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The state and prospects for the development of military psychology as a science and a way to introduce its achievements into military practice

Study questions:

1. The reasons for the increasing role of military psychology and its condition.

2. Prospects for the development of military psychology and ways to introduce its achievements into military practice.



The reasons for the increasing role of military psychology and its condition.

The state of military psychology is a reflection of the development of science at the time of its analysis and evaluation. It is evaluated by three indicators: the existence of a social order for the development of psychology in a particular industry; the order of military practice for psychological science; level of development of psychological science.

Thus, the military-psychological science in modern conditions, based on the achievement of a new qualitative level of scientific and psychological thought, directs its efforts to ensure the effective implementation of the tasks solved by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in various conditions, as well as to provide psychological assistance to servicemen and their families .

Ways of introducing the achievements of military psychology are mainly based on the activation of the human factor through scientific conferences, round tables in close cooperation with the troops, the scientific community, expansion of the scope of participants in scientific forums with the involvement of a larger number of command-line officials; formation of motivation for mastering the latest achievements of psychological science among military personnel arriving for retraining and advanced training; further development of practical manuals for various officials of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

Prospects for the development of military psychology and ways to introduce its achievements in military practice.

General prospects for the development of military psychology consist in its further integration in psychological science, strengthening scientific positions, consolidating the efforts of military psychologists to solve problems related to the psychological support of the activities of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, justifying the need to create an independent psychological service in the interests of analyzing and using the latest achievements of psychology for the needs of military practice.

Priority areas of research are: analysis of the influence of ethno-psychological problems on the activities of the Armed Forces at the present stage; psychology of the managerial activity of the military leader in the conditions of combat activity psychological support in a combat situation; psychological and informational security of servicemen in modern warfare; psychological rehabilitation of servicemen - participants of armed conflicts.

The overall perspective of research has a pronounced applied direction for the activities of the Armed Forces.
Among the promising studies in military psychology are, above all, the development of tools (techniques) for the psychological analysis of combat missions, erroneous actions, assessment of psychogenic losses, evaluation of the mental health of personnel, etc. The experience of conducting combat actions highlights the issues of communication technology with an aggressive group, mastering the technique of talking with alarmist, with a marauder, with a deserter, warriors with negative youth. Of particular relevance is the development of a technician providing psychological assistance and restoring combat capability, in particular, a technique for eliminating fear, panic, rigidity, a technique of self-tuning, self-regulation, a technique for rehabilitating soldiers in combat and other extreme activities.

However, the process of introducing the achievements of military psychology into practice is proceeding with great difficulties. The main problem is the lack of material support for psychological work, as a result of which the main emphasis in its organization and conduct is placed on the personal factor. Many officials, realizing the great importance of military psychology to improve the effectiveness of the combat activities of units and formations, actively contribute to the work of military psychologists. In addition, it is difficult for commanders, and even in educational structures, to understand that a psychologist should be guided by ethical norms when solving problems of psychological support for work. And for the psychologist himself, the existence of a dilemma — to fulfill the task of a commander and “do no harm” to a person — is sometimes a very difficult problem.
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The state and prospects for the development of military psychology as a science and a way to introduce its achievements into military practice

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