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Food in chronic renal failure


Chronic renal failure can be caused by various long-lasting kidney diseases that impair their function.
If the work of the kidneys is weakened, they are poorly removed from the body of substances that are formed as a result of protein metabolism. These substances accumulate in the blood and have a toxic effect on the body. To reduce their concentration in the blood, it is necessary to sharply limit the diet of protein foods. This is the main nutritional feature of people suffering from chronic renal failure. The amount of protein, primarily vegetable, is significantly limited.
Since protein is restricted, a high-calorie diet is prescribed. Caloric intake is increased by all types of fats, with the exception of pork, lamb, beef and carbohydrates. It is also necessary to achieve maximum consumption of vitamins due to the inclusion of vegetable and fruit juices - watermelon, melon, cherry, apple, plum, etc.
All dishes are prepared without salt. Meat (lean beef, veal, chicken, turkey, rabbit) and fish are used boiled or cooked. Veggies are recommended vegetarian with various cereals and vegetables, fruit, as well as borscht, beetroot soup, cabbage soup from fresh vegetables with greens and roots.
From vegetables you can eat potatoes, beets, carrots, cauliflower, leafy lettuce, tomatoes, fresh cucumbers, green onions, dill, parsley. Eggs are consumed in the form of a protein omelet, no more than one per day. Very useful are fruits, berries in raw and boiled kinds, sweets, honey, sugar, jam, sweets, dried apricots and apricots, as recommended by the doctor.



Milk can be drunk only when it does not cause bloating, kefir, yogurt, sour cream, cream are better perceived, curd consumption should be limited to 50 g per day. Milk and sour cream sauces, sweet and sour vegetable and fruit sauce, are suitable as seasoning for second courses. Tea and coffee are prepared weak in water and milk.
In chronic renal failure, sharp and salty foods, meat, mushroom and fish broths and broths, canned food, fatty meats, fish, baking, chocolate, soda, alcohol are contraindicated.
Food should be taken evenly, that is, at regular intervals of 4-5 times a day.
All these requirements are met by diet 76. This is the main food for chronic renal failure.
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Food in chronic renal failure

  1. Sample weekly menu for chronic renal failure (diet 76)
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