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Relationships as a socio-psychological phenomenon
The term “relationship” means various relationships and aspects of interaction between people. In its content, it is wide and includes various forms and types of psychological connections of people.
Interpersonal relations - a system of attitudes, expectations, stereotypes, orientations through which people perceive and value each other; subjectively experienced relationships between people, manifested in the nature and methods of mutual influences exerted by people on each other in the process of joint activity and communication.
The main difference between interpersonal relations from other types of social relations is that interpersonal relations are concrete relations into which specific individuals enter. If we talk about production, political and other types of social relations, then they arise not between specific people and not between people as individuals, but between people as representatives of a certain social community, profession, etc. These relationships are much more pronounced objective in comparison with interpersonal relationships. In this regard, G.M. Andreeva notes that “such relations are built not on the basis of likes or dislikes, but on the basis of a certain position occupied by everyone in the system of society. Therefore, such relations are objectively determined; they are relations between social groups or between individuals as representatives of these social groups. This means that social relations are impersonal ... ”
Production, political and other types of relations exist independently of interpersonal relations. However, they can be realized in the life and activity of a specific person only through those relations in which he enters with other people, i.e. through interpersonal relationships. Interpersonal relations can be defined as various forms and types of interconnection and communication of individuals in a team in the process of their joint life and work.
In the dynamics of the formation of relationships, psychology distinguishes several stages.
At the first stage, the subjects of the forthcoming interaction are prepared for each other's perception. At the same stage, the goals of interaction and the psychological setting for their achievement are formed. At the second stage, there is a direct perception of the actions of other members of the collective, a reflection in the consciousness of information received during the contact. As a result, an adequate, inadequate (distorted) or incomplete attitude of a person to people interacting with him is formed. In the subsequent (at the third stage) an integral (generalized) reflection of the general attitude towards the contacting person occurs in the consciousness of the subjects of interaction. At this stage, the features prevailing in the behavior of another person acquire a dominant character and determine the attitude of other members of the collective towards him. At the fourth stage, the formed relations are fixed, and an individual attitude to the interlocutor is formed in the person’s consciousness in the form of an attitude or to a subsequent perception, or to joint actions, or to evasion of joint actions (communication), or to oppose. And finally, at the fifth stage, the implementation of the formed relationship is carried out - verbal, non-verbal or physical impact on the subject of relations in order to realize his attitude to his words, actions or actions. It is at this stage that the established interactions between the members of the collective (group) are filled with concrete content and have a significant impact on all aspects of its functioning. Moreover, this content operates within the framework of a certain structural element of collective psychology.
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Relationships as a socio-psychological phenomenon
- Relationships as a socio-psychological phenomenon
What is the difference between interpersonal relations, which are sometimes called psychological, from other types of social relations? The main difference is that interpersonal relationships are specific relationships that specific individuals enter into. If we talk about industrial, political and other types of social relations, then they do not arise between specific people and
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- Socio-psychological characteristics of the subjects of relationships
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- FASHION AS A PSYCHOLOGICAL PHENOMENON
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