home
about the project
News of medicine
Authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

Tasks of therapeutic nutrition


The main tasks of therapeutic nutrition for pulmonary tuberculosis are:
1. Providing the body with adequate nutrition in the conditions of protein breakdown, deterioration of the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates, increased consumption of vitamins and minerals.

2. Increase the body's resistance to infection and intoxication.
3. Promoting the normalization of metabolism.
4. To promote the restoration of tissues affected by tuberculosis infection.
To perform these tasks, it is necessary to inject an increased amount of protein (not less than 120-140 g) with food, whose consumption in tuberculosis patients is increased. Recommended digestible protein products (milk, fish, eggs, meat). The amount of fat is recommended within the physiological norm (100-120 g). Fats should be given easily assimilated, rich in vitamin A (butter, cream, sour cream), about a third - in the form of vegetable fat.
The amount of carbohydrates within the physiological norm (450-500 g). In cases when there is a violation of carbohydrate metabolism in tuberculosis, allergic organism (allergic diathesis, bronchial asthma, chronic eczema), excessive body weight, patients need to limit carbohydrate intake to 300-400 g, mainly due to easily digestible (sugar, honey, preserves , syrup, etc.).
In case of aggravation of the tuberculosis process, intensive isolation of mineral salts (calcium, potassium, phosphorus, sodium chloride) can be observed, therefore, products rich in them (milk, cheese, cottage cheese, eggs, figs, dried apricots, raisins, meat and fish products, nuts and t etc.).
With exudative pleurisy, transudate, tuberculous meningitis, with an increase in discharge into the bronchi, damage to the kidneys leading to edema, a hyponatrial diet is prescribed,
e. The food is prepared without the addition of table salt. This diet contributes to increased diuresis, resorption of fluid accumulated in the cavity, remission of the inflammatory process. The liquid is introduced in an amount of 900-1000 ml. With a large loss of blood, repeated vomiting, diarrhea, excessive sweat, the amount of salt is increased to 20 g.
Patients with tuberculosis develop a deficiency of vitamins (especially ascorbic acid, vitamins A and B). The use of a sufficient amount of ascorbic acid increases the bactericidal properties of blood serum, increases the formation of antibodies, reduces intoxication. Especially high is the need for vitamin C in patients with fibrous-cavernous process, at high temperature and tissue decay. Of the products in this case, a sufficient number of vegetables and fruits are recommended, and it is also necessary to periodically take up to 300 mg of ascorbic acid per day.
Patients with pulmonary, larynx, intestinal and skin tuberculosis also need an increased amount of vitamin A - about 5 mg. To satisfy the need for vitamin A, dairy products, fish oil, egg yolk, as well as products containing carotene - carrots, tomatoes, apricots, red pepper, etc. are recommended.
Particular attention should be given to the provision of patients with B vitamins. They are directly related to protein metabolism, the need for which is increased in this group of patients. In the diet, you must enter foods rich in vitamins B - fresh vegetables, meat, dishes from bran, beer or baker's yeast.
Caloric content of food is 2500-3600 kcal.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to the content of the tutorial =

Tasks of therapeutic nutrition

  1. The main tasks of therapeutic nutrition in case of myocardial infarction
    The main tasks of therapeutic nutrition are: 1. To promote the regenerative processes in the heart muscle. 2. Improve blood circulation and metabolism. 3. Exclude the burden on the cardiovascular and central nervous system. 4. Ensure the sparing of the digestive system and the normalization of the motor function of the intestine. Food should correspond to the periods of the disease (acute, subacute,
  2. Medical control over the nutrition of organized groups of the population. Treatment-and-prophylactic and therapeutic nutrition
    Nutrition is one of the main factors determining human health. The catering of the collective is related to the type of institution (kindergarten, school, production facility, field camp, medical and preventive facilities, army, etc.), the number of people and the length of their stay in this institution. In most cases, health workers themselves take part in the
  3. Article 39. Therapeutic nourishment
    1. Nutrition - nutrition that satisfies the physiological needs of the human body in nutritional substances and energy, taking into account the mechanisms of the development of the disease, the characteristics of the course of the underlying and concomitant diseases and performing preventive and curative tasks. 2. Therapeutic nutrition is an integral component of the therapeutic process and preventive measures,
  4. Treatment-preventive nutrition
    The main in the prevention of occupational hazards is the improvement of working conditions, technical and sanitary and hygienic improvement of enterprises, as well as strict adherence to safety regulations. Along with the improvement of the environment, measures aimed at increasing the body's resistance to the adverse effects of physical and chemical
  5. Basic principles of therapeutic nutrition
    1. The food ration should be diverse taking into account the development of the tuberculosis process and the general state of the organism. 2. Strict regimens and limited nutrition can be prescribed only for a short period (with complications and exacerbations of the disease). 3. At all stages of treatment, nutrition should be differentiated. It is necessary to observe the basic principles of the qualitative and quantitative construction of the diet in
  6. Artificial Curative Nutrition
    Manifestations of malnutrition in one form or another (protein, energy, vitamin, mineral) are often observed in clinical practice among patients both surgical and therapeutic profile, according to different authors, from 18 to 56%. Malnutrition is the cause of slower recovery, longer stay of patients in OARIT and in
  7. Some options for therapeutic nutrition
    The first option is food. It is prescribed to patients with reduced reactive capacity of the body, general hypotension, subfebrile temperature, with a sluggish course of the disease. The chemical composition of this diet: proteins 140 g, fats 100 grams, carbohydrates 400 g, limiting digestible. Caloric content is 2700-3000 kcal. The content of ascorbic acid is up to 350 mg, vitamin B15 g. Culinary processing is common.
  8. The concept of health and nutrition
    Recommended literature: 1. Goncharenko MS Fundamentals of valeological nutrition. - Х.: ООО »Publishing house Buruk Kiha», - 2006, pp.275-329 Additional information block: Biologically active food supplements Biologically active food additives (BADP) are becoming more and more effective every day. These days, these drugs, available in the form of tablets, capsules, tinctures and balsams, are
  9. Basic principles of therapeutic nutrition for peptic ulcer
    1. Providing a full balanced diet; 2. Compliance with diet; 3. Provide mechanical, chemical and thermal shudder of the stomach and duodenum. One of the most important moments of therapeutic nutrition is adherence to the diet, which is even more significant than the composition of the diet itself. As soon as the food comes into contact with the mucous membrane of the stomach,
  10. Sanitary supervision of the organization of therapeutic and preventive nutrition in industrial enterprises
    Therapeutic and preventive nutrition (LPP) is considered (along with comprehensive measures to eliminate harmful working conditions) as a highly effective health factor. LPP is organized at industrial enterprises to prevent disease, provides for an increase in the protective functions of the body of workers in the link of the primary impact of harmful factors of production
  11. Sanitary requirements for catering in health facilities and sanatoriums
    The food blocks of medical and prophylactic establishments and sanatoriums should have the conditions for the preparation of therapeutic nutrition with the delivery to the sick or a resting person without reducing food and biological value. The work of the food units should not have a harmful effect on the regime of the hospital or sanatorium (the spread of smells, the penetration of noise, etc.). The food blocks can be placed in separate buildings,
  12. Therapeutic diet with dyslipidemia.
    In the period of rapid development of the pharmaceutical industry and clinical pharmacology of lipid-lowering drugs, it may seem paradoxical to be interested in the use of dietary approaches in the treatment of dyslipidemias. Attention to dietary interventions is due to the receipt of new data on the high effectiveness of certain diets to reduce the risk of total and coronary mortality. During the 1950-60's. at
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2016
info@medicine-guidebook.com