. The national environment, as the guardian of culture, traditions and customs, plays a significant role. But only if it is in the course of the officer’s interaction with him
- The main psychological signs of the formation of a military team
To determine the level of formation of the team of a unit at a particular moment in time, the relevant criteria are used, which are based on specially identified signs. In domestic military psychology, they include: community of professional activity; mediation of interpersonal relations with the goals, values and content of professional activity; unity and
- Course work. Socio-psychological relations in military groups, 2011
Discipline: Psychology of groups and leadership. Basic socio-psychological concepts of the group. Leadership in primary military groups. The main directions and tasks of the psychological research of the military team. Questionnaire as a method of studying the socio-psychological processes in military groups. Applications: Diagnosis of individual psychological characteristics (Test "Non-existent
- Components of the socio-psychological structure of a military collective
The socio-psychological description of the military collective is the compilation of a detailed (oral or written) description of its main components on the basis of the study. The psychologist studies the following main components of the socio-psychological structure of the team: 1. Composition (quantitatively-qualitative composition). 2. The dynamics of group activities:
- The role of public opinion in the military team
The ideological attitudes of the collective have a decisive influence on the formation of public opinion, moods and relationships in it, which together constitute a socio-psychological climate. His legal capacity depends on them. The sources of healthy opinions, moods, relationships in military groups should be sought in the level of educational work carried out at school. Warruk must
- The main forms of relations in a military team
Relations in a military collective come in two main forms. Firstly, this is a formal (official) relationship. They are determined by the organizational structure of the unit, which fixes in it the functions of each soldier, the scope of his duties, rights and responsibilities. Official relations are as if external to the warriors, since they are set from the outside through
- The main directions and tasks of the psychological research of the military team
The main goal of the psychologist's work in military teams (units, outposts, guards, combat crews, crews) is to optimize the joint activities of military personnel, interpersonal relationships in a military team based on in-depth study of the moral and psychological state of individual military personnel and socio-psychological phenomena that arise in military teams .