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Nutrition with enterocolitis
Enterocolitis is an inflammation of the small intestines with a simultaneous lesion of the thick, characterized by diarrhea or, conversely, constipation.
In acute enterocolitis, which is accompanied by frequent diarrhea, the body becomes depleted with liquid, and this leads to dehydration. Therefore, in the first two days of the disease, you must sharply limit the amount of food, and to quench your thirst and prevent dehydration, drink hot, strong tea without sugar.
Favorably affects the intestines of rice broth, blueberry jelly. On the third day, the patient is allowed food, which contributes to excretory and motor functions of the intestine and which would weaken the fermentation processes. To do this, limit the calorie content to 200 calories, reduce the amount of carbohydrates to 200 g, fat to 60 g, salt to 5 grams, increase the amount of vitamins A, B, C, PP. The food is cooked in the wiped and boiled species, take 5-6 times a day.
In acute enterocolitis the following foods are recommended: white stale bread up to 200 g per day, butter up to 40 g, sugar to 60 g, mucous soups on water from rice or oatmeal, wheat bran, meat broth with manna or rice, cream soup on a meat broth. Of the second course, low-fat beef is recommended, chicken in a grinded form, lean boiled fish, mango rice porridge, rice, oatmeal in water and butter, freshly curded cottage cheese. For dessert use blueberry jelly, from cherry, black currant, raspberries, strawberries, jellies and juices from oranges, tangerines, lemons.
Such a diet patients receive before the disappearance of acute phenomena in the intestines, then the menu can be expanded. Painful processes in the intestine can arise as a result of the immoderate use of immature fruits, peas, beans, cabbage, black bread. The manifestation of putrefactive dyspepsia is observed in those who use stale products. Treatment in such cases begins with starvation, followed by an apple day in which the patient can eat in small portions up to one and a half kg of apples, then switch to a diet with a limited protein content and a moderate increase in the amount of carbohydrates. From the 10th day, food can be with normal protein content. It is very useful to spend a berry day, using fresh berries - strawberries, strawberries, raspberries for 1.5 - 2 kg per day.
EXAMPLE MENU FOR ENERGY-SOLICITY FOR A WEEK
For the whole day: white bread - 200 g.
The first breakfast: pate meat, rice porridge rice, rubbed, tea with sugar.
The second breakfast: cottage cheese rubbed off low-fat, apple baked with sugar.
Lunch: broth with meatballs, meat steak cutlets, potato mashed potatoes, fruit jelly.
Afternoon snack: soft-boiled egg, broth of wild rose.
Dinner: mannish pudding with fruit sauce, boiled fish or 2
At night: kissel.
For the whole day: white bread 200 g.
The first breakfast: cheese curd, mango porridge, tea with sugar.
Second breakfast: cottage cheese, apples baked with sugar.
Lunch: Rice soup well boiled with mashed meat, boiled meat, rice porridge porridge, cherry sauce.
Afternoon snack: soft-boiled egg, broth of wild rose.
Supper: fish filling, mangled pudding with gravy.
At night: kissel.
For the whole day: white bread - 300 g
First breakfast: tongue boiled, porridge buckwheat wiped, tea with sugar.
The second breakfast: cottage cheese rubbed, apples baked with sugar.
Lunch: potato soup wiped, beef stroganoff from boiled meat, mashed potatoes, fruit jelly.
Snack: egg and broth of dogrose.
Supper: fish boiled with rice, noodles with cottage cheese, tea with sugar.
At night: kissel.
NUTRITION IN THE PERIOD OF EXPOSURE TO DISEASE
During the exacerbation of the disease, it is necessary to maximally protect the intestine from mechanical influences.
After a short-term water-tea diet, which lasts from 6 to 12 hours, is appointed food consisting of a weak meat broth or grated soup, chopped meat cutlets or meatballs from fish. Rice or semolina porridge, puddings on water or milk, cottage cheese rubbed with sugar, fruit jelly, jelly, white breadcrumbs, eggs (at first only yolk, and then whole, hard-boiled) are allowed. For dessert, jelly and infusions of blueberries or black currants are desirable. You can not eat raw vegetables, fruits, nuts, black bread, fresh berries, canned food.
In the inflammatory process in the small intestine or colitis with a copious foamy stool, you need to increase the amount of protein. Meat and cottage cheese are wiped, fish is taken lean, river, useful eggs. Food is taken 5 times a day. Food and drink are given warm, because cold dishes and water accelerate the passage of food gruel and cause more bowel movements.
As the status improves, the menu expands. In the food, vegetables are introduced into the form of mashed potatoes, then chopped and boiled, fruits. Crackers are replaced with stale, dry white bread.
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Nutrition with enterocolitis
Enterocolitis is a simultaneous inflammation of the mucous membrane of the small intestine (enteritis) and the colon (colitis). As a rule, the disease is secondary, as a complication of the transferred infection, parasitic invasion, poisoning or other pathology. It flows in both acute and chronic forms. Symptoms: bloating and rumbling in the abdomen, abundant release of gases
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