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In the first period of the disease with acute gastritis, the diet should be strict. Lack of appetite and even aversion to food in this period greatly facilitate the task of comprehensively restricting food.
In the initial period, treatment consists in fasting. According to the doctor's prescription, the patient can be given in small quantities only unsweetened tea or boiled water.
As a rule, during this time, acute events begin to subside and then a non-greasy broth can be prescribed. Fat is removed from the finished broth using paper towels. In addition to the broth, you can give, also without fat, barley or rice broth, carefully rubbed through a thick sieve, and crackers to it. To make breadcrumbs, you need to cut a simple loaf or loaf into thin slices since crackers cooked in thickly sliced rolls are tasteless and look unappetizing.
In the future, as the pain is eliminated, the menu can be expanded by adding yolk to the decoctions, appointing semi-liquid semolina porridge in water with a piece of butter, dumplings in water with a piece of butter, soft-boiled eggs (cook for three minutes) or fruit jelly.
All these dishes should be given at regular intervals (3-4 hours) and in very small quantities, since during the fasting period the digestive tract, to a certain extent, is weaned from work.
After a few days, if the patient's condition improves, the menu can be expanded, gradually bringing it closer to normal. You can allow meatballs from lean meat or from lean, fresh fish, passed several times through a meat grinder; mashed potatoes; gradually you can switch to boiled meat, mashed potatoes from various vegetables (carrots, spinach, beets, zucchini, pumpkin, etc.) and mashed compotes.
At the same time, portions are increasing.
After several days of such an expanded diet, on the recommendation of a doctor, you can go on to a normal diet, without forgetting, however, that for a long time you need to avoid especially heavy foods, i.e. fatty meat, fatty fish, fried foods, greasy, spicy, seasonings , marinades, vegetables, the use of which leads to bloating. Exemplary menu for acute gastritis
1 period. Strict diet.
Applying it, it is necessary to give broths in small amounts every 2-3 hours, alternating them with lean broth, without adding fat and crackers.
2 period. Dietary.
First breakfast: barley or rice broth, seasoned
Lunch: liquid semolina porridge on the water with a small piece of butter, tea without sugar.
Lunch: dumplings on the water with a small piece of butter.
Dinner: soft-boiled egg, cracker, slightly sweetened tea.
3 period. Extended diet.
First breakfast: fresh cottage cheese without sour cream, a stale loaf or roll with a thin layer of butter, tea with lemon.
Second breakfast: oat broth with milk.
Lunch: mashed barley soup, a small chicken cutlet, mashed carrots.
Snack: raspberry juice kissed with divorce
Dinner: egg in sour cream, stale rolls, butter, mashed spinach, tea.
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- Acute gastritis
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- Chronic gastritis
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