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Psychology of the military team

The psychology of a military collective is a complex set of intracollective socio-psychological phenomena and processes, one of the aspects of its spiritual life. It is the result of the unification, summation of the psychology of individuals - members of this team.

The following most important components in the structure of the psychology of a military collective should be distinguished:

public (collective) opinion, collective views;

collective interests, needs, requests, aspirations;

collective traditions, habits, customs;

collective moods, social feelings, panic manifestations;

interpersonal relationships, communication, mutual evaluations, claims, requirements, etc.

A leader of any rank should be able to correctly assess the socio-psychological characteristics of a military team, i.e. to reveal the content of the structural components of the collective psychology, to identify its socio-psychological characteristics and determine their impact on the implementation of combat training tasks and military discipline,

For this, firstly, it is necessary to analyze the nature of public opinion as the whole personnel, and certain categories of military personnel - officers, warrant officers, junior commanders, rank and file; to reveal how public opinion contributes to the strengthening of military discipline; identify the core - carriers of healthy public opinion; determine the presence of other group opinions, the degree of their discrepancy with the dominant in the collective * of their carriers, the causes of occurrence.

It is known that each warrior voluntarily or involuntarily commensurate his actions and actions with the opinion of the commander and the majority of the personnel, as well as the most respected colleagues.

Power and experience, respect and trust make every word of the commander, boss authoritative and impressive. In order to properly influence people, an officer must avoid rash judgments and conclusions. Psychologists recommend: before pronouncing any thought out loud, the officer should carefully think through it, as it will certainly affect the behavior of subordinates.
The convincing and categorical words of the commander, as evidenced by the practice of everyday life, do not leave a shadow of doubt in the correctness and clarity of his position, especially in combat conditions.

Greater success is achieved by those commanders and commanders who respond in a timely manner to the cognitive needs and interests of subordinates with the help of stable feedback from each soldier, and improve the quality of individual educational work. Everyday practice convincingly confirms that the higher the quality of an individual impact on a warrior, the sharper his vigilance and more effective collective opinion.

The socio-psychological characteristic of a military collective includes, secondly, an assessment of collective positive moods, their forms of manifestation; reasons for the emergence of negative moods among subordinates and their carriers; features of their influence on the performance of combat missions.

Collective moods, social experiences are an important component of the structure of the psychology of a military collective. These are joint experiences of certain events, facts, as well as similar emotional states that for some time have taken possession of the entire military collective or part of it and affecting its life and work.

Collective moods have a strong influence on the behavior of military personnel, are reflected at the level of military discipline and organization, on the effectiveness of their military labor. At the same time, one collective mood (“major”) contributes to the success of the military team — enthusiasm, faith in overall success, dedication, elation, state of general uplift; the other ("minor"), on the contrary, sharply reduces the collective's capabilities - a state of decline, disbelief in one's own strengths, comrades, military equipment and weapons, general despondency, depression.
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Psychology of the military team

  1. Traditions - as an element of the psychology of the military collective
    An important condition for the activity and development of the collective is traditions, military relics and military rituals. All this, in unity and in the interconnection of individual links, forms a complex of socio-psychological phenomena, or the psychology of a military collective. Socio-psychological phenomena, in contrast to mental phenomena, are usually called the processes of communication of people and those interrelated changes in their
  2. Generalized characteristics of the psychology of a military collective
    An important generalized characteristic of any military collective is its orientation (purposefulness), which is a system of collective goals and tasks of the near and future prospects. It is purposefulness that reflects the generalized socially significant face of the unit, the nature of its actions, collective interests, requests, and aspirations. However to reinforce
  3. The structure of the military team
    In military units there is a wide variety of grassroots (primary) teams. The structure of their psychology has a lot in common. At the same time, they all differ from each other. This is explained by the fact that military collectives solve various problems, have their own military professional features (for example, depending on the structural unit - the combat unit, crew, coastal unit, etc.).
  4. The concept and essence of the military team
    The writings of the classics of pedagogy contain provisions that the team presents the greatest opportunities for the development of individual personality abilities. Collective - a concept of Latin origin, meaning "composure", i.e. integrity that preserves the integrity of the individual. The concept of a group is identical to the meaning of the old Russian word "circle". At the heart of both
  5. The socio-psychological structure of the military collective
    The structure of the psychology of the team is very complex and diverse. Moreover, each structural element can have its own characteristics, for example, a collective opinion can be single or diverse, relations in a team can be principled or unprincipled, friendly or tense; collective moods - tonic or reducing the activity of people, etc. Therefore, modern
  6. Psychological features of the relationship in military groups
    The characteristics of the relationship in a military collective are determined by the specifics of the military activity of the collective and the individual psychological characteristics of the military personnel that comprise it. These, first of all, include the leading role of formal service relations in comparison with informal ones. In the labor collective, a subordinate, in the event of a significant discrepancy between his official and unofficial
  7. The tasks of psychological research of a military team
    The main research tasks, the solution of which provides an understanding by the military psychologist of the socio-psychological processes occurring in a particular military team, can be formulated in the form of questions. Obtaining reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological study. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. but)
  8. The tasks of psychological research of a military team
    The main research tasks, the solution of which provides an understanding by the military psychologist of the socio-psychological processes occurring in a particular military team, can be formulated in the form of questions. Obtaining reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological study. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. I.
  9. Components of the socio-psychological structure of a military collective
    The socio-psychological description of the military collective is the compilation of a detailed (oral or written) description of its main components on the basis of the study. The psychologist studies the following main components of the socio-psychological structure of the team: 1. Composition (quantitatively-qualitative composition). 2. The dynamics of group activities:
  10. Principles of formation of military collectives, units
    The staff of the unit is a social form of organization of people in military affairs. The stronger his internal commissure, the more favorable the moral climate, the wider his opportunities that he creates for the successful service of soldiers and sailors. All military collectives of units in their structure are complex and diverse. Their difference in social status, education, national
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