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Magnesium


Magnesium is the nearest neighbor of calcium in the group of the periodic system and constantly enters into exchange reactions with it. These two elements easily replace each other in connections. It is important to remember that a magnesium deficiency in a diet rich in calcium causes calcium retention in all tissues, which leads to their calcification. Sufficient intake of magnesium in the body is simply necessary for the full absorption of calcium, phosphorus, sodium ascorbic acid and vitamins of group B.
But the special importance of magnesium in metabolic processes due to its ability to stimulate the formation of proteins, to participate in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It is important for the effective conversion of blood sugar into energy, known as an anti-stress substance, necessary for the formation of bones and teeth.
People suffering from a lack of magnesium, there is nothing to explain the feeling of internal anxiety, stress, heart rhythm disturbances. Dizziness, noise in the head and ears, constant feeling of tiredness, insomnia, nightmares, and severe awakening are possible. The latter is explained by the fact that when magnesium is deficient, the peak of the adrenal discharge of large amounts of hormones occurs in the evening and is accompanied by a surge of overdue vigor, and in the morning you feel overwhelmed (this is the secret of people dividing into owls and larks).
And you can check whether you have a magnesium deficiency in the following way: if you feel pain in your ankles while sinking or straining your muscles, there is not enough magnesium. The mechanism of these manifestations lies in the improper exchange of calcium and magnesium in the nervous tissue.
Magnesium has a sedative effect not only on the muscles, but also on the nervous system. If your loved one is restless, constantly annoyed, nervous over trifles, behaves aggressively and noisily, you can turn him into a calm, sweet person, adding magnesium preparations to his breakfast. A 2: 1 ratio of calcium and magnesium ensures the best absorption of these minerals by the body and prevents their loss. The result will be provided within 15-18 hours.
But still, before using magnesium preparations, it is better to consult with your doctor, since large dosages and long-term use can lead to a steady dependence on them.
Under normal conditions, a person receives magnesium with water, especially with hard, and acidic. Magnesium enters the body and with food. Champions in the content of this element are watermelons. Magnesium dairy products are relatively small, but they are contained in easily digestible form in the form of magnesium citrate. When cooking, it is possible to lose it, because many compounds containing magnesium are easily soluble in water.
The main source of magnesium for millennia were considered cereal bran, i.e.
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Magnesium

  1. MAGNY AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE CRYSTALLURIUM
    Features Magnesium ammonium phosphate crystals (struvites) usually colorless have three unequal axes intersecting at a right angle, prisms resembling a coffin. They have three or six sides and beveled ends (fig. 32-39). Six to eight faceted struvite crystals in cats are sometimes mistaken for cystine crystals (Figure 40-41). But they are always found together with other forms and, in
  2. Magnesium metabolism disorders
    1. What are the important functions of magnesium in the body? Magnesium is involved in the regulation of vascular smooth muscle tone, impulse transmission, adenosine triphosphate production (ATP), synthesis of nucleic acids, activation of lymphocytes, and production of cytokines. 2. What membrane-bound cell pumps use magnesium as a coenzyme? Sodium-potassium ATPase, calcium ATPase and proton pumps. 3. How to
  3. Magnesium metabolism disorders
    Magnesium is an important intracellular cation - a cofactor of many enzyme systems. Only 1-2% of the total reserves of magnesium in the body are found in extracellular fluid, 67% are found in bones, and 31% are found in
  4. ELECTROLYTES
    Electrolytes are an integral component of PP. The composition of solutions for PP must include sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium and phosphorus. Sodium and chlorine are necessary to maintain the osmolality of the plasma and interstitial sector. Potassium, magnesium and phosphorus contribute to the retention of nitrogen in the body and the formation of tissues. Calcium prevents bone demineralization. Particular attention should be paid to the choice
  5. Hypomagnesemia
    Hypomagnesaemia is one of the most frequent electrolyte disorders. Its most common causes are presented in table. 13.9. Hypomagnesaemia is almost always the result of excessive magnesium loss through the kidneys or the gastrointestinal tract. Since magnesium is predominantly absorbed in the small intestine, an inflammatory process in the intestine, chronic diarrhea and impaired absorption
  6. application
    Recommended intake values ​​for minerals not considered in this chapter (taken from Garrow et al. (8)) Phosphorus (mg / day) Age United Kingdom United States European WHO union 0-3 months 400 - - 4-6 months 400 - - 7-9 months 400 - 300 - 10-12 months 400 - 300 - 1-3 years 270 460 300 - 4-6 years 350 500 350-450 - Magnesium (mg / day)
  7. MINERALS OTHER THAN IRON
    In countries where iodine deficiency is a public health problem, legislation on complete salt iodization should be adopted and ensured. Many minerals are essential micronutrients and play a vital role in growth, health and development. This chapter discusses those that are most important when introducing
  8. Enter a multivitamin and trace elements in the diet
    All children with refractory diarrhea should receive food enriched with multivitamins and trace elements for two weeks every day. Essential nutritional supplements available in local stores are often quite acceptable; the least expensive are pills that can be crushed and added to food. Thus, you can pick up all sorts of combinations of vitamins and
  9. Electrolyte composition of blood in the neonatal period
    The main electrolyte components of extracellular and intracellular fluid are ions of sodium and potassium. The concentration of electrolytes changes in the process of growth of the fetus and newborn (tab. 19-9). Table 19-9. Changes in the relative content of sodium, potassium and chlorine in the body of the fetus and newborn (as a percentage of body weight) Gestational age Sodium content,% Potassium content,%
  10. Etiopathogenesis
    Calcium oxalate formation of uroliths occurs when the urine is supersaturated with calcium and oxalate. Additional risk factors for the formation of uroliths are breed, gender, age, and diet. As soon as the formation of urolith once began, the focus should remain in the urinary tract, and conditions should favor further precipitation of minerals and growth of uroliths. Therefore, for
  11. Medical component of neuroprotective therapy
    Currently, there are numerous targets - the key links of the mechanisms of disorders developing during cell hypoxia. Accordingly, these “targets” have created, apply and continue to create numerous medications with neuroprotective properties (Table 2). Table 2. TARGETS OF MEANS OF IMPACT Violation of the neuron energy supply Macroergs, metabolics
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