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The role of the large intestine in the life of vegetarians and meat eaters (Mechnikov, Shatalov and the large intestine)



"For a long time, scientists could not understand what role the large intestine plays in our body. I. Mechnikov even considered that we simply do not need such an organ."
"The fact that Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov underestimated the role of the large intestine is not surprising. Indeed, if the body receives essential amino acids with animal proteins, and the functions of the large intestine are not known to anyone, then it is only natural to assume that it is not so necessary."
"Supporters of the caloric theory have argued and continue to assert that there are amino acids that are not produced in the human body, but without which it cannot exist. They became known as irreplaceable. It was also proved that these amino acids are found only in animal protein, t. e. in meat, therefore, a person simply has to consume it in order not to die. Academician Ugolev and his staff have established through a series of experiments that there is an organ that produces essential amino acids in our body - these are thick intestine. More precisely, it is not the intestine itself, but the lodgers living in it - microorganisms. It is they who consume some of the nutrients that enter the large intestine with plant food and transform them into essential amino acids and vitamins.
"The works of Ugolev and his staff make it possible to explain why I. I. Mechnikov was mistaken in assessing the role of the large intestine, and at the same time, as they say, to clarify the question of why that part of humanity that chose plant food did not die out from meat and fish. This is the very backfill question that apologists for the caloric theory have always avoided, like a cat puddle. "
"Well, the answer to the question of why millions of vegetarians live without meat and feel great, you, in my opinion, are now clear."
It would seem that everything that G.S. Shatalov writes (and all the quotations belong to her) is more than convincing. And it would seem that one cannot but agree with all that has been said, unless one knows the whole background of the origin of the so-called "delusions" of I. Mechnikov in the history of the large intestine.
It is especially difficult to put up with Galina Sergeevna’s unjust reproach addressed to the classics of domestic medicine, “that he took it on faith without experimental verification of the postulates of caloric theory.”
Why unfair? Because Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov observed a woman operated on for resection for 30 years, that is, the removal of the large intestine.
(Agree, quite a long experiment.) After that, he made the following statement: "The fact that a human being could live for more than 30 years without a colon completely proves that this organ is useless to humans ... even harmful to health and life, as it is a favorite site for the localization of malignant tumors. "
So where is the truth here? But the truth is that this woman did not die, and she did not die because the upper sections of her gastrointestinal tract, and in particular of the small intestine, managed to compensate for the loss of the large intestine. Undoubtedly, this woman had either increased or normal acidity of the gastric juice, which allowed her to fully digest proteins, that is, she was originally a "meat eater." Had the acidity of her stomach been lowered (not to mention zero), in other words, if this woman was originally a vegetarian, then I. Mechnikov would hardly have had so long to observe a patient who was unique in those times, and that absolutely surely would not have been the object of unfair reproaches by G. S. Shatalova.
Thus, the following conclusion can be drawn from this story. In the lives of some people, the large intestine plays a very important role, to the extent that it becomes a necessary condition for their existence, and in the life of others, this role is not so important (to the extent that they could have no large intestine ). The first category could be attributed to people with a weakened digestive system due to the low concentration of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice. The second category should include those whose level of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice is higher than normal. To lose a large intestine for a true vegetarian is tantamount to death or the same thing as a meat-eater to lose a stomach.
It can be assumed that the outstanding, frankly, heroic labor of the large intestine in vegetarians is compensation for the poor performance of their stomach.
And you can also assume that there is nothing heroic about it, just as there is no poor performance of the stomach. It's just that this type of digestion, namely, purely vegetarian.
In the case of overt meat consumption, the role of the stomach in the digestive process increases immeasurably. Needless to say, in this case, the large intestine plays a secondary role, and this will be a "carnivorous" type of digestion.
But either one or the other type of digestion is still extremes, and the normal, mixed type of digestion is the norm.

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The role of the large intestine in the life of vegetarians and meat eaters (Mechnikov, Shatalov and the large intestine)

  1. The composition of the microflora of the colon. Functions of the microflora of the large intestine
    The detailed composition of the intestinal microflora is specified in Appendix 1. The entire intestinal microflora is divided into: - obligate (main microflora); - Optional part (conditional and saprophytic microflora); Bonded microflora. Bifidobacteria are the most significant representatives of obligate bacteria in the intestines of children and adults. They are anaerobic, they do not form a spore and
  2. Colon Anatomy
    The large intestine is the final part of the human digestive tract and consists of several sections. Its beginning is considered the blind intestine, on the border of which the small intestine flows into the large intestine with the ascending part. The large intestine ends with an external opening of the anus. The total length of the large intestine in humans is about 2 meters. Diameter of various departments
  3. Features of the large intestine
    The large intestine consists of different parts and develops after birth. In children under 4 years old, the ascending intestine is longer than the descending gut. Sigmoid colon relatively longer length. Gradually, these features disappear. Cecum and appendix are mobile, appendix is ​​often located atypically. The rectum in children during the first months of life is relatively long. In newborns ampulla rectum
  4. Bowel disease. Infectious enterocolitis (dysentery, typhoid fever, cholera). Nonspecific ulcerative colitis. Crohn's disease. Ischemic bowel disease. Appendicitis. Colon cancer.
    1. Macroscopic characteristics of the small intestine with cholera enteritis 1. a gray-yellow film tightly welded to the wall 2. ulceration of the mucous membrane 3. multiple hemorrhages 4. wall sclerosis 2. Elements of the pathogenesis of typhoid fever 1. bacteremia 2. bacteriochemia 3. cerebral swelling 4. exudative inflammation 5. hypersensitivity reaction in the lymphoid apparatus 3. Modern
  5. Colon
    Strangulation of the large intestine is usually the result of a twist. Twisting of the mares is most common when it is time to foal. The turn should be more than 180 degrees to cause obstruction of the venous vessels that drain blood from the colon, and more than 270 degrees to cause obstruction of the arterial
  6. III. CANCER OF THICK INTESTINES
    Colon cancer currently occupies the 3rd place among its other localizations and, according to various authors, accounts for 98-99% of all intestinal cancers. Colon cancer is twice as common in men than women. The most frequent localization of the tumor is sigmoid (25-30%) and, especially, the rectum (about 40%). All other parts of the colon are affected by a cancerous tumor significantly.
  7. Inflammation of the large intestine (colitis)
    Colitis is a disease resulting from inflammatory and dystrophic changes in the colon. The inflammatory process may be limited or common to several segments. The most frequently affected distal colon (proctitis) or rectum and sigmoid colon (proctosigmonditis). There are acute and chronic colitis. The most common colitis is non-infectious,
  8. Colon
    Fat
  9. Microbial biocenosis of the human colon as an additional organ
    In the intrauterine state and immediately after birth, the intestines in a child are sterile. In the first days and weeks of life, the necessary intestinal microflora is formed - bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria (L.acidophilus). It is these microorganisms that form the protective barrier layer lining the inside of the intestinal mucosa in the form of a kind of biofilm (glycocalyx). This film creates a barrier for
  10. The structure and function of the small and large intestine. Congenital bowel abnormalities
    In an adult, the length of the small intestine reaches about 6 m, and the length of the colon is 1.5 m. In addition to the width and structure of the outer shells, the small intestine differs from the thick structure of the mucous membrane, in which circular folds, intestinal villi and crypts (intestinal glands). Villi protrude into the lumen in the form of finger-like outgrowths covered with cylindrical epithelium. Similar to
  11. Why true vegetarians cannot be meat eaters
    According to the deep conviction of the adherents of vegetarianism, the meat undergoes decomposition in the human intestine with the release of cadaveric poison, which poisons not only our body, but also our psyche. Eating the corpses of dead animals and fish, we associate ourselves with those complexes of horror, fear, and death-longing that enveloped the unfortunate animals before death. Therefore, the inevitable consequence of such poisoning
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