Licensed books on medicine
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The human intestine is like the root of a plant: both are hidden from the eyes, both absorb water and nutrients, and both, when ill, can manifest their symptoms in organs located far from them - in the leaves and branches or on the skin and in the hair
The invisible heroes who are on guard of health — the beneficial bacteria that live in our intestines — are so important that in some healing traditions they are called the “invisible organ.” They are not visible, but they play an important role in maintaining intestinal integrity. A healthy intestine contains about a kilogram of beneficial bacteria. These tiny guests lodge in the cozy folds of the mucous membrane. Their rent is high and they pay it with hard work. They contribute to the process of digestion, providing absorption of nutrients that without their help could not penetrate through the intestinal walls into the bloodstream. The depletion of healthy intestinal microflora inevitably leads to nutrient deficiencies, which leads to disruptions in the functioning of the system. In addition, beneficial bacteria protect us from infections. They occupy the entire surface of the intestinal walls, not allowing other microorganisms to settle on them, such as pathogenic (pathogenic) bacteria, viruses and parasites. They function as a primary filter for toxins, neutralizing about a quarter of their number before they enter the bloodstream. Their presence accelerates the passage of toxic waste (feces) into the rectum, so that these wastes do not stay in the intestine for a long time, and toxins do not have the ability to return to the bloodstream.
Pathogenic bacteria are always present in this mixture - this is unavoidable. But in modern conditions of life, this balance has changed for almost everyone. Toxic chemicals, drugs, and especially antibiotics - tools designed specifically for the destruction of microorganisms - gradually destroy the beneficial flora. Alcohol and stress also contribute to this. Pathogenic microbes, resistant to the effects of a chemical mixture, survive and become masters of the situation. This condition is called dysbiosis.
Yeast - organisms that effectively use any chance for reproduction. Sweet and dairy products are a favorable environment for them, and the toxic wastes they produce cause flatulence due to the formation of gases and irritation of the intestines.
The results of many studies indicate a high value of high-quality intestinal microflora for health. Mothers taking probiotics give birth to healthy children who do not get sick and subsequently do well in school. Athletes with healthy intestinal microflora heal injuries faster. Taking antibiotics in childhood entails a variety of diseases in the future. The value of intestinal microflora is so great that detoxification is practically meaningless without its recovery. This procedure is an integral part of my program.
Upon learning that I prescribe probiotics, other doctors look at me with bewilderment. None of the hospitals in which I had the opportunity to work had their supplies, and I have never seen any doctors in other departments prescribe probiotics. Even gastroenterologists specializing in the treatment of the digestive organs are only now beginning to look at probiotics as an effective means to help their patients recover.
Few people think about the conditions of existence of the population of the “inner forest”.
Each of us has dysbacteriosis to one degree or another - even those who eat healthy foods and take probiotics - because we are all exposed to toxins
Currently, the pharmaceutical industry is developing new brands of probiotics, designed for those who suffer from flatulence, constipation and irritable bowel syndrome. Although this is a step in the right direction, probiotics are made and promoted to the market by people with a traditional way of thinking, presenting them as a kind of magic potion that can solve a complex problem. In their advertisements, they claim that the health of damaged intestinal microflora can be restored with the help of probiotics alone - changes in diet and detoxification program are not even mentioned. This approach is attractive because it assumes that health can be regained without sacrificing anything for it. But he is absolutely unproductive.
Only by eliminating from your diet foods that are a good breeding ground for pathogenic bacteria, and incorporating natural products or additives that inhibit pathogenic bacteria and supply the body with the right amount, you can improve the intestinal microflora. If you take medicinal probiotics while continuing to drink coffee and eat donuts, they will not give any results.
In addition, the intestinal microflora serves as the Ministry of Internal Security of the body. Since the mucous membrane is a border barrier that prevents alien visitors from getting inside, the immune system has created many military bases on the intestinal walls, with periscopes exposed to the intestinal tube, where the beneficial bacteria fight and do their work. They are vigilant enough to recognize the real threat, but not enough to play the alarm signal that would mobilize all the forces of the immune army of the whole organism. On the surface of the intestinal walls there are a lot of its operational points - 80% of the total number of immune system agents Their collection is called "intestinal lymphoid tissue" (KLT). I’m sure when researchers are interested in this topic, we’ll learn about many other functions performed by intestinal lymphoid tissue.
An excess of antibiotics
Scientists have done a great job of studying the toxic bacteria that cause diseases. They developed a powerful weapon for their destruction, which saved many human lives - antibiotics. But they ignored the fact that, together with pathogenic bacteria, antibiotics kill the beneficial flora necessary for the health of the body. The indiscriminate use of antibiotics destroys the intestinal microflora and contributes to nutritional deficiencies, the development of depression and the penetration of infections into the body, because under their influence the first defensive line of the immune system is destroyed. The result of abuse of antibiotics was a mutation of pathogenic bacteria into dangerous monsters.
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- The composition of the microflora of the colon. Functions of the microflora of the large intestine
The detailed composition of the intestinal microflora is listed in Appendix 1. The entire intestinal microflora is divided into: - obligate (main microflora); - Optional part (conditional and saprophytic microflora); Bonded microflora. Bifidobacteria are the most significant representatives of obligate bacteria in the intestines of children and adults. They are anaerobic, they do not form a spore and
- Features of intestinal microflora
The gastrointestinal tract in the fetus is sterile. When a child comes into contact with the environment, it is colonized with microflora. In the stomach and duodenum microflora is scarce. In the small and large intestines, the number of microbes increases and depends on the type of feeding. The main microflora is B. bifidum, the growth of which is stimulated by the in-lactose of breast milk. With artificial
- Violation of intestinal microflora (dysbacteriosis)
Intestinal dysbacteriosis - a change in the composition and proportion of normal and conditionally pathogenic microflora in the intestine. The microflora of the gastrointestinal tract is very diverse. The number of species of intestinal bacteria is very large. In connection with the acidic environment, the population of bacteria in the stomach is very low (103). At the same time, the small intestine is populated up to 105, the ileum contains
- The state of the intestinal microflora in frequently ill children
The birth of a child means the transition from sterile conditions of intrauterine development to the existence in a diverse world of microorganisms. Intensive colonization of the skin and mucous membranes in contact with the external environment leads to the formation of the human microecological system. Today, the term dysbacteriosis refers to the state of dynamic equilibrium, which is defined
- The role of the large intestine in the life of vegetarians and meat eaters (Mechnikov, Shatalov and the large intestine)
"For a long time, scientists could not understand what role the large intestine plays in our body. I. Mechnikov even considered that we simply do not need such an organ." "The fact that Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov underestimated the role of the large intestine is not surprising. Indeed, if the body receives essential amino acids with animal proteins, and the functions of the large intestine are not
- Bowel disease. Infectious enterocolitis (dysentery, typhoid fever, cholera). Nonspecific ulcerative colitis. Crohn's disease. Ischemic bowel disease. Appendicitis. Colon cancer.
1. Macroscopic characteristics of the small intestine with cholera enteritis 1. gray-yellow film tightly soldered to the wall 2. ulceration of the mucous membrane 3. multiple hemorrhages 4. wall sclerosis 2. Elements of the pathogenesis of typhoid fever 1. bacteremia 2. bacteriochemia 3. cerebral swelling 4. exudative inflammation 5. hypersensitivity reaction in the lymphoid apparatus 3. Modern
- Topic: human microflora and its role
Normal microflora of the human body (eumicrobiocenosis). An autochthonous, allochthonous and imported from the external environment microflora of the human body. The concept of ecotopes (sterile and non-sterile ecotopes of the body). The microflora of the skin, respiratory tract, digestive and urogenital system. The microflora of the oral cavity. Its anti-infective, detoxification, immunizing, metabolic role.
- Brief description of the intestinal microflora of healthy people
In the intestines of adults and children, the bulk of the microflora consists of anaerobic and optionally anaerobic microorganisms. The role of intestinal microflora: 1) forms the normal intestinal mucosa; 2) participates in the destruction of excess digestive secretions (for example, enterokinase and phosphatase); 3) participates in the processes of detoxification of some pharmacologically active substances,
- Grain microflora
On the surface of the grain gets a significant amount of microorganisms. Basically, these are soil microbes - spore-bearing bacteria, mold fungi, lactic acid bacteria, Escherichia coli, yeast, etc. The main condition that promotes the growth of microflora is increased grain moisture - up to 15% or more. The microflora breeding in these conditions causes the activation of biochemical
- Microflora of air
The microflora of air depends on the microflora of water and soil, above which layers of air are located. In soil and water, microbes can multiply, they do not multiply in the air, but only persist for some time. Raised into the air with dust, they either fall back to the surface of the earth with drops, or they die in the air due to lack of power and the action of ultraviolet rays. However, some of them
- General ideas about normal microflora
At the turn of the twenty-first century, an idea was formed about the microflora of the human body as another “organ” covering the intestinal wall, other mucous membranes and human skin in the form of a stocking. Being invisible, this “organ” weighs about two kilograms and has about 1014 cells (one hundred billion) microbial cells. This number is ten times the number of its own cells.
- Skin microflora
The surface layer of the epidermis, the stratum corneum, is made up of about 15 layers of flattened dead horn cells of corneocytes. This layer consists of keratin, mixed with various skin lipids, which play an important role in maintaining skin moisture and permeability. Microorganisms found in crops from human skin can be divided into those that under normal conditions
- Microflora of water from various sources of water supply in Troitsk
Zelenskaya A.P., Peretrukhina M.A. Scientific adviser: Zhukova MG. wet Sciences, Associate Professor Microbiology and Virology FGOU VPO "Ural State Academy of Veterinary Medicine", Troitsk Water - this is the most important substance on earth, without which no living organism can exist and biological, chemical reactions and technological processes cannot occur. Long
- NORMAL MICROFLORA OF THE FLOOR PU-TEYS
An important role in the emergence of VSPO plays the so-called normal microflora of the genital tract. Normally, there are sufficiently reliable mechanisms of protection against invasion of pathogenic pathogens in the vagina. This is primarily the vaginal microbiocenosis, which through a number of mechanisms, such as the creation of an acidic environment, competition at the level of food substances, etc., prevents the possibility
- Microflora of water
Water is the natural habitat of many microbes. The bulk of the microbes comes from the soil. The number of microbes in 1 ml of water depends on the presence of nutrients in it. The more water is contaminated with organic residues, the more microbes in it. The most frequent are the waters of deep artesian wells, as well as spring waters. Usually they do not contain microbes. Especially rich
- Soil microflora
Soil is a mixture of particles of organic and inorganic substances, water and air. Inorganic soil particles are mineral substances surrounded by a film of colloidal substances of organic or inorganic nature. Organic soil particles are remnants of plant and animal organisms, i.e. humus. The soil is abundantly populated with microorganisms, as it has everything necessary for life:
- Egg microflora and its role in the transmission of infections
Perfilyev K.V. Scientific adviser: M. Zhukova, Assoc. kaf microbiology and virology, cand. wet sciences. FGOU VPO "Ural State Academy of Veterinary Medicine", Troitsk Poultry products are among the most popular food products of the population. The main age groups of consumption, in this case, are children aged from 1 year to 12 years and
- The composition of the normal microflora of the nasal mucosa
The nasal cavity is the initial section of the upper respiratory tract. It is characterized by its microbial landscape, which has a relatively constant composition and the number of individuals of vegetative bacteria. The nasal mucosa contains few food debris, and, consequently, a limited amount of nutrients for microorganisms, in addition, the stability of the mucous membrane is provided by secretion
- FOOD TOXICO INFECTIONS CAUSED BY CONDITIONALLY-PATHOGENIC MICROFLORA
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CONDITIONALLY-PATHOGENIC MICROFLORA Certain bacteria, united by the name "conditionally pathogenic", can play a role in food current-infection. These include bacteria of the E. coli group and the Proteus, which are more often the culprits of foodborne diseases. These bacteria are quite widespread in the environment, occur or constantly live
- Intestinal microflora of a healthy person
Conventions for bacteriological test diagrams Material under study Phagolysis Identification of specific biological properties of microbes Seeding test material on nutrient media Studying the biochemical properties of isolated pure culture Reactions for detecting antibodies Reactions for detecting antigen Detecting I sensitivity of Biological material