Licensed books on medicine
<< Ahead || Next >> |
Food at atherosclerosis
Proper nutritional therapy in atherosclerosis with vascular lesions of the heart, brain or other organs helps to slow the progression of the disease, reduce metabolic disorders, improve blood circulation, reduce body weight, if necessary, provide nutrition without overloading the cardiovascular and central nervous systems, liver, the kidneys.
Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease that is associated with a violation of the metabolism of fats, cholesterol, and proteins. In atherosclerosis, the state of the artery walls changes, cholesterol is deposited in them, and connective tissue (sclerosis) develops around its deposits. The walls of the arteries become denser, their lumen narrows. Disturbed blood supply to organs and tissues. Atherosclerosis affects the vessels of the brain, coronary arteries of the heart and peripheral vessels. In atherosclerosis with a lesion of the arteries of the heart, ischemic heart disease occurs, which may be complicated by myocardial infarction. The causes and mechanisms of development of atherosclerosis are diverse. Contributes to the progression of atherosclerosis and poor nutrition. Therefore, the main reason for atherosclerosis in clinical nutrition is to limit foods that contain fat, cholesterol, easily digestible carbohydrates and other nutrients. It is necessary to eliminate violations of the diet - rare and abundant meals. It is advisable 1-2 times a week fasting days: cottage cheese, milk (kefirnye), vegetable, apple. Care should be taken to ensure that the diet contains as many vitamins as possible. A lot of necessary vitamins found in vegetables and fruits.
With atherosclerosis, strong broths are contraindicated. They are either excluded or they limit the amount of salt.
The products that are well absorbed by the body, as well as the most recommended are green, jams, jellies, fruits, juice from them, honey, flour products, cereals.
Vegetables are recommended in raw or boiled types. When preparing vegetable salads, you need to grind them thoroughly, it is best to grate. Boiled vegetables can be served with a small amount of butter, and to the salad of raw vegetables add a little vegetable oil.
Soups can be given vegetable, dairy and fruit. Homemade noodles are made on proteins, eliminating the yolk, which is rich in cholesterol. From time to time you can eat a soft-boiled egg. All products from cereals are recommended.
Observing all the conditions of nutrition, you need to ensure that weight is not added.
The frequency of meals - 4-5 times a day.
LIST OF RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS AND DISHES
Bread and flour products: wheat bread of the 1-2 nd grade, rye flour, wholemeal flour, crackers, bread biscuits, grain bread, with the addition of ground wheat bran; baked products without salt with cottage cheese, fish, meat, adding ground wheat bran.
Dishes from meat and poultry: low-fat varieties of meat, poultry (excluding internal organs of animals); boiled or baked, sliced or chopped.
Fish dishes: low-fat varieties in boiled or baked.
Dishes and side dishes of vegetables: different dishes from cabbage of all kinds, beets, carrots - finely shredded, zucchini, pumpkins, eggplants, potatoes; green peas in the form of mashed potatoes. Fresh cucumbers, tomatoes, salad. Greens - in the dishes.
Milk and dairy products and dishes from them: milk in its natural form, reduced-fat dairy products, 9% fat cottage cheese and low-fat, dishes from it, low-fat, low-salted cheese, sour cream - into dishes.
Dishes and side dishes of cereals, flour, pasta: cereals - buckwheat, oatmeal, millet, barley, etc .; crumbly, casseroles, croutons.
Eggs and dishes from them: soft-boiled eggs - 2-3 per week, protein omelets.
Fats: vegetable oils for cooking and ready meals, butter for cooking.
Snacks: vinaigrettes and salads with vegetable oil, salads with seafood, boiled salted fish and meat, soaked herring, dietary low-fat ham.
Sauces, spices: milk, vegetable broth, tomato,
dressed with sour cream, fruit and berry gravy. Vanillin, cinnamon, citric acid. Limit mayonnaise, horseradish.
Drinks: dogrose broth, tea, tea with milk, weak tea with lemon, coffee drinks, weak natural coffee, vegetable, fruit, berry juices. Broth hips, decoction of wheat bran. Carbonated drinks are limited.
Useful dishes from seaweed, squid, mussels, etc.
LIST OF EXCLUDED PRODUCTS AND DISHES
Products from butter and puff pastry, meat, fish, mushroom broths and bean soups; fatty meats, duck, goose, liver, kidneys, brains, sausages, smoked meats, canned foods; fatty fish, salted and smoked fish, canned food, caviar; salty and fatty cheese, heavy cream, sour cream, fat cottage cheese; egg yolks limit; radish, radish, sorrel, spinach, mushrooms; fatty, spicy and salty snacks, canned meat; fish, mushroom sauces, pepper, mustard, chocolate, cream products, ice cream; strong tea, coffee, cocoa; meat and cooking oils, alcoholic beverages.
| << Ahead || Next >> |
| = Go to tutorial content = |
Food at atherosclerosis
- ANALYSIS OF CORONARGRAM IN CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS
Despite the fact that selective coronary angiography has been used in cardiology practice for more than 30 years, methods of analyzing coronarograms continue to develop and improve. This process is inextricably linked with the introduction of fundamentally new methods of treating patients with coronary atherosclerosis. Lifetime visualization of the coronary bed allowed, first of all, to reliably state the fact
- Atherosclerosis in diabetes mellitus
Atherosclerosis at sugar
- Sudden death in atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries
Sudden death is primarily a complication of severe atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, affecting several coronary vessels. In the autopsy study, the frequency of detection of fresh coronary thrombosis ranges from 25 to 75%. Atherosclerotic plaque rupture, which caused obstruction of the vessel, was detected in a number of patients without thrombosis. So the impression is
- Approximate one-day menus for diseases of the cardiovascular system (atherosclerosis)
I. First breakfast: boiled meat, vinaigrette with vegetable oil, coffee with skimmed milk. Second breakfast: fresh cabbage salad with apples or sea kale. Tea time: dogrose broth, apple. Lunch: vegetarian soup with vegetable oil (half a serving), boiled meat with potatoes, jelly. Dinner: jellied fish, semolina casserole with fruit sauce, tea with sugar. For the night:
- Food for chronic pancreatitis
Chronic pancreatitis occurs most often after acute, but it can also be primary, for example, in patients with cirrhosis of the liver, chronic hepatitis, in duodenal diseases, in the presence of stones in the biliary tract, sometimes in atherosclerosis and malnutrition in alcoholics, in allergic diseases, etc. The main thing in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis is properly constructed.
- Food in mental labor
With mental labor and weak muscular load during off-duty time, energy expenditure does not exceed 377–460 kJ (90 — PO kcal) per hour and is 9623–10042 kJ (2300–2400 kcal) per day. Hypokinesia, insufficiency of motor-visceral reflexes, overeating, overweight and early development have a great influence on the health of people of mental labor and their performance.
- The basic principles of nutrition in hypertension
Compliance with appropriate nutrition, along with pharmacological treatment, is an extremely important factor in the treatment of hypertension. It would not be an exaggeration to say that with an increase in blood pressure, proper medical nutrition forms the basis of treatment, taking into account the following basic principles: - strict compliance of the energy value of the diet with the body's energy costs, and
- Nutrition for liver diseases
Proper nutrition in liver disease plays the most important role, which cannot be compared with the action of any drug. The one who suffers from this disease, on his own experience, was convinced that errors in nutrition, as a rule, cause aggravation: pain, nausea and other unpleasant sensations appear. The liver takes part in the metabolism of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, in it
- Nutrition as a factor in the preservation and promotion of health. Physiological norms of nutrition. The value of the individual components of food in human nutrition. The value of proteins in human nutrition, their norms and sources of entry into the body
Nutrition is one of the most active and important environmental factors, which has a variety of effects on the human body, ensures its growth, development, preservation of health, disability and optimal life expectancy. All this is provided by a daily, regulated meal with a certain set of foods. Foods are complex
- Nutrition for enterocolitis
Enterocolitis is an inflammation of the small intestines with simultaneous damage to the thick, characterized by diarrhea or, conversely, constipation. With acute enterocolitis, which is accompanied by frequent diarrhea, the body is depleted of fluid, and this leads to dehydration. Therefore, in the first two days of illness it is necessary to sharply limit the amount of food, and to quench thirst and prevent dehydration
- Nutrition for diabetes mellitus
INTRODUCTION In mild and moderate diabetes mellitus, an appropriate diet is the main therapeutic factor. In more severe cases, nutrition is an essential complement to drug treatment. Diabetes mellitus is a very common disease in which all types of metabolism are disturbed: carbohydrate, protein, fat, mineral, water. The basis of diabetes is
- Food for acute pancreatitis
The pancreas plays an important role in human life. It produces and secretes into the duodenum lumen an active juice, the substances of which break down the constituent parts of food - proteins, fats, carbohydrates - into simple compounds, which are then absorbed by the intestinal mucosa, enter the blood, are captured by the cells of the organs, taking part in cellular metabolism,
- Food with food allergies
Among allergic diseases, food allergies are widespread. The reason for the spread of food allergies is excessive nutrition, especially protein, wide use in the food industry dyes, preservatives, all kinds of surrogates, and in agriculture - chemical fertilizers and toxic chemicals. The increase in recent years, the number of total allergenic
- FOOD WITH INSUFFICIENT BLOOD CIRCULATION
* * * Proper nutrition plays a huge role in diseases of the circulatory system, which are very common in our time. Circulatory failure occurs in diseases of the cardiovascular system - heart defects, cardiosclerosis, hypertension, etc. With circulatory failure, the functions of the lungs, liver, kidneys, heart deteriorate, the supply of tissues and