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Food at atherosclerosis
Proper nutritional therapy in atherosclerosis with vascular lesions of the heart, brain or other organs helps to slow the progression of the disease, reduce metabolic disorders, improve blood circulation, reduce body weight, if necessary, provide nutrition without overloading the cardiovascular and central nervous systems, liver, the kidneys.
Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease that is associated with a violation of the metabolism of fats, cholesterol, and proteins. In atherosclerosis, the state of the artery walls changes, cholesterol is deposited in them, and connective tissue (sclerosis) develops around its deposits. The walls of the arteries are compacted, their lumen narrows. Disturbed blood supply to organs and tissues. Atherosclerosis affects the blood vessels of the brain, coronary arteries of the heart, peripheral vessels. In atherosclerosis with a lesion of the arteries of the heart, ischemic heart disease occurs, which may be complicated by myocardial infarction. The causes and mechanisms of development of atherosclerosis are diverse. Contributes to the progression of atherosclerosis and poor nutrition. Therefore, the main reason for atherosclerosis in clinical nutrition is to limit foods that contain fat, cholesterol, easily digestible carbohydrates and other nutrients. It is necessary to eliminate violations of the diet - rare and abundant meals. It is advisable 1-2 times a week fasting days: cottage cheese, milk (kefirnye), vegetable, apple. Care should be taken to ensure that the diet contains as many vitamins as possible. A lot of necessary vitamins found in vegetables and fruits.
With atherosclerosis, strong broths are contraindicated. They are either excluded or they limit the amount of salt.
The products that are well absorbed by the body, as well as the most recommended are green, jams, jellies, fruits, juice from them, honey, flour products, cereals.
Vegetables are recommended in raw or boiled types. When preparing vegetable salads, you need to grind them thoroughly, it is best to grate. Boiled vegetables can be served with a small amount of butter, and to the salad of raw vegetables add a little vegetable oil.
Soups can be given vegetable, dairy and fruit. Homemade noodles are made on proteins, eliminating the yolk, which is rich in cholesterol. From time to time you can eat a soft-boiled egg. All products from cereals are recommended.
Observing all the conditions of nutrition, you need to ensure that weight is not added.
The frequency of eating is 4-5 times a day.
LIST OF RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS AND DISHES
Bread and flour products: wheat bread of the 1-2 nd grade, rye flour, wholemeal flour, crackers, bread biscuits, grain bread, with the addition of ground wheat bran; baked products without salt with cottage cheese, fish, meat, adding ground wheat bran.
Dishes from meat and poultry: low-fat varieties of meat, poultry (excludes internal organs of animals); boiled or baked, sliced or chopped.
Fish dishes: low-fat varieties in boiled or baked.
Dishes and side dishes of vegetables: different dishes from cabbage of all kinds, beets, carrots - finely shredded, zucchini, pumpkin, eggplant, potatoes; green peas in the form of mashed potatoes. Fresh cucumbers, tomatoes, salad. Greens - in the dishes.
Milk and dairy products and dishes from them: milk in its natural form, reduced-fat dairy products, 9% fat cottage cheese and low-fat, dishes from it, low-fat, low-salted cheese, sour cream - into dishes.
Dishes and side dishes of cereals, flour, pasta: cereals - buckwheat, oatmeal, millet, barley, etc .; crumbly, casseroles, croutons.
Eggs and dishes from them: soft-boiled eggs - 2-3 per week, protein omelets.
Fats: vegetable oils for cooking and ready meals, butter for cooking.
Snacks: vinaigrettes and salads with vegetable oil, salads with seafood, boiled salted fish and meat, soaked herring, dietary low-fat ham.
Sauces, spices: milk, vegetable broth, tomato,
dressed with sour cream, fruit and berry gravy. Vanillin, cinnamon, citric acid. Limit mayonnaise, horseradish.
Drinks: dogrose broth, tea, tea with milk, weak tea with lemon, coffee drinks, weak natural coffee, vegetable, fruit, berry juices. Broth hips, decoction of wheat bran. Carbonated drinks are limited.
Useful dishes from seaweed, squid, mussels, etc.
LIST OF EXCLUDED PRODUCTS AND DISHES
Products from butter and puff pastry, meat, fish, mushroom broths and bean soups; fatty meats, duck, goose, liver, kidneys, brains, sausages, smoked meats, canned foods; fatty fish, salted and smoked fish, canned food, caviar; salty and fatty cheese, heavy cream, sour cream, fat cottage cheese; egg yolks limit; radish, radish, sorrel, spinach, mushrooms; fatty, spicy and salty snacks, canned meat; fish, mushroom sauces, pepper, mustard, chocolate, cream products, ice cream; strong tea, coffee, cocoa; meat and cooking oils, alcoholic beverages.
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Food at atherosclerosis
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