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Nutrition for peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum


In order to create maximum peace of the stomach and duodenum, you need to eat 5-6 times a day. Take food in small portions, slowly, without rushing. At night, it is best to slowly drink a glass of warm milk.

In order to eliminate pain and neutralize the gastric juice, which irritates the gastric mucosa, it is also necessary to drink a glass of warm milk and eat an inedible bun. As already mentioned, long breaks in food should not be allowed. At work, it is necessary to have boiled, shredded meat, mashed fish with you - these products most quickly absorb gastric juice. Useful milk, cottage cheese, Dutch cheese, eggs. If the pain appears in one and a half to two hours after eating, it is recommended to drink a glass of any mineral water, milk or water with soda, for which half a glass of water you need to take 1/4 teaspoon of soda.
Patients are often worried about heartburn. Most often, it occurs in those who love sweets - sugar, jam, honey, there are many muffins and other foods rich in carbohydrates. With heartburn, sugar, jam and honey should be consumed less. And the body needs to get the necessary dose of carbohydrates from bread, cereal, and potatoes.
Sometimes exacerbation of peptic ulcer manifests itself as nausea and vomiting. As with pain, often helps half a glass of mineral water. Before drinking, mineral water is heated a little in a bottle with an open lid so that gas escapes.
When treating at home, you must follow the most sparing diet. During this period, milk is consumed (4-5 glasses); soft-boiled eggs, not more than three per day; meat, fish or cottage cheese soufflé; slimy milk cereal soup; milk liquid mashed porridge from any cereal, except millet; jelly, jelly. All other products, including bread and bread products, are excluded from the menu. When the pain subsides, they switch to a less sparing diet for a week.
White breadcrumbs, meatballs, dumplings, meatballs from meat and fish, and mashed milk porridge can be added to previously recommended products. Soups usually make mashed.
When the condition improves, the menu is expanded and includes milk, cottage cheese, cheese, soft-boiled eggs, steam omelettes, mashed cereal or vegetable dairy, carrot, potato and beetroot soups, as well as boiled or steamed meat, fish, mashed milk porridge, and vermicelli. Bread is allowed white, yesterday, pastry cookies, from vegetables - potatoes, carrots, beets.
Fruits and berries are taken sweet, soft, of which cooking jelly, stewed fruit.
An exacerbation of peptic ulcer is most often observed in spring and autumn. It is especially important to eat right at this time.
However, in winter and summer, the basic principle of antiulcer medical nutrition should not be violated: to spare the irritated mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum. First of all, it is necessary to exclude from the diet sokogonny broths - meat, fish, mushroom, as well as appetite-enhancing marinades, pickles. Too cold and hot foods should be avoided. It is necessary to limit table salt, as it contains sodium chloride, which serves as a source of the formation of hydrochloric acid in gastric juice. With peptic ulcer disease, and so quite a lot. You can’t eat a lot in one go. The diet should contain a sufficient amount of protein (meat, fish, cottage cheese, eggs), fats (butter and refined vegetable). Vegetable oil can be added to cereals and soups, in meat and fish dishes. You need to use vitamins C, A and group B. Provitamin A (carotene) is a lot in carrots, milk and dairy products; vitamin B1 - in buckwheat, oat, barley; Vitamin C is rich in vegetables and fruits, berries.
Medicines do not give the desired effect without proper nutrition. Its nature changes depending on the period of the disease: Exacerbation, improvement, persistent improvement. The most strict diet should be observed during an exacerbation of peptic ulcer. It is referred to as diet # 1a and lasts for 7-10 days.
After 7-10 days, they switch to a less sparing diet # 16. After 15-20 days, you can switch to another diet - # 1. This diet includes foods and dishes that do not cause severe mechanical irritation of the gastric mucosa and do not enhance the separation of gastric juice. Food must be cooked in pureed form, steamed and in water.
If within 3-4 months the patient does not have an exacerbation and feels good, the menu can be expanded somewhat. But even during this period you should not eat spicy, salty and fried foods. Stew, boiled and crustless fish, steam, and then lightly baked meatballs in the oven are recommended. It is necessary to consume vegetable oil and not to eat lard. You can eat at large intervals - 3-4 times a day.
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Nutrition for peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum

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    In the diet for diabetes with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, it is necessary to comply with all the requirements for the nutrition of a diabetic. However, it is necessary to spare the gastric mucosa. In order to avoid its mechanical, chemical, and thermal irritation, all dishes are cooked in a boiled and steamed form. The fractional diet is 5-6 times a day. RECOMMENDED
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