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Introduction




Have you ever wondered why there are so many different and sometimes opposing theories and power systems at the same time? Where did they come from and why are they needed? What is fuss about?
Why are there people practicing vegetarianism as the official religion, and forcing some of them to eat the meat dish is impossible even on pain of death? Although, on the other hand, no less, and perhaps more people in their daily lives, cannot do without meat, and not one of the arguments in favor of vegetarianism will help to convince them to switch to vegetable food. Why systems such as macrobiotics and separate nutrition very strictly regulate the range and quantity of simultaneously eaten foods, while supporters of mixed foods never think about it, allowing themselves the most diverse and incredible combinations of dishes and foods completely unacceptable in either macrobiotics or in separate nutrition? Why are the adherents of each of the areas for the most part sincerely convinced that the food system they use is ideal and no other has the right to claim it? And why, in their opinion, any other theory not only has no right to exist, but must also be decisively and anathematized in the most resolute way?
In my opinion, the answer to these questions lies in so little appreciated by the majority of people circumstance as health, which becomes the highest value in life when a disease comes. The revaluation of values ​​occurs because among such categories of human being as happiness, the meaning of life, beauty and harmony, work and rest, health is absolute in all time and geographic coordinates - not subject to devaluation under any system, under any circumstances under any social and political cataclysms. When there is no health, everything loses its meaning. It is not for nothing that Socrates, the greatest ancient philosopher and the lifeline, is credited with saying: "Health is not all, but everything is nothing without health."
A huge number of people, while they are not sick, are extremely frivolous about their health, especially in matters of nutrition. And the widespread prevalence of such serious diseases as obesity, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, gout and many others provoked by metabolic disorders in the human body is becoming evidence of inadequate nutrition.
Doctors proved that more than half of oncological diseases are not caused by proper nutrition.
Of course, not only food is the culprit of our ailments, because you can give examples when people did not adhere to any rules of nutrition, but lived relatively healthy lives. But there are still relatively few of them, and it is possible that those about whom we speak with surprise would live even longer when they pay attention to their lifestyle.
And here I would like to note that very many people adhere to only those recommendations on nutrition that suit them, not thinking about the future consequences. And all because most of us do not know how the body converts food into energy and into the tissues of the human body. In this case, even the simplest ideas about the work of the digestive organs, the role of nutrition and food in this process, about the valuable qualities and deficiencies of the most important products are often absent. Unfortunately, only a serious illness forces us to pay attention to what we eat and how we eat.
And then it becomes clear why, due to inadequate intake of these or other irreplaceable food components, we may develop persistent metabolic disorders, which even stand out in the group of “food deficiency diseases”. So, if there is not enough iron in the food, anemia gradually develops in it - iron deficiency anemia. With a lack of iodine, the thyroid gland increases, its functions decrease, which is why endemic goiter occurs. In case of vitamin deficiency, various avitaminosis appears. Conversely, a properly selected diet can significantly affect the attenuation of the disease process, up to its reverse development and complete disappearance.
Needless to say, with the help of a well-designed diet, you can postpone the disease, especially in the elderly, and often avoid them at all. However, even in any pathology, knowledge of specific forms of impairment of physiological processes occurring in the body is the main condition for the correction of our diet.

Sooner or later, everyone gets into a situation where he has to seriously think about his diet, if only because by the age of 35-40, every second person will have diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in one form or another. Therefore, a person who is interested in his health should be clear about what, when and how to eat when a certain abnormality occurs. Such information is necessary to create an ideal food regime for yourself that would compensate for any ailments that may arise.
However, anyone who, trying to solve the issue of individual nutrition, delves into popular literature, becomes uncomfortable with many theories, systems, recipes and statements on this subject, sometimes the most contradictory and mutually exclusive.
As a rule, such publications give one of the many versions of the perfect food. Proving its value and indisputability, they practically leave no chance for the existence of any other system, perhaps no less acceptable.
It is also confusing that popular literature in the pursuit of sensation often extols and gives the original methods of nutrition unrecognized by official medicine as a panacea.
At the same time, from time to time a fashion for some products arises as a fad or, on the contrary, for a total rejection of them. It is easy to remember how quite recently we were quite seriously convinced to abandon sugar, salt, eggs, milk, lard, pharmacy vitamins, and much more, which we don’t want to say. But times changed, new trends arose, and the old bans gave way to them. The head is spinning from such recommendations, and even a specialist is sometimes hard to figure out who is right, who to believe and to whom or what to give preference.
In my opinion, the main drawback of most fashionable theories of nutrition, as, indeed, their followers, is that they do not take into account the physiological characteristics of each of us.
The lack of a balanced approach to this issue, ignoring the basic laws of the functioning of the human body, ignorance of the etiology of diseases, and in some cases the lack of elementary exposure often leads to the fact that the newly minted adherents fall victim to their own enthusiasm and, trying to escape from any one disease, get a bunch of others.
In such situations, you should not trust the theories, but the experience and traditions of your ancestors. It should be remembered that the truth is somewhere in the middle, and if moderation is observed, then no benign product can cause harm to health.
The traditions of food in different nations are different, and they evolved over many centuries. Therefore, if you mechanically transfer even the best dietary habits of one people to another, health will not increase, since it will take quite a long time for the neophytes’s gastrointestinal tract to adapt and take the unusual food as their own.
In the same way, different theories and nutrition systems that are ideally suited for one group of people united by some common physiological trait or disease (which is not usually mentioned in popular literature) will in no way become an ideal diet for another group of people. marked by other features or other diseases. And this once again convincingly demonstrates that we are all different, and that which helps one sometimes will not have a positive impact on the other, while the third will just harm. Therefore, any seemingly the most imperfect food can be considered ideal, which, however, would ideally suit a particular person for his life-support in specific conditions.
The main purpose of this book on the example of the so-called ideal nutrition systems, such as vegetarianism, macrobiotics, separate nutrition, etc., to show situations when they approach the ideal, as well as situations in which the same systems become harmful and even dangerous to health. . Since there is every reason to consider vegetarianism as the oldest of the concepts, let’s begin with it. However, it is not easy to talk about vegetarianism, because the centuries-old history of the issue has not so much solved it as it has confused.





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Introduction

  1. Abstract. Methods for introducing drugs, 2010
    Subcutaneous injections Intramuscular injections Intravenous injections Intraosseous injections Intraperitoneal administration Intraoral and intrapulmonary methods of administering drugs Autohemotherapy Bleeding Intratracheal administrations Scar puncture and the introduction of drugs into
  2. Methods of administration
    AEROSOL INHALATION Endobronchial administration usually allows a high local concentration of the drug to be obtained without systemic side effects. Examples include bronchodilatory P-agonists, inhaled corticosteroids and pentamidine. However, some respirable solutions reaching the lung parenchyma are quickly absorbed by the large surface of the capillary bed (for example,
  3. Intratracheal administration
    In clinical practice, for lung diseases, medicinal substances are administered intratracheally with a probe. Before the introduction of the probe is disinfected and lubricated with vaseline. A large animal probe is introduced through the nasal cavity to the pharynx and in the intervals between the pharyngeal movements promote it further. With the proper insertion of the probe into the trachea, the animal develops a cough, which soon disappears. To
  4. INTRODUCTION
    The International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the main tool for statistical development of information on public health and health institutions. It provides methodological unity and comparability of the results of studying the incidence of the population, causes of death and the reasons for applying to medical institutions, both within the country and between countries.
  5. INTRODUCTION PRICORMS
    The timely introduction of properly-chosen complementary foods helps to improve health, improve nutritional status and the physical development of infants and young children during the period of accelerated growth and therefore should be the focus of the health care system. During the entire period of complementary feeding, mother's milk should remain the main type of milk,
  6. INTRODUCTION
    Today, one of the most sought-after professions is the profession of psychologist. Currently, more than 150 universities in the country are preparing relevant specialists. The experience of their training in higher school convincingly proves that the image of the future profession of a graduate should be the same object of formation as professional knowledge, skills, abilities and ways of thinking. In connection with
  7. Intracutaneous Vaccine Administration
    Intracutaneous administration of the vaccine with a medical purpose cadets master the treatment of patients with toxoplasmosis or brucellosis. In the treatment room of the medical department, the cadet, under the supervision of a teacher (intern), should intracutaneously inject toxoplasmin in patients with toxoplasmosis. Previously it makes dilution of the vaccine 10, 100, 1000, 10,000 times and produces a titration test for
  8. Introduction
    Iron deficiency is one of the most common eating disorders in the world and, according to expert estimates, affects more than three billion people. In severity, it ranges from the depletion of iron stores, which does not cause any reduction in physiological activity, to iron deficiency anemia and can affect mental development and motor development. Special
  9. INTRODUCTION AND REMOVAL OF THE Navy.
    Since the methods of introduction for different types of IUDs differ from each other, each time one should get acquainted and follow the instructions on the technique of introducing the IUD. The following instructions for the introduction of the IUD apply to all types of intrauterine contraceptives. 1. Explain to the patient what the procedure for inserting an IUD is. 2. Conduct a thorough gynecological (bimanual) examination for
  10. The route of administration of drugs
    The choice of the route of administration of drugs depends on the severity of the patient's condition, the required duration of their continuous administration, the nature of the disease, the age of the patient, and the manual capabilities of medical professionals. According to the speed of reaching the peak concentration of drugs in the bloodstream, the following routes of drug administration are distinguished: ¦ intra-arterial; ¦ intravenous; ¦ intratracheal; ¦ sublingual (in
  11. I. INTRODUCTION
    Before the introduction of aseptic and antiseptic methods, postoperative mortality reached 80%: patients died from purulent, putrid, and gangrenous processes. The nature of decay and fermentation, discovered in 1863 by Louis Pasteur, became the impetus for the development of microbiology and practical surgery, and made it possible to assert that microorganisms are also the cause of many wound complications. In this abstract will be
  12. Intraosseous administration
    They are shown in the following cases: in the presence of injured large veins, intoxication, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract; small animals - with a small diameter of the veins; with prolonged drip infusions; in shock, when the veins are in a collapsed state; swine - if intravenous infusion is difficult. Strong needles are used for intraosseous injections. In the olive of these needles
  13. Introduction
    I would advise you to skip this introduction - it is much more difficult than other sections and may create a misconception about the book. I decided to turn it on to show some readers why our traditional way of thinking is wonderful, but still inadequate. The rear wheels of the car can be excellent, but they are inferior in themselves. Having developed one aspect of thinking, we are proud of it and
  14. Subcutaneous injection
    In the treatment of animals, administration of liquid dosage forms into the body is widely used parenterally, that is, bypassing the digestive canal. For these purposes, injection needles, syringes, special devices, various devices are used, strictly following the rules of asepsis and antiseptics. In the place chosen for the injection, the hair is cut, the skin is cleaned with alcohol or moistened twice with alcohol.
  15. Intraperitoneal injection
    Solutions of medicinal mixtures to calves up to 3 days injected into the region of the hungry fossa on both sides, from 3-5 days - only on the right side. The injection site is in the middle of the line connecting the hillock of the Ilium with the last rib, 6–8 cm below the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae, depending on the age and size of the calf. The injection site is cut and treated with tincture of iodine. For
  16. INTRODUCTION
    Relevance. The concepts of “personality orientation”, introduced into the scientific use of C. L. Rubinstein, were developed, first of all, in distinguishing various types of orientation. In particular, in the psychological literature are presented and described personal, collectivist, business (B. Bass, V. Smekal and M. Kucher, MS Neumark), humanistic, egoistic, depressive, suicidal (D.I.
  17. Introduction
    Hardening is a good help in promoting health, improving performance and preventing colds. Hardening of the body is important to begin in childhood, when thermoregulation is in the formative stage, and mechanisms of immunobiological protection develop. For full hardening, it is necessary to use a complex of tempering procedures, following the principles
  18. INTRODUCTION
    The course “Age Psychology” was introduced into the curricula of all faculties of pedagogical universities in connection with the transition to multi-level education of students, with the new requirements of the State Standard of Higher Vocational Education in the framework of advanced training and retraining of practical workers in faculties of advanced training of educational workers. In the training manual
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