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Nutrition for enterocolitis
Enterocolitis is an inflammation of the small intestines with simultaneous damage to the thick, characterized by diarrhea or, conversely, constipation.
In acute enterocolitis, which is accompanied by frequent diarrhea, the body is depleted of fluid, and this leads to dehydration. Therefore, in the first two days of illness, you need to sharply limit the amount of food, and to quench your thirst and prevent dehydration, drink hot, strong tea without sugar.
Favorable effect on the intestines of rice water, blueberry jelly. On the third day, the patient is allowed food, which contributes to the excretory and motor functions of the intestine and which would weaken the fermentation processes. To do this, limit calories to 200 calories, reduce the amount of carbohydrates to 200 g, fat to 60 g, salt to 5 g, increase the amount of vitamins A, B, C, PP. Food is cooked in shabby and boiled species, taken 5-6 times a day.
In acute enterocolitis, the following products are recommended: white stale bread up to 200 g per day, oil up to 40 g, sugar up to 60 g, mucous soups on water from rice or oatmeal, wheat bran, meat broth with semolina or rice cereal, cream soup in meat broth. From the second course we recommend lean beef, chicken in shabby form, lean fish boiled, semolina, rice, oatmeal on water with butter, fresh curd cheese in shredded form. For dessert, they use blueberry jelly, cherries, black currants, raspberries, strawberries, jelly and juice from oranges, tangerines, lemons.
Patients receive such nutrition until the disappearance of acute phenomena in the intestine, then the menu can be expanded. Painful processes in the intestines can occur as a result of excessive use of unripe fruits, peas, beans, cabbage, and black bread. The manifestation of putrefactive dyspepsia is observed in those who consume stale products. Treatment in such cases begins with fasting, followed by an apple day, in which the patient can eat in small portions up to one and a half kg of apples, then switch to a diet with limited protein and a moderate increase in the amount of carbohydrates. From the 10th day, meals can be with a normal protein content. It is very useful to spend a berry day using fresh berries - strawberries, strawberries, raspberries, 1.5 - 2 kg per day.
SAMPLE MENU FOR ENTEROCOLITE FOR A WEEK
All day: white bread - 200 g.
First breakfast: meat pate, rice porridge, tea with sugar.
Second breakfast: grated non-fat cottage cheese, baked apple with sugar.
Lunch: broth with meatballs, meat steamers, mashed potatoes, fruit jelly.
Snack: boiled egg, broth hips.
Dinner: semolina pudding with fruit sauce, boiled fish or 2
For the night: jelly.
All day: white bread, 200 g.
First breakfast: curd cheese, semolina porridge, tea with sugar.
Second breakfast: cottage cheese, baked apples with sugar.
Lunch: well-cooked rice soup with mashed meat, boiled meat, mashed rice porridge, cherry jelly.
Snack: boiled egg, broth hips.
Dinner: fish aspic, semolina pudding with gravy.
For the night: jelly.
All day: white bread - 300 g
First breakfast: boiled tongue, pureed buckwheat porridge, tea with sugar.
Second breakfast: grated cottage cheese, baked apples with sugar.
Dinner: mashed potato soup, cooked meat beef stroganoff, mashed potatoes, fruit jelly.
Snack: egg and broth hips.
Dinner: boiled fish with rice, Lapshevik with cottage cheese, tea with sugar.
For the night: jelly.
Nutrition in the period of exacerbation of the disease
During the period of exacerbation of the disease, it is necessary to protect the intestines from mechanical impacts as much as possible.
After a short-term tea-and-tea diet that lasts from 6 to 12 hours, food consisting of a weak broth or pureed soup, minced meat cutlets or fish cutlets is prescribed. Rice or semolina porridge, puddings on water or milk, cottage cheese rubbed with sugar, fruit jelly, jelly, white crackers, eggs (first only yolk, and then whole, hard boiled) are allowed. For dessert, kissels and infusions of blueberry or black currant are desirable. Do not eat raw vegetables, fruits, nuts, black bread, fresh berries, canned food.
When the inflammatory process in the small intestine or colitis with abundant foamy stools need to increase the amount of protein. Meat and cottage cheese are rubbed, fish take lean, river, eggs are useful. Food is taken 5 times a day. Food and drink give warm, because cold food and water accelerate the passage of food gruel and cause an increase in bowel movement.
As the state improves, the menu expands. In the diet they begin to introduce vegetables in the form of mashed potatoes, then chopped and boiled fruits. Croutons replace stale, dry white bread.
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Nutrition for enterocolitis
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