Licensed books on medicine
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Food traditions in each region have evolved over the centuries, and those adopted here in Russia are completely unacceptable, for example, on the Indian subcontinent or on the Japanese islands. In the history of diet, no one has sought to blindly introduce the experience and traditions of other nations at home or to unify the diet for all people, adjusting them to the same comb.
However, in recent decades, not even many, but just a lot of original ideas and concepts that do not fit into the framework of traditional ideas about food. Due to the increased interest in new methods of nutrition, they are actively distributed and promoted among the population. Unfortunately, a critical analysis of new ideas about nutrition in health literature is extremely rare.
The reason for this is not difficult to understand. The current level of working and living conditions has led to a decrease in the share of physical labor and a decrease in the energy consumption of the body. Consequently, there is a need to reduce the caloric intake of the diet.
But a decrease in the energy content of the food eaten, achieved by reducing the consumption of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, leads to a simultaneous decrease in the intake of vitamins and mineral salts. And this is a direct path to disease.
Thus, in order to preserve health, each person must solve for himself the problem of choosing the most optimal and acceptable nutrition. This task is in itself not easy, but today it has to be tackled against the background of material instability and uncertainty about tomorrow. In such conditions, many of us tend to grasp at something original and non-standard, promising "universal health and joy." It is unfortunate that while we do not realize the danger of such promises, how many tales and absurdities are in them.
Let's try to consider critically some of the most popular nutritional methods, both recognized and not recognized by official medicine.
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- Nutrition as a factor in the preservation and promotion of health. Physiological norms of nutrition. The value of the individual components of food in human nutrition. The value of proteins in human nutrition, their norms and sources of entry into the body
Nutrition is one of the most active and important environmental factors, which has a variety of effects on the human body, ensures its growth, development, preservation of health, disability and optimal life expectancy. All this is provided by a daily, regulated meal with a certain set of foods. Foods are complex
- The concept of hygienic nutrition. Nutrition norms Food products, their composition and energy value.
Nutrition is a complex process of receipt, digestion, absorption and assimilation in the body of nutrients necessary to cover its energy expenditure, build and renew cells and tissues of the body, and regulate the physiological functions of the body. In hygiene, the term “nutritious food” is adopted, which means a food built on a scientific basis, able to fully meet the need for
- Medical nutrition monitoring of organized populations. Therapeutic and prophylactic nutrition
Nutrition is one of the main factors determining human health. The organization of catering for a team is related to the type of institution (kindergarten, school, production facility, field camp, medical and preventive care facilities, army, etc.), the number of people and the duration of their stay in this facility. In most cases, health workers themselves take part in
- Weighted analysis of separate nutrition (indications and contraindications for the use of separate power)
It is not difficult to see, by virtue of the Russian mental, and thanks to our unsettled and wretched life, it is sheer pleasure to criticize the theory of separate feeding. In fact, any of the conceptual provisions of separate nutrition for us, Russians, is either unacceptable or causes protest. We really can’t refuse potatoes with mushrooms, ravioli with sour cream, pasta with meatballs,
- Features of the diet in sports activities: food in the training and competitive periods. The mode of fluid intake.
For beginner athletes who have significantly less training loads per day than highly skilled athletes and, consequently, less energy consumption, the daily intake of protein is somewhat reduced to 1.5-2 g per 1 kg of weight. However, regardless of the specialization and qualification of an athlete, proteins must provide at least 17% of the total caloric content of food.
- THE CONCEPT OF THE SANITARY MODE OF THE PUBLIC POWER SUPPLY ENTERPRISE. SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL "RISK FACTORS" IN PUBLIC NUTRITION.
One of the most important requirements for the work of catering enterprises is the production of benign, epidemically flawless products. This can be achieved only in the case when certain requirements to the work of a catering enterprise will be fully implemented. These requirements are set forth in various regulatory documents.
A detailed discussion and assessment of nutritional support is provided in Chapter 16. With regard to nutrition, two main points should be kept in mind. First, prolonged fasting (for several weeks or months) is fatal, and, second, any patient can suffer a lack of food for three to five days. Almost all other aspects of nutrition support are controversial but for all disagreements in this
- Power failure
Diarrhea is actually the same nutritional disorder as the one that occurs when fluid and electrolyte are lost. Children who die of diarrhea, despite adequate relief of dehydration, usually suffer from malnutrition, sometimes in severe form. Against the background of diarrhea, the amount of food consumed often decreases and decreases in parallel.
- Food Hygiene
Nutritional hygiene is the science of healthy, rational and therapeutic and preventive nutrition. The basis of modern nutritional science is the principle of a balanced diet, through which the satisfaction of the body’s need for food and biologically active substances is ensured to the greatest extent. Food Hygiene Studies Chemical Composition, Biological Value and Quality
- Balanced diet
“Everything is good and everything is evil - said the great ancient physician Paracelsus - only measure is important”. These words refer to nutrition, probably more than to any other phenomenon of human life. The fact that the quality of human existence depends on the nature of nutrition is a commonplace truth today. The problem, however, is that absolutely any product can be for our
Intensive learning activity is associated with mental and physical stress, energy costs, which can be done with food. Rational nutrition is extremely important for the growing body. For the normal functioning of the body need food, providing energy, sufficient in quantitative composition and taking into account the complex relationship between nutrients
- Article 39. Medical nutrition
1. Medical nutrition - nutrition that ensures the satisfaction of the physiological needs of the human body for nutrients and energy, taking into account the mechanisms of the development of the disease, the characteristics of the course of the main and associated diseases and performing preventive and therapeutic tasks. 2. Medical nutrition is an integral component of the therapeutic process and preventive measures,