Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous || Next >> |
Nutrition for atherosclerosis
Correct medical nutrition with atherosclerosis with damage to the blood vessels of the heart, brain or other organs helps to slow the progression of the disease, reduce metabolic disorders, improve blood circulation, reduce body weight, if necessary, provide nutrition without overloading the cardiovascular and central nervous system, liver, kidney.
Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease that is associated with a violation of the metabolism of fats, cholesterol, proteins. When atherosclerosis changes the condition of the walls of the arteries, cholesterol is deposited in them and connective tissue (sclerosis) develops around its deposits. The walls of the arteries thicken, their lumen narrowing. Blood supply to organs and tissues is disturbed. Atherosclerosis affects the vessels of the brain, coronary arteries of the heart, peripheral vessels. Atherosclerosis with the defeat of the arteries of the heart, coronary heart disease arises, which can be complicated by myocardial infarction. The causes and mechanisms of the development of atherosclerosis are manifold. Predisposes and contributes to the progression of atherosclerosis and irrational nutrition. Therefore, the main thing for atherosclerosis in therapeutic nutrition is the restriction of foods that contain fat, cholesterol, digestible carbohydrates and other nutrients. It is necessary to eliminate violations of diet - rare and abundant meals. It is expedient 1-2 times a week unloading days: curd, dairy (kefir), vegetable, apple. It is necessary to watch closely that the diet included as much as possible vitamins. Many necessary vitamins are found in vegetables and fruits.
When atherosclerosis, strong broths are contraindicated. They are either excluded, or they limit the amount of salt.
To products that are well absorbed by the body, and the most recommended are green, jams, jellies, fruits, juices, honey, flour products, porridges.
Vegetables are recommended in raw or cooked types. Preparing salads from vegetables, you must carefully grind them, it is best to grate. Boiled vegetables can be given with a small amount of butter, and to a salad of raw vegetables add a little vegetable oil.
Soups can be given vegetable, dairy and fruit. Homemade noodles are made on proteins, eliminating yolk, which is rich in cholesterol. From time to time you can eat a soft-boiled egg. All products from cereals are recommended.
Observing all the conditions of nutrition, you need to make sure that you do not add weight.
Frequency of food intake is 4-5 times a day.
LIST OF RECOMMENDED FOODS AND MEALS
Bread and flour products: wheat bread from flour of the 1st grade, rye from peeled flour, coarse flour, breadcrumbs, biscuits, grain bread, with the addition of ground wheat bran; baked products without salt with cottage cheese, fish, meat, the addition of ground wheat bran.
Dishes from meat and poultry: low-fat varieties of meat, poultry (the internal organs of animals are excluded); in cooked or baked kinds, with a piece or chopped.
Dishes from fish: low-fat varieties in cooked or baked kinds.
Dishes and side dishes from vegetables: different dishes from cabbage of all kinds, beets, carrots - finely chopped, zucchini, pumpkin, eggplant, potatoes; green peas in the form of mashed potatoes. Fresh cucumbers, tomatoes, lettuce. The greens - in the dishes.
Milk and milk products and dishes from them: milk in kind, sour-milk products of low fat content, curds 9% fat and low-fat, dishes from it, low-fat, low-fat cheese, sour cream - in dishes.
Dishes and side dishes from cereals, flour, pasta: porridge - buckwheat, oatmeal, millet, barley, etc .; crumbly, casseroles, raspberries.
Eggs and dishes from them: soft-boiled eggs - 2-3 per week, protein omelets.
Fats: vegetable oils for cooking and ready meals, butter for cooking.
Snacks: vinaigrettes and salads with vegetable oil, salads with sea products, boiled jellied fish and meat, soaked herring, dietary low-fat ham.
Sauces, spices: dairy, on vegetable broth, tomato,
filled with sour cream, fruit and berry gravies. Vanillin, cinnamon, citric acid. Limit mayonnaise, horseradish.
Drinks: broth of dogrose, tea, tea with milk, loose tea with lemon, coffee drinks, weak natural coffee, vegetable juices, fruit, berry. Broth of dogrose, broth of wheaten bran. Carbonated drinks are limited.
Useful dishes from sea kale, squid, mussels, etc.
LIST OF EXCLUDED FOODS AND MEALS
Products from butter and puff pastry, meat, fish, mushroom broths and bean soup; fatty grades of meat, duck, goose, liver, kidneys, brains, sausages, smoked products, canned food; Fatty species of fish, salted and smoked fish, canned food, caviar; salty and fatty cheese, fatty cream, sour cream, fatty cottage cheese; yolk of eggs is limited; radish, radish, sorrel, spinach, mushrooms; fatty, sharp and salty snacks, canned meat; fish, mushroom sauces, pepper, mustard, chocolate, cream products, ice cream; strong tea, coffee, cocoa; meat and cooking fats, alcoholic beverages.
| << Previous || Next >> |
| = Skip to the content of the tutorial = |
Nutrition for atherosclerosis
- ANALYSIS OF CORONAROGRAM IN CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS
Despite the fact that selective coronary angiography has been used in cardiological practice for more than 30 years, the methods of coronarogram analysis continue to develop and improve. This process is inextricably linked with the introduction of fundamentally new ways of treating patients with coronary atherosclerosis. The intravital imaging of the coronary channel has made it possible to reliably ascertain the very fact
- ATHEROSCLEROSIS WITH SUGAR DIABETES
ATHEROSCLEROSIS WITH SUGAR
- Sudden death in coronary artery atherosclerosis
Sudden death is primarily a complication of severe coronary artery atherosclerosis, which affects several coronary vessels. In pathoanatomical research, the frequency of detection of fresh coronary thrombosis ranges from 25 to 75%. A rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque that caused vessel obstruction was found in a number of patients without thrombosis. Thus, there is an impression,
- Exemplary one-day menus for cardiovascular disease (atherosclerosis)
I. First breakfast: boiled meat, vinaigrette with vegetable oil, coffee with skimmed milk. The second breakfast: salad from fresh cabbage with apples or with sea kale. Afternoon snack: broth of dog rose, apple. Lunch: Vegetarian soup with vegetable oil (half portion), boiled meat with potatoes, jelly. Dinner: fish jellied, casserole manna with fruit sauce, tea with sugar. Overnight:
- Nutrition for chronic pancreatitis
Chronic pancreatitis occurs most often after acute, but can also be primary, for example, in patients with cirrhosis of the liver, chronic hepatitis, with duodenal ulcers, with stones in the biliary tract, sometimes with atherosclerosis and malnutrition in alcoholics, allergic diseases, etc. The main thing in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis is the correctly constructed
- Nutrition in mental work
With mental labor and a weak muscular load during off-duty time, energy costs do not exceed 377-460 kJ (90-PO kcal) per hour and amount to 9623-10042 kJ (2300-2400 kcal) per day. The health of persons of mental labor and their performance are greatly influenced by hypokinesia, insufficiency of motor-visceral reflexes, overeating, overweight and early development
- Basic principles of nutrition in hypertensive disease
Adherence to appropriate nutrition, along with pharmacological treatment, is an extremely important factor in the treatment of hypertension. It is no exaggeration to say that with increasing blood pressure, the right therapeutic diet forms the basis of treatment, while taking into account the following basic principles: - a strict correspondence of the energy value of the ration to the energy inputs of the organism, and
- Nutrition for liver diseases
Proper nutrition with liver disease plays the most important role, which can not be compared with the action of any medication. Those who suffer from this disease, on their own experience, made sure that errors in nutrition, as a rule, cause exacerbation: there is pain, nausea and other unpleasant sensations. The liver takes part in the metabolism of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, in it
- Nutrition as a factor in maintaining and promoting health. Physiological norms of nutrition. The importance of individual components of food in human nutrition. The importance of proteins in human nutrition, their norms and sources of intake into the body
Nutrition is one of the most active and important factors of the external environment, which exerts a diverse influence on the human body, ensures its growth, development, preservation of health, work capacity and optimal longevity. All this is provided by a daily, regulated meal with a certain set of foods. Food products are complex
- Nutrition with enterocolitis
Enterocolitis is an inflammation of the small intestines with a simultaneous lesion of the thick, characterized by diarrhea or, conversely, constipation. In acute enterocolitis, which is accompanied by frequent diarrhea, the body becomes depleted with liquid, and this leads to dehydration. Therefore, in the first two days of the disease, you must sharply limit the amount of food, and to quench your thirst and prevent dehydration
- NUTRITION IN SUGAR DIABETES
INTRODUCTION With mild and moderate severity of diabetes mellitus, the appropriate diet is the main curative factor. In more severe cases, nutrition is an essential complement to drug treatment. Diabetes mellitus is a very common disease, in which all types of metabolism are violated: carbohydrate, protein, fat, mineral, water. The basis of diabetes lies
- Nutrition for acute pancreatitis
The pancreas plays an important role in the life of a person. It produces and releases into the lumen of the duodenum active juice, the substances that split the components of food - proteins, fats, carbohydrates - into simple compounds that are then absorbed by the intestinal mucosa, enter the bloodstream, are captured by the cells of the organs, taking part in the cellular metabolism,
- Nutrition for food allergies
Among allergic diseases, a widespread food allergy. The reason for the spread of food allergies is excessive food, especially protein, a wide application in the food industry of dyes, preservatives, all kinds of surrogates, and in agriculture - chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Increase in recent years the amount of common allergic
- NUTRITION WITH INSUFFICIENCY OF THE CIRCULATION
* * * Proper nutrition plays a huge role in diseases of the circulatory system, which are very common in our time. Insufficiency of blood circulation occurs with diseases of the cardiovascular system - heart defects, cardiosclerosis, hypertension, etc. With circulatory failure, the functions of the lungs, liver, kidneys, and heart deteriorate, supply of tissues and