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The role of public opinion in the military team
The ideological principles of the collective have a decisive influence on the formation of public opinion, moods and relationships in it, which together constitute a socio-psychological climate. His legal capacity depends on them. The sources of healthy opinions, moods, relationships in military groups should be sought in the level of educational work carried out at school. The military commander must have certain information about the nature of the structural components of the collective psychology.
Public opinion, being a system of rational and appraisal, shared by members of the collective, has a regulatory influence and significant incentive force. Credibility, publicity, emotionality, continuity, the exactingness of public opinion began to affect the mind, feelings and will of everyone (give an example)
Voenruk in the interests of team building, increasing the educational forces of his socio-psychological climate, always strive to ensure that public opinion is ideologically and morally sustained. In order to direct the process of forming public opinion in the zero direction, the military instructor relies on his conviction, knowledge of his work.
Moods are the emotional-evaluative group responses of the collective to people's behavior, events, phenomena, facts. Favorable general moods of the collective induce working energy among soldiers or students, increase their activity, and also turn out to be on their moods. Therefore, the military instructor, in a word, by personal example, always seeks to maintain a high emotional mood among his subordinates and students, tries to prevent the occurrence of passive moods.
Traditions are important in the structure of the psychological climate of the collective and in its cohesion.
Each warrior joining a military team, becomes heirs and a successor of its traditions. Traditions in their content, spheres of appearance and belonging are very diverse, but their mobilizing and educating influence is always enormous. The active use of traditions in the educational process contributes to the growth of ideological maturity of personnel, their combat skills, strengthening military discipline, rallying the team, and preventing the emergence of negative phenomena.
The relationship between people is an indicator of their cohesion, firstly because they have fixed the nature of objective, socially determined interpersonal relationships (give an example).
In the structure of relationships, several areas are usually distinguished: service, socio-political, interpersonal, psychological relations.
Official and socio-political relations are the basis for the interaction of personnel in the performance of official duties. These relationships are enshrined in the organizational structure of any military collective, in military manuals, manuals. They are the prescribed rules and norms of behavior that encourage the warrior and volitional mobilization; self-control in actions, self-order, presentation of demands on oneself.
Interpersonal psychological relations (friendship and hostility, sympathy and antipathy, etc.) are formed mostly spontaneously, they are not organized organizationally, they are less visible than official ones. These circumstances are often the cause of underestimation of their significance. In fact, interpersonal psychological relationships play a significant role in the life of the team and require the closest attention and constant study.
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The role of public opinion in the military team
- Psychology of the military team
The psychology of a military collective is a complex totality of intra-collective socio-psychological phenomena and processes, one of the aspects of its spiritual life. It is the result of the unification, summation of the psychology of individuals - members of this team. The following most important components in the structure of the psychology of a military collective should be distinguished: public (collective)
- The structure of the military team
In military units there is a wide variety of grassroots (primary) teams. The structure of their psychology has a lot in common. At the same time, they all differ from each other. This is explained by the fact that military collectives solve various tasks and have their own military professional features (for example, depending on the structural unit - the combat unit, crew, coastal unit, etc.).
- Psychological features of the relationship in military groups
The characteristics of the relationship in a military collective are determined by the specifics of the military activity of the collective and the individual psychological characteristics of the military personnel that comprise it. These, first of all, include the leading role of formal service relations in comparison with informal ones. In the labor collective, a subordinate, in case of a significant discrepancy between his official and unofficial
- The principles of formation of military collectives, units
The unit team is a social form of organization of people in military affairs. The stronger his internal commissure, the more favorable the moral climate, the wider his opportunities that he creates for the successful service of soldiers and sailors. All military collectives of units in their structure are complex and diverse. Their difference in social status, education, national
- The concept and essence of the military team
The writings of the classics of pedagogy contain provisions that the team presents the greatest opportunities for the development of individual personality abilities. Collective - a concept of Latin origin, meaning "composure", i.e. integrity that preserves the integrity of the individual. The concept of a group is identical to the meaning of the old Russian word "circle". At the heart of both
- Negative leadership in primary military collectives
The interaction of servicemen of various periods of service in primary military collectives is a natural process. developing taking into account individual and group differences of warriors. Interpersonal relations of military personnel is carried out in the military-professional, public and domestic sphere of military activity. The level of development of personal qualities, the degree of adaptation and
- The socio-psychological structure of the military collective
The structure of the psychology of the team is very complex and diverse. Moreover, each structural element can have its own characteristics, for example, a collective opinion can be single or diverse, relations in a team can be principled or unprincipled, friendly or tense; collective moods - tonic or reducing the activity of people, etc. Therefore, modern
- Traditions - as an element of the psychology of the military collective
An important condition for the activity and development of the collective are traditions, military relics and military rituals. All this, in unity and in the interconnection of individual links, forms a complex of socio-psychological phenomena, or the psychology of a military collective. Socio-psychological phenomena, in contrast to mental phenomena, are usually called the processes of communication of people and those interrelated changes in their
- The study of the psychological characteristics of the military team
If the commander knows the features of the headed team, then he will easily be able to find the most effective management methods, he will be able to successfully implement the decisions made in any environment. To study the psychological characteristics of a military team, the unit commander, as a rule, uses methods of observation, questioning, analysis of group results
- Generalized characteristics of the psychology of a military collective
An important generalized characteristic of any military collective is its orientation (purposefulness), which is a system of collective goals and tasks of the near and future prospects. Purposefulness reflects the generalized socially significant face of the unit, the nature of its actions, collective interests, requests, and aspirations. However to reinforce
- Life management of multinational military collectives
It should be borne in mind that the attitude of each warrior to his role in the military collective is substantially influenced by his entire pre-army life path, which he went through not only in the social, but also in the corresponding national environment. The national environment, as the guardian of culture, traditions and customs, plays a significant role. But only if it is in the course of the officer’s interaction with him
- The tasks of psychological research of a military team
The main research tasks, the solution of which provides an understanding by the military psychologist of the socio-psychological processes occurring in a particular military team, can be formulated in the form of questions. Obtaining reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological study. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. a)
- The tasks of psychological research of a military team
The main research tasks, the solution of which provides an understanding by the military psychologist of the socio-psychological processes taking place in a particular military team, can be formulated in the form of questions. Obtaining reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological study. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. I.
- The main psychological signs of the formation of a military team
To determine the level of formation of the team of a unit at a particular moment in time, the relevant criteria are used, which are based on specially identified signs. In domestic military psychology, they include: community of professional activity; mediation of interpersonal relations with the goals, values and content of professional activity; unity and
- Components of the socio-psychological structure of a military collective
The socio-psychological description of the military collective is the compilation of a detailed (oral or written) description of its main components based on the study. The psychologist studies the following main components of the socio-psychological structure of the team: 1. Composition (quantitatively-qualitative composition). 2. The dynamics of group activities:
- Psychological and pedagogical aspects of uniting a military team
Value-orientational unity can be qualitatively and quantitatively assessed using various methods of psychological research, and the results of such an assessment are the basis for educational work among personnel to improve relations in the military team. In order for the work to rally the military team to be productive, the officers
- Features of team building in the process of military activity
Training issues: 1. Characterization of the essence of the psychological cohesion of the military collective (group). 2. The main areas of activity of a military psychologist in uniting military collectives (groups). Description of the essence of the psychological cohesion of the military collective (group). In the historical sense, the term cohesion has gained widespread use and
- The main forms of relations in a military team
Relations in a military collective come in two main forms. Firstly, this is a formal (official) relationship. They are determined by the organizational structure of the unit, which fixes in it the functions of each soldier, the scope of his duties, rights and responsibilities. The official relations are, as it were, external to the warriors, since they are set from the outside through