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Food and Science



The main drawback of emergency weight loss measures is that a person experiences an acute sense of hunger. This is a real stress for the body, so at the end of the diet, he tries to fill the lack of calories and even overfulfil the plan to restore weight.
We have already found out that, except from food, there is nowhere to take calories. We also know that our body is not a fool. Now I will explain how these two conclusions are interrelated.
In the film, where passers-by on the street were asked about the calories, the following experiment was shown. A man was invited to the laboratory, inviting him not to have breakfast. He was already very hungry by the time the experiment began. Scientists installed a sensor on his head to fix the data obtained from the brain. And began to show him pictures with food of varying degrees of saturation: a plate of fried potatoes, a bowl of vegetable salad, a cake with cream, an apple, an orange, a good fatty steak.
When viewing each picture, the brain gave a signal that it wants to eat. But these signals were completely different degrees of intensity! The brain reacted very weakly to an apple, an orange and a vegetable salad, but strongly wanted potatoes, a steak and a cake.
Scientists have found out: when a person is hungry, the brain tells him not just to eat, but to eat something as nutritious as possible, high-calorie.
It is necessary to quickly fill the missing energy
As it is impossible to intervene in the process, for example, breathing or palpitation, the brain independently regulates all this activity without our orders, and one can not order your own brain not to give a signal of hunger. Legs themselves will lead a person to the refrigerator and make you choose something fatter and thicker. And in the cafe tongue besides our will will say: "Solyanka, goulash and four cakes, please."
Then it will seem that this weak-willedness, that next time you will be able to say to yourself there is no firm. But the fact remains: after a person suffers hunger for a long time, he chooses something that will satiate him faster and better.
In addition, too hungry people often overeat. The brain demands to calm the hunger, forcing to order in the cafe (cook at home) much more food than necessary. We all have noticed this many times without experimentation. But science confirms, and therefore needs to be accepted as fact: the main rule of a successful diet is not to starve yourself.
We want diversity, and that's normal. Maybe it's smarter to choose a diet with a more interesting set of products?
Another of the scientific experiments that struck me was much simpler in execution. In a crowded café, two plates with candies, identical in taste, were placed at the bar. They could be taken free of charge by anyone.
The first plate was filled with colorful, bright sweets like M & M's. In the second were the same, but all the same color - chocolate. Visitors to the cafe were treated to sweets, and after a while they ended in one of the plates. What do you think, which one?
There is still a lot left in the plate with chocolate candy, and the colored ones are eaten all to one. Why is that? After all, the taste of sweets is the same!
Scientists also explained this. The fact is that our brain is programmed to choose as diverse food as possible. Different products contain different elements necessary for health. If the candies differ in color, then it is possible that they will differ and taste, according to the ingredients, and hence - useful properties. In this case it is not so, but the conclusion can still be made.
We want diversity, and that's normal. Maybe it's smarter to choose a diet with a more interesting set of products?
I was surprised that such a simple experiment explains why we are bored with diets that require the same product under the conditions.
For the third experiment, a group of volunteers was needed. They were American soldiers. Scientists found it quite easy to control their food: all soldiers adhere to the same daily routine, they are equally fed. The guys in this case served not only their homeland, but the global problem of healthy nutrition, for which I personally thank them.
So, the company of soldiers during the lunch was divided into two groups. One was asked to eat a chop with vegetables and drink a glass of plain water. For soldiers from the second group, a chop and vegetables together with a glass of water was shaken in a blender. They ate a soup with a spoon.
Then the soldiers took up their usual business. As soon as someone started feeling hungry, he noted it and went to the dining room, where he was examined by scientists.
I immediately decided to conduct this experiment on myself. She started to eat soups with mashed potatoes and was surprised that after them I really wanted to eat only after four hours!
Suddenly it turned out that those soldiers who ate an ordinary dinner and drank it with water, felt hunger faster. They were already noted in researchers in two or three hours, and they ascertained that their stomachs partially digested what they had eaten.
Soldiers from the second group, having dined with soup-mashed potatoes, were less hungry. Almost all of them wanted to eat only four hours after eating.
I was shocked! How so - after all, both groups ate the same lunch with an equal number of calories! Scientists explain this in the following way: the process of assimilation of crushed food requires much less energy costs, because in the stomach it got already crushed and the body does not spend energy on crushing, so the saturation is more complete.

A similar effect was observed from oatmeal porridge, in which there is also a lot of water, from grated boiled eggs combined with mashed potatoes. After eating, I felt fed and happy, although I did not eat much. And the desired result was not long in coming! Eating my dietary diet, I was no longer as hungry as before, while achieving the goal of losing weight.
Beverages
To drink or not to drink? Practice confirms the feature of the organism noticed long ago by nutritionists - it is not necessary to drink immediately after eating. They recommend taking a break between eating food and water - from 15 minutes to an hour. The liquid flushes the gastric juice, and food is more difficult to digest. It is important to understand all people, not just those who want to lose weight.
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I understand that habit is our second nature. I very much want to drink, very much. But we are not enemies to ourselves! It is necessary to wait, even a little. Try to find the time and take yourself something during a break. "I finished breakfast at 9.30, so I'll drink coffee at 10.00, but for now it's possible to dry my hair and make up" - approximately so. Starting with taking a break for 15-20 minutes, you can gradually get used to, and do not drink after a meal for an hour.
The main thing is not only useful, but also convenient! This distinction helps not to overeat. It happens after tea that after a seemingly hearty breakfast and you want to eat a piece of chocolate or cookies, and after one piece follows the second, third, fifteenth. If you take it as a rule not to eat, drink, or drink when you eat, then an hour after eating, an unnecessary cake will not add to the coffee. Because you can eat it only in an hour. And what's the point of eating a cake without coffee or tea? You see, what a wonderful system of its own ingenuity!
Why do we love drinking so much? After the meal, we want, in fact, rinse the mouth with tea or coffee to remove the taste of the food recently eaten. Suck a refreshing mouth with a candy. Also suitable is ascorbic acid with glucose, a mouth sprayer. Finally, the most low-calorie way is to brush your teeth. And what? In such a serious matter as weight loss, even the most ridiculous methods are suitable! It is impossible to brush your teeth after each meal, of course. But, for example, brush your teeth after dinner - why not? And the freshness of breathing is assured, and drinking ceases to be desired. Brushing your teeth three times a day - not so much. Not ten the same.
But what to do with the drink? I can drink a little if the right company is going to.

Everyone is sitting at the table, having fun, and alcohol in this case is just a pleasant addition, and not the purpose of the party. But in the company of alcohol I allow myself twice a month, not more.
I can easily survive if everyone is at the table to drink, and I - no. And such that I at home every night opened a bottle of wine and drank, never happened to me.
Of course, alcohol is an enemy to us. But what can you do: the society in which we exist is imperfect, and not drinking at all, living in modern Russia, is almost a feat. Women in the matter of refusing alcohol is still easier. Imagine how the friends of the man who will say at the table will say: "I will not drink today, because I am losing weight." Although he will be more than right: alcohol greatly damages the figures of both men and women. It contains too many calories, which, combined with a snack, create terrible things with a person's appearance.
There is a claim that it is foolish to drink a lot without eating it. The morning hangover will make any experimenter believe. But why drink at all a lot? Even if with a snack?
As we already know, with the help of food the body receives energy. Strong alcohol, this energy extinguishes. If you have a lot to drink, but also eat a lot, intoxication will not be so strong.
However, from food and alcohol, the body will receive a huge amount of calories - a person will certainly recover. Several such days in a row (as, for example, on New Year's holidays) - and the extra five kilos you are provided. The second question arises: why drink so much, if the effect of intoxication due to a plentiful snack still does not follow? Does someone drink high-calorie strong drinks like vodka for the sake of taste?
From the point of view of caring for proper nutrition, it is better not to look at tinctures and liquors.
However, not all alcohol is equally caloric. In 100 ml of Baileys liquor contains 350 calories - the same as in a full breakfast! I, for example, at a party I order one unsweetened cocktail (for example, Mohito or Cosmopolitan) and I drink it all evening.
If you want to drink, take 200 ml of dry white wine or 330 ml of light beer. It's not so much - 120-130 calories, as in one large apple. Bite the wine with fruit, and beer should not be bitten at all. Yes, it causes a feeling of hunger, but not so much. An hour after the beer, eat a light salad, and everything will pass. And vice versa: if you came hungry to a party where you can not not drink, first eat a vegetable salad, order an alcohol in an hour.

It is not recommended to combine the drink with food.
Do not afford to immediately and a glass of wine, and dessert. Either one or the other - choose. Alcohol - separately, food - separately.
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