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In the first period of the disease, acute gastritis diet should be strict. Lack of appetite and even aversion to food in this period greatly facilitate the task of limiting food in every possible way.
In the initial period, treatment consists in starvation. According to the doctor's prescription, it is possible to give the patient in small quantities only unsweetened tea or boiled water.
As a rule, during this time, acute events start to subside and then low-fat broth can be prescribed. With the finished broth, the fat is removed using paper napkins. In addition to broth, you can give, also without fat, a barley or rice broth, carefully rubbed through a thick sieve, and to him crackers. For the preparation of biscuits, it is necessary to cut a simple loaf or loaf with thin slices, since the rusks cooked with thickly sliced bread are not tasty and look unappetizing.
In the future, as the pain is eliminated, the menu can be expanded by adding egg yolk to the broth, assigning semi-liquid porridge on the water with a slice of butter, dumplings in water with a piece of butter, soft-boiled eggs (three minutes) or fruit jelly.
All these dishes should be given at regular intervals (3-4 hours) and in very small quantities, since during the period of starvation the digestive tract, to a certain extent, is weaned from work.
In a few days, if the patient's condition improves, the menu can be expanded, gradually bringing it closer to normal. You can allow bits of lean meat or from lean, fresh fish, missed several times through a meat grinder; mashed potatoes; gradually you can go to boiled meat, to puree from different vegetables (carrots, spinach, beets, zucchini, pumpkin, etc.) and to mashed potatoes.
At the same time, portions are increased.
After several days of such an extended diet, on the recommendation of a doctor, you can go to a normal diet, without forgetting, however, that for a long time it is necessary to avoid especially heavy food, ie fatty meat, fatty fish, fried foods, fatty, spicy, seasonings , marinades, vegetables, the use of which leads to swelling of the intestine. Sample menu for acute gastritis
1 period. Strict diet.
Applying it, you need to give every 2-3 hours in small quantities of broths, alternating them with lean broth, without adding fats and crackers.
2 period. Dietary.
First breakfast: a decoction of barley or rice, seasoned
The second breakfast: liquid semolina porridge on the water with a small piece of butter, tea without sugar.
Lunch: dumplings on the water with a small piece of butter.
Dinner: soft-boiled egg, biscuit, slightly sweetened tea.
3 period. Extended diet.
First breakfast: fresh cottage cheese without sour cream, stale loaf or roll with a thin layer of butter, tea with lemon.
The second breakfast: an oat broth with milk.
Lunch: mashed barley soup, a small cutlet from chicken meat, puree from carrots.
Afternoon snack: jelly from raspberry juice, drizzled with divorced
Dinner: egg in sour cream, stale bread, butter, mashed spinach, tea.
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- Acute gastritis
Acute gastritis is an acute inflammatory process of the gastric mucosa in response to its damage. Acute gastritis occurs at any age, and, as a rule, it is possible to trace its association with a certain etiologic factor. Older children are relatively rare. A peculiarity of this nosological form is a combination of the vulnerability of the gastric mucosa and extremely
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- Question 20 GASTRIT
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- Inflammation of the stomach (gastritis)
Distinguish between acute and chronic gastritis. Most often gastritis occurs in children aged 5-6 years, 9-12 years, during periods of the most intensive development of all organs and systems. The incidence of girls and boys is the same, but during puberty is more common in girls. Acute gastritis is an acute inflammation of the gastric mucosa caused by a short-term action of strong stimuli.
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- Chronic gastritis
CHRONIC GASTRITIS (HG) is a disease of the stomach characterized by a chronic inflammatory process of its mucosa, expressed in a decrease in the number of glandular cells, a violation of physiological regeneration, dysplasia of the mucous membrane (with progression-development of atrophy and intestinal metaplasia), secretory, motor and often endocrine function of the stomach.
- Chronic gastritis (ciphers K 29.3 - 6)
Definition. Chronic gastritis is a clinical morphological concept characterized by a violation of physiological regeneration of the epithelium with an outcome in atrophy, disturbances of the secretory function of the stomach, its motor and, in part, incretory activity. Statistics. Chronic gastritis is the most common disease of the digestive system, affecting about 50% of the adult population. In the structure
- CHRONIC GASTRITIS
The most common disease is from internal diseases. Chronic gastritis is a clinico-anatomical concept. 1. Morphological changes in the mucosa are non-specific, the inflammatory process is focal or diffuse. 2. Structural reorganization of the mucosa with a violation of regeneration and atrophy. 3. Nonspecific clinical manifestations. 4. Disorders of secretory, motor, partially endocrine
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- Chronic gastritis
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- Chronic gastritis
- chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach (diffuse or focal), accompanied by a violation of the physiological regeneration of the epithelium, its atrophy, functional deficiency of the stomach, disorders of the secretory, motor and often incretory functions of the stomach. Main clinical manifestations of chronic gastritis. Local appearance of pains (dull, without irradiation) and
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- Chronic Gastric and gastroduodenitis
Chronic gastritis (HG) is a chronic recurrent focal or diffuse inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach with a violation of the processes of physiological regeneration, with a tendency to progress, development of atrophy, secretory insufficiency, underlying disorders of digestion and metabolism. Chronic gastroduodenitis (CGD) is a chronic inflammation with a structural
- Acute rhinitis (acute rhinitis)
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