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The main provisions of vegetarianism



As follows from the encyclopedic dictionary, vegetarianism is the common name for food systems that exclude or limit the consumption of animal products, mainly associated with the killing of these animals. The origins of vegetarianism go back to ancient times. Suffice to say that the ancient Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras, who lived in the 6th century BC, is considered one of the apologists for vegetarianism. er He became a vegetarian, having mastered the doctrine of the transmigration of souls. It was necessary to believe that the souls of the departed continue to live in the bodies of animals, and eating game and livestock immediately became something of a cannibalism. In addition, Pythagoras believed that eating the meat of dead animals contributes to the formation in the body of harmful substances that infest the human body and cause chronic poisoning.
By the way, Pythagoras showed the world an example of tremendous tolerance: claiming that meat was an unacceptable temptation, he nonetheless generously regaled his guests to them.
In Russia, mass vegetarian moods began to manifest themselves only in the 19th century, and then mostly among religious sectarians and some groups of intellectuals who believed that physical and spiritual cleansing began with vegetarianism.
Thus, vegetarianism is not only and not so much a power system, but above all a philosophical doctrine, which is based on a peculiar moral and ethical basis. It was not without reason that our great truth-seeker, Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, in the last years of his life believed that one should abandon the use of meat primarily for moral reasons. Being a staunch supporter of the idea of ​​non-resistance to evil by violence, he wrote shortly before his death that meat-eating is a relic of the most brutal barbarism, and the transition to vegetarianism is the right and natural consequence of enlightenment.
To some extent, vegetarians are pacifists in the culinary field. "I will never become a devourer of the corpses of dead animals," is their main slogan.
The term "vegetarian" comes from the Latin vegetarius, which means "plant". However, pure vegetarians, or old vegetarians, who eat only vegetable and no other food, except for eggs, cottage cheese, milk, etc., are rare. Vegans are called vegans.
Nowadays, New Vegetarians are more common, including milk, dairy products and poultry eggs in their diets. This is where their second name comes from - ovolaktovetarians (from the Latin ovum - egg and laktis - milk).
And yet, despite these differences, the general rule for all those who consider themselves to be the vegetarian movement is the complete exclusion from the food of products obtained by killing animals.

Vegetarians not only see no merit in meat food, but, moreover, consider it physiologically unacceptable for the human body, putting forward multiple anatomical, physiological and zoological proofs of their correctness.
According to their firm conviction, the human digestive system is designed for the processing and assimilation of mainly plant foods, which is confirmed by the following arguments.
First, the system of human teeth with very weak incisors is inconvenient for tearing meat, and, unlike predators, the joint of the mandible gives a person the ability to make lateral chewing movements characteristic of herbivores.
Secondly, human saliva is abundant and is mainly used for splitting starch, while predator saliva is sparse and serves mainly for wetting, which ensures easy ingestion of food.
Thirdly, breast milk, unlike predator milk, contains a lot of milk sugar - lactose and relatively few proteins and fats.
Fourth, the length of the intestine in humans is 10–13 times the length of the body, and in predators only 3–6 times.
The latter circumstance is due to the fact that in the process of feeding meat, the body does not receive plant fiber, the splitting of which occurs in the large intestine and takes a lot of time. Therefore, predators especially do not need a developed and long colon and, unlike humans, do not have an appendix.
In favor of the fact that our ancestors were vegetarians, and not meat eaters, data of electron microscopy of teeth of fossil anthropoid apes testify. Features of their microstructure were typical for animals that eat fruits and nuts. Vegetarians believe that technical progress has deprived humanity of its natural mind and memory, put to sleep the instinct of self-preservation and the will to live, turning physical weakness almost into a distinctive sign of high spirituality.
People became voluntary slaves of their own stomach, his faithful servants and wordless subjects. They forgot that they began their ascent of the steep steps of evolution as fruit-eating and the whole structure of the human body is still set to consume products of plant origin. For the dubious pleasure of eating meat, people pay with their own health and freedom.
And there is nothing surprising in the fact that the adherents of plant foods are too aggressive, defending their beliefs, because in the long-standing dispute between them and the "meat eaters" the health of all humanity is a bet.
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The main provisions of vegetarianism

  1. Main provisions
    This toolkit was developed on the basis of the “Concept for the education of servicemen of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation” (Appendix No. 3 to Order of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation No. 70 of March 11, 2004), which is a system of attitudes, concepts, ideas, targets, priorities, principles, methods, forms and connections between them in the field of education of military personnel. Main purpose
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  3. The main provisions for the defense
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  4. The main provisions for the defense
    1. One of the most urgent tasks facing psychological science in modern conditions is the development of theoretical concepts that consider the development of the individual and society as interrelated components of a single process, revealing the mechanisms of this relationship and allowing the development of programs for its empirical study in a specific socio-psychological
  5. Critique of vegetarianism
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  6. The main provisions of Tibetan medicine
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  7. The main provisions for the defense
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  8. The main provisions for the defense
    1. Special abilities are the properties of mental structures that are referential to a particular subject area of ​​objective reality and are formed in the subject’s individual experience in the process of mastering it. The quantitative characteristic of the formation of mental structures that implement the functions of display, selection and transformation of reality in an ideal form is a measure
  9. The main provisions for the defense
    1. Professional competence of a specialist with a higher technical education is a dynamically developing personality characteristic, integrating abilities, knowledge, skills, business and personal qualities, manifested in the possession of modern technologies and methods for solving professional tasks of various levels of complexity and allowing for professional
  10. The main provisions for the defense
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  11. The main provisions of the medical and social expertise
    Violations of function and disability are subject to quantitative assessment. In order to unify it in the evaluation of different parameters, a “functional class” (FC) is determined, ranked on a 5-point scale (from 0 to 4) taken as 100%, the interval between points is 25%: FC-0 characterizes the normal state of the parameter, FC-1 - a slight dysfunction or criterion of life (from 1
  12. The main provisions and conclusions of the dissertation research
    Monographs 1. Karabushchenko NB Psychological distance (in the “elite” - “mass” dichotomy): Monograph. M .: Prometheus. Moscow State Pedagogical University, 2002. 230 p. (14.4 pp) 2. Karabushchenko NB Psychological theories of the elite: Monograph. M .: Monuments of historical thought, 2006. 448 p. (co-authored with P.L. Karabushchenko) (28.0 pl. l. / 14.0 pl.) 3. Karabushchenko NB Theoretical and methodological foundations of the psychology of elites
  13. Criticism of the main provisions of the theory of J.Piaget
    First of all, the very existence of the phenomenon of the child's egocentric cognitive position or, at least, its severity, “depth” is subjected to experimental verification and criticism. So, some researchers are trying to prove that Piaget's tasks are difficult for a child because they are meaningless, emotionally indifferent to him. Or that children do not make mistakes due to the lack of logical
  14. Approbation and practical implementation of the main provisions of the study
    The results of the research work were reported at international, All-Russian, regional and interregional scientific conferences: All-Russian scientific-practical conference "Educational environment of the university as a factor in the professional development of a specialist" (Voronezh, 2001), All-Russian scientific conference "Giftedness: a working concept" (Moscow - Voronezh, 2002),
  15. The main provisions of the thesis are reflected in the following publications.
    Monographs and chapters in collective monographs: 1. Manoilova, MA Acmeology of ethnic tolerance of the subjects of fundamental education. Monograph / M.A. Manoylova. - Pskov: PGPU, 2010. - 300 p. (18.75 pp). ISBN 978-5-87854-570-9 2. Manoylova, M.A. Coping strategies as a mechanism of self-regulation and adaptation in a TLC. / M.A. Manoylova // Psychological resistance of young people to negative
  16. The main provisions of the thesis are presented in the following publications.
    1. Velichko S.V., Nepomnyashchy A.V. Education and Social Adaptation of Personnel Soldiers Discharged into the Reserve // ​​Proceedings of the 7th International Scientific Conference: Development and Professional Development of Youth in Educational Systems. M .: Publishing House of the International Pedagogical Academy, 2002.-T. 3. 320 s. 2. Velichko S.V. On the computer implementation of the principle of visibility // Proceedings of the 7th
  17. The main provisions of the periodization of mental development in the domestic psychology
    Domestic age psychology is mainly based on the works of LSVygotsky. In his work The Problem of Age (1934), he, along with the general issues of determining age and building a new periodization of development in ontogenesis, suggested that ontogeny is a regular process of changing stable and critical ages. In relatively stable, or stable, ages the child develops.
  18. VEGETARIANISM
    VEGETARIANISM
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