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Psychological methods of studying a military team

Military regulations require commanders and commanders to constantly study the moral and psychological climate and take measures to optimize it. First of all, we will consider what methods are possible to study the moral and psychological climate.

The first (and main) method is observation. But observation as a method of scientific research is different from observation in the everyday, ordinary sense of the word. First of all, scientific observation involves focus. In relation to the moral and psychological climate, the goals of observation are to find out: what values ​​are common in the team, how common are they for all military personnel, what is the mood prevailing during group activity, how it affects the results of activity, what is the interaction of team members when deciding on official and everyday questions whether each soldier in the team feels comfortable. The second sign of scientific observation is the presence of specific criteria for observation. The criteria should be as objective as possible (these are not some “feelings”, but facts) and have a quantitative expression. For example, the frequency of conflicts, the number of penalties, complaints, obscene expressions, ridicule, smiles, initiative proposals, criticisms, facts of mutual assistance, etc. - All this can characterize the moral and psychological climate of the unit. Thirdly, scientific observation is characterized by a systematic and fixation of the results.

To study the moral and psychological climate, for example, you can use the technique developed by the American psychologist Robert Bales. It is recommended to use such a technique for observing team members during official meetings, staff meetings, analysis of flight results, exercises, sports, etc. It is especially interesting to compare the results of observations in several divisions.

The next often used method is an expert survey. It is also carried out according to certain criteria (cohesion, friendliness, conflict, demanding of each other, freedom of expression, etc.), only an expert evaluates them in relation to this particular team - a person who knows the state of affairs well, the situation in the unit .
The expert, answering specially prepared questions, expresses his own, subjective opinion. However, if you interview a few experts (at least 3), in which quality people are selected who are quite competent, and if they are asked clear, unambiguous questions, the results will be quite objective. A measure of objectivity can be the agreement of the assessments of various experts with each other. Most often, the company commander, deputy company commander, company foreman, battalion control officers are most often involved as experts in assessing the moral and psychological climate of a platoon.

Surveys as a method of studying the moral and psychological climate have been used often and for a long time. Typically, a survey is conducted in writing and consists of the answers of military personnel to several questions on the questionnaire regarding the life of the unit (unit). Anonymous questioning is preferable due to the greater objectivity of the results. In addition, the questions of the questionnaire should be brief, not allowing for ambiguous interpretation or hidden influence on the opinion of the respondent. The environment in which the survey is conducted is very important. If the military does not have confidence in the person conducting the survey, or if they are not interested in responding sincerely, the results will be unreliable.

Another available method, unfortunately, used very superficially, involves the analysis of documents and statistical data on injuries, gross violations of discipline, crimes, complaints, appeals for medical assistance, topics of appeals on personal issues to the command of the unit, reports on dismissal, etc. This method is able to give the right information, if we take into account not the facts themselves, but their dynamics over time, in comparing different subdivisions and parts, look for not only internal, but also external causes (climatic, economic, political, organizational). An important condition of the method is to ensure the completeness and adequacy of the available data.

Special methods are also used to study the moral and psychological climate: sociometry, modular sociotest A.Ya. Antsupova, various psychological questionnaires. In a number of military units, feedback boxes, correspondence with the parents of military personnel, work in parts of representatives of committees of mother soldiers, etc. showed a high efficiency, in the study of the moral and psychological climate.
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Psychological methods of studying a military team

  1. The study of the psychological characteristics of the military team
    If the commander knows the features of the headed team, then he will easily be able to find the most effective management methods, he will be able to successfully implement the decisions made in any environment. To study the psychological characteristics of a military team, the unit commander, as a rule, uses methods of observation, questioning, analysis of group results
  2. Methods of studying relationships in a military team
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  3. Means of psychological study of military personnel and military personnel
    To accomplish the task of psychological study of personnel, a psychologist must possess a variety of methods of psychodiagnostics, a reasonable combination and application of which ensures the obtaining of objective information about military personnel. The main methods used by the psychologist are: • analysis of documents (biographical method); • survey (conversation, questionnaire); • observation and
  4. Means of psychological study of military personnel and military personnel
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  5. The use of the sociometric method in the study of a military team
    In military practice, the sociometric technique is used in two versions: parametric and nonparametric. The essence of parametric sociometry is that the subjects are invited to make a strictly defined number of choices according to a given criterion. For example, to name the five military personnel who are most compatible and conflict-free, or who may be the most reliable
  6. Questionnaire survey as a method of studying socio-psychological processes in military groups
    The most common method of studying social processes in large groups of military personnel, military collectives is a survey. There are two types of survey: questioning and interviewing. The specificity of the questionnaire is that communication between the researcher and the respondent, which is the source of the necessary information, is mediated by the questionnaire. The benefits of collecting information from
  7. Organization of the study of the life of the military team
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  8. Methods of studying intra-group and interpersonal relations in a military team
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  9. Psychological features of the relationship in military groups
    The characteristics of the relationship in a military collective are determined by the specifics of the military activity of the collective and the individual psychological characteristics of the military personnel that comprise it. These, first of all, include the leading role of formal service relations in comparison with informal ones. In the labor collective, a subordinate, in case of a significant discrepancy between his official and unofficial
  10. The system of methods for studying the team
    Modern domestic military psychology offers the commanders (chiefs) of units a sufficiently large arsenal of appropriate methods for studying the psychology of the team. They can be arbitrarily combined into three relatively independent groups: 1. The universal method (dialectic), implemented to study all phenomena of objective and subjective reality, including inside
  11. The tasks of psychological research of a military team
    The main research tasks, the solution of which provides an understanding by the military psychologist of the socio-psychological processes occurring in a particular military team, can be formulated in the form of questions. Obtaining reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological study. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. a)
  12. The tasks of psychological research of a military team
    The main research tasks, the solution of which provides an understanding by the military psychologist of the socio-psychological processes taking place in a particular military team, can be formulated in the form of questions. Obtaining reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological study. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. I.
  13. Course work. Socio-psychological relations in military groups, 2011
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  14. The socio-psychological structure of the military collective
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  15. Components of the socio-psychological structure of a military collective
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  16. The main directions and tasks of the psychological research of the military team
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  19. The main areas of psychological research of the military team
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  20. The main psychological signs of the formation of a military team
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