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Calories: to whom to how many?
Once I saw one science film about a healthy diet, produced, it seems, by the BBC. The journalist asked passers-by the same question: "What is a calorie?", And no one could answer. Everyone said: it's something that is in the products. There are a lot of them in chocolate, but no one knew exactly what it really was.
I admit, I also learned the scientific definition only when I started seriously interested in questions of excess weight. In the manuals it is written that the calorie (more correctly kilocalorie) is the amount of energy needed to heat 1 liter of water by 1 ° C. I think it is not necessary to remember this definition, because we are not at the physics class. But it is important to understand that calorie is a unit of energy, not something else. (In ordinary life, for simplicity, everyone talks about calories, not about kilocalories.)
A person spends a certain amount of energy a day. While he is going to work, walks in the park, takes a shower, even when he sleeps, the body constantly consumes energy.
It is believed that overnight a person loses three hundred calories, although nothing seems to be doing. In one hour of intensive training, when you leave the hall in an absolutely wet T-shirt, you spend eight hundred calories. But simple shaping more than five hundred of you will not pull.
If you do not address extremes (sleep and sports), then the figures are approximately the same: for one hour, lying down, a person loses just twenty-five calories, sitting - fifty, standing
- hundred. Of course, walking is even greater.
I write these lines, and on one of the TV channels the presenter says: "The ideal product for losing weight is celery. A man at his eating spends more calories than he receives. "
Yes it is. We expend energy and when we eat. And yet - when we talk, prepare, clean in the apartment, we think.
By the way, an important remark: in the cold season, additional energy is needed to maintain normal body temperature, so in winter you want to eat more (this is just an example when our "liters" are heated to "degrees", as in the definition). That is why many women have additional centimeters on the waist and hips.
So, if you add up all the calories that we need to live one day, it will be quite a lot. For a man - 2500. A large woman should receive about 2200 calories per day, a miniature one - 2000. The athletes will have a daily calorie rate higher
- 3000 for men and 2500 for women.
It is important to understand that the body has nowhere else to take energy, except from food. Every day a person must eat so much to ensure the work of his body.
The caloric content of each product is different, it is always indicated on the label, I think it should not be explained in detail. Suppose you eat a hearty breakfast, lunch, dinner - each for 500 calories or slightly more. It will be 1500-1700. And 500 more calories will contain drunk per day drinks. In the amount of 2000-2200 - as much as a woman needs to not recover and lose weight.
If your body lacks the amount of energy needed for normal work, it will turn to fat stores, will pull energy from there. Then will come true the most cherished desire - you will grow thin! It is on this that many of the diets are built.
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Calories: to whom to how many?
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