Licensed books on medicine
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O T M O R O J E N I
Currently, the classification of cold injury is as follows:
1. Acute cold lesions:
a) freezing (total lesion);
b) frostbite (local lesion).
2. Chronic cold lesions:
a) chills ("chronic frostbite");
b) cold neurovasculitis (trench foot, impression foot and a number of other synonyms).
Frostbite is an important problem of surgery in peacetime, and even more so in wartime. In the Soviet army during the Great Patriotic War, sanitary losses from frostbite on individual fronts reached 3%, and in the fleet - up to 5.4% of the total number of losses.
In peacetime, the extent of damage by cold is not so significant. However, in
in the northern regions of our country, they account for up to 30% of all cases of thermal injury, or 0.3-1% of the number of all accidents, and from 15 to 40% of the victims remain disabled.
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O T M O R O J E N I
- Vizer V.A. Lectures on therapy, 2011
On the subject - almost completely cover the difficulties in the course of hospital therapy, issues of diagnosis, treatment, as described, concise and readily accessible. Allergic diseases of the lungs Diseases of the joints Reiter's disease Sjogren's disease Bronchial asthma Bronchoectatic disease Hypertensive heart disease Glomerulonephrasafasditis Esophageal hernia Destructive lung diseases
- ALLERGIC DISEASES OF THE LUNGS
In recent decades there has been a significant increase in the number. patients with allergic diseases of the bronchopulmonary apparatus. Allergic diseases of the lungs include exogenous allergic alveolitis, pulmonary eosinophilia, medicinal
- Exogenous allergic alveolites
Exogenous allergic alveolitis (synonym: hypersensitive pneumonitis, interstitial granulomatous alveolitis) is a group of diseases caused by intense and, rarely, prolonged inhalation of antigens of organic and inorganic dusts and are diffuse, unlike pulmonary eosinophilia, damage to alveolar and interstitial structures. The emergence of this group
1. General measures aimed at separating the patient with the source of antigen: compliance with sanitary requirements at the workplace, technological improvement of industrial and agricultural production, rational employment of patients. 2. Drug treatment. In the acute stage - prednisone 1 mg / kg per day for 1-3 days, followed by a decrease in dose
- CHRONIC EOSINOPHIL PNEUMONIA
It differs from Leffler syndrome by a longer (over 4 weeks) and severe course, up to severe intoxication, fever, weight loss, the appearance of a pleural effusion with a high content of eosinophils (Lehrer-Kindberg syndrome). A long course of pulmonary eosinophilia, as a rule, is the result of a short-term, thorough examination of the patient in order to identify its cause. In addition to the reasons
- PULMONARY EOSINOPHILIA WITH ASTMATIC SYNDROME
This group of diseases can be attributed to bronchial asthma and diseases with a leading bronchostatic syndrome, which are based on other etiological factors. These diseases include: 1. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. 2. Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia. 3. Pulmonary eosinophilia with systemic manifestations. 4. Hyper-eosinophilic
1. Respiratory Diseases: A Guide for Physicians: In 4 volumes. Edited by N.R. Paleev. T.4. - M .: Medicine. - 1990. - pp. 22-39. 2. Silverstov V.P., Bakulin MP Allergic lesions of the lungs // Wed. med. - 1987. - №12. - P.117-122. 3. Exogenous Allergic Alveolitis, Ed. A.G. Khomenko, St.Muller, V.Schilling. - M.: Medicine, 1987. -
- BRONCHOECTATIC DISEASE
Bronchiectasis is an acquired (in some cases congenital) disease characterized by a chronic suppurative process in the irreversibly modified (expanded, deformed) and functionally defective bronchi mainly of the lower lung. ETIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS. Bronchiectasis is congenital in 6% of cases, being a defect of fetal development, a consequence of
- CLASSIFICATION OF BRONCHOECTASES
(A.I. Borokhov, N.R. Paleev, 1990) 1. By origin: 1.1. Primary (congenital cysts) bronchiectasis. 1.1.1. Solitary (solitary). 1.1.2. Multiple. l..l-Z. Cystic lung. 1.2. Secondary (acquired) bronchiectasis. 2. According to the form of the expansion of the bronchi: 2.1. Cylindrical. 2.2. Bagular. 2.3. Spindly. 2.4. Mixed. 3. By severity
1. Diseases of the respiratory system. A guide for physicians ed. N.R. Paleev. - M .: Medicine, 1990. - TZ, T.4. 2. Okorokov A.N. Treatment of diseases of internal organs: Practical guidance: In Zt. TI - Min. Vysh., Belmedkniga, 1997. 3. Harrison, TR Internal illnesses. - M .: Medicine, T.7,
- DISEASE (SYNDROME) REUTERS
Reiter's disease (Reiter's syndrome, Fissenzhe-Leroy syndrome, urethro-oculo-synovial syndrome) is an inflammatory process that develops in most cases in close chronological connection with infections of the urogenital tract or intestines and manifested by the classic triad of urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis. Most often, young (20-40) men who have had urethritis are ill. Women, children and the elderly
- ILLNESS (SYNDROME) SHEGREN
The combination of dry keratoconjunctivitis, xerostomia and chronic polyarthritis was described in so much detail by the Swedish ophthalmologist Sjögren (Shegren, 1933), which soon attracted the attention of clinicians from various countries to this very peculiar clinical phenomenon, although individual observations of this triad or individual manifestations of secretory glandular insufficiency were described further. Behind
- BRONCHIAL ASTHMA.
The last decade has been characterized by an increase in the incidence and severity of bronchial asthma (BA). According to the social significance, this state surely comes to one of the first places among respiratory diseases. According to DJ Lane (1979), bronchial asthma is a disease that is relatively easy to recognize, but difficult to define. From the vast array of definitions,
- One of the important etiological factors is heredity. Burdened heredity in bronchial asthma is found in 50-80% of patients. This is especially evident in children: BA in one of the parents almost doubles the risk of developing a disease in a child, and asthma in both parents leaves the child almost no chance of remaining healthy. Numerous studies
Bronchial asthma is multifaceted and complex, it cannot be considered one-sidedly, as a simple chain of pathological processes. There is still no single theory of pathogenesis. The basis of the development of this disease are complex immunological, non-immunological and neurohumoral mechanisms, which are closely interconnected and interacting with each other, causing hyperreactivity of the bronchial wall "
- CLINICAL PICTURE OF BRONCHIAL ASTHMA
The main clinical sign of bronchial asthma is an attack of expiratory dyspnea due to reversible generalized airway obstruction as a result of bronchospasm, edema of the bronchial mucosa and hypersecretion of bronchial mucus. In the development of an attack of suffocation, it is customary to distinguish three periods: I. The period of precursors or the prodromal period is characterized by the appearance
- TREATMENT OF BRONCHIAL ASTHMA
There are no established regimens for treating BA. You can only talk about the principles of treatment of this group of patients, highlighting the principle of an individual approach to treatment. The simplest and most effective method is etiotropic treatment, which consists in eliminating contact with the identified allergen. In case of hypersensitivity to home allergens or professional
- Diseases of the joints