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Food and Science



The main drawback of emergency measures of weight loss is that a person has an acute sense of hunger. This is a real stress for the body, that's why after the end of the diet, he tries to fill the lack of calories and even exceed the plan to restore weight.
We have already found out that, except from food, calories come from nowhere. We also know that our body is not a fool. Now I will explain how these two conclusions are interrelated.
In the film, where passers-by on the street were interviewed on the topic of calories, the following experiment was shown. A man was invited to the laboratory, asking him not to have breakfast. He was already very hungry by the time the experiment began. Scientists installed a sensor on his head to capture data from the brain. And they began to show him pictures of food of varying degrees of satiety: a plate of fried potatoes, a bowl of vegetable salad, a cream cake, an apple, an orange, a good fat steak.
When viewing each picture, the brain gave a signal about what it wanted to eat. But these signals were completely different degrees of intensity! The brain reacted very weakly to apple, orange and vegetable salad, but strongly wanted potatoes, steak and cake.
Scientists have found out: when a person is hungry, the brain orders him not only to eat, but to eat something as nourishing and nutritious as possible.
This is necessary to quickly fill in the missing energy.
Just as it is impossible to intervene in the process, for example, breathing or heartbeat — the brain independently, without our orders, regulates all this activity — and one cannot order one’s own brain not to signal hunger. The legs themselves will lead a person to the refrigerator and make them choose something fatter and thicker. And in the cafe, in addition to our will, the language will say: "Solyanka, goulash and four cakes, please."
Then it will seem that this is weakness, that next time you can say to yourself firmly no. But the fact remains: after a person suffers hunger for a long time, he chooses something that will satisfy him faster and better.
In addition, too hungry people often overeat. The brain requires to relieve hunger, forcing to order in a cafe (to cook at home) much more food than you need. We all noticed this more than once without experimentation. But science confirms, and therefore, must be taken as a fact: the main rule of a successful diet is not to starve yourself.
We want diversity, and that's fine. Maybe smarter will choose a diet with a more interesting set of products?
Another of the scientific experiments that struck me was much simpler to perform. In a crowded cafe at the bar, they put two plates of candy, the same taste. They could be taken for free to anyone.
The first plate was filled with colorful, bright candies like M & M's. In the second were the same, but all the same color - chocolate. The cafe guests were treated to sweets, and after a while they ended in one of the plates. What do you think, in which?
There is still a lot left in a plate of chocolate-colored candies, and the colorful ones are eaten. Why is that? After all, the taste of candy is the same!
Scientists have explained this. The fact is that our brain is programmed to choose the most diverse food possible. Different foods contain different elements necessary for health. If candies differ in color, it is possible that they will differ in taste, in ingredients, which means in beneficial properties. In this case, it is not, but the conclusion can still be made.
We want diversity, and that's fine. Maybe smarter will choose a diet with a more interesting set of products?
I was surprised that such a simple experiment explains why we are bored with diets, under the terms of which we need to eat the same product.
For the third experiment, a group of volunteers was needed. They were American soldiers. Scientists turned out to be quite easy to control their food: all soldiers adhere to the same daily routine, they are fed the same way. The guys in this case served not only their homeland, but the global problem of healthy eating, for which I personally am grateful to them.
So, the company of soldiers during the dinner was divided into two groups. One was asked to eat a chop with vegetables and drink a glass of plain water. For the soldiers from the second group, chop and vegetables along with a glass of water were whipped in a blender. They ate the soup with a spoon.
Then the soldiers went about their business. As soon as someone had a feeling of hunger, he noted this and went to the dining room, where he was examined by scientists.
I immediately decided to conduct this experiment on myself. I started having breakfast with mashed soups and was surprised that after them I really wanted to eat only after four hours!
Suddenly it turned out that those soldiers who ate an ordinary lunch and drank it with water felt hunger faster. Within two or three hours they were noted by the researchers, and they stated that their stomachs had partially digested their food.
Soldiers from the second group, who dined on the puree soup, were less hungry. Almost all of them wanted to eat only four hours after eating.
I was amazed! How is it - because both groups ate the same lunch with an equal number of calories! Scientists explain this as follows: the process of assimilating chopped food requires much less energy, because it has already been crushed in the stomach and the body does not spend energy on chopping, therefore the saturation is more complete.

A similar effect was observed from oatmeal, which also contains a lot of water, from frayed boiled eggs in combination with mashed potatoes. After the meal, I felt full and satisfied, although I didn’t eat that much. And the desired result was not long in coming! Eating my diet, I was no longer as hungry as before, while achieving the goal of losing weight.
The drinks
To drink or not to drink? Practice confirms a feature of an organism noticed by nutritionists long ago - you should not drink immediately after a meal. They recommend a break between food intake and water - from 15 minutes to an hour. The fluid washes away the gastric juice, and food is harder to digest. It is important to understand all people, not just those who want to lose weight.
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I understand that habit is our second nature. I really want to drink, very much. But we are not enemies of ourselves! Need to wait a little. Try to note the time and take a break. “I finished breakfast at 9.30, which means I will drink coffee at 10.00, but for now you can dry your hair and make up” - something like this. Starting with taking a break for 15-20 minutes, you can gradually get used to it and not drink after eating for an hour.
The main thing is not only useful, but also convenient! This distinction helps not to overeat. It happens after all, that after a seemingly hearty breakfast, one wants to eat a piece of chocolate or cookies for tea, and after one piece there follows a second, third, fifteenth. If you take it as a rule, do not eat when you drink, and do not drink when you eat, then an hour later after a meal, an unnecessary cake will not be added to coffee. Because it can be eaten too only in an hour. And what's the point of having a cake without coffee or tea? See, what a wonderful system in its cunning!
Why do we like to drink so much? After the meal, we want, in fact, rinse the mouth with tea or coffee to remove the taste of recently eaten food. Sow a refreshing mouth candy. Ascorbine with glucose, mouth sprayer will also work. Finally, the most low-calorie way is to brush your teeth. Why? In such a serious matter as losing weight, even the funniest methods are suitable! Brushing your teeth after every meal is impossible, of course. But, for example, brush your teeth after dinner - why not? And the freshness of breath is assured, and the drinking ceases to be wanted. Brushing your teeth three times a day is not so much. Not ten.
But what to do with drinking? I can drink a little if the right company is going.

Everyone sits at the table, having fun, and alcohol in this case is just a nice addition, and not the purpose of the party. But in the company of alcohol, I allow myself twice a month, not more.
I can easily survive if everyone drinks at the table, but I don’t. And I never uncorked a bottle of wine and drank at home every evening. It never happened to me.
Of course, alcohol is our enemy. But what to do: the society in which we exist is imperfect, and not drinking at all while living in modern Russia is almost a feat. It’s still easier for women to quit alcohol. Imagine how the male friends will react, who at the table will say: "I will not drink today because I am losing weight." Although he will be more than right: alcohol greatly spoils the figures of both men and women. It contains too many calories, which, combined with a snack, create horrible things with a person’s appearance.
There is a statement that drinking a lot, not eating, is stupid. Morning hangover will make any experimenter believe. But why drink a lot? Even with a snack?
As we already know, with the help of food the body receives energy. Strong alcohol extinguishes this energy. If you drink a lot and eat a lot, your drunkenness will not be as strong.
However, from food and alcohol in the body will receive a huge amount of calories - a person will definitely recover. Several such days in a row (for example, on New Year's holidays) - and the extra five kilos are provided for you. A second question arises: why drink so much, if the effect of intoxication due to a heavy snack still does not follow? Does anyone drink high-calorie spirits like vodka just for the taste?
From the point of view of caring for proper nutrition, it is better not to even look towards tinctures and liqueurs.
However, not all alcohol is equally calories. 100 ml of Baileys liqueur contains 350 calories - as much as a full breakfast! For example, I order one unsweetened cocktail (for example, Mohito or Cosmopolitan) at a party and drink it all evening.
If you want to drink, take 200 ml of dry white wine or 330 ml of light beer. This is not so much - 120-130 calories, as in one large apple. Snack wine with fruit, and beer is better not to eat at all. Yes, it causes a feeling of hunger, but not so strong. An hour after the beer, eat a light salad, and everything will pass. And vice versa: if you come hungry to a party, where you can not drink, first eat vegetable salad, order alcohol in an hour.

It is not recommended to combine the drink with food.
Do not allow yourself immediately and a glass of wine and dessert. Either one or the other - choose. Alcohol - separately, food - separately.
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