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In the first period of the disease with acute gastritis, the diet should be strict. Lack of appetite and even aversion to food in this period make it much easier to limit food in all ways.
In the initial period of treatment consists of fasting. According to the doctor’s prescription, only unsweetened tea or boiled water can be given to the patient in small quantities.
As a rule, during this time, acute phenomena begin to subside and then you can assign a low-fat broth. From the finished broth fat is removed using paper napkins. In addition to the broth, you can give, also without fat, barley or rice water, carefully rubbed through a thick sieve, and crackers to it. For the preparation of crackers, it is necessary to cut a simple loaf or roll into thin slices, since the crackers prepared with thickly sliced rolls are tasteless and look unappetizing.
In the future, as the pain is eliminated, the menu can be expanded by adding yolk to broths, assigning semi-liquid semolina porridge on water with a piece of butter, dumplings on water with a piece of butter, soft-boiled eggs (boil for three minutes) or fruit jelly.
All these dishes should be given at certain equal intervals (3-4 hours) and in very small quantities, since during the fasting period, the digestive tract, to a certain extent, wears away from work.
A few days later, if the patient's condition improves, the menu can be expanded, gradually bringing it closer to normal. You can allow meatballs from lean meat or from lean, fresh fish, skipped several times through a meat grinder; mashed potatoes; gradually, it is possible to move on to boiled meat, to mashed potatoes from different vegetables (carrots, spinach, beets, zucchini, pumpkin, etc.) and to grated compotes.
At the same time increasing the portions.
After several days of such an extended diet, according to the recommendation of the doctor, you can go on to a normal diet, not forgetting, however, that especially heavy food, that is, fatty meat, oily fish, fried foods, fatty, spicy, seasoning should be avoided for a long time. , pickles, vegetables, the use of which leads to intestinal swelling. Sample menu for acute gastritis
1 period. Strict diet.
Using it, it is necessary to give broths in small amounts every 2-3 hours, alternating them with lean broth, without adding fats and crackers.
2 period. Dietary.
First breakfast: broth barley or rice, seasoned
The second breakfast: liquid semolina porridge on water with a small piece of butter, tea without sugar.
Dinner: dumplings on water with a small piece of butter.
Dinner: soft-boiled egg, rusk, slightly sweetened tea.
3 period. Extended Diet.
First breakfast: fresh cottage cheese without sour cream, stale loaf or roll with a thin layer of butter, tea with lemon.
Second breakfast: oatmeal broth with milk.
Lunch: pureed minced soup, small chicken patty, carrot puree.
Safe,: raspberry jelly, watered divorced
Dinner: egg in sour cream, stale loaf, butter, pureed spinach, tea.
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