Licensed books on medicine
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The human intestine is similar to the root of the plant: both are hidden from the eyes, both absorb water and nutrients, and both can become symptomatic in organs far away from them - in leaves and branches or on the skin and in hair
Imperceptible heroes, who stand guard over health - useful bacteria that live in our intestines - are so important that in some traditions of healing they are called "invisible organ". They are not visible, but they play an important role in maintaining the integrity of the intestine. A healthy intestine contains about a kilogram of beneficial bacteria. These tiny guests live in cozy folds of the mucous membrane. Their rent is high, and they pay it with hard work. They contribute to the process of digestion, ensuring the absorption of nutrients that, without their help, could not penetrate the intestinal walls into the circulatory system. Depletion of a healthy intestinal microflora inevitably leads to nutrient deficiency, which entails disturbances in the functioning of the system. In addition, beneficial bacteria protect us from infections. They occupy the entire surface of the walls of the intestine, not allowing them to settle on them to other microorganisms, such as pathogenic bacteria, viruses and parasites. They act as a primary filter for toxins, neutralizing about a quarter of their amount before they enter the bloodstream. Their presence accelerates the passage of toxic waste (feces) into the rectum, so that these waste do not stay in the intestine for a long time, and toxins can not return to the bloodstream.
In this mixture there are always pathogenic bacteria - this is inevitable. But in modern conditions of life this balance has changed almost for all. Toxic chemicals, medicines and especially antibiotics - drugs designed specifically for the destruction of microorganisms - are gradually destroying the useful flora. This is also promoted by alcohol and stress. Disease-resistant microbes that are resistant to chemical mixtures survive and become masters of the situation. This condition is called dysbiosis.
Yeasts are organisms that effectively use any chance for reproduction. Favorable environment for them are sweet and dairy products, and the toxic wastes generated by them cause flatulence due to the formation of gases and irritation of the intestine.
The results of many studies indicate a high value of qualitative intestinal microflora for health. Mothers taking probiotics give birth to healthy children who do not get sick and subsequently do well in school. Athletes with a healthy microflora of the intestine will soon heal injuries. Receiving the same antibiotics in childhood entails a variety of diseases in the future. The importance of the intestinal microflora is so great that detoxification is practically meaningless without its restoration. This procedure is an integral part of my program.
Having learned that I prescribe probiotics, other doctors look at me with bewilderment. None of the hospitals in which I worked had their reserves, and I have never seen probiotics prescribed by doctors in other departments. Even gastroenterologists, specializing in the treatment of digestive organs, are only now beginning to look at probiotics as an effective means of promoting the recovery of their patients.
Rarely does anyone think about the conditions of existence of the population of the "inner forest".
In one degree or another, all of us have dysbacteriosis - even those who eat healthy food and take probiotics - because we are all exposed to toxins
Currently, the pharmaceutical industry is developing new brands of probiotics, intended for those who suffer from flatulence, constipation and irritable bowel syndrome. Although this is a step in the right direction, probiotics are manufactured and promoted to the market by people with a traditional way of thinking, presenting them as some kind of magic potion capable of solving a complex problem. In their advertising they claim that the health of the damaged intestinal microflora can be restored with the help of probiotics alone - changes in the diet and detox program are not even mentioned. This approach is attractive, because it suggests that you can get health again, without sacrificing anything for it. But it is absolutely unproductive.
Only by excluding from the diet products that are a favorable environment for the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria and including in it natural products or supplements that oppress pathogenic bacteria and supply the right amount in the right amount, you can improve the microflora of the intestine. If you take medicinal probiotics, while drinking coffee and eating donuts, they will not give any results.
Among other things, the intestinal microflora fulfills the functions of the Ministry of Internal Security of the body. Since the mucosa is a border barrier that prevents foreign visitors from entering, the immune system has created many military bases on the walls of the intestine, with periscopes placed in the intestinal tube where useful bacteria fight and perform their work. They are vigilant enough to recognize a real threat, but not enough to play an alarm signal that would mobilize all the strengths of the entire body's immune system. On the surface of the intestinal wall there are many of its operative points - 80% of the total number of immune system facilities. Their combination is called "intestinal lymphoid tissue" (KLT). I'm sure when researchers are interested in this topic, we learn about many other functions performed by the intestinal lymphoid tissue.
Overabundance of antibiotics
Scientists have done a great job of studying the toxic bacteria that cause disease. They developed a powerful weapon for their destruction, which saved many lives - antibiotics. But they ignored the fact that along with pathogenic bacteria, antibiotics kill useful flora necessary for the health of the body. Disorderly use of antibiotics destroys the intestinal microflora and contributes to the emergence of nutritional deficiencies, the development of depression and the penetration of infections, because under their influence the first defensive line of the immune system is destroyed. The result of antibiotic abuse was the mutation of pathogenic bacteria in dangerous monsters.
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- Composition of the microflora of the large intestine. Functions of the microflora of the large intestine
The detailed composition of the intestinal microflora is indicated in Appendix 1. The whole intestinal microflora is divided into: - obligate (the main microflora); - optional part (conditionally pathogenic and saprophyte microflora); Obligatnaya microflora. Bifidobacteria are the most significant representatives of obligate bacteria in the intestines of children and adults. These are anaerobes, they do not form a dispute and
- Features of intestinal microflora
Gastrointestinal tract in the fetus is sterile. When the child comes into contact with the environment, the microflora is populated with it. The microflora in the stomach and duodenum is scant. In the small and large intestine, the number of microbes increases and depends on the type of feeding. The main microflora is B. bifidum, whose growth is stimulated by lactose in breast milk. With an artificial
- Infringement of intestinal microflora (a dysbacteriosis)
Dysbacteriosis of the intestine - a change in the composition and quantitative ratio of normal and conditionally pathogenic microflora in the intestine. The microflora of the gastrointestinal tract is very diverse. The number of species of intestinal bacteria is very large. In connection with an acidic environment, the population of bacteria in the stomach is very low and is 103. At the same time, the small intestine is populated to 105, the ileum contains
- The condition of the intestinal microflora in children with frequent illnesses
The birth of a child means a transition from sterile conditions of intrauterine development to existence in a diverse world of microorganisms. Intensive colonization of skin and mucous membranes that come into contact with the environment leads to the formation of a microecological system of man. Today, the term dysbacteriosis is understood as the state of dynamic equilibrium, which is determined
- The role of the large intestine in the life of vegetarians and meat eaters (Mechnikov, Shatalov and the large intestine)
"For a long time, scientists could not understand what role the large intestine plays in our body, II Mechnikov even believed that such an organ is simply not needed." "The fact that Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov underestimated the role of the large intestine is not surprising: indeed, if the organism receives essential amino acids with animal proteins, and the functions of the large intestine are not
- Diseases of the intestine. Infectious enterocolitis (dysentery, typhoid fever, cholera). Nonspecific ulcerative colitis. Crohn's disease. Ischemic bowel disease. Appendicitis. Cancer of the colon.
1. Macroscopic characteristics of the small intestine with cholera enteritis 1. gray-yellow film densely welded to the wall 2. mucosal ulceration 3. multiple hemorrhages 4. sclerosis of the wall 2. Elements of the pathogenesis of typhoid 1. bacteremia 2. bacteriocholia 3. cerebral swelling 4. exudative inflammation 5. hypersensitivity reaction in lymphoid apparatus 3. Modern
- Topic: Human microflora and its role
Normal microflora of the human body (eumicrobiocenosis). Autochthonous, allochthonous and intrusive from the external environment of the microflora of the human body. The concept of ecotopes (sterile and non-sterile ecotopes of the body). Microflora of skin, respiratory tract, digestive and urogenital system. Microflora of the oral cavity. Its anti-infective, detoxicating, immunizing, metabolic role.
- Brief description of the intestinal microflora of healthy people
In the intestine in adults and children, the main mass of microflora is anaerobic and facultative anaerobic microorganisms. The role of the intestinal microflora: 1) forms a normal mucosa of the intestine; 2) is involved in the destruction of the excess of digestive secretions (for example, enterokinase and phosphatase); 3) participates in the detoxification processes of some pharmacologically active substances,
- Grain microflora
A large number of microorganisms enter the grain surface. Basically, these are soil microbes - sporebearing bacteria, mold fungi, lactic acid bacteria, E. coli, yeast, etc. The main condition conducive to the reproduction of microflora is the increased moisture content of the grain - up to 15% or more. The microflora multiplying under these conditions causes the activation of biochemical
- Microflora of the air
The microflora of the air depends on the microflora of water and soil, above which are layers of air. In soil and water, microbes can multiply, they do not multiply in the air, but only for a while. Raised in the air with dust, they either settle with droplets back to the surface of the earth, or die in the air from lack of nutrition and from the action of ultraviolet rays. However, some of them
- General idea of normal microflora
At the turn of the 21st century, an idea about the microflora of the human body was formed as another "organ" covering the intestinal wall, other mucous membranes and human skin in the form of a stocking. Remaining invisible, this "organ" weighs about two kilograms and counts about 1014 cells (one hundred billion) cells of microorganisms. This number is ten times higher than the number of own cells
- Skin microflora
The surface layer of the epidermis, stratum corneum, is constructed of approximately 15 layers of flattened dead corneocyte horn cells. This layer consists of keratin mixed with various skin lipids, which play an important role in maintaining skin moisture and its permeability. Microorganisms found in crops from the human skin can be divided into those that in normal conditions
- Microflora of water from various sources of water supply in Troitsk
Zelenskaya AP, Peretrukhina MA Scientific adviser: Zhukova M.G.Kand. vet. Sci., Associate Professor. microbiology and virology of the Ural State Academy of Veterinary Medicine, Troitsk Water is the most important substance on earth, without which no living organism can exist and biological, chemical reactions and technological processes can not take place. Long
- NORMAL MICROFLORA OF SEXUAL PUTIENTS
The so-called normal microflora of the genital tract plays an important role in the appearance of the OWD. Normally, the vagina contains sufficiently reliable mechanisms of protection against invasion of pathogenic pathogens. This is primarily the microbiocenosis of the vagina, which through a number of mechanisms, such as the creation of an acidic environment, competition at the level of food substances, etc., prevents the possibility
- Microflora of water
Water is the natural habitat of many microbes. The bulk of microbes comes from the soil. The number of microbes in 1 ml of water depends on the presence of nutrients in it. The more water is more polluted by organic remains, the more microbes there are. The most frequent are the waters of deep artesian wells, as well as spring waters. They usually do not contain germs. Particularly rich
- Soil microflora
Soil is a mixture of particles of organic and inorganic substances, water and air. Inorganic soil particles are mineral substances surrounded by a film of colloidal substances of an organic or inorganic nature. Organic soil particles are the remains of plant and animal organisms, i.e. humus. The soil is abundantly populated by microorganisms, since it has everything necessary for life:
- Egg microflora and its role in transmission of infections
Perfiliev K.V. Scientific adviser: Zhukova MG, Assoc. cafe. microbiology and virology, Cand. vet. sciences. FSEI HPE "Ural State Academy of Veterinary Medicine", Troitsk Poultry products are one of the most popular food products of the population. The main age groups of consumption, in this case, are children aged 1 to 12 years and
- Composition of normal microflora of the nasal mucosa
The nasal cavity is the initial section of the upper respiratory tract. It is characterized by its microbial landscape, which has a relatively constant composition and the number of individuals of vegetating bacteria. The nasal mucosa contains little food residues, and therefore a limited amount of nutrients for microorganisms, in addition, the stability of the mucosa is provided by secretion
- FOOD TOXIC INFECTIONS CAUSED BY CONDITIONALLY PATHOGENIC MICROFLOROUS
GENERAL CHARACTERISTIC OF CONDITIONALLY PATHOGENIC MICROFLORA Certain bacteria, united by the name "conditionally pathogenic", play a certain role in food-borne infections. These include bacteria of the Escherichia coli group (CGB) and protea, which are more often responsible for foodborne diseases. These bacteria are fairly widespread in the external environment, occur or are constantly inhabited
- Intestinal microflora of a healthy person
Legend to the schemes of bacteriological studies Material under investigation Phagolysis Identification of specific biological properties of microbes Sowing of the studied material on nutrient media Study of the biochemical properties of the isolated pure culture Reactions for detection of antibodies Reactions for antigen detection Determination of the I sensitivity of the material Bioassay