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Nutrition for atherosclerosis
Correct medical nutrition with atherosclerosis with damage to the blood vessels of the heart, brain or other organs helps to slow the progression of the disease, reduce metabolic disorders, improve blood circulation, reduce body weight, if necessary, provide nutrition without overloading the cardiovascular and central nervous system, liver, kidney.
Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease that is associated with a violation of the metabolism of fats, cholesterol, proteins. When atherosclerosis changes the condition of the walls of the arteries, cholesterol is deposited in them and connective tissue (sclerosis) develops around its deposits. The walls of the arteries thicken, their lumen narrowing. Blood supply to organs and tissues is disturbed. Atherosclerosis affects the vessels of the brain, coronary arteries of the heart, peripheral vessels. Atherosclerosis with the defeat of the arteries of the heart, coronary heart disease arises, which can be complicated by myocardial infarction. The causes and mechanisms of the development of atherosclerosis are manifold. Predisposes and contributes to the progression of atherosclerosis and irrational nutrition. Therefore, the main thing for atherosclerosis in therapeutic nutrition is the restriction of foods that contain fat, cholesterol, digestible carbohydrates and other nutrients. It is necessary to eliminate violations of diet - rare and abundant meals. It is expedient 1-2 times a week unloading days: curd, dairy (kefir), vegetable, apple. It is necessary to watch closely that the diet included as much as possible vitamins. Many necessary vitamins are found in vegetables and fruits.
When atherosclerosis, strong broths are contraindicated. They are either excluded, or they limit the amount of salt.
To products that are well absorbed by the body, and the most recommended are green, jams, jellies, fruits, juices, honey, flour products, porridges.
Vegetables are recommended in raw or cooked types. Preparing salads from vegetables, you must carefully grind them, it is best to grate. Boiled vegetables can be given with a small amount of butter, and to a salad of raw vegetables add a little vegetable oil.
Soups can be given vegetable, dairy and fruit. Homemade noodles are made on proteins, eliminating yolk, which is rich in cholesterol. From time to time you can eat a soft-boiled egg. All products from cereals are recommended.
Observing all the conditions of nutrition, you need to make sure that you do not add weight.
Frequency of food intake is 4-5 times a day.
LIST OF RECOMMENDED FOODS AND MEALS
Bread and flour products: wheat bread from flour of the 1st grade, rye from peeled flour, coarse flour, breadcrumbs, biscuits, grain bread, with the addition of ground wheat bran; baked products without salt with cottage cheese, fish, meat, the addition of ground wheat bran.
Dishes from meat and poultry: low-fat varieties of meat, poultry (the internal organs of animals are excluded); in cooked or baked kinds, with a piece or chopped.
Dishes from fish: low-fat varieties in cooked or baked kinds.
Dishes and side dishes from vegetables: different dishes from cabbage of all kinds, beets, carrots - finely chopped, zucchini, pumpkin, eggplant, potatoes; green peas in the form of mashed potatoes. Fresh cucumbers, tomatoes, lettuce. The greens - in the dishes.
Milk and milk products and dishes from them: milk in kind, sour-milk products of low fat content, curds 9% fat and low-fat, dishes from it, low-fat, low-fat cheese, sour cream - in dishes.
Dishes and side dishes from cereals, flour, pasta: porridge - buckwheat, oatmeal, millet, barley, etc .; crumbly, casseroles, raspberries.
Eggs and dishes from them: soft-boiled eggs - 2-3 per week, protein omelets.
Fats: vegetable oils for cooking and ready meals, butter for cooking.
Snacks: vinaigrettes and salads with vegetable oil, salads with sea products, boiled jellied fish and meat, soaked herring, dietary low-fat ham.
Sauces, spices: dairy, on vegetable broth, tomato,
filled with sour cream, fruit and berry gravies. Vanillin, cinnamon, citric acid. Limit mayonnaise, horseradish.
Drinks: broth of dogrose, tea, tea with milk, loose tea with lemon, coffee drinks, weak natural coffee, vegetable juices, fruit, berry. Broth of dogrose, broth of wheaten bran. Carbonated drinks are limited.
Useful dishes from sea kale, squid, mussels, etc.
LIST OF EXCLUDED FOODS AND MEALS
Products from butter and puff pastry, meat, fish, mushroom broths and bean soup; fatty grades of meat, duck, goose, liver, kidneys, brains, sausages, smoked products, canned food; Fatty species of fish, salted and smoked fish, canned food, caviar; salty and fatty cheese, fatty cream, sour cream, fatty cottage cheese; yolk of eggs is limited; radish, radish, sorrel, spinach, mushrooms; fatty, sharp and salty snacks, canned meat; fish, mushroom sauces, pepper, mustard, chocolate, cream products, ice cream; strong tea, coffee, cocoa; meat and cooking fats, alcoholic beverages.
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