Licensed books on medicine
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Drop, or the effect on the body of one substance
Toxins can disrupt our physiological processes in many ways. They can make it completely unique, such as arsenic, a deadly poison that blocks the access of oxygen, which is necessary for the metabolism of glucose. Toxins can affect the enzyme needed to perform an important body function. Or continually stimulate any specific function so that it begins to cause damage to the body. Caffeine, consumed many times a day, stimulates the activity of adrenaline-producing glands, resulting in a fight or flight response, which is accompanied by an increase in pulse rate, increased blood pressure and temperature, as the body prepares for intense action.
If caffeine is regularly ingested for some time, the adrenaline production system is depleted. Many patients who have begun the program and are forced by virtue of this to completely abandon caffeine, complain about his absence, saying that they cannot do without it. Other toxins kill beneficial bacteria in the intestines, prevent oxygen from entering red blood cells, disrupt DNA synthesis and block the absorption of various vitamins.
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Drop, or the effect on the body of one substance
- Effect on the body of purified nutrients
During the whole evolution, the animal's organism consumed only natural food, which, with very few exceptions, was a complex of various substances. Therefore, it is not surprising that the mechanisms formed in the phylogenesis of metabolism suggest, on the one hand, the intake of a food substance in a natural form created by nature (and not separately proteins, carbohydrates, fats, iron,
- Effect on the body of the wrong combination of nutrients
In the process of evolution, the animal organism, as a rule, had the opportunity at each given moment to use only a homogeneous type of food: either predominantly carbohydrate (vegetable), or protein or protein-fat (animal). In the end, it stuck in the anatomical and physiological characteristics of a person when the initial sections of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) turned out to be predominantly
- Storm, or the influence of many substances
In my work, I had to learn to think about toxicity in such a way that it would enable me to help my patients. It was too difficult to consider each toxin separately and trying to isolate the damage it caused to them. When I took a step back and, refusing to study in detail the behavior of individual molecules, I focused on the organism as a whole, in front of me
- Anterograde II degree blockade, or incomplete AV blockade with the absence of one or several consecutive sinus (atrial) impulses
In 1894, T. Engelman reported that he had observed on the frog's heart a progressive increase in conductivity from the atria to the ventricles, ending with the disappearance of one contraction. After 5 years, K. Wenckebach (1899) described the same phenomenon in humans and called it Luciani periods by the name of a researcher who, as far back as 1872, pointed out a similar phenomenon. In 1906, J. Hay discovered that with
- Nursing care for patients with chest injury and (or) a closed, uncomplicated fracture of one to two ribs
First aid: • sit the victim; • free from tight clothing (unbutton the collar, belt); • ensure free access to air; • cool down the place of injury (ice bubble, bottle of cold water); • pain relief if possible (non-narcotic analgesics); • send victim to trauma
- . Medical, hygienic and sex education of adolescents. Features of the hygienic approach to the mode of the day, study and personal hygiene of boys and girls. Health and hygiene approaches to the prevention of bad habits, sexually transmitted diseases in older schoolchildren. AIDS prevention. The influence of drugs on the human body and offspring.
Specific immunization of HIV infection has not been developed. The educational preventive measures include: 1. the inclusion of a lesson in the course of life safety in grades 10-11 2. holding various kinds of activities for young people aimed at creating a responsible attitude to their actions in life. Medical preventive measures include: * Survey of blood donors,
- Delirium, not caused by alcohol or other psychoactive substances. Abstinence with delirium associated with the use of psychoactive substances
Code for ICD-10 Delirium, not caused by alcohol or other psychoactive substances F05 F10- F19 Abstinence condition with delirium, associated with the use of psychoactive substances F10.4, F11.4 F12.4 F13.4 F14.4 F15.4 F16.4 F17.4 F18.4 F19.4 Diagnosis When making a diagnosis Mandatory Level of consciousness, pupil size, neurological status, lesion symptoms
- Distribution of substances in the body
A severely wounded animal refuses to eat. And yet his wounds heal. The huge amount of blood flowing to the wound is a large amount of food delivered to this place. Blood is the distributing mediator in all higher forms of life. A starving animal uses its nutrient reserves to repair torn or rugged tissue. These substances
- EXCHANGE OF SUBSTANCES AND ENERGY IN THE HUMAN BODY
The metabolism proceeds continuously in all cells, tissues and systems of the body and helps to maintain vital activity and preserve the constancy of the internal environment. As a result of metabolic processes are formed substances necessary for the construction of cells and tissues. Through the metabolism is provided by the entry of energy necessary for his life, is restored
- Effect of antimicrobial chemicals on microorganisms
In addition to nutrient chemicals that have a positive effect on microorganisms, there are a number of chemicals that inhibit or completely stop their growth. Chemicals cause either microbicidal (death of microorganisms) or microbiostatic action (stop their growth, but after the removal of this substance, growth resumes again). Nature of action (microbicidal
- Effects of parasitic organisms on ecosystem homeostasis
One of the most complex ecological problems of general parasitology, related to the problem of biodiversity in communities, is the assessment of the influence of parasitic organisms and the parasitic systems they form on the homeostasis of ecosystems as a whole. Under homeostasis, in this case, we consider the well-known concept in ecology, which consists in the ability of biological systems to resist change
- EFFECT OF HARMFUL FACTORS ON THE ORGANISM OF THE MOTHER AND THE FRUIT
The mother-fetus system during pregnancy is subject to continuous exposure to a variety of environmental factors. Under the influence of these factors, the course of the physiological relationship between the maternal organism and the fetus changes, resulting in in some cases various forms of pathology. Among the many environmental factors that can cause various forms
- How many human sources of energy and substance?
It’s too early to talk about the creation of prerequisites for the development of a complete theory of human nutrition, for there has not been found a rod that would allow to unite innumerable invaluable data accumulated by biochemists, biophysicists, physiologists and psychologists into a coherent system. In my view, any nutrition theory can be considered as such if it answers the main question arising from the
- The value of nutrients in the maintenance of the body
In addition to the quantitative (energy) side of nutrition, the “Physiological Norms” also presents the qualitative side, which characterizes the average human need for essential nutrients. According to the balanced nutrition formula A.A. Pokrovsky, for a day, the human body requires more than 60 nutrients, divided into irreplaceable and replaceable factors depending on
- Effect of inflammation on the body
Local disorders of blood supply and metabolic processes in the area of inflammation, as a rule, are combined with a complex of metabolic and functional disorders at the level of the whole organism. First of all, it should be noted that the neutrophils that emigrated and were excited in the zone of inflammation, monocytes, tissue macrophages have the ability to intensively produce endogenous pyrogens. Process
- Effect on the body of food with spices and artificial additives
It is difficult to accurately determine the amount of food additives, which is used to make food tasty, fragrant, attractively appealing and designed for long storage. In addition to the well-known sugars and salts, these are a number of synthetic and mineral dyes, flavors, stabilizers, preservatives, antioxidants, accelerators, myoglobin fixatives, etc. It would seem that,
- Negative effect on organs and body systems
The brain is the most active consumer of energy. The negative effect of alcohol on the brain is associated with impaired access of oxygen to neurons as a result of alcohol intoxication. Alcoholic dementia, which develops in connection with prolonged use of alcohol, leads to social death of brain cells. The harmful effects of alcohol affect all systems of the human body.
- How to do so not to feel guilty for the fact that sometimes I leave the spouse alone at home with the children, while I go to my girlfriend, to the store or just walk, breathe fresh air and think about myself?
Guilt feelings are a major obstacle to human evolution. Since it arises from our beliefs, that is, on the mental level, the only way to avoid the feeling of guilt is to change your beliefs. You can read about the beliefs in the book, but first of all you must internally make sure: are you really to blame? Only intentionally causing evil to anyone can serve