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The socio-psychological structure of the military collective

The structure of the psychology of the team is very complex and diverse. Moreover, each structural element can have its own characteristics, for example, a collective opinion can be single or diverse, relations in a team can be principled or unprincipled, friendly or tense; collective moods - tonic or reducing the activity of people, etc. Therefore, a modern officer should have very good psychological training, not only to know the features of the military collective and collective psychology, but also to skillfully use these features in the practice of managing the unit and educating his subordinates.

The system of interpersonal relationships is formed under the influence of a whole complex of objective and subjective conditions. Objective conditions include features of the state system, the nature and purpose of the team, etc. Along with objective conditions, subjective, psychological factors — mature and immature views of individuals, positive and negative traits of character and temperament, level of culture, have a certain influence on the formation of interpersonal relationships. and the preparedness of officers, warrant officers and sergeants as educators, etc. The armed forces, in accordance with their public mission, have specific organization. For example, the service requires the military to exact and implicit obedience to commanders and commanders. Consequently, the specifics of military activity and organization gives rise to a special structure of real relationships in military collectives. It most often distinguishes the following substructures:

subordination relations;

coordination relationships;

cooperative relationship.

Each substructure has an interpersonal psychological aspect that has a certain impact on real relationships. In accordance with the psychological content of the relations between the military, it is customary to evaluate them as appropriate or not appropriate, and sometimes contrary to the statutory norms.
As a rule, relations that meet the statutory requirements contribute to the solution of the tasks facing the military unit. At the same time, relations that do not fully comply with the statutory standards act as conditions conducive to the commission of military misconduct, the development of negative personality traits of military personnel. Therefore, each officer must strive. In addition, to establish the correct statutory relations in the military collective.

Statutory relations are relations that meet the requirements set forth in military manuals, while in the charters, as in documents regulating the relations of military personnel, the moral principles of society as a whole are expressed. But these principles are at the same time legal norms of conduct for military personnel.

It should also be borne in mind that the structural forms of relations between ordinary soldiers are diverse. One of them is small spontaneously developing groups of soldiers and sailors. They, as a rule, are role-based in nature, have leaders and followers, and differ in their orientation. Positively directed groups have a beneficial effect on other colleagues, set the tone in a zealous attitude to the service. They are formed on the basis of common useful interests, conscientious attitude to service, desire for useful things, contribute to the overall success of the team. The leaders in them, as a rule, surpass their followers by education, ability, or any other qualities, but do not demonstrate their superiority and help their comrades in everything. The group opinion here basically coincides with the opinion of the whole team. The motive for self-affirmation in such groups, as a rule, is the achievement of certain results in military professional activity, self-education, sports, etc.
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The socio-psychological structure of the military collective

  1. Components of the socio-psychological structure of a military collective
    The socio-psychological description of the military collective is the compilation of a detailed (oral or written) description of its main components based on the study. The psychologist studies the following main components of the socio-psychological structure of the team: 1. Composition (quantitatively-qualitative composition). 2. The dynamics of group activities:
  2. Components of the socio-psychological structure of a military collective
    The socio-psychological description of a military collective is the compilation of a detailed (oral or written) description of the main components of its structure based on research. The psychologist studies the following main components of the socio-psychological structure of the team: 1. Composition (quantitatively-qualitative composition). 2. The dynamics of group life (group
  3. Course work. Socio-psychological relations in military groups, 2011
    Discipline: Psychology of groups and leadership. Basic socio-psychological concepts of the group. Leadership in primary military groups. The main directions and tasks of the psychological research of the military team. Questionnaire survey as a method of studying socio-psychological processes in military groups. Applications: Diagnosis of individual psychological characteristics (Test "Non-existent
  4. Socio-psychological factors of the effectiveness of the joint activity of a military team
    Joint military activity, the collective subject of which is a unit (crew, crew, guard personnel, etc.), is a group activity system that combines the individual activities of military personnel and is regulated by group social and psychological processes (conditions, formations). For a military psychologist, the practice of understanding psychology and
  5. Socio-psychological prerequisites for the emergence of interpersonal conflicts in a military team
    Based on the psychological nature of the conflict, it can be considered as one of the types of difficult situations that arise in the process of the vital activity of a military serviceman and a military social group. In this case, the signs of a difficult situation are: - A person’s awareness of the threat, obstacles to the implementation of any goals, motives; - state of mental tension as a reaction
  6. The structure of the military team
    In military units there is a wide variety of grassroots (primary) teams. The structure of their psychology has a lot in common. At the same time, they all differ from each other. This is explained by the fact that military collectives solve various problems, have their own military professional features (for example, depending on the structural unit - the combat unit, crew, coastal unit, etc.).
  7. The structure of the conflict situation of the military team (schematically)
    Conflict is a clash of incompatible, oppositely directed trends in interpersonal or intergroup relations. Conflict in the military collective is the most acute way of developing and completing significant contradictions that arise in the process of social interaction, which consists in countering military personnel and accompanied by their negative emotions towards each other
  8. The tasks of psychological research of a military team
    The main research tasks, the solution of which provides an understanding by the military psychologist of the socio-psychological processes taking place in a particular military team, can be formulated in the form of questions. Obtaining reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological study. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. a)
  9. The tasks of psychological research of a military team
    The main research tasks, the solution of which provides a military psychologist with an understanding of the socio-psychological processes taking place in a particular military team, can be formulated in the form of questions. Obtaining reliable answers to them is the goal of a comprehensive socio-psychological study. Conventionally, these tasks can be divided into several areas. I.
  10. Psychological features of the relationship in military groups
    The characteristics of the relationship in a military collective are determined by the specifics of the military activity of the collective and the individual psychological characteristics of the military personnel that comprise it. These, first of all, include the leading role of formal service relations in comparison with informal ones. In the labor collective, a subordinate, in case of a significant discrepancy between his official and unofficial
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