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Peptic ulcer and its features


Statistics show that peptic ulcer is the most common disease of the digestive system. More often it affects men than women. People of working age are getting sick mostly. With improper behavior (smoking, alcohol abuse, neglect of diet, etc.), peptic ulcer disease can be difficult, gives complications (bleeding, perforation, etc.), and sometimes leads to disability.
Peptic ulcer disease is characterized by inflammation and ulceration of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum. As a rule, the disease lasts for months, for years, then subsiding, but flashing again.
More often, improvement occurs in winter and summer, and deterioration in spring and autumn. Peptic ulcer disease may be accompanied by gastritis with high acidity. Patients with this disease often suffer from abdominal pain. If they occur before meals, on an empty stomach, it means that a lot of active gastric juice has accumulated, which irritates the mucous membrane of the stomach. To eliminate the pain, it is necessary to neutralize the gastric juice.
Food plays an important role in the protection of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines from the digestive effect of gastric juice, therefore it is necessary to organize therapeutic nutrition with maximum benefit.
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Peptic ulcer and its features

  1. Features of peptic ulcer disease in different groups of patients
    Typical for peptic ulcer in elderly and old people are: the absence of pain or typical pains of the "ulcer rhythm", seasonality, severe dyspeptic syndrome; lack of "ulcerative" history; the disease most often occurs with the symptoms of "chronic gastritis"; the high frequency of high localization of the ulcer is in the body of the stomach or its subcardium and in the alean compartment;
  2. Peptic ulcer
    Epidemiology Accurate epidemiological data on the incidence and prevalence of peptic ulcer are not available. According to various studies, in the United States every 10th man and every 20th woman has a peptic ulcer. Apparently, the prevalence and frequency of the disease tend to decrease. Previously, peptic ulcer disease was more common in men than in women (4: 1).
  3. Peptic ulcer
    Peptic ulcer is a chronic recurrent disease, characterized by a defect in the mucous membrane area and ulceration in the stomach and / or duodenum. Along with peptic ulcer as an independent nosological form, it is now customary to distinguish secondary, symptomatic ulcers and gastroduodenal ulcers that occur when exposed to a known etiological
  4. Peptic ulcer
    Peptic ulcer is a group of heterogeneous diseases, a common manifestation of which is a local defect or erosion in the mucous membrane of the stomach and / or duodenum. This is a very common pathology, which, for example, in the United States endures about 10% of men and 5% of women over a lifetime. It should be noted that the prevalence of gastrointestinal
  5. Bowel disease. Infectious enterocolitis (dysentery, typhoid fever, cholera). Nonspecific ulcerative colitis. Crohn's disease. Ischemic bowel disease. Appendicitis. Colon cancer.
    1. Macroscopic characteristics of the small intestine with cholera enteritis 1. a gray-yellow film tightly welded to the wall 2. ulceration of the mucous membrane 3. multiple hemorrhages 4. wall sclerosis 2. Elements of the pathogenesis of typhoid fever 1. bacteremia 2. bacteriochemia 3. cerebral swelling 4. exudative inflammation 5. hypersensitivity reaction in the lymphoid apparatus 3. Modern
  6. Inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease)
    Inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, disease
  7. Peptic ulcer disease.
    Peptic ulcer is a chronic, cyclically current disease, the main morphological expression of which is a chronic recurrent gastric or duodenal ulcer. In addition to the ulcer, as manifestations of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, there are so-called symptomatic ulcers, i.e. ulcerations of the stomach and duodenum, which occur with
  8. Stomach ulcer
    Peptic ulcer is a chronic recurrent disease, characterized by the development of the ulcer of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum. The prevalence of peptic ulcer in the structure of gastroenterological pathology ranges from 3.6 to 14.8%. Boys and girls get sick equally often, only after 14 years the number of sick people among young people is greater.
  9. Ulcerative disease
    - chronic disease of the stomach or duodenum, characterized by the occurrence of an ulcer defect in the mucous membrane, flowing cyclically and prone to progression. The main clinical manifestations of pain associated with eating and characterized by periodicity and seasonality; dyspeptic syndrome, manifested nausea, vomiting, bringing
  10. Peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer
    Questions for repetition: 1. Methods of examination of children with diseases of the stomach and duodenum. 2. Fractional study of gastric secretion in children. Test questions: 1. Modern views on the etiopathogenesis of peptic ulcer. 2. Classification of peptic ulcer. 3. Clinical manifestations of duodenal ulcer: 3.1. pain syndrome 3.2. dyspeptic syndrome 3.3.
  11. Peptic ulcer
    Peptic ulcer or duodenal ulcer is a chronic disease, the main symptom of which is the formation of ulcers in the digestive tract during the exacerbation of ulcers. The main etiological factor is Helicobacter Pilori infection. A major role in the formation of pathology is played by psychosocial factors, toxic-allergic factors, hereditary constitutional
  12. 5.2. Ulcerative disease
    Treatment goals: 1. elimination of pain and dyspeptic manifestations 2. Helicobacter pylori (HP) eradication 3. ulcer healing 4. normalization of gastroduodenal motility 5. prevention of exacerbations and complications Pharmacotherapy of Helicobacter pylori associated ulcer: First-line therapy (triple therapy) during 7-10 days to 14 days: 1. Proton pump inhibitor
  13. Ulcerative disease of the stomach and duodenal ulcer
    Since about 200 years ago, Cruveilier attracted the attention of doctors to a stomach ulcer, interest in this disease has been increasing progressively. Approximately the same applies to the duodenal ulcer, described in detail much later (Moynihan, 1913). Under peptic ulcer now understand the common, chronic, relapsing, cyclically flowing disease in which
  14. Examination of peptic ulcer
    Laboratory tests Although routine laboratory tests do not provide important information for peptic ulcer disease, it is imperative that you perform a blood test and determine the levels of calcium and creatinine in the blood to rule out blood loss, hypercalcemia, and renal failure, respectively. Special laboratory tests should be carried out in those patients in whom
  15. Peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer (codes C 25; C 26)
    Definition Peptic ulcer disease of the stomach and (or) duodenal ulcer (essential mediogastral and duodenal ulcer) - a heterogeneous disease with a lot? actor's etiology, complex pathogenesis, chronic recurrent course, morphological equivalent in the form of a defect of the mucous and submucosal layers with an outcome in the connective tissue scar. Statistics. At different age periods
  16. Peptic ulcer
    NANIA ™ "2 ^ 51BGTOLEZNYA (YAB) ~ CHR ° nicheskuyu, recurrent disease with and IMR ™ ROGRE ° SIROVANI" m ° RFological substrate of which SSi ^ 3? DSTRUCTIVE ulcer * of the duodenum or duodenum, S-? R VIL ° 'On F ° Not gastritis; caused by HP infection. docinpay tl! arises from neurohumoral and en-SZET disorders of the septal and motor processes, as well as the disturbance of the mechanisms
  17. Question 21 Stomach and duodenal ulcer ulcer
    —Chronic recurrent disease, in which as a result of disorders of the nervous and humoral mechanisms that regulate the secretory-trophic processes in the gastroduodenal zone, in the stomach or duodenum, an ulcer is formed (rarely two or more ulcers). Etiology, pathogenesis. Peptic ulcer is associated with disorders of the nervous and then humoral mechanisms that regulate the secretory,
  18. Pathophysiological mechanisms of peptic ulcer
    According to modern concepts, the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer disease in general is reduced to an imbalance between the factors of acid-peptic aggression of gastric contents and protection elements of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum, which include unchanged gastric mucus formation, sufficient production of pancreatic bicarbonates, good regeneration
  19. Ulcerative disease
    This is a common chronic recurrent disease, characterized mainly by seasonal exacerbations with the appearance of an ulcer in the wall of the stomach or duodenum. But over the past 10 years, seasonality has become blurred - exacerbations began to occur even in the warm season. Localization is divided into pyloroduodenal and
  20. Peptic ulcer
    The term “ulcer” is understood to mean a defect in the mucous membrane of the digestive tract in the form of a niche or gap, which extends beyond the limits of the muscle plate of this membrane into the submucosa or deeper. Although ulcers are found in any part of the digestive tube, no variant of them is observed as often as chronic peptic ulcer or duodenal ulcer
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