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Nutrition for peptic ulcer of stomach and duodenum


In order to create maximum peace of the stomach and duodenum, take food 5-6 times a day. Take food in small portions, slowly, slowly. At night, it is best to slowly drink a glass of warm milk.

In order to eliminate pain and neutralize the gastric juice that irritates the gastric mucosa, you must also drink a glass of warm milk and eat an unredeed bun. As already mentioned, long breaks in food can not be allowed. At work, you need to have a boiled, chopped meat, wiped fish with you - these products most quickly absorb the gastric juice. Useful milk, cottage cheese, Dutch cheese, eggs. If the pain appears one and a half to two hours after eating, it is recommended to drink a glass of any mineral water, milk or water and soda, for which half a cup of water you need to take 1/4 teaspoon of soda.
Patients often worry about heartburn. Most often it occurs in those who love sweet - sugar, jam, honey, there are many muffins and other foods rich in carbohydrates. With heartburn, you need less sugar, jam and honey. And the necessary dose of carbohydrates is obtained from the body of bread, cereal, potatoes.
Sometimes exacerbation of peptic ulcer is manifested by nausea and vomiting. As with pain, half a glass of mineral water often helps. Before drinking, mineral water is warmed up a little in a bottle with an open lid to let the gas escape.
At treatment in house conditions it is necessary to observe as much as possible sparing diet. During this period, milk is consumed (4-5 glasses); soft-boiled eggs, no more than three per day; meat, fish or curd soufflé; slimy milky soup from cereals; Milk liquid mashed gruel from any cereal, except millet; jelly, jelly. All other products, including bread and bread products, are excluded from the menu. When the pain subsides, go for a week to a less sparing diet.
To the products recommended earlier, you can add white breadcrumbs, cutlets, kneli, meatballs from meat and fish, millet mashed porridge. Soups usually do mashed.
With the improvement of the menu, the menu is expanded and includes milk, curd, cheese, soft-boiled eggs, steam omelettes, cereal dairy or vegetables from carrots, potatoes and beet soups, as well as boiled or steamed meat, fish, millet mashed cereal, vermicelli. Bread is allowed white, yesterday, biscuits are unhealthy, from vegetables - potatoes, carrots, beets.
Fruits and berries take sweet, soft, from them preparing jelly, compotes.
Exacerbation of peptic ulcer is most often observed in spring and autumn. At this time, it is especially important to eat right.
However, in winter and summer, one should not violate the basic principle of antiulcer therapeutic nutrition: to spare irritated mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum. First of all, it is necessary to exclude from the diet sour broths - meat, fish, mushroom, and appetizing marinades, pickles. Too much cold and hot food should be avoided. It is necessary to limit the salt, because it contains sodium chloride, which serves as a source of hydrochloric acid production of gastric juice. With peptic ulcer it is already quite a lot. You can not eat much at the same time. The diet should contain a sufficient number of proteins (meat, fish, cottage cheese, eggs), fats (butter and refined vegetable). Vegetable oil can be added to cereals and soups, to meat and fish dishes. It is necessary to use vitamins C, A and B group. Provitamin A (carotene) is abundant in carrots, milk and dairy products; vitamin B1 - in buckwheat, oats, barley cereals; vitamin C is rich in vegetables and fruits, berries.
Medications do not give the desired effect without proper nutrition. Its nature varies depending on the period of the disease: Aggravation, improvement, persistent improvement. The most strict diet should be observed during peptic ulcer exacerbation. It is designated as diet # 1a and lasts for 7-10 days.
After 7-10 days, they switch to a less sparing diet # 16. After 15-20 days, you can switch to another diet - # 1. This diet includes foods and dishes that do not cause strong mechanical irritation of the gastric mucosa and do not enhance the separation of gastric juice. Food should be cooked in a grinded kind, cooked in steaming and in water.
If within 3-4 months the patient does not have an exacerbation and he feels well, the menu can be somewhat expanded. But even during this period, you should not eat sharp, salty and fried foods. Recommended stews, boiled and fried without crust fish, steam, and then slightly baked in the oven cutlets. It is necessary to consume vegetable oil and not to eat bacon. You can take food at large intervals - 3-4 times a day.
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Nutrition for peptic ulcer of stomach and duodenum

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