about the project
News of medicine
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

Basic principles of nutrition in hypertensive disease

Adherence to appropriate nutrition, along with pharmacological treatment, is an extremely important factor in the treatment of hypertension. It is no exaggeration to say that with an increase in blood pressure, the correct diet is the basis of treatment, while taking into account the following basic principles:
- strict correspondence of the energy value of the ration to the energy costs of the organism, and for obesity, a mandatory reduction in the energy value of the diet for reducing body weight;
- antisclerotic orientation of nutrition;
- a significant restriction of table salt until its elimination in case of exacerbation of the disease;
- Exclusion of products and dishes that excite the cardiovascular system (strong meat, fish, mushroom broths, strong tea, coffee);
- enrichment of the diet with potassium, magnesium, vitamins C, R and group
- restriction of products that cause increased gassing and swelling of the intestines (legumes, carbonated drinks, etc.);
- Keeping the kidneys by limiting meat, fish, mushrooms, essential oils, oxalic acid, spices;

- moderate limitation of free liquid;
- Observance of a 4-5-day diet with the exception of abundant meals.
The fulfillment of these principles and the choice of food products depend on the stage of hypertension, concomitant diseases, in particular, atherosclerosis and obesity, and such complications as circulatory insufficiency.

With the exacerbation of hypertension I-IIA stage (the initial period of the disease) food during cooking is not salted. At the table, you can add food at the rate of 5 g of table salt per day.
With exacerbation of hypertensive disease IIB - IIIA stage, the food is prepared without salt and is not salted with food for 4-6 weeks. Salt in his hands do not give.
In hypertensive disease in combination with atherosclerosis, the amount of salt in the food depends on the stage of hypertension, when kidney deficiency in the diet is limited by protein, especially protein of meat, when obesity is reduced the number of flour, cereals, pasta, sugar and fats.
In hypertensive crises, unloading days are appointed for 2 days: rice - compote, apple, dried fruits, vegetable, fruit and vegetable, dairy, curd, potato.
With persistent exacerbation of hypertensive disease, food is recommended for several days enriched with magnesium salts due to wheat bran, oatmeal, buckwheat, pearl and wheat cereals, carrots, dried fruits etc. From wheat bran bake salt-free bread, up to 50 grams of bran toasted with onions, add in porridge, prepare borsch with mucous broth from 100 g of bran, salt is excluded, the liquid is limited to 600-700 g per day.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to the content of the tutorial =

Basic principles of nutrition in hypertensive disease

  1. Basic principles of therapeutic nutrition for peptic ulcer
    1. Providing a full balanced diet; 2. Compliance with diet; 3. Provide mechanical, chemical and thermal shudder of the stomach and duodenum. One of the most important moments of therapeutic nutrition is adherence to the diet, which is even more significant than the composition of the diet itself. As soon as the food comes into contact with the mucous membrane of the stomach,
  3. Basic principles of therapeutic nutrition in case of myocardial infarction
    In nutrition, the caloric content and volume of food are significantly limited, which then gradually increases. Excludes foods rich in animal fats and cholesterol (fatty meats, internal organs of animals, brains, caviar, egg yolk, animal fats, fatty fish, etc.), products that cause fermentation in the intestines and flatulence (black bread, cabbage, beans , milk in kind, etc.).
  4. Basic principles of therapeutic nutrition
    1. The food ration should be diverse taking into account the development of the tuberculosis process and the general state of the organism. 2. Strict regimens and limited nutrition can be prescribed only for a short period (with complications and exacerbations of the disease). 3. At all stages of treatment, nutrition should be differentiated. It is necessary to observe the basic principles of the qualitative and quantitative construction of the diet in
  5. Basic principles of "biosecurity" and prevention of ostrich diseases
    In the field of ostrich farming, it is difficult to obtain good production and economic results without following the basic principles of ostrich prevention and protection. Due to the exceptional susceptibility of ostriches to infectious diseases, as well as to diseases caused by lack of proper care and feeding, it is necessary to follow the basic rules of prevention based on "biosecurity"
  6. The main tasks of therapeutic nutrition in case of myocardial infarction
    The main tasks of therapeutic nutrition are: 1. To promote the regenerative processes in the heart muscle. 2. Improve blood circulation and metabolism. 3. Exclude the burden on the cardiovascular and central nervous system. 4. Ensure the sparing of the digestive system and the normalization of the motor function of the intestine. Food should correspond to the periods of the disease (acute, subacute,
  7. Infectious diseases in modern society. Basic principles of prevention
    Infection in Latin means infection. Infectious diseases include those that develop as a response of the body to the introduction and reproduction of pathogens - bacteria, fungi, viruses. After the introduction of an infectious agent in the body, antibodies are produced, complex protein formations, through which humans and animals fight with
  8. Diseases of blood vessels. Atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis. Essential hypertension and arteriolosclerosis. Hypertonic disease.
    1. When atherosclerosis is primarily affected 1. veins 2. capillaries 3. arterioles 4. large and medium arteries 2. Supplement: Hemorrhage into the thickness of the atheromatous plaque is called ______________________ hematoma. 3. Forms of clinical course of arterial hypertension 1. secondary 2. idiopathic 3. malignant 4. benign 4. The effect of the renin-angiotensin system is realized 1.
  9. Nutrition for gastric ulcer disease
  10. Nutrition for heart disease diseases
    Nutrition for cardiovascular disease
  11. Nutrition for peptic ulcer of stomach and duodenum
    In order to create maximum peace of the stomach and duodenum, take food 5-6 times a day. Take food in small portions, slowly, slowly. At night, it is best to slowly drink a glass of warm milk. In order to eliminate pain and neutralize the gastric juice that irritates the gastric mucosa, you must also drink a glass of warm milk and eat
  12. Hypertonic disease
    Hypertensive disease is observed in 4-5% of pregnant women. This pathology and its complications arising during pregnancy occupy an important place in the structure of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. In most pregnant women, hypertension develops before pregnancy, but it can first appear during it. The presence of arterial hypertension is indicated by arterial hypertension
  13. DISEASES OF VESSELS. Atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis. ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION. Hypertension and arteriosclerosis. VASKULITES
    DISEASES OF VESSELS. Atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis. ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION. Hypertension and arteriosclerosis.
  14. Lecture the eleventh. Atherosclerosis, hypertension, myocardial infarction, ischemic and coronary heart disease
    Lecture the eleventh. Atherosclerosis, hypertension, myocardial infarction, ischemic and coronary disease
  15. Hypertonic disease
    Hypertensive disease is a chronic disease, the main clinical sign of which is a prolonged and persistent increase in arterial pressure (hypertension). Hypertension must be distinguished from symptomatic hypertension, which occurs again in diseases of the central nervous and endocrine system, kidneys, and vascular pathology. In the pathogenesis of essential hypertension
  16. Hypertensive disease and pregnancy
    Arterial hypertension is one of the main causes of cardiovascular mortality and its prevalence among the population, according to current criteria, is about 50%. The danger of bearing pregnancy against the background of hypertension is determined by the risk of developing combined gestosis. Consequences of this complication can be disorders of cerebral circulation, pulmonary edema,
    • Arterial hypertension means a steady increase in blood pressure: systolic - above 140 and diastolic - above 90 mm Hg. • In most cases (90% -95%), the cause of hypertension can not be established. Such hypertension was called primary and isolated as an independent nosological form - hypertensive disease (abroad, the term "essential
    So, in more than 90% of cases, the cause of the development of hypertension can not be identified. Such AH is called essential or primary / hypertensive disease /. Hypertensive disease or essential arterial hypertension is a persistent / in most cases genetically caused / chronic increase in systolic and / or diastolic pressure against the background of a prolonged increase in pressor activity
  19. Hypertonic disease.
    Before turning to the consideration of this extremely complex and topical topic, I would like to outline in general terms some terminological aspects that have long been used by physicians of various specialties and experimenters, but, in spite of this, are sometimes interpreted not unambiguously. The concept of arterial hypertension (AH), suggested to determine the increase in arterial
    - a disease of unknown etiology, in which an increase in blood pressure is not associated with a primary lesion of internal organs * (WHO Expert Committee, 1962). Classification and nomenclature of hypertension was adopted by the Ministry of Health of the USSR. The following clinical variants of the course of the disease are distinguished. 1. Hypertensive disease with slowly progressive
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2016