the main
about the project
Medicine news
To authors
Next >>

Military psychology as a branch of psychological science

Study questions:

1. The subject of military psychology

2. Basic principles, methods and objectives of military psychology

Daily tasks solved by military specialists (leaders, teachers, military psychologists, etc.) require them to understand the patterns of manifestation and the formation of the psychology of the personality of a military serviceman and military teams in different types of military activities. These patterns are the subject of military psychology as a branch of psychological science.

Understanding the conditions of occurrence and the mechanisms of manifestation of certain mental processes, states and properties of the military, the practitioner can control them. That is, to take into account these regularities in their work, purposefully form and develop the necessary qualities for service and combat in soldiers, and also correct them if necessary.

The most important characteristic of the vital activity of servicemen is that it proceeds in the form of military-social interaction. This means that practically any actions, daily life and service, various types of military activities of military personnel are carried out as processes of their interaction. The social interaction of servicemen (their groups) is prompted by individual, group and social life activities. These needs are met in the framework of the main forms of interaction - communication and joint activities. If we take human society as a whole and in particular, then it is thanks to communication and joint activity that the living conditions and individuals themselves are produced, their mutual understanding is ensured and individual actions are coordinated, communities are formed - large and small social groups. A special type of interaction is opposition, struggle, social conflicts, including military ones.

The main socio-psychological problems that are relevant to military psychologists and other leaders include the following:

• The role of the moral and psychological factor in increasing the combat readiness and effectiveness of the combat activities of the troops and individual servicemen.

• Military leader, the style of his activities and communication, the conditions for the effectiveness of influence on his subordinates.

• Socio-psychological mass-like phenomena in combat conditions (panic, cohesion of military units).

• Ways to effectively influence morale, the psychological state of the enemy and the population, methods of psychological warfare.

• Socio-psychological characteristics of the personality of the serviceman, due to his socio-demographic, national, age, sex, professional, social class, etc. features.

• Socio-psychological characteristics of military groups (subunits, crews, guards, etc.) as small social groups.

• The state of relationships in the division as a small group, their optimization. Conflicts in the communication of military personnel, methods of their prevention and resolution.

• Socio-psychological adaptation of servicemen, as the process of their adaptation to the specifics of the new social status of a serviceman, entry into a specific military team.

Socio-psychological factors of the effectiveness of joint military activities - conditions of compatibility and responsiveness of military personnel, requirements for service communication, etc.

Currently, more and more scientists and practitioners are beginning to turn to the tasks that were set before military psychology in the 20-30s of the XX century, N.N.Golovin, in particular: studying the problems of the human subconscious, resolving the issue of searching for methods of linking the psychology of existing troops and the psychology of higher staffs, the implementation of the psychological examination of orders and decisions.

1. Assessment of the requirements imposed by the modern battlefield to the psychological qualities of a warrior, taking into account the content and volume of the transferred loads;

2. Disclosure of the laws governing the behavior and actions of soldiers and military teams in a situation of combat training and, especially, combat activities;

3. development of recommendations for the study of the individual characteristics of soldiers and military teams for use in the daily work of officers;

4. Search and finding ways to improve the efficiency of the processes of leadership of the soldiers and military teams, their training, rallying;

5. The search for means of a reliable assessment of the capabilities of soldiers and military teams and their expedient placement in terms of training profiles and tasks performed;

6. Development of ways and means of carrying out psychological training of personnel in a subunit, unit, connection to active hostilities in the conditions of a modern war;

7. Determination of means of conflict prevention, eradication of non-statutory relations and violations of military discipline in subunits and units;

8. Psychological support of mobilization, activation of personnel for the successful implementation of service and combat training tasks;

9. Creation of means and procedures for assessing the moral and psychological state of the personnel, preventing the decline and restoration of psychological stability in difficult conditions, preventing negative psychological reactions;

10. Armament of commanders, officers of educational structures with the knowledge of military psychology and the formation of a psychological mentality that ensures the achievement of the most productive relationships with subordinates;

11. Ensuring the activities of military psychologists, psychological services of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
Next >>
= Go to tutorial content =

Military psychology as a branch of psychological science

  1. Military psychology as a branch of psychological science
    Now, more than ever, military specialists and leaders of all levels are looking forward to military psychology. These expectations are associated with a special - applied role of the military-psychological science in ensuring the effectiveness of the vital activities of troops in peacetime and in wartime. In connection with the inclusion in the combat regulations of the Armed Forces of the Armed Forces section
  2. Military psychology as a branch of modern psychological science, its structure and functions
    Military psychology is one of the independent applied branches of modern psychological science. Like any other branch of psychology, it has its own subject and object of study, its own tasks and structure. It should be noted that despite the relatively long period of existence of this branch of psychological science, there is no universally accepted definition of military psychology. Therefore, further
  5. Military pedagogy as a branch of pedagogical science
    “The gathered and even organized mass is a crowd, not an army, if it is not educated and not educated militarily.” / M. Bonch-Bruyevich / Developing, every science enriches its theory, is filled with new content and implements intrascientific differentiation of the most important research directions. This process has also affected pedagogy. At present
    For a long time, theorists and practitioners of psychology and pedagogy argue: what is primary to each other - psychology or pedagogy? Even in the title of textbooks, it is often possible to find different approaches - in one case “Psychology and Pedagogy”, in the other - “Pedagogy and Psychology”. Who is right? Leaving behind each of the disputants the right to defend their point of view still follows
  7. Transformation of military psychology into an independent branch of psychological science
    From the middle of the 19th century, the emergence of military psychology as an independent branch of psychological knowledge took place. The field of study of military psychology is the phenomenon associated with the battle, the identity of the soldier, group military activities. This is expressed in the fact that: an understanding of the subject develops; the development of methods of military psychological research is being carried out; stand out clearly
  8. Formation of age (child) psychology as an independent field of psychological science
    In the psychological teachings of past epochs (in the period of antiquity, in the Middle Ages, in the Renaissance) many of the most important questions of the mental development of children were already raised1. The works of ancient Greek scientists Heraclitus, Democritus, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle considered the conditions and factors of the formation of the behavior and personality of children, the development of their thinking, creativity and abilities,
  10. Characteristics of age psychology, developmental psychology as a science
    Developmental psychology is a branch of psychological science that studies the facts and patterns of human development, the age dynamics of his psyche. The object of studying age psychology is a normal, healthy person, developing and changing in ontogenesis. Developmental psychology highlights age-related changes in people's behavior and seeks to explain these changes, uncover patterns
  11. Prerequisites of the formation of developmental psychology and age psychology into an independent area of ​​psychological science
    The design of developmental psychology (child or age psychology) as an independent branch of scientific knowledge belongs to the second half of the 19th century. Two directions joined together, which until this time developed in parallel and independent of each other. This is a study of child development, which were associated with natural science and medicine, as well as ethnographic studies of childhood and language, mainly
  12. Features of psychology as a science. The ratio of everyday and scientific psychology.
    There are two different areas of psychological knowledge - scientific and everyday, everyday psychology. If scientific psychology arose relatively recently, then everyday psychological knowledge has always been included in various types of human practice. The fundamental condition for the existence of man is a certain conscious representation of the world around him and his place in it. Study of
  13. Isolation of developmental psychology and age psychology into an independent area of ​​psychological science
    Isolation of developmental psychology and age psychology into an independent area of ​​psychological
  14. Formation of psychology as a separate science
    Mental phenomena, as already noted, have long attracted the attention of scientists and thinkers, but only at the end of the XIX century, psychology becomes an independent science. In 1879, the German psychologist Wilhelm Wundt (1832–1920) founded the world's first laboratory of experimental psychology at the University of Leipzig. After 6 years, in 1885, the outstanding Russian scientist Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev
  15. From the history of the formation of psychology as a science
    The concept of “psychology,” as sources most often indicate, first appeared in 1590 in the writings of the German theologian Goklenius; German scholar Christian Wolf (1679-1754), the author of the books “Rational Psychology” and “Empirical Psychology”, first introduced him into the scientific language of the 30s of the 18th century. This, of course, did not mean that thoughts about the soul, and even less ideas about it, arose only with
  16. Criteria of psychology as a science
    • Science is a sphere of human activity, the main function of which is to develop knowledge about the world, to systematize it, to build an image of the world based on them (scientific picture of the world) and how to interact with it (scientifically based practice). • The object of science is that side of reality, on the study of which this science is directed. • The subject of science is what sides are the objects being studied in science
  17. The main stages of the development of psychology as a science
    {foto6} {foto7} Source: Zhdan A.N. The history of psychology from antiquity to modernity: A textbook for universities. - 4th revised, M.-Ekaterinburg, 2002,
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2016