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Magnesium is the nearest neighbor of calcium in the group of the periodic system and constantly enters into an exchange reaction with it. These two elements easily replace each other in the connections. It is important to remember that a deficiency of magnesium in a diet rich in calcium causes calcium retention in all tissues, which leads to calcification. Sufficient intake of magnesium into the body is simply necessary for the full assimilation of calcium, phosphorus, sodium ascorbic acid and B vitamins.
But the special importance of magnesium in metabolic processes is due to its ability to stimulate the formation of proteins, to participate in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It is important for the effective conversion of blood sugar into energy, known as an anti-stress substance, is necessary for the formation of bones and teeth.
People suffering from a lack of magnesium, there is an inexplicable sense of inner anxiety, stress, violation of the heart rhythm. Possible dizziness, noise in the head and ears, a constant sense of fatigue, insomnia, nightmares, a heavy awakening. The latter is due to the fact that with a deficiency of magnesium, the peak of the adrenal secretion of a large number of hormones falls on the evening and is accompanied by a tide of belated cheerfulness, and in the morning you feel overwhelmed (here is the secret of dividing people into "owls" and "larks").
And to check up, whether there is at you a deficiency of magnesium it is possible so: if, stretching or straining muscles, feel a pain in ankles - magnesium does not suffice. The mechanism of these manifestations is concluded in the wrong exchange of calcium and magnesium in the nervous tissue.
Magnesium is soothing not only to the muscles, but also to the nervous system. If your loved one is restless, constantly irritated, nervous about trifles, behaves aggressively and noisily, you can turn him into a quiet, sweet person, adding to his breakfast magnesium preparations. The ratio of calcium and magnesium 2: 1 provides the best absorption of these minerals by the body and prevents their loss. The result will be achieved in 15-18 hours.
But still before using magnesium preparations, it is better to consult a doctor, since large doses and long-term administration can lead to the emergence of a stable dependence on them.
Under normal conditions, a man gets magnesium with water, especially with a hard, and sour. Magnesium enters the body and food. Champions for the content of this element are watermelons. In dairy products, magnesium is relatively small, but in them it is contained in an easily digestible form in the form of magnesium citrate. When cooking, its losses are possible, since many compounds containing magnesium are readily soluble in water.
The main source of magnesium for millennia was considered to be cereal bran, i. E.
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- Magnesium ammonium phosphate crystalline
Features Magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite) crystals are usually colorless and have three unequal axes intersecting at right angles, prisms resembling a coffin. They have three or six sides and beveled ends (Figures 32-39). Six-eight faceted struvite crystals in cats are sometimes mistaken for cystine crystals (Fig. 40-41). But they always meet together with other forms and, in
- Disorders of magnesium metabolism
1. What are the important functions of magnesium in the body? Magnesium is involved in the regulation of the smooth muscles of the vessels, the transfer of impulse, the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the synthesis of nucleic acids, the activation of lymphocytes and the production of cytokines. 2. Which cell membrane-bound pumps use magnesium as a coenzyme? Sodium-potassium ATPase, calcium ATPase and proton pumps. 3. How
- Disorders of magnesium metabolism
Magnesium is an important intracellular cation, the cofactor of many enzyme systems. Only 1-2% of the total magnesium reserves in the body are in the extracellular fluid, 67% are contained in the bones, and 31% - in the
Electrolytes are an integral component of PP. The composition of solutions for PP should include sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium and phosphorus. Sodium and chlorine are necessary to maintain plasma osmolality and the interstitial sector. Potassium, magnesium and phosphorus contribute to the retention of nitrogen in the body and the formation of tissues. Calcium prevents demineralization of bones. Particular attention should be given to the choice
Hypomagnesemia is one of the most frequent electrolyte disorders. Its most common causes are presented in Table. 13.9. Hypomagnesemia is almost always the result of excessive magnesium loss through the kidneys or gastrointestinal tract. Since magnesium is predominantly absorbed in the small intestine, the inflammatory process in the intestine, chronic diarrhea and impaired absorption
Recommended intake values for minerals not considered in this chapter (taken from Garrow et al. (8)) Phosphorus (mg / day) Age United Kingdom United States European WHO union 0-3 months 400 - - 4-6 months 400 - - 7-9 months 400 - 300 - 10-12 months 400 - 300 - 1-3 years 270 460 300 - 4-6 years 350 500 350-450 - Magnesium (mg / day)
- MINERALS BETWEEN IRON
In countries where iodine deficiency is a public health problem, a legislative act on the continuous iodization of salt should be adopted and enforced. Many minerals are essential micronutrients and play a vital role in promoting growth, health and development. In this chapter, those that are most important when introducing
- Introduce multivitamins and trace elements in the diet
All children with refractory diarrhea should receive daily food fortified with polyvitamins and microelements for two weeks. The necessary nutritional supplements available in local stores are often quite acceptable; The least expensive are tablets, which can be grinded and added to food. Thus, it is possible to select all possible combinations of vitamins and
- Electrolyte composition of blood in the period of the newborn
The main electrolyte components of the extracellular and intracellular fluid are sodium and potassium ions. The concentration of electrolytes varies during the growth of the fetus and the newborn (Table 19-9). Table 19-9. Change in the relative content of sodium, potassium and chlorine in the fetus and newborn (as a percentage of body weight) Gestational age Sodium content,% Potassium content,%
The formation of calcium oxalate urolites occurs when urine is supersaturated with calcium and oxalate. Additional risk factors for the formation of uroliths are the breed, sex, age and diet. Once the formation of the urothel once started, the focus should remain in the urinary tract, and the conditions should favor further precipitation of minerals and the growth of urolites. Therefore, for
- The medicamentous component of neuroprotective therapy
At present, numerous targets are singled out - the key links in the mechanisms of disorders that develop during cell hypoxia. Accordingly, numerous drugs with neuroprotective properties have been created, applied and continue to be created by these "targets" (Table 2). Table 2. TARGETS OF MEANS OF EXPOSURE Violation of the supply of neuron with energy Macroergs, metabolites