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Chronic inflammatory diseases

Chronic pharyngitis. Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx is sluggish, manifested by an unstable sensation of pain, dryness and discomfort in the pharynx, and rapid fatigue of the voice. Often this happens when exposed to domestic and professional factors, including alcohol, smoking, air pollution by dust (especially cement), caustic chemicals. In recent years, the effect of radioactive impurities in the air has also been noted (Chernobyl accident). A significant role in the genesis of this disease is played by the pathology of the nose - sinusitis, rhinitis, profuse purulent or mucous discharge. When examining the pharynx, there is flaccid hyperemia, moderate dryness of the mucosa, and often on the back wall is often thick mucus.

Hypertrophic pharyngitis is characterized by an increase in granules on the posterior pharyngeal wall to the size of lentil grain (granular pharyngitis) or lateral ridges (lateral pharyngitis).

Atrophic pharyngitis. The mucous membrane of the pharynx is pale, thinned, looks like varnished, palatine tonsils are usually also atrophic. The etiology of this disease is not fully understood, but this is a fairly common disease, found in more than 20% of women and 5-8% of men.
It is manifested by constant dryness in the throat, tickling, rarely pain, rapid fatigue of the voice during exertion, especially among singers, actors, lecturers, teachers.

Our more than 30-year observation of such patients allows us to assert that the genetic factor lies in the etiopathogenesis of the disease and we propose to call this condition pharyngopathy (pharyngeal suffering), in contrast to pharyngitis of infectious etiology. At the same time, women have a pentad of symptoms - atrophic pharyngitis, anacid gastritis, hypotension, moderate iron deficiency anemia, calculous cholecystitis. In men, only the first two symptoms are constant, the rest are less frequently seen. Interestingly, clinically pharyngopathies can often begin in adulthood amid severe cervical osteochondrosis. Conservative treatment of pharyngitis - alkaline, oily, mixed inhalations, the use of therapeutic lozenges (such as pectusin), instillation of olive oil through the nose, lubrication with a solution of Mandl. Consultation of a therapist is necessary to correct the state of the stomach, with indications for treatment of cervical osteochondrosis.
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Chronic inflammatory diseases

  1. Chronic diffuse inflammatory lung disease
    in accordance with the functional and morphological features, the lesions of their air-conducting or respiratory departments are divided into three groups: obstructive, restrictive, mixed - obstructive with restrictive disorders or restrictive with obstructive disorders. The combination of restriction with obstruction is observed in the late stages of almost all chronic diffuse
  2. Chronic diffuse inflammatory diseases of the lungs. Bronchial asthma. Lungs' cancer. Pneumoconiosis
    1. The main types of diffuse lung lesions 1. interstitial 4. small focal 2. obstructive 5. panacinar 3. restrictive 2. Causes of death with obstructive emphysema 1. gas acidosis and coma 2. renal failure 3. left ventricular heart failure 4. right ventricular heart failure 5. collapse of the lungs with spontaneous pneumothorax 3. The most important
  3. LUNG DISEASES. CHRONIC DIFFUSIVE ASTHMA. INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISEASES. CANCER INFLAMMATORY LUNG DISEASES. Bronchial lung
    LUNG DISEASES. CHRONIC DIFFUSIVE ASTHMA. INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISEASES. CANCER INFLAMMATORY LUNG DISEASES. BRONCHIAL
  4. Chronic inflammatory dermatoses
    Psoriasis. A very common inflammatory chronic dermatosis - psoriasis - is found in people of any age. In some cases, it is associated with arthritis, myopathy, enteropathy, and AIDS. In particular, psoriatic arthritis (arthropatic psoriasis) can manifest itself in a mild form or, conversely, lead to severe joint deformations, resembling changes in rheumatoid arthritis.
  5. 3. The consequences of inflammatory diseases.
    Long-existing infectious diseases are often the cause of emotional instability in women. They also bring disharmony into sex life. In the end, all inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs lead to serious reproductive health problems. The consequences of untreated inflammatory diseases are very diverse and extensive. But, in any
  6. Idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease
    The group of inflammatory bowel lesions of unknown origin currently includes two diseases: Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. These diseases have a lot in common, so they were combined into one group. Both of them are chronic, recurrent, inflammatory diseases of unknown origin. Crohn's disease is a granulomatous disease that can
  7. Inflammatory diseases
    The inflammatory genesis of miscarriage is due to the peculiarities of the penetration of microorganisms through the placenta to the fetus from maternal blood. The presence of microorganisms in the mother may be asymptomatic or accompanied by characteristic signs of an inflammatory disease. Often, the pathogen, passing through the placenta, causes the development of placentitis with certain histopathological
  8. ROLE OF CHRONIC INFLAMMATORY PROCESSES OF THE ORAL CAVITY IN THE FORMATION OF PATHOLOGICAL IMMUNE REACTIVITY
    Currently, great importance in the autoallergenization of the body is given not only to tonsilogenic foci, but also to chronic odontogenic foci of inflammation, where the accumulation of toxins occurs. Endotoxins formed by the microflora of the oral cavity, which have antigenic activity, sensitize the body, alter the body's reactivity, distorting its reaction to many factors of influence.
  9. Cancer and inflammatory bowel disease
    Patients with chronic inflammatory diseases of the colon are at increased risk of developing cancer. But the degree of risk has not yet been determined. A study conducted by British scientists covered 624 patients with inflammatory bowel diseases and found that only 3.5% of patients developed colon and rectal cancer, although the predicted number was 7 times greater. Diagnosis
  10. Idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease.
    Idiopathic chronic inflammatory bowel disease - Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. The latter in Russian-language literature is designated as ulcerative colitis. Crohn's disease is an inflammatory disease involving all layers of the intestinal wall in the process and is characterized by an intermittent (segmental) nature of the lesion of various parts of the gastrointestinal
  11. INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE NANOLAIN SINAS
    Inflammatory diseases of the paranasal sinuses (sinusitis) are among the most common diseases of the upper respiratory tract. According to the literature, patients with sinusitis make up about 1/3 of the total number of hospitals hospitalized in ENT (Kozlov M.Ya., 1985; Soldatov IB, 1990; Piskunov GZ et al., 1992; Aref'eva N.A. , 1994). The foci of inflammation in the paranasal sinuses can be a source
  12. Female genital inflammatory diseases
    Inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs (VZPO) occupy the first place in the structure of gynecological diseases. About 40% of gynecological patients in the hospital have VZPO. The cause of all inflammatory diseases of the genitals are microbes, which most often enter the body of a woman through sexual contact. Pathogens can also spread by the lymphogenous, hematogenous route,
  13. Infectious and inflammatory diseases of the urinary system
    The group of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the urinary system is the most frequent and studied among the nephropathies that occur in newborns and young children. The share of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the urinary system accounts for most of the nosological forms of nephropathy in childhood. Difficulties in determining the localization of the pathological process, especially in newborns
  14. Inflammatory diseases of the nasal cavity
    Consideration of inflammatory diseases of the nasal cavity must be preceded by a summary of a number of fundamental principles contained in the capital work of V.I. Voyacheka "Fundamentals of Otorhinolaryngology" (1953), many of which have not lost their significance at present. Inflammatory diseases of the nose V.I. Voyachek suggests considering as a reactive response of the mucous membrane and
  15. Inflammatory diseases of the middle ear
    Pathological processes that occur in various parts of the middle ear are very diverse. The polymorphism of pathogenesis depends on the characteristics of the anatomy and physiology of this organ, pathological agent, immunological condition, etc. Depending on the duration of the disease, acute and chronic processes are distinguished, in relation to the stages of inflammation - catarrhal, serous and purulent forms
  16. Inflammatory and necrotic diseases
    Acute mastitis and abscess. In the first weeks of feeding a baby, cracks often occur in the breast nipple, which become the entrance gate for infections ascending along the ducts and affecting the mammary glands. In addition, eczema or some other dermatological disease (see chapter 25) that affects the skin of the chest can serve as the entry gate for infection. Most common microbial
  17. Purulent-inflammatory postpartum diseases
    Postpartum infectious diseases - diseases observed in puerperas, directly related to pregnancy and childbirth and due to bacterial infection. Infectious diseases identified in the postpartum period, but pathogenetically not related to pregnancy and childbirth (flu, dysentery, etc.), are not considered to be a group of postpartum diseases. ETHIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS
  18. Purulent-inflammatory postpartum diseases
    Postpartum infectious diseases - diseases observed in puerperas, directly related to pregnancy and childbirth and due to bacterial infection. Infectious diseases identified in the postpartum period, but pathogenetically not related to pregnancy and childbirth (flu, dysentery, etc.), are not considered to be a group of postpartum diseases. ETHIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS
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