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The main provisions of vegetarianism



As follows from the encyclopedic dictionary, vegetarianism is the general name for food systems that exclude or limit the consumption of animal products, mainly related to the killing of these animals. The origins of vegetarianism go back to ancient times. Suffice it to say that one of the apologists for vegetarianism is considered the ancient Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras, who lived in the VI century BC. e. He became a vegetarian, having learned the doctrine of the transmigration of souls. It was worth believing that the souls of the deceased continue to live in the bodies of animals, and eating game and livestock immediately became a kind of cannibalism. In addition, Pythagoras believed that eating meat from dead animals contributes to the formation of harmful substances in the body that clog the human body and cause chronic poisoning.
By the way, Pythagoras showed the world an example of tremendous tolerance: asserting that meat is an unacceptable temptation, he nonetheless generously regaled his guests with it.
In Russia, mass vegetarian sentiments began to appear only in the 19th century, and then for the most part among religious sectarians and some intellectual groups who believed that physical and spiritual cleansing begins with vegetarianism.
Thus, vegetarianism is not only and not so much a nutrition system, but above all a philosophical teaching, which is based on a kind of moral and ethical basis. It is not for nothing that our great truth seeker, Leo Tolstoy, in the last years of his life believed that meat consumption should be abandoned primarily for moral reasons. A convinced supporter of the idea of ​​non-resistance to evil, he wrote shortly before his death that meat-eating is a relic of the most brutal barbarism, and the transition to vegetarianism is the most right and natural consequence of enlightenment.
To some extent, vegetarians are pacifists in the field of cooking. “I will never become a devourer of dead animals,” is their main slogan.
The term "vegetarianism" comes from the Latin vegetarius, which means "vegetable". However, pure vegetarians, or old vegetarians who eat only vegetable and no other foods, excluding eggs, cottage cheese, milk, etc., are rare. Vegans are called vegans.
Nowadays, young vegetarians are more common, including milk, dairy products and poultry eggs in their diet. From here comes their second name - ovolacto-vegetarians (from the Latin ovum - egg and laktis - milk).
And yet, despite these differences, the general rule for everyone who considers themselves to be a vegetarian movement is the complete exclusion from the food of products obtained by killing animals.

Vegetarians not only do not see any advantages in meat food, but, moreover, consider it physiologically unacceptable to the human body, putting forward numerous anatomical, physiological and zoological proofs of their innocence.
According to their firm conviction, the human digestive system is designed for processing and assimilation of mainly plant foods, which is confirmed by the following arguments.
Firstly, the human tooth system with very weak incisors is inconvenient for tearing meat, and, unlike predators, the articulation of the lower jaw allows a person to make lateral chewing movements characteristic of herbivores.
Secondly, human saliva is liberated abundantly and serves mainly for the breakdown of starch, while the saliva of predators is excreted sparingly and serves mainly for wetting, which makes it easy to swallow food.
Thirdly, breast milk, unlike predator milk, contains a lot of milk sugar - lactose and relatively few proteins and fats.
Fourth, the length of the intestines in humans is 10–13 times the length of the body, and in predators only 3–6 times.
The latter circumstance is due to the fact that in the process of eating meat, the body does not receive plant fiber, the breakdown of which occurs in the large intestine and requires a lot of time. Therefore, predators especially do not need a developed and long colon and, unlike humans, do not have an appendix.
The fact that our distant ancestors were vegetarians and not meat-eaters is also evidenced by the electron microscopy data of the teeth of fossil apes. The features of their microstructure turned out to be typical precisely for animals eating fruits and nuts. Vegetarians believe that technological progress has deprived humanity of its natural mind and memory, euthanized the instinct of self-preservation and the will to live, turning physical weakness almost into a hallmark of high spirituality.
People have become voluntary slaves of their own stomach, their faithful servants and wordless subjects. They forgot that they began their ascent along the steep steps of evolution as fruit-eaters, and the entire structure of the human body is still tuned to consume plant products. For the dubious pleasure of eating meat, people pay their own health and freedom.
And there is nothing surprising in the fact that adherents of plant foods are overly aggressive in upholding their beliefs, since in the long-standing dispute between them and the "meat-eaters" the health of all mankind is the main bet.
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The main provisions of vegetarianism

  1. Key Points
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  11. The main provisions of medical and social examination
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    Monographs 1. Karabuschenko NB Psychological distance (in the dichotomy “elite” - “mass”): Monograph. M .: Prometheus. Moscow State Pedagogical University, 2002.230 s. (14.4 p.p.) 2. Karabuschenko N.B. Psychological Theories of Elites: Monograph. M .: Monuments of historical thought, 2006.448 s. (co-authored with P.L. Karabushchenko) (28.0 p.p. / 14.0 p.p.) 3. Karabuschenko N.B. Theoretical and methodological foundations of the psychology of elites
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  15. The main provisions of the dissertation are reflected in the following publications.
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    1. Velichko S.V., Nepomnyashchiy A.V. Education and social adaptation of military personnel discharged to the reserve // ​​Proceedings of the 7th International Scientific Conference: Development and professional development of youth in educational systems. M .: Publishing house of the International Pedagogical Academy, 2002.-T. 3. 320 s. 2. Velichko S.V. On the computer implementation of the visual principle // Transactions of the 7th
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  18. VEGETARIANISM
    VEGETARIANISM
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