the main
about the project
Medicine news
To authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Ahead Next >>

Frostbite of auricles

Frostbite of the ears develops under the influence of low temperature. After reflex spasm of peripheral skin vessels, their paralytic expansion occurs, congestive hyperemia occurs with the release of the liquid part of the blood into the affected tissues, which leads to edema, blistering and necrosis. There are 4 degrees of frostbite.

Grade I - a temporary reversible circulatory disorder occurs in the skin of the auricle, manifested by edema and cyanosis. There is itching and burning, which lasts for several days. Auricles remain hypersensitive to cold for a long time.

Grade II - the skin is necrotic to the malpighian layer, bubbles with transudate are formed.

Grade III - total skin necrosis.

IV degree - soft tissue and cartilage necrosis.

Edematous frostbitten areas of auricles lose sensitivity. With aseptic necrosis, the frostbitten parts are rejected, and when infected, moist gangrene develops. There are rough cicatricial deformities requiring plastics.

Treatment. First aid for frostbite I degree is to warm the ears and protect them from infection.
Shells are rubbed with a hand or soft cloth until redness. Rubbing with snow and coarse cloth should be avoided, and excessive force should be used so as not to injure the skin and cause infection. The skin is rubbed with alcohol and aseptic dressing is applied. In general cooling give hot tea and a small dose of alcohol. When frostbite I degree victim does not need special treatment.

When frostbite II degree after treatment of the skin with alcohol pierce the bubbles and impose an aseptic bandage. With the appearance of the ulcerative process, UHF is used. When frostbite III and IV degree enter tetanus toxoid. After determining the boundaries of tissue necrosis on the 5-6 day produce necrosectomy. If there are abundant purulent discharge, apply dressings moistened with a hypertonic solution of sodium chloride or alcohol. They are changed daily. With the advent of granulations apply dressings with Vishnevsky ointment, antibiotics, sulfonamides. UHF and UFR are used simultaneously.
<< Ahead Next >>
= Go to tutorial content =

Frostbite of auricles

  1. Massage of the ears
    Each movement here and further should be performed at least 8-10 times, first in one direction and then in the other. The description will contain generalized formulations like “several times” or simply “first in one, then in the other direction”. This is done deliberately with the intention that the mechanical count of the number of repetitions does not absorb all your attention. The main thing is where you need to send thoughts and
  2. Auricle frostbite
    Cause Prolonged exposure to low temperature in the ear. Symptoms Symptoms of mild frostbite of the auricle are redness, the formation of vascular spots. The skin is very sensitive and painfully reacts to touch. The next degree of frostbite of the auricle is average. It is characterized by swelling of the auricle and the formation of blisters. Symptoms III
  3. Ears sticking out
    Cause The hereditary structure of the auricle. Improper care in infancy. Symptoms Auricles deviate from the head by more than 30 °. First aid In this case, self-help is impossible. Protruding ears in adolescents most often return to normal (equalized) by the end of puberty, since at this time the body grows and develops unevenly
    Hematoma - accumulation of blood in the cavity formed under the skin of the auricle as a result of mechanical damage (stroke, squeezing, bite, etc.). Symptoms: ear size is increased, sharply limited on the inner or outer surface of the auricle, fluctuating swelling is visible, the cat is restless, shakes its head. Infection with hematoma occurs suppuration. Treatment: fresh
  5. Frostbite
    Frostbite is damage caused by local hypothermia of body tissues. Contribute to the development of frostbite: humid air and wind; alcohol intoxication, which removes the sensitivity of the skin to cold, which increases heat loss due to the expansion of skin vessels; violation of local blood circulation with tight clothes and shoes. There are four degrees of frostbite: I - skin is pale,
  6. Hypertrophy of the nasal concha. U-34.3
    {foto29} Treatment outcome: Clinical criteria for improving the patient's condition: 1. Normalization of laboratory parameters. 2. Improving the clinical symptoms of the disease (difficulty breathing, discharge from
  7. Frostbite
    Frostbite - tissue damage when exposed to low temperatures, mainly due to atmospheric air. The basis of the pathogenesis is a long vascular spasm with subsequent thrombosis, which leads to trophic and necrotic disorders in the tissues. Contributing adverse physical factors: wind, humid air, duration of exposure to cold, poor body protection by clothing,
  8. Noninfectious diseases of the auricle. H-61.1
    {foto44} Outcome of treatment: Clinical criteria for improving the patient's condition: 1. Normalization of temperature. 2. Normalization of laboratory parameters. 3. Improving the clinical symptoms of the disease (pain, hearing loss, discharge from
  9. Question 5. Frostbite
    - tissue damage caused by exposure to low temperatures. The factors contributing to O. include high humidity, high winds, tight, circulatory disturbance, shoes and clothing, alcohol intoxication, a decrease in the general and local resistance of the body as a result of injury, blood loss, avitaminosis, hunger, and others.
  10. Frostbite
    Clinical characteristics of frostbite Frostbite - tissue damage that occurs when exposed to negative or low positive temperatures, at which there is a perversion of neurovascular reactions, circulatory disorders, impaired tissue metabolism, the development of edema, secondary tissue necrosis. Degree of frostbite I degree - pallor or cyanosis of the skin, marbling of the vascular
  11. Frostbite
    the nose is quite common, there are four degrees of frostbite: • When after thawing there is swelling and blueness of the skin; • Bubble formation; • Necrosis of the skin and subcutaneous fat; • Necrosis of the skin and cartilage. First aid and treatment: it is necessary to restore blood circulation as soon as possible. To do this, wipe the skin of the nose with alcohol, vodka,
  12. Frostbite
    These are tissue damage as a result of exposure to low temperatures. With the weakening of the body (illness, injury, prolonged exposure to wind and cold) frostbite can occur even at a temperature of +3 ... + 7 ° C. Distal extremities, ears, nose are more susceptible to frostbite. Degree of frostbite I degree - skin lesions in the form of various circulatory disorders. The skin is pale,
  13. Frostbite
    Frostbite is a result of local exposure to cold. The leading factors in the pathogenesis of frostbite are prolonged vascular spasm with impaired microcirculation and thrombus formation, which leads to trophic disorders. During frostbite, there are two periods - hidden and reactive. The latent period is the period of hypothermia. The depth of the damage cannot be determined. Suspect frostbite can be
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2016