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The main tasks of therapeutic nutrition in case of myocardial infarction


The main tasks of therapeutic nutrition are:
1. To promote the regenerative processes in the heart muscle.
2. Improve blood circulation and metabolism.
3. Exclude the burden on the cardiovascular and central nervous system.
4. Ensure the sparing of the digestive system and the normalization of the motor function of the intestine. The food should correspond to the periods of the disease (acute, subacute, scarring), motor activity of the patient, take into account accompanying diseases and complications.
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The main tasks of therapeutic nutrition in case of myocardial infarction

  1. Basic principles of therapeutic nutrition in case of myocardial infarction
    In nutrition, the caloric content and volume of food are significantly limited, which then gradually increases. Excludes foods rich in animal fats and cholesterol (fatty meats, internal organs of animals, brains, caviar, egg yolk, animal fats, fatty fish, etc.), products that cause fermentation in the intestines and flatulence (black bread, cabbage, beans , milk in kind, etc.).
  2. NUTRITION IN MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
    NUTRITION AT THE INFARCT
  3. Basic principles of therapeutic nutrition for peptic ulcer
    1. Providing a full balanced diet; 2. Compliance with diet; 3. Provide mechanical, chemical and thermal shudder of the stomach and duodenum. One of the most important moments of therapeutic nutrition is adherence to the diet, which is even more significant than the composition of the diet itself. As soon as the food comes into contact with the mucous membrane of the stomach,
  4. ECG with myocardial infarction
    One of the key topics in electrocardiography is the diagnosis of myocardial infarction. Consider this important topic in the following order: 1. Electrocardiographic signs of myocardial infarction. 2. Localization of the infarction. 3. Stages of a heart attack. 4. Varieties of heart attacks
  5. Tasks of therapeutic nutrition
    The main objectives of therapeutic nutrition for pulmonary tuberculosis are: 1. Providing the body with adequate nutrition in the conditions of protein breakdown, deterioration of the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates, increased consumption of vitamins and minerals. 2. Increase the body's resistance to infection and intoxication. 3. Promoting the normalization of metabolism. 4. To promote the restoration of tissues affected
  6. Arrhythmias in myocardial infarction
    Patients with acute myocardial infarction often develop violations of the heart rate and conduction, which can go through a few chastov-days as the myocardium stabilizes. Most often, the accelerated ventricular rhythm, ventricular extrasystole and tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, as well as dysfunction of the sinus node and AV blockade are identified. Among the risk factors for violations
  7. VT with acute myocardial infarction
    Ventricular arrhythmias (JE, VT, VF) in the acute period of myocardial infarction are the result of a complex interaction between a powerful flow of neuro-vegetative (sympathetic) stimuli coming to the heart and local ischemic, necrotic, dysmetabolic (extracellular acidosis, hyperkalemia, and others) by processes in the myocardium of the left ventricle ("stress ischemia") [Meerson F. 3., 1987;
  8. Mortality in myocardial infarction
    The total lethality with MI varies from 10 to 20%. Most of the deaths in the prehospital stage are the result of the development of arrhythmias, which to a large extent can not be prevented. The majority of deaths in hospitalized patients occurs in connection with the failure of the injection function of the myocardium, which is not amenable to therapy. Consequently, the survival of patients can be increased,
  9. Emergency care for angina and acute myocardial infarction
    Calm the patient and others, put the patient (to provide physical and mental rest). Give under the tongue 1-2 tablets of nitroglycerin. If necessary, use nitroglycerin every 15 minutes. There may be headaches, noise in the head. When angina pectoris enter analgin 50% - 2 ml or tramal - 2 ml intramuscularly, and preferably immediately intravenously for 10-20 ml of 0.9% solution
  10. Exemplary one-day menus with myocardial infarction
    FIRST RATION I. An empty stomach: an infusion of prunes. First breakfast: buckwheat porridge rubbed with milk, cottage cheese rubbed with sugar (sugar from the daily norm), barley coffee with milk (sugar from the daily norm). The second breakfast: apple puree (or any fruit) with sugar (sugar from a daily norm), broth of a dogrose. Lunch: broth with egg flakes, chicken boiled, jelly from black currant. Snack:
  11. Basic principles of therapeutic nutrition
    1. The food ration should be diverse taking into account the development of the tuberculosis process and the general state of the organism. 2. Strict regimens and limited nutrition can be prescribed only for a short period (with complications and exacerbations of the disease). 3. At all stages of treatment, nutrition should be differentiated. It is necessary to observe the basic principles of the qualitative and quantitative construction of the diet in
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