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Nutrition for chronic renal failure


Various long-term kidney diseases that impair their function can lead to chronic renal failure.
If the kidneys are weakened, they poorly remove substances from the body that are formed as a result of protein metabolism. These substances accumulate in the blood and have a toxic effect on the body. To reduce their concentration in the blood, it is necessary to drastically limit protein products in the diet. This is the main nutritional feature of those suffering from chronic renal failure. The amount of protein, primarily vegetable, is significantly limited.
Since protein is limited, a high-calorie diet is prescribed. Caloric intake is increased due to fats of all types, with the exception of pork, lamb, beef and carbohydrates. It is also necessary to achieve the maximum use of vitamins zs due to the inclusion of vegetable and fruit juices - watermelon, melon, cherry, apple, plum, etc.
All dishes are prepared without salt. Meat (low-fat beef, veal, chicken, turkey, rabbit) and fish are used in boiled form or with subsequent frying. Soups are recommended vegetarian with different cereals and vegetables, fruit, as well as borscht, beetroot soup, cabbage soup from fresh vegetables with herbs and roots.
From vegetables, you can eat potatoes, beets, carrots, cauliflower, leafy lettuce, tomatoes, fresh cucumbers, green onions, dill, parsley. Eggs are consumed in the form of a protein omelet, not more than one per day. Very useful fruits, berries in raw and boiled forms, sweets, honey, sugar, preserves, sweets, on the recommendation of a doctor of dried apricots and apricot.



Milk can be drunk only when it does not cause bloating, kefir, yogurt, sour cream, cream are better perceived, the consumption of cottage cheese should be limited to 50 g per day. As a seasoning for the second courses, milk and sour cream sauces, sweet and sour vegetable and fruit sauce are suitable. Tea and coffee are made weak in water and milk.
In chronic renal failure, sharp and salty dishes, meat, mushroom and fish broths and decoctions, canned food, fatty meat, fish, muffins, chocolate, carbonated drinks, alcohol are contraindicated.
Food should be taken evenly, i.e. at regular intervals 4-5 times a day.
Diet 76 meets all these requirements. This is the main food for chronic renal failure.
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Nutrition for chronic renal failure

  1. Sample menu for a week in chronic renal failure (diet 76)
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